National Repository of Grey Literature 9 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Theory of Petrified Worlds on the Example of Anti-utopian and Dystopian Literature
Pavlova, Olga ; Kubíček, Tomáš (advisor) ; Glanc, Tomáš (referee) ; Češka, Jakub (referee)
In my dissertation Theory of Petrified Worlds on the Example of Anti-Utopian and Dystopian Literature, I deal with anti-utopian and dystopian literature, which has been largely neglected by Czech scholarship. After the introduction to the issue I deal with the detailed analysis of the novel We by Yevgeny Zamyatin, after which I devote my attention to the theoretical definition of terms, including the historical mapping of previous research. I focus on the historical context of the emergence of the genres, including a deeper analysis of its beginnings, i.e. the development of utopian literature from Plato to William Morris and Herbert George Wells, and in detail describe the emergence of anti-utopian literature primarily as an opposition to utopian tendencies and its evolution into dystopia. A major part of the work deals with a specific semiotic analysis of the characteristic and constitutive features of the genres of anti-utopian and dystopian literature of the 20th and 21st centuries. This includes, among other things, the closed and petrified world of the novels, which gave the name to the presented theory, the strict division of society, the existence of newspeak, the characteristics of the main and secondary characters, as well as the social and political context of the analysed works. In...
Towards the Boundaries of Fictional Narrative
Pčola, Marián ; Glanc, Tomáš (advisor) ; Svatoň, Vladimír (referee) ; Derlatka, Tomasz (referee)
My thesis examines the nature of contemporary fictional narration and explores its relations to other types of narration - mainly texts where educational or informative function prevails over the aesthetic one. The whole work is divided into four parts. The first part is theoretical; it sets up basic areas of interest and names methods, tools and models that will be tested on selected examples from Slavonic literatures. The second part analyses spatial and temporal relations of fictional narrative. Chapter 2.1 treats time and space in a novel mostly from the compositional point of view (based on the example of Sasha Sokolov's A School for Fools), while in the next chapter, focusing on ideational interconnections between literary and social- political utopias, both fictionality and temporality are understood more broadly than mere narrative categories: they serve as certain points of connection between the immanent occurrence of meaning in the "world of text" and its historical background. The third part continues in this direction, only what we mean by context here is not the collective historical background, but an individual sphere of everyday life. Our focus switches to two genres standing on the boundary of literary fiction and non-fiction - personal correspondence and a travel journal (travelogue). The...
Visualization of word - verbalization of image in the Russian second avant-garde (Vsevolod Nekrasov and Erik Bulatov)
Machoninová, Alena ; Langerová, Marie (advisor) ; Svatoň, Vladimír (referee) ; Glanc, Tomáš (referee)
This project is dedicated to an analysis of the close connections between the poetry of Vsevolod Nekrasov (1934-2009) and the paintings of Erik Bulatov (1933) in the context of Russian avant-garde movements throughout the 20th century. The interrelation of literature and visual arts goes back to antiquity. At the beginning of the 20th century, the works of the first avant-garde reevaluate the traditional primacy of literature and spoken word over painting and written word and attempt to reverse this hierarchy. The tendency to liberate image from the thrall of the word, to assert the independence of the inscribed word from the spoken word, is demonstrated through the example of cubo-futurist (mostly manuscript) books. There, the written word frees itself from its acoustic form, fuses with images of a nonverbal nature, and emphasizes its visuality by means of active penetration into the space of the page, thus disrupting the rigid linearity of the reading process. The announcement of this autonomy turned out to be a crucial condition for the utopian expansion of the first avant-garde beyond individual art forms and beyond art as such. The cubo-futurist "anti-book" represents the climax of this attack on boundaries between the arts.
Reality and media image in the context of Soviet myth-making (The story of Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin)
Klingohrová, Adéla ; Glanc, Tomáš (advisor) ; Zadražilová, Miluše (referee)
This text analyses motives and conditions of an emergence of a hero cult of Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin and specifics of heroism which forms an entirely new category in the hero typology in the Soviet Union. The changes of the cult are documented based on an analysis of his media image in periodicals, photographies and literature from the 1960's until today (based on materials published on the occasion of the anniversary every ten years, ie. in 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2007). General conclusions are made which are shown to be characteristic of those periods. The word image is very important as the work is focused on analysis of the public image of his personality not on his real story which is hidden under layers of interpretations of realities and legends and we can be only guessing it based on various witness accounts and memories. His publicly presented (media) image is the only undoubtable source which we can reliably work with.
The project of Boris Akunin - an example of literary strategy at the turn of XX-XXI centuries
Volkova, Natalia ; Glanc, Tomáš (advisor) ; Janáček, Pavel (referee) ; Sýkora, Michal (referee)
This work deals with the literaturary project "B. Akunin", which was defined by it's creator G. Chkhartishvili as a "quality literature for the mass reader". When they wish to characterise the project, critics emphasize the use of an adventure plot combined with interesting style and intertextual play. We see a tendency to place the project in the "middle level", which in their hierarchy is somewhere between the literature created for the "happy few" and consumer fiction. However convergence of mass and elite culture is too general a trend in postmodernist literary strategy to be sufficiently characteristic of a concrete author. Our research covers all the texts published to the present day under the names of both G. Chkhartishvili and B. Akunin. It was the part of the extratextual strategy of the author to construct an image of himself as a writer of serious, almost scientific prose, who began to write detective stories for his own and his readers' enjoyment. The author generally uses mass clichés whenever he describes his heroes and action scenes in the story. He uses a great many simple references to the other literaturary works in his texts which should be understandable by every reader. At the same time we find other, more complicated references requiring knowledge of a wider literary "encyclopedia"....
The project of Boris Akunin - an example of literary strategy at the turn of XX-XXI centuries
Volkova, Natalia ; Glanc, Tomáš (advisor) ; Janáček, Pavel (referee) ; Sýkora, Michal (referee)
This work deals with the literaturary project "B. Akunin", which was defined by it's creator G. Chkhartishvili as a "quality literature for the mass reader". When they wish to characterise the project, critics emphasize the use of an adventure plot combined with interesting style and intertextual play. We see a tendency to place the project in the "middle level", which in their hierarchy is somewhere between the literature created for the "happy few" and consumer fiction. However convergence of mass and elite culture is too general a trend in postmodernist literary strategy to be sufficiently characteristic of a concrete author. Our research covers all the texts published to the present day under the names of both G. Chkhartishvili and B. Akunin. It was the part of the extratextual strategy of the author to construct an image of himself as a writer of serious, almost scientific prose, who began to write detective stories for his own and his readers' enjoyment. The author generally uses mass clichés whenever he describes his heroes and action scenes in the story. He uses a great many simple references to the other literaturary works in his texts which should be understandable by every reader. At the same time we find other, more complicated references requiring knowledge of a wider literary "encyclopedia"....
Mythical paradigms of the avant-garde and its time
Micić, Tatjana ; Glanc, Tomáš (advisor) ; Procházka, Martin (referee) ; Jedličková, Alice (referee)
This paper is trying to present how changes of mythology, in Losev's sense, influenced art, literature and attitude towards poetic language. The study presents the Avant-garde movements in all theirs heterogenic forms, as the art of the period of crises, which appears in European culture and brought big changes in the consciousness of people. By describing an artistic attitude towards space and time we give examples how this new consciousness dealt with the spatial and time relations. Also this paper deals with the universal myths that are shown on the examples of the Avant-garde works of art. The chosen myths should present a desire of the Avant-garde movements to rebuilt, reconstruct and understand the very essence of the language of art and poetry. The Avant-garde art and literature cannot be understood if separated from the time when they appeared. Nevertheless, these movements carry in essence something that is generally characteristic of mythical thinking as well - that is, the periodical, instinctive return to essence and original purity with an aspiration to reconstruct the genetic moment and the act of creating. This phenomenon we analyze through myths that are omnipresent in European and other cultures and which appear in Avant-garde works as well.
Reality and media image in the context of Soviet myth-making (The story of Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin)
Klingohrová, Adéla ; Zadražilová, Miluše (referee) ; Glanc, Tomáš (advisor)
This text analyses motives and conditions of an emergence of a hero cult of Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin and specifics of heroism which forms an entirely new category in the hero typology in the Soviet Union. The changes of the cult are documented based on an analysis of his media image in periodicals, photographies and literature from the 1960's until today (based on materials published on the occasion of the anniversary every ten years, ie. in 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001 and 2007). General conclusions are made which are shown to be characteristic of those periods. The word image is very important as the work is focused on analysis of the public image of his personality not on his real story which is hidden under layers of interpretations of realities and legends and we can be only guessing it based on various witness accounts and memories. His publicly presented (media) image is the only undoubtable source which we can reliably work with.
The poetic evolution of Timur Kibirov
Kolářová, Kateřina ; Zadražilová, Miluše (referee) ; Glanc, Tomáš (advisor)
Timur Kibirov je významný současný ruský básník, jehož dílo přitahuje pozornost mnoha badatelů a kritiků. Výrazný podíl na tom má skutečnost, že jeho tvorba stojí na pomezí tradiční poetiky a postmodernismu. Cílem naší práce bude popsat vývoj poetiky Timura Kibirova od počátků v 80. letech po nejnovější díla. Rozsah diplomové práce by nám neumožnil vyčerpat bezezbytku toto téma, proto se soustředíme právě na vztah tradičních a postmodernistických prvků v průběhu vývoje jeho tvorby. Uvědomujíce si problematičnost těchto pojmů, jsme přesto přesvědčeni o významnosti této ambivalence pro tvorbu Timura Kibirova.

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