National Repository of Grey Literature 34 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Journey Through Parallel Universes: The World of Portal Fantasy
Arzumanyan, Varditer ; Clark, Colin Steele (advisor) ; Horová, Miroslava (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to investigate the worlds of portal fantasy, a genre featuring travel between different realms, through the analysis of the selected novels. This subgenre of fantasy fiction enables a cultural and societal comparison between the character's world of origin and the newly discovered land. There is a process of habituation with the novel setting and one's self. The essay focuses on the worlds presented in the chosen literature, characters, and the role of the transitions through the universes. It facilitates a course of adjustment that inevitably leads to the development of the hero/heroine and offers an exploration of social issues. The thesis also examines the quest structure of the stories, as it is an element often present in the genre. Each book is summarized and examined within its respective chapter. The first segment deals with the definitions of the 'fantastic' and subsequently, portal fantasy. Consideration is given to the explanations of terms significant to the analysis as a frame of reference for the following chapters. It also discusses the process of building the Secondary universes. Neverwhere by Neil Gaiman is the subject of the second chapter. Gaiman's prominence within the field of fantasy and his genre-bending writing opens up the chapter. The concept...
Fantastic Society: Social Themes in Terry Pratchett's Discworld
Hájek, Jáchym ; Clark, Colin Steele (advisor) ; Horová, Miroslava (referee)
Terry Pratchett is best known as the author of Discworld, a series of more than forty books and several short stories set in a world that is often described as humorous fantasy. Pratchett, however, uses this genre and its imaginative and satiric opportunities not only to tell stories, but also to mediate his own views on some of the major social themes such as feminism, religion, or racism. He uses the stereotypical fantasy roles and settings and subverts them to point out real world problems and issues. The rise of popularity of the fantasy genre, especially satirical or humorous enables Pratchett to present his views to a broader audience, and to create a world mirroring and distorting the real one as to show the importance and impact of these issues on society. The fantasy setting also gives Pratchett the opportunity to create a world in which these themes can be illustrated and discussed freely. The first chapter sets up Discworld as a Secondary World and presents the topics that will be discussed. The second chapter deals with the many forms of racism in Discworld. The first part of the chapter discusses the standard, human-human type of racism, which is illustrated in the book Jingo. A subchapter is then dedicated to human-nonhuman and dwarf-troll racism, illustrated in Thud!, where Pratchett...
Heroin / Heroine: Addiction as Narrative and Transgression in Junky and Trainspotting
Roušová, Helena ; Horová, Miroslava (advisor) ; Clark, Colin Steele (referee)
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to conduct a comparative analysis of two novels representing transgressive fiction and literature of addiction. These two novels, Junky (1977) (first published as Junkie in 1953) by William Burroughs and Trainspotting (1993) by Irvine Welsh, deal with drug addicts and their transgressive behaviour. They describe the choices the main characters make when they try to break free from the confines of society and their search for identity. The protagonists of both texts try to escape from the rules and expectations society imposes on them, they cross the boundaries of law, morals, and ethics; they transgress. The origins of the term "transgressive fiction" are explained and transgressive techniques and transgressive features in both texts are analysed. The transgressive potential of the subtitle of the first edition of Junkie is explained and moments of undermining middle- class identity and mocking American lifestyle are discussed. In Trainspotting, the transgressive elements involve, among others, the psychological effect of humour in grave and/or graphic transgressive situations and the manipulation of others using intellectual superiority. In both texts, channelling of transgression through violence plays an important part. Violence is seen as the only avenue for...
Linguistic Estrangement in Selected Science Fiction
Lebedeva, Tatiana ; Veselá, Pavla (advisor) ; Clark, Colin Steele (referee)
This work is a discussion of the connections between language in science fiction, the formalist concept of estrangement, and gender studies. The thesis suggests that the language of science fiction features linguistic estrangement that manifests itself in the form of a device and an effect which is produced as a result of certain modification of language used in a science fiction narrative. As the device of linguistic estrangement can be aimed at highlighting various processes, this thesis focuses on a narrow category of the representation of the sexes in the English language and the transformation of gender-biased language and the unequal representation of sexes via the aforementioned device. The introduction to this work gives an overview of the current debate on the topic in order to introduce the reader to the relevance of the discussion. The first chapter explores the definition of science fiction through the theory of cognitive estrangement by Darko Suvin and explains the choice of this medium for the study of language and gender. Then, it gives a definition of the device of literary estrangement as well as explains the nature and the usage of linguistic estrangement in science fiction. The second and the third chapters exemplify this phenomenon in selected works, Woman on the Edge of Time by...
Theme of Memory in Julian Barnes' Later Works
Chaloupecká, Aneta ; Beran, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Clark, Colin Steele (referee)
(in English): This thesis explores the theme of memory as seen in later works of Julian Barnes, namely Arthur & George (2005), Nothing to be Frightened of (2008) and The Sense of an Ending (2011). Barnes is part of the postwar generation of writers who have been highly influenced by the postmodern thought, specifically the problematisation of history. According to the postmodernists, there is no possible way to objectively learn about the historical reality, as all there is to give evidence are the unreliable testimonies of eye-witnesses and biased historical accounts. Historiographies are considered to be unreliable sources of information about the past since they employ the same narrative strategies as fictional texts do and they are often written from the position of power. Memory is a key concept in this discussion since apart from historical documents, it is the only way of knowing about the past. To Barnes, memory represents a complex mechanism which enables to recall the past, but also defines our entire understanding of the everyday reality. In the three books that this thesis discusses have chosen a different strategy to approach the problem of memory - Nothing to be Frightened of is a memoir which provides for the theoretical background of this thesis, as it presents Barnes understanding...
The Doubles That Lost Their Faces: The Role of Physiognomy in the Literature of Doubles in the 19th Century
Farniková, Hana ; Beran, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Clark, Colin Steele (referee)
The BA thesis is concerned with the topic of doubles and doppelgängers in anglophone literature of the 19th century in relation to physiognomy, i.e. science that examines the effects of human character on their appearance. The thesis focuses on the notion of "losing one's face" in both literal and figurative meaning, and the relationship between the faces of the doubles and the originals. To make this analysis possible, it was necessary to establish guidelines of what functions should a literary face fulfil. Hence, the BA thesis works with Gilles Deleuze's roles of the face: individuating, socializing, relational. These roles ensure uniqueness of one's face, one's social role and one's ability to lead a dialogue - not only an external, but also an internal one (and as such, it ensures that individuals parts of character and appearance are in accordance with each other.) The objective of the thesis is to answer the question of what happens to the face and the identity of an individual if he must share them with a double. To answer this question, the thesis analyzes three fundamental works dealing with duality: James Hogg's Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner, Robert Louis Stevenson's Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, and Oscar Wilde's Picture of Dorian Gray. All three novels...
'The Origin of J.R.R. Tolkien's Character; Gandalf'
Mudrová, Kateřina ; Clark, Colin Steele (advisor) ; Znojemská, Helena (referee)
This thesis aims to analyse the origin, development and possible interpretations of J.R.R. Tolkien's character of Gandalf the wizard, focusing primarily on the influence of three major sources of inspiration, suggested both by the author himself and intertextual elements recognisable in his fiction; The Bible, Norse and Finnish mythology (represented by The Poetic and The Prose Edda, Saga of the Volsungs and Kalevala) and the literary tradition centred around the legendary figure of Merlin, as well as the later works of fiction which it has inspired. The aim of the thesis is to illustrate to what extent is Tolkien's Gandalf only a continuation or adaptation of the historical literary tradition represented by the sources named above or on the contrary, an original and independent character. This discussion is aimed to demonstrate how J.R.R Tolkien's portrayal of wizard figures has not only helped to popularize the generic characterisation of wizards in fantasy fiction but helped to pioneer a new type of wizard figure. Tolkien's influence on the fantasy genre was not necessarily inventive but rather transformative. The fundamental elements of Tolkien's fiction were not introduced by the author, but have already been a part of the developing genre. Before Tolkien, the authors of fantasy have strongly...
The relationship of religion and fantasy: The influence of Christianity on the fictional religion in the fantasy genre
Vrbatová, Marcela ; Clark, Colin Steele (advisor) ; Beran, Zdeněk (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to identify and analyse the relationship between religion, specifically Christianity, and the genre of fantasy, through an in-depth discursive analysis of these themes on a sample of selected works of post WWII fantasy. It primarily focuses on a contrastive comparison of Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings, Martin's A Song of Ice and Fire and Donaldson's The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant, the Unbeliever. The consecutive chapters analyse these works firstly in terms of content, meaning the utilization of the structure of biblical theology in the fictional religions, or specific manifestations of Christian values, beliefs and dogmas in the texts. Secondly, in terms of form of the narrative, specifically the presence or absence of worship, and utilization of Christianity in the language of worship. The thesis identifies the template of a fantasy work created with Christian values in mind provided by Tolkien and the different approaches of Martin and Donaldson, who derivate from this template to some degree. Special attention is payed to the concepts of Good and Evil in The Lord of the Rings and the subsequent character traits and aspiration attributed with it in relation to Christianity, the similarities of Faith of Seven and Christianity in A Song of Ice and Fire, and the roles...
"And the Land Lay Still"- Worldmaking, Topography and the Modern Scots Novel
Zdraveska, Marija ; Clark, Colin Steele (advisor) ; Beran, Zdeněk (referee)
The purpose of this study is to analyse the manner in which contemporary Scottish literature imagines Scotland, especially in the light of the recent political changes in the country, as well as the changes in the perception of its national identity in global terms. The focus will be on the literary representations of the Scottish landscape, following Cairns Craig argument that locality is crucial to Scottish literature and its national imagination. While the fictional rendering of both the rural and urban Scottish landscape might have acted as a 'paradigm of national consciousness' in the past, in contemporary Scottish literature it can now be seen as a form of speculative worldmaking that reflects, satirizes and debates the social and political dispensation of the nation, and aims towards the subversion of the representation of a single Scottish national identity. The texts under consideration all deploy the Scottish social and topographical panorama in a unique manner which results in a literary representation of multiple versions of Scotland that often coexist together. This thesis traces the development of this thematic concern in the contemporary Scots novel from the 1980s to the present through the analysis of the works of three major Scottish contemporary writers: Alasdair Gray, Janice...
Anarchy and Anarchism in the works of James Kelman
Balvín, Tomáš ; Clark, Colin Steele (advisor) ; Beran, Zdeněk (referee)
This BA thesis handles the ways in which anarchism manifests in the works of James Kelman, and the merit of Kelman"s claim to the title "anarchist" is investigated. One of the main concerns of anarchism as a political ideology has been individual liberty free of oppression from authorities and hierarchical relationships; for this reason the starting point of the thesis is to discover the basis of the concept of freedom Kelman operates with: what are its sources, why the concept is so crucial to him and what role plays authority (and authorities) in it. The topics of freedom, political representation and direct action in Kelman are investigated and their relevance is sought after in author"s fiction. Representation in literature and his stance on hierarchies is investigated. Strictly politically dogmatic point of view is not always taken to reproduce the anarchist position concerning author"s fiction. To make this possible, first, the political essays and other texts from Kelman are investigated from which a base of his standpoint on the anarchist concepts mentioned is constructed; similarity to various anarchist ideas is considered. These are later translated into his approach to fiction and artistic vision in general, and the way the notion of freedom and fight against hierarchy express in its content and...

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