National Repository of Grey Literature 73 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Self-regulation and goal achievement
Hnilica, Marek ; Bahbouh, Radvan (advisor) ; Blatný, Marek (referee)
First part of the thesis reviews current literature on self-control, with a particular focus on the strength model of self-control. This model asserts that the ability to self-control depends on a limited resource, which gets depleted with its use. According to the model, the ability to self-control is dependent on one resource. The experimental part of the thesis purports to ascertain whether two resources can in fact be identified - one for initiatory self-control and another one for inhibitory self-control. Two types of manipulations were tested in the experiment. The results showed that one type of experimental manipulation hadn't led to any measurable depletion of initiatory self-control whilst the second type of manipulation had indeed led to results that may be interpreted as a support for distinguishing between inhibitory and initiatory self-control. It would be an interesting finding that would broaden our current knowledge about self-control if the findings of the thesis were successfully replicated in a study addressing limitations of the present research. Keywords: self-control, experiment, strength model of self-control, initiatory self-control, inhibitory self-control, Stroop task
The Relationship Between Attachment, Personality and Subjective Well-Being
Karvai, Martin ; Blatný, Marek (advisor) ; Dragomirecká, Eva (referee)
Existing research suggests that personality and attachment predict subjective well-being. However, few studies have examined the relationships between all three concepts. The present masters thesis aims to replicate one of these studies, namely the study by Kwon and Choi (2022). The results of their study showed that avoidant attachment moderates the relationship between extraversion and subjective well-being. The theoretical section introduces the mentioned concepts: attachment, personality from the Big Five perspective, and subjective well-being. In this section, the relationships between the variables under study are further described. The research section presents a replication study that extends the original research of Kwon and Choi (2022) by adding additional hypotheses that relate to the interaction of attachment and neuroticism. A total of 187 college students participated in the study (mean age = 22,7 years, SD = 2,6 years). Results of multiple regression analyses indicated that avoidant attachment did not moderate the relationship between extraversion and subjective well-being. Thus, the effect reported in Kwon and Choi's (2022) study could not be replicated. One of the tested interactions was statistically significant, but in the opposite direction than predicted by the hypothesis....
Emotional intelligence in heterosexual and non-heterosexualpeople in the context of gender identity
Jelínek, Jakub ; Blatný, Marek (advisor) ; Baumgartner, František (referee) ; Stuchlíková, Iva (referee)
The main topic of the dissertation thesis is the construct of emotional intelligence which can be defined via several theoretical models out of which the well known ones are presented step by step in the theoretical part of this work. The paper also exlains the main difference between ability and trait emotional intelligence which represent two different ways, above all, for measuring the construct. The most well know tools are presented in one of the chapters too. The theoretical part of the dissertation largely elaborate on the topic of individual differences in emotional intelligence which were explored within the basic research of the construct. The purpose of the two separate studies which were conducted within the dissertation research project was to examine whether the groups of heterosexual and non-heterosexual respondents are statistically similar or different in both ability and trait emotional intelligence and in emotion regulation which is considered to be the upper component of emotional intelligence. Moreover, the first study focused on the replication of low correlation between ability and trait emotional intelligence and on the relation between ability emotional intelligence and cognitive intelligence. The relation between trait emotional intelligence and personality traits was...
Connections of Posttraumatic Stress and Growth in Childhood Cancer Survivors and Their Parents
Koutná, Veronika ; Blatný, Marek ; Jelínek, Martin ; Vobořil, Dalibor
Posttraumatic stress (PTS) and growth (PTG) have been described in both childhood cancer survivors and their parents. This study aims to analyse the parent-child connections in self- reported PTS and PTG as well as the concordance of child self-reported and parent proxy- reported PTG. The sample included 142 parent-child dyads. Both survivors and parents self- reported PTS and PTG. Parents also proxy-reported PTG in their child. Correlations were performed between self-reported measures of PTS and PTG as well as parent proxy-report of PTG in the child. Parent proxy-reports of PTG in their child are more strongly related to parental own PTG than to PTG self-reported by the child. Parental PTS and PTG are correlated, but in survivors, PTS and PTG are not related. Parent proxy-reports of PTG in their child may reflect their own PTG rather than PTG of their child. The relationship between PTG and PTS in the context of childhood cancer differs depending on the reporter (parent/child).
Relationship of Posttraumatic Stress and Growth with Quality of Life in Childhood Cancer Survivors
Koutná, Veronika ; Blatný, Marek ; Jelínek, Martin ; Vobořil, Dalibor
Childhood cancer is an event with the potential for both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG). While full PTSD is rare in childhood cancer survivors, PTG is common in this population. The relationship between posttraumatic stress (PTS) and PTG has not yet been clearly established, and the relationship between PTG and quality of life (QOL) is unclear. In a group of 188 childhood cancer survivors, we used correlation analysis to determine the relationship of PTS/PTG with specific dimensions of QOL. In the younger group (up to 12 years), the QOL correlated only with PTS, the connection with PTG was not proven. In the older group (from 13 years), QOL correlated with PTS and PTG, but correlations were stronger for PTS. The relationship between PTS and QOL was negative in both groups, the relationships between PTG and QOL in the older group was weakly positive. The relationship of PTG and successful adaptation and good QOL remains questionable.
Recognition-decision-making strategies and socio-cognitive mechanisms applied in the identification process
Trojanová, Hana ; Boukalová, Hedvika (advisor) ; Blatný, Marek (referee) ; Spurný, Joža (referee)
The main topic of this dissertation is the forensic method of lineups. This issue is approached mainly from the perspective of social and forensic psychology. The main goal is to describe decision-making strategies and socio-cognitive mechanisms applied in the identification process. The theoretical part deals with identification processes based on memory, social cognition in the context of lineups, and variables that most often appear in forensic-psychological research focused on eyewitness testimony. These variables are divided into two basic areas - variables that cannot be controlled in advance (estimator variables - on the witness, offender and circumstances side) and variables that can be controlled (known as system variables). The experimental part presents two main researches corresponding to the above-mentioned areas of variables. The first research focuses on the witness and his/her decision-making processes as a variable that cannot be controlled in advance. The results of the research confirmed the assumption that respondents using absolute judgment were more accurate and faster in their identification than those with relative judgment. The second research is focused on the creation of fair lineups, as a possible controllable variable. We evaluated the lineups created by experts from...
Socio-economic status and its influence on the structure and level of personal well-being
Matyášová, Eva ; Kebza, Vladimír (advisor) ; Blatný, Marek (referee)
The presented diploma thesis summarizes development of well-being and socioeconomic status conceptions by analyzing accesible vocational literature. The theoretical part is mainly focused on well-being and socioeconomic status (SES) in context and on searching for satisfactory explanation of relationship of those two variables. The attention in empirical part is devoted to examination the dependancy relationship between well-being and SES. We use Satisfaction with life scale (Diener et al., 1985) and The Ryff's scales of psychological well-being (Ryff, 1989) for measuring well-being. Socioeconomic status is deduced from income, education and occupational prestige. The existence of the dependancy relationship between income and well-being measured by RPWB was proven in our research sample (includes 213 respondents). The statistically significant differences between well-being (SWLS) were measured within group of people with elementary and high school education; and further within group of people with the lowest and highest income. However the relationship is sophistically structured and variety of dependent conditions is used rather than simple positive correlation. Key words: well-being, socioeconomic status, life satisfaction, happiness, income, education, occupational prestige
Ability to self-regulate social networking sites usage and its relationship to feelings of loneliness and life satisfaction
Nekola, Adam ; Horáková Hoskovcová, Simona (advisor) ; Blatný, Marek (referee)
This master thesis is in theoretical part focusing on the term of self-regulation according to Albert Bandura's theory (1991) and its domains of self-monitoring, self-judgement and self-reaction. Next we define its stand against terms such as addiction and habit, in case of low ability of one's regulation. Thanks to analysis of mainly foreign resources we oriented the work to explanation of relationship between self-regulation and loneliness and life satisfaction. These resources are chosen for their historical consistency and contemporary application, especially in domains of media and online environment. In empirical segment of thesis we are proposing our own questionnaire measuring our ability to self-regulate Facebook usage (SRQ-FB), inspired by original theory of Brown et al. (1999) and Czech translation of their questionnaire, translated and tested by Jakešová et al. (2015). Next we tested hypotheses based on assumption of relationship existence between score of our questionnaire (SRQ-FB) and score of loneliness (measured by UCLA Loneliness Scale; Russell et al., 1980) and life satisfaction score (SWLS - Satisfaction With Life Scale; Diener et al., 1984). Research sample consisted of two nation-based groups: Slovak (N = 168) and Czech (N = 21), which differed significantly in achieved score...
The psychology of happiness: interventions Influencing happiness
Figurová, Mária ; Bahbouh, Radvan (advisor) ; Blatný, Marek (referee)
The thesis deals with the topic of happiness and happiness increasing intervention strategies. The theoretical chapters discuss different approaches to defining the term and they are inclined to the view that the term reflects the subjective satisfaction with life of an individual. The thesis further deals with a number of major theories of happiness, analyzes its relationship to other variables, such as heredity, health, money or work and it gives an overview of the best known intervention strategies affecting experiencing happiness in the end of the theoretical part of it. Empirical research is aimed at testing the effectiveness of the chosen strategy - attentivenes - on the changes in experiencing happiness. Although the statistical analysis does not confirm the validity of the hypothesis of an increase in subjective levels of happiness after applying the intervention, the results tend to indicate the effectiveness of the method. Keywords: positive psychology, happiness, satisfaction, attentiveness.
Personality of convicted women according to the questionnaire TCI-R
Kocmanová, Daniela ; Blatný, Marek (advisor) ; Jiřička, Václav (referee) ; Přikrylová Kučerová, Hana (referee)
The dissertation presents a view to the personality of women offenders of various types of crime. It examines the development of their criminal careers, the social environment in which they developed, their personality characteristics and it maps the risk factors of committing crime. The study is divided into theoretical and empirical part. The main topics of the theoretical part are female crime, criminogenic factors and female aggression. Next important part of the study is the women offenders personality typologies mentioned in the literature of forensic psychology. The last topic of the theoretical part is the personality theory of C. R. Cloninger, which for its biopsychosocial basis seems to be a suitable model for the description of the prison population and for this meaning it is used both in domestic and foreign studies. The aim of the empirical part was to obtain quantitative data on criminogenic factors of convicted women and their basic characteristics with regard to the type of crime. In research we use anamnestic questionnaire, SARPO report, Vídeňský maticový test of intellitence and Cloninger's personality questionnaire of temperament and character TCI-R. A total of 286 convicted women from prison Světlá nad Sázavou were included in the study. We confirmed six ten hypotheses from ten:...

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