National Repository of Grey Literature 38 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Evaluating the effect of exercise program DNS FIT KID in sportive older school-age children
Mohylová, Lucie ; Urbářová, Eliška (advisor) ; Demeková, Júlia (referee)
Evaluating the effect of exercise program DNS FIT KID in sportive older school-age children Abstract The diploma thesis evaluates of the effect of an exercise program called DNS FIT KID based on children older school-age who play sports. The theoretical part of the diploma thesis contains general knowledge about Dynamic neuromuscular stabilization. It describes the basic, such as developmental kinesiology, postural function and the stabilization system of the spine. Furthermore, the study also characterizes the DNS FIT KID exercise program, its key principles and exercise position. In the last section of the theoretical part of the diploma thesis, it approaches the specifics of the period of a child older school-age in sports. Methods: The research involved 15 sports participants (athletes and kayakers) aged 13 to 15 years. All participants attended 12 lessons of the DNS FIT KID exercise program. Once a week, the lessons took place under the guidance of a trained physiotherapist by the DNS method. Before and after the exercise program, the participants were examined using DNS FIT KID tests, gross motor tests and balance tests from the MABC-2 battery. Results: In DNS FIT KID tests, the results improved by an average of 11.2 points (p < 0,001), in tests from MABC-2 battery, the percentile of gross motor...
Use of Electrical Stimulation in Physiotherapy of Perinatal Brachial Plexus Palsy
Přikrylová, Martina ; Dyrhonová, Olga (advisor) ; Demeková, Júlia (referee)
Perinatal brachial plexus palsy (PBPP) is the most common peripheral nerve injury for a newborn children. Theoretical part summarizes the following themes: brachial plexus anatomy, causes of a palsy, levels and types of peripheral nerve damage, treatment options and a summary of rehabilitation techniques that are used in a therapy. Practical part focuses on pathophysiology after a nerve injury and an indication of electrical stimulation (ES) of peripheral nerve palsies. A lot of studies regarding this topic have been published, nevertheless the question whether ES is safe and beneficial method that should be applied in a peripheral nerve palsies treatment still remains unanswered. According to the obtained results, electrical stimulation necessarily has to be divided into electrical muscle stimulation and electrical nerve stimulation, to add to this, we have to determine their apparent parameters. It seems like electrical muscle stimulation is not as beneficial as electrical nerve stimulation. On the other hand, a takeover in the treatment of peripheral nerve palsies may be an intraoperative electrical nerve stimulation. Thesis includes case report of a patient suffering from PBPP with an indication for an ES.
Affection of chosen aspects by using kinesiotape in swimmers shoulder
Laudová, Petra ; Doubková, Lucie (advisor) ; Demeková, Júlia (referee)
This research is focused on "swimmer's shoulder" and on affection of chosen aspects by kinesiotape. Theoretical part describes a summary of knowledge about origin, diagnostic and treatment of swimmer's shoulder. Kinesiotaping as a nowadays treatment method and its effects are also specified. The thesis provides a brief description of chosen aspects (pain, tactile acuity and proprioception) and their measuring by objectification methods. Practical part deals with measuring, evaluation and comparing of mentioned aspects before and after treatment by kinesiotape. Methods: 20 competitive swimmers (average age 18,3 years, SD ± 3,10) with shoulder pain were chosen for investigating and measuring. Pain was observed by visual analog scale (VAS) and pressure algometry, tactile acuity by esthesiomether and proprioception by a special method, all before and after treatment. A control group without kinesiotape was included to the research. Results: The experiment showed that tactile acuity was altered in patients with kinesiotape by 27,5 mm in average. This result was evaluated as statistically significant (p = 0,0023). Although values of pain measured by VAS and pressure algometry were enhanced, they were not very significant on the importace level 0,05 (p = 0,1540, resp. 0,1575). Proprioception was also...
Two-point discrimination in adolescent patients hospitalized with anorexia nervosa
Kočí, Gabriela ; Stackeová, Daniela (advisor) ; Demeková, Júlia (referee)
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a mental illnes manifesting itselg, among other signs, with impaired body schema and rejection of food. Principal focus of the thesis was to assess the discrimination treshold, ability to evaluate sensory perception and body self-concept in adolescent female patients hospitalised with anorexia nervosa. Our goal was to clarify and better understand the still not adequately described neurophysiological aspects of anorexia nervosa. The results were compared to control group; both groups comprised 18 girls, the average age of observed group being 14,7 ± 0,71 years and average age of control group being 15,3 ±0,71 years. Two-point discrimination was examined in three areas - arm, between shoulder blades and belly - with modified caliper. The Petrie test was used in sensory perception testing, while body self-concept was measured with BAT questionare. The examinations were performed in standardised conditions during similar day times. We found significant difference in two-point discrimination in the area between the shoulder blades with significance level α = 5 % and p-value p = 0,0001. A statistically significant difference was also observed in body self-concept with significance level α = 5 % and p-value p = 0,017. Thus we conclude that patients suffering from anorexia nervosa...
Effect of foam rolling on mechano-nociceptive and vibrational sensation.
Novotná, Eliška ; Čech, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Demeková, Júlia (referee)
The thesis deals with the evaluation of the influence of foam rolling on selected parameters of somatosensory perception (pressure-algic threshold, vibrotactile sensation). The theoretical part discusses fascial tissue, summarizes the current knowledge of foam rolling and focuses on the mechanisms of pain and vibrotactile sensation. The research part consists of a randomized blind study on a group of 15 healthy probands (11 women, 4 men), which evaluates the effect of foam rolling. The effect is objectivized by pressure algometry and vibrametry on the m. rectus femoris and m. biceps femoris of both lower limbs (measured before and after therapy). The value of the pressure pain threshold (PPT) increased after foam rolling. Vibrotactile threshold (VT) was lower after foam rolling than before its use, which means that vibrotactile sensitivity was increased. The results show that these changes do not occur only in the interventioned m. rectus femoris, but some changes in parameters can be found in other muscles as well. Keywords fascial tissues, foam rolling, pressure algometry, pressure pain treshold, PPT, vibrametry, somatosensory system, nociception, diffuse noxious inhibitory control, DNIC
Lower extremity musculoskeletal problems in ballet dancers
Matějková, Michaela ; Bitnar, Petr (advisor) ; Demeková, Júlia (referee)
Classical balet may be, in terms of its difficulty, compared to professional athletic disciplines. The inumerous repetitive movements balet consists of require both precision and fluidity, placing the dancer's musculoskeletal system under great amounts of pressure. The theoretical part of the paper focuses on the musculoskeletal problems of lower extremities that represent the majority of those that professional balet dancers cope with during the course of their careers. It further contains information about the causes of such injuries, their treatment, and methods of preventing their occurence. The paper also presents the results of the influence of targeted training with closed eyes on the postural stability of a professional balet dancer. It concludes that this type of training may have positive impact on the dancer's postural stabilization and help in reducing the frequency of injuries.
Effectiveness of conservative treatment of lumbar disc herniation
Bláhová, Zuzana ; Demeková, Júlia (advisor) ; Hojková, Klára (referee)
Bibliographic identification BLÁHOVÁ, Zuzana. Effectiveness of conservative treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Prague: Charles University, 2nd Faculty of medicine, Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, 2019. 90 pages. Supervisor: Mgr. Júlia Demeková Abstract This bachelor's thesis deals with a topic of diagnostic and therapy of a lumbar disc herniation. A brief description of anatomy and biomechanics of lumbar spine and intervertebral disc is provided in the theoretical findings outline. Also differential diagnostic and therapy options of this disease are clarified there. The aim of the thesis is to confirm the effectiveness of conservative treatment in terms of physiotherapy intervention, and to compare the effectiveness of two methods - McKenzie (MDT) and Dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS). Sixteen patients treated by MDT and four others treated by DNS participated in the experimental part of my thesis. I created a questionnaire in order to obtain data from the patients, in which they filled in intensity of pain on the numerical scale of pain (0-10) at that moment. They also completed the Czech version of the Roland-Morris disability questionnaire, which evaluated their degree of disability at the same time. The questionnaire was filled in twice, at the beginning of the therapy and...
Kinesiological changes of feet by wearing barefoot
Vondrášková, Anna ; Tolar, Jan (advisor) ; Demeková, Júlia (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the possible influence of barefoot shoes on kinesiology and kinetic parameters of gait. In the theoretical part there is a brief description of anatomy of the human foot, foot arch and movements. The kinesiology of gait is also described here. The theoretical part also deals with the problem of walking in barefoot shoes and explaining the basic parameters of barefoot shoes. Finally, the results of studies already underway on this issue are summarized. In the practical part we have devoted our research to the selected gait parameters that can be influenced by the wearing of barefoot shoes. The measurements were carried out on two groups of subjects, each with 6 tested persons, one of whom wore barefoot shoes instead of normal shoes, and the other subject did not wear barefoot shoes. The data was measured on the Zebris FDM by walking analysis. The results were then compared between the two subject groups. These gait parameters were measured and evaluated: step length, maximum pressure on the variant parts of foot during walking, and contact time of each part of foot with the surface. The resulting values showed a trend mainly in the load of the foot, in the sense of higher pressure mainly on the area of the middlefoot. Also, the contact time with the surface showed...

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