National Repository of Grey Literature 20 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Effect of activator type on rheology of alkali-activated slag
Markusík, David ; Smilek, Jiří (referee) ; Bílek, Vlastimil (advisor)
This work deals with rheology of alkali-activated slag pastes (AAP) because of importance of these properties in building connectors for processing and application. The effects of different concentrations of sodium and potassium hydroxides activation solutions on the rheological properties of prepared AAP are examined. For the basic characterization of activation solutions, rotational and rheological measurements of AAS were made, and were compared to measurements from the flow table. Dependences of setting time on the activator concentration and rheological and calorimetric monitoring of hydration progress were also investigated. The findings prove a major influence of concentration and activator type on any determinations made. In pastes activated by potassium hydroxide, fluidity increases with increasing concentration, which correlates with increases in values on the shake table. In case of sodium hydroxide, with the increasing concentration, fluidity increases up to 25 wt. %. The following sharp reduction in fluidity correlates to the values on the flow table as well as with the storage modulus courses from oscillation measurements. In the first minutes after mixing, there was evidence of a sharper increase in yield point for pastes with higher activator concentrations.
The composition and physical-mechanical properties of self consolidating mortars
Čepčianska, Jana ; Bílek, Vlastimil (referee) ; Palou, Martin (advisor)
This Master thesis is focused on characterization of multicompound self-compacting heavy-weight mortars resistant against long lasting influence of ionizing radiation in the underground nuclear waste storage. It examines a specific combination of properties of heavy-weight concretes and self-compacting mortars while considering the ecological and energetic impact of their production, as well as the productibility of partial substitutions that do not have negative impact on material properties. The Experimental part provides a comprehensive overview of composition and properties of self-compacting heavy-weight mortars with varying percentages of cement-to-mortar ratio. Sample properties were evaluated based on mechanical test results, thermal analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction.
Evaluation of properties of coal combustion solid residues
Cesnek, Ľuboš ; Bílek, Vlastimil (referee) ; Opravil, Tomáš (advisor)
The bachelor’s thesis focuses on condition monitoring of a stored high-temperature fly ash and its properties over time. The high-temperature fly ash comes from a dumping where it has been aggregated over several years. Samples of fly ash used for our analysis were taken from a bore-hole with a depth of 38 meters. Subsequently, detailed analyses of the fly ash from individual depth levels were performed. Furthermore, mechanical properties, volume stability and changes in weight of the prepared test beams were tested. The aim of the experiment was to evaluate suitability of using fly ash from a dumping site as a pozzolanic admixture in cement pastes.
Study of alkali-silica reaction in hybrid systems
Bradová, Lada ; Bílek, Vlastimil (referee) ; Kalina, Lukáš (advisor)
This study evaluates question of alkali–silica reaction (ASR) in hybrid system, which was designed in the bachelor's thesis, to meet the requirements of EN 197-1 and classified to the Blastfurnace CEM III/C cements. The durability of this system is a great unknown. For this reason, the same methods (ASTM C1260, ASTM C289 and ASTM C856) were used to observer the ASR effects as the ones used to observer the Portland cement based concrete. Supplementary methods include determination of compressive strengths according to EN 196-2 and scanning electron microscopy to observe the microstructure. Hybrid system results were compared to two different types of cements, CEM I and CEM III/B. From the results of the ASR evaluation assays, it was found that the hybrid system (CEM III/C-HB) and CEM III/B showed the lowest tendency to ASR. The results of the supplementary methods showed that CEM III/C-HB compressive strength increases after 14 days within NaOH by 43 % in comparison to 28 days strength. Based on those results, it is sure that the CEM III/C-HB shows little susceptibility to ASR.
Effect of cement by-pass dust on properties alkali-activated slag
Janíčková, Vlasta ; Kalina, Lukáš (referee) ; Bílek, Vlastimil (advisor)
This masters thesis deals with influence of cement bypass kiln dust on physico-mechanical properties of alkali activated slag and influence of chosen compounds of cement bypass kiln dust on alkali activated slag. Using alkali activated slag is limited by its shrinkage. The setting time with different amount of cement bypass kiln dust and its chosen compounds (CaO, KCl and K2SO4) were measured by isotermal and isoperibolic calorimetry too. The strength and length changes of the mixtures with different amount of cement bypass kiln dust were measured. Samples were analysed by X-Ray diffraction analysis and scanning electron microscopy. It has been found that the increasing addition of dust reduce setting time, flexural and compresive strength and shrinkage. Presence of free CaO was found being one of the reasons for accelerated setting. KCl and K2SO4 have retarding effect but influece of free CaO prevails even for its lower contents. Long-term properties evolution is strongly dependent on curing regime due to potential volume expansion.
Effect of Cement Bypass Dust on Cracking Tendency of Alkali-Activated Slag during Drying
Krejčová, Marie ; Švec, Jiří (referee) ; Bílek, Vlastimil (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with the influence of bypass cement dust on cracking of alkali activated slag. Significant shrinkage and cracking prevent greater use of alkali activated slag. The length changes and strength of the mixtures with different amount of bypass cement dust were measured at various curing conditions. In these mixtures, cracks were observed and their amount was evaluated by image analysis. It has been found that the addition of dust can reduce the amount of cracks. Treating the prisms in a humid environment leads to a reduction of cracks, especially during long-term treatment. In order to improve flexural and compressive strength, it is preferable to use dust as a replacement for part of aggregates and not as a partial slag replacement.
Effect of alternative agents on controlled degradation of polypropylene
Kadlecová, Zuzana ; Figalla, Silvestr (referee) ; Bílek, Vlastimil (advisor)
This bachelor’s thesis focuses on the effect of degradation agents in controlled rheology polypropylene and its efficiency. That was evaluated on several types of polypropylene with different molecular weight, the strength of stabilization and content of degradation reagents (organic peroxide and nitroxide Irgatec® CR 76). Melt flow rate, rheometry, and molecular weight distribution methods were applied. Results of each method for unstabilized, stabilized polypropylene and polypropylene containing degradation agent were compared. It was determined, that higher polymer chain degradation efficiency is provided by organic peroxide, lower by nitroxide. The molecular weight distribution of polypropylene was much narrower with peroxide than with nitroxide even though it should have been conversely according to published data. The molecular weight distribution of polypropylene (Mw/Mn) was much narrower with nitroxide than with peroxide at all process temperatures.
Possibilities of Chloride Ions Binding in Alkali-Activated Slag Systems
Chadima, Jan ; Kalina, Lukáš (referee) ; Bílek, Vlastimil (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with chloride binding in alkali activated slag and tries to bind chlorides by adding metakaolin, alumina and cement bypass kiln dust to form Friedel’s salt in alkali activated system. These admixtures were selected as a potential sources of aluminate ions that are necessary for the formation of this salt. The amount of chlorides in solid samples and in leachates was determined by Volhard titration. To find out phase composition X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis were used. Chloride ions were bound in by far the greatest extent in the pastes containing cement bypass dust because only in this case Friedel’s salt was formed. In the case of alumina and metakaolin chlorides were bound likely via adsorption on C-S-H phase.
Rheology of Alkali-Activated Slag during Its Early Hydration Stages
Pazour, Miroslav ; Smilek, Jiří (referee) ; Bílek, Vlastimil (advisor)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the measurement of viscoelastic parameters of mixtures based on alkali-activated blast furnace slag during hydration. Hydration was monitored using isothermal calorimeter and initial and final setting time was determined for another comparsion by Vicat’s needle. These parameters were measured depending on activator dosage (water glass) and organic admixture dosage (hexylene glycol) and compared with each other. It was observed that storage modulus prevailed over loss modulus in fresh mixtures with lower dosage of activator, whereas in mixtures with higher dosage of activator viscous component began to prevail and complex modulus was rather descreasing. Conversely, in mixtures with higher hexylene glycol dosage complex modulus was significantly increasing. Evolution of modules in time correlated with calorimetric curves and setting times. During setting time, which is assigned to formation of primary C-A-S-H, values of viscoelastic parameters was remarkably increasing.
Development of shrinkage reducing admixtures designed for alkali activated materials
Šístková, Pavlína ; Bílek, Vlastimil (referee) ; Kalina, Lukáš (advisor)
This thesis deals with development of shrinkage reducing admixtures designed for alkali activated materials based on blast furnace slag. The main task of this work is to select the most suitable shrinkage reducing admixture based on experiments, in which can be observed minimal shrinkage and at the same time it will not adversely affect the properties of alkali activated blast furnace slag. In the experimental part of the work, test beams containing shrinkage reducing admixtures were prepared, in which the shrinkage and loss of weight were measured. Moreover, the mechanical properties of individual beams, such as tensile strength and compressive strength, were measured. Next, the surface tension of individual shrinkage reducing admixtures was measured in a mixture with pore solution. The hydration process of alkali activated materials under the action of reducing shrinkage admixtures was monitored by calorimetric analysis. The microstructure of the prepared samples was observed by scanning electron microscopy.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 20 records found   1 - 10next  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
7 Bílek, Vladimír
4 Bílek, Vojtěch
2 Bílek, Václav
2 Bílek, Vít
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