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Ergonomie a fyzioterapie jakožto funkční jednotka k prevenci rozvoje muskuloskeletálních onemocnění
COLLIN, Dominik
Musculoskeletal disorders are diseases of the muscles, tendons, joints, bones and nerves. The etiopathogenesis of these diseases is multifactorial, the workload combined with specific movement habits and stereotypes of the individual certainly plays a role. The term workload includes local and total muscle load, load handling and working positions in combination with workplace design, work aids and, for example, physical and chemical factors that affect the worker's well-being.Musculoskeletal disorders can affect any part of the body. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders can cause serious and long-lasting health problems that make a person disabled in both personal and professional life. Ergonomics deals with the relationship among man - work environment - job aids. It tries to make the activities as easy as possible for the employees so that they feel as comfortable as possible in the work environment and do not overload the musculoskeletal system unnecessarily. From the physiotherapist's point of view, the local muscle load, total muscle load, load handling and correct posture play a role.The theoretical part of the thesis describes the definition and division of ergonomics, skeletal and muscle anatomy, posture, ergonomic requirements in occupational exposure, risk factors and the end of the theoretical part has been devoted to the most common musculoskeletal health complications associated with occupational exposure.To create the practical part, I have chosen a qualitative research method. The research has been carried out in the office and in the small switchboards department, which is part of the company ENGEL engineering company Ltd. Three probands from this department have been selected for research. After performing a kinesiological analysis and ergonomic investigation at the workplace, an individual therapeutic plan and recommendations for ergonomic adjustments in the occupational exposure have been created.

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