National Repository of Grey Literature 19 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Tissue and soluble endoglin relation to the endothelial dysfunction and possible treatment
Blažíčková, Kateřina ; Nachtigal, Petr (advisor) ; Blaha, Vladimír (referee) ; Mičuda, Stanislav (referee)
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biological and Medical Sciences Candidate: Msc. Katerina Blazickova Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. PharmDr. Petr Nachtigal, Ph.D. Title of Doctoral Thesis: Tissue and soluble endoglin relation to the endothelial dysfunction and possible treatment Atherosclerosis is a complex inflammatory disease and it represents a major source of morbidity and mortality in the world as a part of cardiovascular diseases. Endothelial dysfunction represents the first step in the development of atherosclerosis and it is characterized by disruption of endothelial homeostasis. Statins are drugs of choice in the treatment of atherosclerosis and they can decrease LDL cholesterol levels and positively affect levels of HDL cholesterol. Statins, however have a wide range of other effects, which are referred to non-lipid or pleotropic effects. The most important non-lipid effects of statins are lipid- independent modulation of endothelial function, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antithrombogenic and antiproliferative effects. The most widely used animal model for the study of atherosclerosis is the mouse model. Thanks to a high fat diet and genetic modification, we are able to modify lipid profile in mice and induce atherosclerotic changes even at...
Early changes in eNOS and ICAM-1 expression in mice aorta after administration of high fat diet.
Stehlíková, Tereza ; Nachtigal, Petr (advisor) ; Blažíčková, Kateřina (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove Department of Biological and Medical Sciences Consultant: Associate Professor, Petr Nachtigal, Ph.D. Candidate: Tereza Stehlíková Title of Thesis: Early changes in eNOS and ICAM-1 expression in mice aorta after administration of high fat diet Background: The aim of this thesis was to observe changes in eNOS a ICAM-1 expression after administration of high fat diet in comparison with the control group, which was fed with the chow diet. Method: C57BL/6J female mice were used for the experiment. 6 mice were fed with the high fat diet (experimental group), which contains 1,25 % of cholesterol and 40 % of fat, for the period of 3 months. Six mice (representing control group) were fed with the chow diet the whole time. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed by means of avidin-biotin complex method. Results: The expression of eNOS was visible on the vascular endothelium but there were no differences between the control group and the experimental group. Similarly, ICAM-1 expression was detected only in endothelium in aorta but no differences in the expression between control and experimental group were visible. Conclusions: Administration of high fat diet with 1,25 % of cholesterol and 40 % of fat for 3 months had no effect on the expression of...
Coeliac disease
Marešová, Markéta ; Vejsová, Marcela (advisor) ; Blažíčková, Kateřina (referee)
Author: Markéta Marešová Title of bachelor thesis: Coeliac dinase Bachelor thesis Charles Univerzity in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové ABSTRACT: Background: The thesis deals with the issue of the celiac disease. In the theoretical part I dealt with the definition, pathogenesis and pathology of this disease. I also looked at different forms and possible complications of the celiac disease, epidemiology, diagnosis and therapy. In the practical part my goal was to evaluate the overall awareness of patients on the basis of questionnaire studies. Main findings: I also focused on the quality of their lives and the non-health associated complications which the celiac disease entails. Conclusions: The majority of patients are well-informed about their disease according to results of questionnaire studies.
Western blot analysis of selected oxidative stress markers in aorta of apoE/LDLR deficient mice
Čermáková, Martina ; Rathouská, Jana (advisor) ; Blažíčková, Kateřina (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biological and Medical Sciences Western blot analysis of selected oxidative stress markers in aorta of apoE/LDLR deficient mice Author of diploma thesis: Bc. Martina Čermáková Supervisor: PharmDr. Jana Rathouská, Ph.D. Background: The aim of this diploma thesis was to evaluate expression of selected oxidative stress molecules (SOD-3, iNOS, catalase, HO-1) in cardiac aorta and nitrate and nitrite levels in plasma in two groups of mice. These two groups of mice varied in genetic features - the monitored group was, compared to control group of mice, deficient for apolipoprotein E and LDL receptor. Methods: For the study, 2 months old male mice were fed a standard rodent diet. The males were divided into two groups - control (C57BL/6J) and monitored (apoE-/- /LDLR- /- ). Western blot method was used to evaluate and quantify iNOS, SOD-3, catalase and HO-1 molecules in the aorta. HPLC method was used to quantify nitrate and nitrite levels in plasma. Result: HPLC method did not show statistically significant differences in the nitrate and nitrite levels in plasma between the two groups of examined mice. Western blot analysis of aortic samples showed statistically significantly higher SOD-3 expression (208.39 %) and a significantly...
P-selectin expression in brachiocephalic artery during atherogenesis
Kadlecová, Magda ; Nachtigal, Petr (advisor) ; Blažíčková, Kateřina (referee)
Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biological and Medical Sciences P-selectin expression in brachiocephalic artery during atherogenesis Diploma thesis Magda Kadlecová Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Petr Nachtigal, Ph.D. Background: We studied the expression of P-selectin in brachiocephalic artery in the apoE−/− /LDLr−/− deficient mice, which were fed with the low carbohydrate, high protein diet. Methods: For this study we used the female apoE−/− /LDLr−/− deficient mice, which were divided into two groups, 6 mice in each group. Control mice were fed with AIN-93G diet (control group) and the second group was fed by low carbohydrate, high protein diet for 8 weeks. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed in tissue sections of brachiocephalic artery by avidin-biotin complex method with DAB detection. Results: Biochemical analysis revealed significantly increased levels of total cholesterol after feeding with low carbohydrate, high protein diet. Immunohistochemical analysis detected P- selectin expression only in endothelial cells, with more intensity in endothelial cells covering atherosclerotic plaques in both groups apoE−/− /LDLr−/− deficient mice. Atherosclerotic plaques were found in all mice in LCHP group. In control group, there were few mice without...
Western blot analysis of selected oxidative stress markers in aorta of apoE/LDLR deficient mice
Čermáková, Martina ; Rathouská, Jana (advisor) ; Blažíčková, Kateřina (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biological and Medical Sciences Western blot analysis of selected oxidative stress markers in aorta of apoE/LDLR deficient mice Author of diploma thesis: Bc. Martina Čermáková Supervisor: PharmDr. Jana Rathouská, Ph.D. Background: The aim of this diploma thesis was to evaluate expression of selected oxidative stress molecules (SOD-3, iNOS, catalase, HO-1) in cardiac aorta and nitrate and nitrite levels in plasma in two groups of mice. These two groups of mice varied in genetic features - the monitored group was, compared to control group of mice, deficient for apolipoprotein E and LDL receptor. Methods: For the study, 2 months old male mice were fed a standard rodent diet. The males were divided into two groups - control (C57BL/6J) and monitored (apoE-/- /LDLR- /- ). Western blot method was used to evaluate and quantify iNOS, SOD-3, catalase and HO-1 molecules in the aorta. HPLC method was used to quantify nitrate and nitrite levels in plasma. Result: HPLC method did not show statistically significant differences in the nitrate and nitrite levels in plasma between the two groups of examined mice. Western blot analysis of aortic samples showed statistically significantly higher SOD-3 expression (208.39 %) and a significantly...
Early changes in eNOS and ICAM-1 expression in mice aorta after administration of high fat diet.
Stehlíková, Tereza ; Nachtigal, Petr (advisor) ; Blažíčková, Kateřina (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove Department of Biological and Medical Sciences Consultant: Associate Professor, Petr Nachtigal, Ph.D. Candidate: Tereza Stehlíková Title of Thesis: Early changes in eNOS and ICAM-1 expression in mice aorta after administration of high fat diet Background: The aim of this thesis was to observe changes in eNOS a ICAM-1 expression after administration of high fat diet in comparison with the control group, which was fed with the chow diet. Method: C57BL/6J female mice were used for the experiment. 6 mice were fed with the high fat diet (experimental group), which contains 1,25 % of cholesterol and 40 % of fat, for the period of 3 months. Six mice (representing control group) were fed with the chow diet the whole time. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed by means of avidin-biotin complex method. Results: The expression of eNOS was visible on the vascular endothelium but there were no differences between the control group and the experimental group. Similarly, ICAM-1 expression was detected only in endothelium in aorta but no differences in the expression between control and experimental group were visible. Conclusions: Administration of high fat diet with 1,25 % of cholesterol and 40 % of fat for 3 months had no effect on the expression of...
Tissue and soluble endoglin relation to the endothelial dysfunction and possible treatment
Blažíčková, Kateřina ; Nachtigal, Petr (advisor) ; Blaha, Vladimír (referee) ; Mičuda, Stanislav (referee)
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biological and Medical Sciences Candidate: Msc. Katerina Blazickova Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. PharmDr. Petr Nachtigal, Ph.D. Title of Doctoral Thesis: Tissue and soluble endoglin relation to the endothelial dysfunction and possible treatment Atherosclerosis is a complex inflammatory disease and it represents a major source of morbidity and mortality in the world as a part of cardiovascular diseases. Endothelial dysfunction represents the first step in the development of atherosclerosis and it is characterized by disruption of endothelial homeostasis. Statins are drugs of choice in the treatment of atherosclerosis and they can decrease LDL cholesterol levels and positively affect levels of HDL cholesterol. Statins, however have a wide range of other effects, which are referred to non-lipid or pleotropic effects. The most important non-lipid effects of statins are lipid- independent modulation of endothelial function, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antithrombogenic and antiproliferative effects. The most widely used animal model for the study of atherosclerosis is the mouse model. Thanks to a high fat diet and genetic modification, we are able to modify lipid profile in mice and induce atherosclerotic changes even at...
Utilization of stem cells
Kadlecová, Marcela ; Fikrová, Petra (advisor) ; Blažíčková, Kateřina (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to summarize the basic information about the stem cells and outline their possible use in medicine. The beginning of this thesis is focused on basic description of the stem cells, their properties, classification and method of acquisition. In next part of the thesis we are focused on typology of each of these cells and cell dividing. Our focus is at utilization of stem cells in current medicine that is pivotal theme in mine thesis, use of mesenchymal cells, their transplantation and use in the treatment of arthrosis and in plastic surgery. The thesis is further focused on the use of hematopoietic, embryonic and stem cells from the umbilical cord blood - here are described diseases which can be treated with allogeneic umbilical cord blood, and also for their use in the treatment of diseases that can be treatable by cell therapy but which are still being researched such as diabetes mellitus and Parkinson's disease or the use of stem cells in preterm infants.
Western blot analysis of selected oxidative stress markers in aorta of apoE/LDLR deficient mice
Čermáková, Martina ; Rathouská, Jana (advisor) ; Blažíčková, Kateřina (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biological and Medical Sciences Western blot analysis of selected oxidative stress markers in aorta of apoE/LDLR deficient mice Author of diploma thesis: Bc. Martina Čermáková Supervisor: PharmDr. Jana Rathouská, Ph.D. Background: The aim of this diploma thesis was to evaluate expression of selected oxidative stress molecules (SOD-3, iNOS, catalase, HO-1) in cardiac aorta and nitrate and nitrite levels in plasma in two groups of mice. These two groups of mice varied in genetic features - the monitored group was, compared to control group of mice, deficient for apolipoprotein E and LDL receptor. Methods: For the study, 2 months old male mice were fed a standard rodent diet. The males were divided into two groups - control (C57BL/6J) and monitored (apoE-/- /LDLR- /- ). Western blot method was used to evaluate and quantify iNOS, SOD-3, catalase and HO-1 molecules in the aorta. HPLC method was used to quantify nitrate and nitrite levels in plasma. Result: HPLC method did not show statistically significant differences in the nitrate and nitrite levels in plasma between the two groups of examined mice. Western blot analysis of aortic samples showed statistically significantly higher SOD-3 expression (208.39 %) and a significantly...

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