National Repository of Grey Literature 89 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
US Federal Budget as an instrument to enforce ideological principles at the beginning of the 21st century.
Joukl, Petr ; Tajovský, Ladislav (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
In my diploma thesis, I deal with the federal budget of the US as an instrument designed to promote partisan policies on the example of the administrations of George W. Bush and Barack Obama in order to find out whether there are ideological differences in the budgetary policy of Democrats and Republicans at the beginning of the 21st century. The main part of the thesis is devoted to the analysis of the revenue side and spending side of the budgets of both presidents and the development of the balance they managed. The analysis suggests that, although the nature of the time, phase of the economic cycle and other external influences have a significant impact on budgets, the federal budget can still be considered as an effective tool for expressing partisan preferences.
Production and Consumption Crisis in the Czechoslovak Centrally Planned Economy with Focus on Internal Trade
Slanař, Jan ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
Domestic trade in the centrally planned economy, has been confronted with the lack of inputs and outputs, which did not allow to fully respond to the increasing demand of the population. In this thesis is elaborated the development of this area, especially by the historical, critical analysis and descriptive method, whose goal is to take down the development of domestic trade in the context of the economic development of preferred industries. The thesis is divided into two main chapters, that resolves issues chronologically starting with 1948 to the 80s, then the period of the 80s themselves is watched, which is the most emphasised one, together with concretization on district Mělník. The first chapter deals with theory, the second is practical part. The result shows the development of the domestic trade delayed and forced by the economic situation. Shortages in the supply of the residents, together with other factors, have enforced economic reforms leading to the inclusion of the market elements. However, the success of the measures taken was minimal.
Economic and social consequences of the trasnfer of Germans on the area of South Bohemia in years 1945-1955
Jiřík, Jan ; Fabianková, Klára (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
Transfer of the Germans is the largest, human caused migration process in history of Czech Republic. This bachelor thesis examines economic and social consequences of the transfer, during the years 1945-1955, with the focus on the South Bohemia. The aim of this work is to concretize and evaluate social and economic consequences. Theoretical part of this work describes Czech-German cohabitation from the age of The First Republic, including approval, process and quantification of the transfer that ended it. Analytical part describes the social consequences on the examples of colonizing the chosen villages economic consequences are described by the case study of chosen concerns. Colonization objective was, during years 1945-1955, fulfilled in the district towns and Větřní, not in the smaller villages near the border. The impact on the studied companies was the reduction of the number of employees, but the consequences had different outcomes, because of the different solutions provided.
Working conditions in Czechoslovakia between 1945 and 1953
Kramář, Pavel ; Chalupecký, Petr (advisor) ; Johnson, Zdenka (referee)
Bachelor thesis depicts the development of working conditions and employment policy in the period 1945 - 1953 with regard to the economic and political changes which were made during the building of the welfare state. Due to the availability and the necessary quantity of the resources my research is focused on working conditions in the heavy industry. The thesis includes important legal norms which were introduced for the distribution of labor during the period of the Third Republic and the following totalitarian regime. Their comparison shows that during the period of the totalitarian regime there was a significant tightening of labor legislation. The contribution of the thesis is the analysis of the effectiveness of the employment policy in the individual regimes, which is done by comparing the objectives and actual results of the two-year and the first five-year plan. Through research, it was found that the transition to the totalitarian regime has made employment policy more effective, but with a fundamental limitation of the individual rights and freedoms.
Development of tourism in Czechoslovakia between 1965 and 1975
Kuželka, Kryštof ; Chalupecký, Petr (advisor) ; Fabianková, Klára (referee)
This bachelor thesis addresses the development of primarily foreign tourist industry at the turn of 60s and 70s in Czechoslovakia. This particular period is interesting especially due to political and social changes taking place. The first chapter describes relaxation of the regime rules and consequently the intervention which resulted in so called normalization. The following chapter focuses on the development of both active and passive tourist industry in connection to the Czechoslovak history, starting at the end of the World War I. While the third chapter analyzes prerequisites for travelling abroad, the next-to-last chapter compares statistical data of active and passive tourist industry and based on that offers a series of conclusions. The final part deals with the organization of tourism in Czechoslovakia and looks further at the role of the biggest Czechoslovak travelling agency of that time, Čedok.
Defense expenditures financing of the United States of America during World War II
Jurák, Marek ; Johnson, Zdenka (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the financing of war expenditures of the United States of America during Second World War. Thesis starts with a theoretical introduction to fiscal policy which is widely contained throughout the whole thesis. Followed with brief introduction to the economic history of the USA. Beginning with the Roaring Twenties ended by the Great Depression followed with politics of New Deal. The second part introduces the principles of war economy and the instruments which goverment use to affect and finance the economy. Goals of this thesis are to analyze these instruments and find out to what extent were used. The subject of analysis is especially funding through taxation which took a large part of the war financing, but not the majority. Results of this paper indicate that the most of the defense expenditures were financed through debt, mostly by borrowing from the public through purchased war bonds.
Radio Free Europe and Czechoslovakia in 1968 - 1980
Vacínová, Sandra ; Szobi, Pavel (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
This thesis deals with an overview of Czechoslovak Radio Free Europe (RFE) in the years 1968-1977. It analyzes, which comments RFE broadcasted during the Prague Spring and Soviet occupation by Warsaw Pact troops. The thesis discusses how the content of broadcasting changed after arrival of new editors in 1968 and what impact had activities of the State Sercet Security on the functioning of the Czechoslovak editorial. Finally, this thesis tries to answer the question of what effect had broadcasting on the citizens of Czechoslovakia. The first part of the thesis describes the origin of Radio Free Europe in 1951 and goes on to describe political events in Czechoslovakia in the years 1968 - 1977. The theoretical part is finished by chapter about the differences between communist and capitalist economic system and the economic situation in Czechoslovakia in the seventies. The second part of the thesis describes the general program of the Czechoslovak editorial staff and its functioning. The next chapter describes specific RFE broadcasting. The last two chapters examine the effect of broadcasting in the CSSR and the importance of the State Secret Security.
Impact of the farming of the Kinsky family in microregion Chlumec nad Cidlinou during 1918 - 1938
Víšková, Martina ; Chalupecký, Petr (advisor) ; Tóth, Andrej (referee)
This thesis analyzes the impacts of the farming of the Kinsky family in microregion Chlumec nad Cidlinou during the interwar period. The purpose of this thesis is discover how their farming affected interwar evolution of region. In the investigation was used historical archival research and comparative analysis. Due to my research, I concluded that farming of the family had significant impact on microregion mainly because of monopolistic position in held of land and buildings.
Economic consequences of the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993
Ječmeň, Tomáš ; Tóth, Andrej (advisor) ; Chalupecký, Petr (referee)
The aim is to analyze the economic and political aspects of the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993 in the context of monetary separation and further analyze its impact on monetary indicators in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. The thesis provides a comprehensive view of the development of relations within Czechoslovakia after 1989 and monetary separation in 1993. First, attention is focused on description and analysis of economic and political relations between the two nations, which are demonstrated in the illustrative examples of the development of Czechoslovakia between 1989 and 1993. Then analyzes the preparation, conduct and impact of monetary separation on the inflation rate, balance of payments, interest rates and foreign exchange reserves, and consequently macroeconomic indicators are compared both newly formed states. The thesis is written for use with the description, analysis and comparison. Based on the analysis, we can conclude that the collapse of the state was no longer possible in 1993 to avoid. It can be concluded that the monetary separation had no immediate impact on the study of monetary indicators. Based on comparison of selected macroeconomic indicators of the countries we were able to demonstrate that in the first years after the collapse of the federation with the Czech economy developed better and more stable than Slovak Republic. Implementation and results of the disintegration of Czechoslovakia and the associated monetary separation can be considered as a basis for solving current problems eg. In any disintegration of the common currency in the European Union or the possible dissolution of several national states. A proper currency separation in 1993 had a negative impact on the development of monetary variables surveyed states.
Economic and Political Consequences of Collectivization in Czechoslovakia
Pučelík, Karel ; Chalupecký, Petr (advisor) ; Johnson, Zdenka (referee)
This work aims to analyze the consequences of collectivization in czechoslovak agriculture. Reporting period is between 1948-1960. In the theoretical part are described political and economic motives and condition of czechoslovak agriculture. In the practical part contents development of collectivization and impact of agriculture reforms on agriculture sector. Reporting period is divided into three parts according to collectivization intensity. In the end we managed to verify the hypothesis that collectivization strongly affected the czechoslovak agriculture.

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