National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Optimization of the production of yogurt with increased protein content from wheat bran
Adamczyková, Michaela ; Vítová, Eva (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
This thesis deals with the use of wheat bran in the form of protein isolate as an additive in the food industry, optimalization of the formula of fortified yoghurts and the encapsulation of plant proteins, used as a method to mask the negative sensory properties of products with the addition of these proteins. The theoretical part deals with the characterization of fermented milk products, wheat bran as a source of protein and the possibilities of masking the negative sensory properties of protein isolates. The produced yoghurts were sensory evaluated and their nutritional and technological properties were analyzed in the experimental part. By sensory analysis of yoghurts made from different types of milk, full-fat UHT milk was determined to be the best for the production of fortified yoghurts. Yoghurts prepared from this milk were fortified with wheat bran protein isolate. The products thus had an increased nutritional value, but their sensory values deteriorated. The yoghurts had a gritty feel, which was subsequently mitigated by grinding the protein isolate to finer parts. The formula for the production of fortified yoghurts was optimized by the addition of alternative protein, which had a positive effect especially for yoghurts with a 10% protein content. Yoghurts with protein isolate were evaluated with a negative score for the bitter taste parameter. Encapsulation of proteins significantly reduced the intensity of the bitter taste. Synergy of all prepared samples was determined by filtration. Yoghurt from full-fat UHT milk showed a syneresis of 31.76 ml per 100 g of yoghurt. The addition of protein led to a change in the synergy of this yoghurt. From the rheological analysis, it was determined that 10% yoghurt with encapsulated particles had a higher value of dynamic viscosity and yield stress. Sensory analysis data were evaluated using principal component analysis.
Modern herbs in the food industry
Adamczyková, Michaela ; Řezáčová, Veronika (referee) ; Vítová, Eva (advisor)
The bachelor thesis deals with the issue of volatile (aromatic) compounds of Plectranthus spp. and Echinacea purpurea. The theoretical part focuses on the general characteristics of the above mentioned herbs, the content of their bioactive and volatile compounds, and on their importance as well as on their potential use in the food industry. Using the HS-SPME-GC-MS method, the volatile compounds of the herbs and extracts prepared from them were identified and quantified in the experimental part. A total of 11 volatile compounds were found in all the samples. The most frequent one in the sample of a fresh Plectranthus was 3-carene (13,78%) as well as in the sample of dried Plectranthus (14,85%). However, in the Plectranthus extract it was -selinene (17,84%). As for Echinacea, it is germacrene D (18,64%) in the sample of a fresh one, camphor (58,46%) in the one of dried Echinacea and -copaene (20,42%) in its extract.

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