National Repository of Grey Literature 41 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Approaches to pain in classical Greek philosophy and medicine
Linka, Vojtěch ; Bartoš, Hynek (advisor) ; Thumiger, Chiara (referee) ; Cheng, Wei (referee)
Linka, V. Dissertation: Approaches to Pain in Classical Greek Philosophy and Medicine In this dissertation, I undertake an exploration of the approaches to the problem of pain within classical Greek philosophy and medicine. The aim of my research is to investigate the role of pain by analysing the most prevalent Greek words denoting pain in three ancient text collections: the Corpus Hippocraticum, Corpus Platonicum, and Corpus Aristotelicum. As an omnipresent phenomenon inherent to both human and animal life, pain held significant importance as a theme for medical and philosophical contemplation during antiquity. In the introductory section, I not only outline the theme, methodologies, and contemporary discussions on pain in antiquity but also provide an overview of the origins of classical Greek approaches to pain. This involves summarizing the conceptualization of pain in various genres and works from Homer to the authors who lived contemporaneously with Aristotle. Throughout the three central chapters of this dissertation, I concentrate on addressing the following research questions: What is pain? Are there distinct kinds of pain? What role does pain play? During the course of this dissertation, I elucidate and critically evaluate how these questions were addressed by the physicians and...
Severe community-acquired pneumonia: Patient characteristics and reliability of the scoring systems
Bartoš, Hynek ; Džupová, Olga (advisor) ; Kieslichová, Eva (referee) ; Rožnovský, Luděk (referee)
Introduction: Even in the 21st century, pneumonia represents a serious medical problem with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of the clinical study was to describe the group of patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia and to evaluate the predictive efficiency of the applied scoring systems. Methods: A prospective multicenter observational study was carried out in the period 1/9/2017 - 1/7/2021 in three Czech ICU. Patients with community-acquired pneumonia requiring ICU admission within 48 hours of hospital admission were included in the study. Anamnestic data, clinical manifestations, etiological agent, antibiotic treatment, applied intensive care methods and treatment outcomes were recorded. A total of ten scoring systems were applied to describe the clinical severity of pneumonia and their reliability was evaluated in terms of predicting mortality and the need for intensive care. Due to the current covid-19 pandemic, patients with coronavirus infection were also included in the study; for analysis, the patients were divided into two groups - covid and non-covid. Results: A total of 315 patients, 68.3% men and 31.7% women, with the age range of 18-88 years and an average age of 61.1 ± 14.1 years, were included in the study. Fifty-nine percent of patients had at least one serious comorbidity,...

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