National Repository of Grey Literature 10 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Preparation and characterization of nanomaterials for electrochemical energy storage
Bouša, Milan
Graphene research is nowadays one of the worldwide most prominent fields of interest in material science due to many extraordinary properties of graphene and related materials. However, the different techniques of synthesis and subsequent handling and/or treatment have a substantial impact on the properties of the graphene and thus a lot of efforts have been focused on developing of the advanced methods for graphene preparation and characterization. Graphene can be easily produced by oxidation and consequent exfoliation of the bulk graphite; however, resulting graphene oxide needs to be reduced back to graphene-like structure due to partial restoration of sp2 network. Herein, a detailed study of the structural evolution of the graphene oxide during electrochemical treatment has been performed using X-ray photoelectron, Raman and infrared spectroscopies and the results were compared with non-oxidized graphene nano-platelets. Additionally, graphene oxide in composite with LiFePO4 olivine material, which is electrochemically almost inactive in a freshly made state, has been tested by repeated electrochemical cycling. Using various electrochemical methods, the progressive electrochemical activity enhancement has been observed and spontaneous graphene reduction was identified as responsible for this...
ELECTROCHEMICAL STUDY OF CuSCN INORGANIC HOLE-TRANSPORT MATERIAL FOR SOLAR CELLS PREPARED BY ELECTRODEPOSITION FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION
Vlčková Živcová, Zuzana ; Mansfeldová, Věra ; Bouša, Milan ; Kavan, Ladislav
A comparative study is reported for electrodeposited copper(I) thiocyanate layers (ca. 500 nm) on two types of conductive/semiconductive substrates: i) carbon (boron-doped diamond_BDD, glass-like carbon_GC), and ii) carbon-free F-doped SnO2 conducting glass (FTO). SEM and Raman evidence that electrodeposition from aqueous solution results in homogenous CuSCN layers with dominant thiocyanate ion bounded to copper through its S-end (Cu−SCN bonding), as in spin-coated CuSCN layers. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) confirms the p-type semiconductivity of layers with a flatband potential from 0.1 to 0.18 V vs. Ag/AgCl depending on the substrate type, and the acceptor concentration (NA) of 5 x 1020cm-3 in all cases. The flatband potentials determined from Mott-Schottky plots (EIS) are in good agreement with the Kelvin probe measurements. The blocking quality of CuSCN layers was tested using Ru(NH3)63+/2+ redox probe. CuSCN deposited on BDD substrate exhibits better blocking properties compared to CuSCN deposited on FTO.
Preparation and characterization of nanomaterials for electrochemical energy storage
Bouša, Milan
Graphene research is nowadays one of the worldwide most prominent fields of interest in material science due to many extraordinary properties of graphene and related materials. However, the different techniques of synthesis and subsequent handling and/or treatment have a substantial impact on the properties of the graphene and thus a lot of efforts have been focused on developing of the advanced methods for graphene preparation and characterization. Graphene can be easily produced by oxidation and consequent exfoliation of the bulk graphite; however, resulting graphene oxide needs to be reduced back to graphene-like structure due to partial restoration of sp2 network. Herein, a detailed study of the structural evolution of the graphene oxide during electrochemical treatment has been performed using X-ray photoelectron, Raman and infrared spectroscopies and the results were compared with non-oxidized graphene nano-platelets. Additionally, graphene oxide in composite with LiFePO4 olivine material, which is electrochemically almost inactive in a freshly made state, has been tested by repeated electrochemical cycling. Using various electrochemical methods, the progressive electrochemical activity enhancement has been observed and spontaneous graphene reduction was identified as responsible for this...
Preparation and characterization of nanomaterials for electrochemical energy storage
Bouša, Milan ; Kavan, Ladislav (advisor) ; Fejfar, Antonín (referee) ; Velický, Matěj (referee)
Graphene research is nowadays one of the worldwide most prominent fields of interest in material science due to many extraordinary properties of graphene and related materials. However, the different techniques of synthesis and subsequent handling and/or treatment have a substantial impact on the properties of the graphene and thus a lot of efforts have been focused on developing of the advanced methods for graphene preparation and characterization. Graphene can be easily produced by oxidation and consequent exfoliation of the bulk graphite; however, resulting graphene oxide needs to be reduced back to graphene-like structure due to partial restoration of sp2 network. Herein, a detailed study of the structural evolution of the graphene oxide during electrochemical treatment has been performed using X-ray photoelectron, Raman and infrared spectroscopies and the results were compared with non-oxidized graphene nano-platelets. Additionally, graphene oxide in composite with LiFePO4 olivine material, which is electrochemically almost inactive in a freshly made state, has been tested by repeated electrochemical cycling. Using various electrochemical methods, the progressive electrochemical activity enhancement has been observed and spontaneous graphene reduction was identified as responsible for this...
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF PIB-BASED CVD GRAPHENE TRANSFER EFFICIENCY
Bouša, Milan ; Kalbáč, Martin ; Jirka, Ivan ; Kavan, Ladislav ; Frank, Otakar
The transfer of graphene prepared by Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) from metal catalyst to target substrate is an important step in preparing desirable nanoscale structures in various fields of science, and thus searching for fast, cheap and clean method attracts great interest. Investigation of mechanical properties of graphene, which are crucial for applications in flexible electronics, performed on bendable synthetic materials, requires a transfer technique using polymers soluble in aliphatic solvents harmless for target polymer substrates. In this study we explore a dry technique using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as stamping polymer and polyisobutylene (PIB) layer as graphene-support polymer. After the transfer PDMS is peeled off and PIB is dissolved in hexane, hence this method fulfils the above mentioned prerequisite. The effectiveness of this transfer was examined by scanning electron microscopy, optical microscopy and Raman microspectroscopy including micro-mapping, and finally by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. With all methods carried out, it was found that this sort of stamp-technique is suitable for a high precision transfer of small grains of CVD graphene onto polymer substrates with large yields and similar purity compared to poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA)based transfer methods. However, it introduces substantial quantity of surface discontinuities, and therefore this is not a proper method for large scale applications.
STRAIN ENGINEERING OF THE ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF 2D MATERIALS
del Corro, Elena ; Peňa-Alvarez, M. ; Morales-García, A. ; Bouša, Milan ; Řáhová, Jaroslava ; Kavan, Ladislav ; Kalbáč, Martin ; Frank, Otakar
The research on graphene has attracted much attention since its first successful preparation in 2004. It possesses many unique properties, such as an extreme stiffness and strength, high electron mobility, ballistic transport even at room temperature, superior thermal conductivity and many others. The affection for graphene was followed swiftly by a keen interest in other two dimensional materials like transition metal dichalcogenides. As has been predicted and in part proven experimentally, the electronic properties of these materials can be modified by various means. The most common ones include covalent or non-covalent chemistry, electrochemical, gate or atomic doping, or quantum confinement. None of these methods has proven universal enough in terms of the devices' characteristics or scalability. However, another approach is known mechanical strain/stress, but experiments in that direction are scarce, in spite of their high promises.\nThe primary challenge consists in the understanding of the mechanical properties of 2D materials and in the ability to quantify the lattice deformation. Several techniques can be then used to apply strain to the specimens and thus to induce changes in their electronic structure. We will review their basic concepts and some of the examples so far documented experimentally and/or theoretically.
Electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical study of nanocrystalline TiO2 anatase with exposed (001) faces
Lásková, Barbora ; Zukalová, Markéta ; Bouša, Milan ; Kavan, Ladislav ; Liska, P. ; Grätzel, M.
The electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical behavior ot TiO2 anatase with a predominant (001) face was studied and compared to a reference anatase material with dominating (101) face. The electrochemical measurements indicate that Li-ion insertion/extraction is facilitated for TiO2 anatase with (001) faces as compared to (101) one. The performance of both different crystal morphologies as a photoanode material in DSC (dye sensitized solar cell) was tested too. The (001) face adsorbed smaller amount of the used dye sensitizer (C101) but provides larger open circuit voltage (Uoc) of the solar cell. The different band energetics of both particular morphologies was suggested to be the reason for the voltage enhancement of the device employing (001) anatase. To prove our hypothesis and determine their flatband potential, a spectroelectrochemical study of transparent films of nanocrystalline (001) and (101) anatase on coaducting glass was carried out. UV/Vis spectra were measured at potentials between 0 and -1.4V vs SCE and confirmed the negative shift of flatband potential for (001) anatase as compared to (101) one.

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1 Bouša, Michal
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