National Repository of Grey Literature 13 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Drug sensitization in rats prenatally exposed to methamphetamine
Schutová, Barbora ; Šlamberová, Romana (advisor) ; Šulcová, Alexandra (referee) ; Kršiak, Miloslav (referee)
Methamphetamine (MA) is a psychostimulant drug with high potential for abuse. Psychostimulants were shown to cause behavioral sensitization - a progressive increase of their psychomotor activating effects. Since half of MA users are women of reproductive age, there is an increased risk of negative consequences for their children. The aim of my dissertation thesis was to find out whether prenatal MA exposure is able to increase sensitivity to the same drug in adulthood. Pregnant dams were injected daily with MA 5 mg/kg or saline (S) subcutaneously (s.c.) during the whole gestation. The absolute control group of adult females (C) was not exposed to any injection application. To test the sensitivity of the offspring to MA in adulthood, half of each prenatally exposed group (MA, S, C) were administered MA 1 mg/kg while the other half received S s.c. The sensitizing effect of prenatal MA exposure was tested in the open field, elevated plus maze, Laboras (Metris B.V., Netherlands), Morris water maze, tail-flick test and in the tests of susceptibility to epileptic seizures. Our results showed that the animals prenatally exposed to MA were more susceptible to flurothyl seizures and demonstrated better performance in the test of memory. On the other hand, acute MA application in adulthood increased motor activity,...
Does prenatal methamphetamine exposure induce cross-sensitisation to drugs in adult male and female rats?
Macúchová, Eva ; Šlamberová, Romana (advisor) ; Šulcová, Alexandra (referee) ; Valeš, Karel (referee)
Women, who abuse drugs during pregnancy, expose not just themselves but also their developing foetus to impairing effects, which can have potentially harmful and even long- term effects on the exposed children. For some years, methamphetamine (MA) has dominated the illicit drug market in the Czech Republic and Slovakia; additionally this drug is on the rise worldwide. It is one of the most accessible drugs, and in many cases the first choice drug for many drug-addicted pregnant women; in part due to its anorectic and stimulant effects. These women are rarely aware of the consequences of their behaviour and their pregnancy is hardly ever a good enough reason for giving up drug use. These findings are supported by many experimental studies that show the damaging effects of maternal MA exposure on their offspring. There is growing evidence that exposure to MA in utero not only causes birth defects and delays in infant development, but also impairs the brain reward neural pathways of a developing offspring in such a way, that it could increase the predisposition for drug addiction later in life. Previously published animal studies have shown that offspring of mothers exposed to MA during pregnancy are more sensitive to MA when they encounter this drug later in adulthood. With respect to increased...
The effect of prenatal MA exposure and crossfostering on functional changes in laboratory rat
Hrubá, Lenka ; Šlamberová, Romana (advisor) ; Tejkalová, Hana Barbora (referee) ; Šulcová, Alexandra (referee)
The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of prenatal methamphetamine (MA) exposure and cross-fostering on development of rat pups during preweaning period and on behavior, anxiety, cognitive function and nociception in adulthood. Mothers were daily exposed to injection of MA (5 mg/kg) or saline (S) approximately for 9 weeks: three weeks prior to impregnation, throughout the entire gestation period and for 23 days of lactation. Control females (C) did not receive any injection. On postnatal day (PD) 1, pups were cross-fostered so that each mother received some of her own and some of the pups of mother with the other two treatments. We obtained 9 experimental groups (C/C, C/S, C/MA, S/C, S/S, S/MA, MA/C, MA/S, MA/MA). Pups were tested during postnatal development by means of following behavioral tests: negative geotaxis, tail pull, righting reflex on surface and in mid-air, rotarod and bar-holding and were examined for physiological maturation. In adulthood, males and females rats were tested in the Open field (OF) and in the Elevated plus maze (EPM) for behavior and anxiety and in the Plantar test for thermal nociception. Adult male rats were tested on cognitive function in the Morris water maze (MWM). In adult female rats, phases of the estrous cycle were recognized and compared. Our...
Animal models of psychosis - the assessment of EEG and the levels of monoamines in the CNS of the rat
Lipski, Michaela ; Horáček, Jiří (advisor) ; Šulcová, Alexandra (referee) ; Mareš, Jan (referee)
The present work describes animal models of psychosis with the aim on monoamine levels and behavioral/EEG findings. The general part is focused on reporting biochemical and EEG findings in patients with schizophrenia, followed by animal models of schizophrenia and their EEG findings. In the special part, results of behavioral and EEG parameters in three animal models of psychosis are presented. A study by Palenicek et al, 2013 described serotoninergic animal model and showed that 4-bromo-2,5-dimetoxyfenyletylaminu (2C-B) induced deficit in prepulse inhibition of startle reaction and produced dose related biphasic changes in the locomotion (i.e. hypolocomotion was followed by the hyperlocomotion). Low doses of 2C-B decreased EEG power and coherence, while high doses had a temporary biphasic effect with an initial decline followed by an increase in power - a similar effect was also observed in the coherence. In microdialysis study, increased levels of dopamine and its metabolites homovanilic acid and 3-methoxytyramine and decreased levels of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid in the nucleus accumbens are described. The increase in the EEG power and coherence after the 2C-B application was associated with an increase in locomotion and congruently with elevated dopamine levels in the nucleus accumbens....
Multisource financing in the financial statements of the non-governmental non-profit organization - People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
Šulcová, Alexandra ; Zouhar, Tomáš (advisor) ; Jošt, Marek (referee)
The major topic of the bachelor thesis is financial reporting of the non-governmental nonprofit organizations. The theoretical part deals with the characteristics of the non-profit sector and the comparison of the Czech and American environment. The practical part is dedicated to the economic analysis of the american non-profit organization PETA and assessment of its efficiency. Subsequently the American and Czech accounting standards are compared and the differences in financial reporting with the focus on the specifics of the non-profit sector are specified which demonstrates some of the insufficiencies in the Czech accounting legislation.
Does prenatal methamphetamine exposure induce cross-sensitisation to drugs in adult male and female rats?
Macúchová, Eva ; Šlamberová, Romana (advisor) ; Šulcová, Alexandra (referee) ; Valeš, Karel (referee)
Women, who abuse drugs during pregnancy, expose not just themselves but also their developing foetus to impairing effects, which can have potentially harmful and even long- term effects on the exposed children. For some years, methamphetamine (MA) has dominated the illicit drug market in the Czech Republic and Slovakia; additionally this drug is on the rise worldwide. It is one of the most accessible drugs, and in many cases the first choice drug for many drug-addicted pregnant women; in part due to its anorectic and stimulant effects. These women are rarely aware of the consequences of their behaviour and their pregnancy is hardly ever a good enough reason for giving up drug use. These findings are supported by many experimental studies that show the damaging effects of maternal MA exposure on their offspring. There is growing evidence that exposure to MA in utero not only causes birth defects and delays in infant development, but also impairs the brain reward neural pathways of a developing offspring in such a way, that it could increase the predisposition for drug addiction later in life. Previously published animal studies have shown that offspring of mothers exposed to MA during pregnancy are more sensitive to MA when they encounter this drug later in adulthood. With respect to increased...
The effect of prenatal MA exposure and crossfostering on functional changes in laboratory rat
Hrubá, Lenka ; Šlamberová, Romana (advisor) ; Tejkalová, Hana Barbora (referee) ; Šulcová, Alexandra (referee)
The aim of our study was to investigate the impact of prenatal methamphetamine (MA) exposure and cross-fostering on development of rat pups during preweaning period and on behavior, anxiety, cognitive function and nociception in adulthood. Mothers were daily exposed to injection of MA (5 mg/kg) or saline (S) approximately for 9 weeks: three weeks prior to impregnation, throughout the entire gestation period and for 23 days of lactation. Control females (C) did not receive any injection. On postnatal day (PD) 1, pups were cross-fostered so that each mother received some of her own and some of the pups of mother with the other two treatments. We obtained 9 experimental groups (C/C, C/S, C/MA, S/C, S/S, S/MA, MA/C, MA/S, MA/MA). Pups were tested during postnatal development by means of following behavioral tests: negative geotaxis, tail pull, righting reflex on surface and in mid-air, rotarod and bar-holding and were examined for physiological maturation. In adulthood, males and females rats were tested in the Open field (OF) and in the Elevated plus maze (EPM) for behavior and anxiety and in the Plantar test for thermal nociception. Adult male rats were tested on cognitive function in the Morris water maze (MWM). In adult female rats, phases of the estrous cycle were recognized and compared. Our...
Drug sensitization in rats prenatally exposed to methamphetamine
Schutová, Barbora ; Šlamberová, Romana (advisor) ; Šulcová, Alexandra (referee) ; Kršiak, Miloslav (referee)
Methamphetamine (MA) is a psychostimulant drug with high potential for abuse. Psychostimulants were shown to cause behavioral sensitization - a progressive increase of their psychomotor activating effects. Since half of MA users are women of reproductive age, there is an increased risk of negative consequences for their children. The aim of my dissertation thesis was to find out whether prenatal MA exposure is able to increase sensitivity to the same drug in adulthood. Pregnant dams were injected daily with MA 5 mg/kg or saline (S) subcutaneously (s.c.) during the whole gestation. The absolute control group of adult females (C) was not exposed to any injection application. To test the sensitivity of the offspring to MA in adulthood, half of each prenatally exposed group (MA, S, C) were administered MA 1 mg/kg while the other half received S s.c. The sensitizing effect of prenatal MA exposure was tested in the open field, elevated plus maze, Laboras (Metris B.V., Netherlands), Morris water maze, tail-flick test and in the tests of susceptibility to epileptic seizures. Our results showed that the animals prenatally exposed to MA were more susceptible to flurothyl seizures and demonstrated better performance in the test of memory. On the other hand, acute MA application in adulthood increased motor activity,...
Monitoring of the Use of Addictive Substances in Students and Clients at Contact Centres
Spáčilová, Lenka ; Klusoňová, Hana (advisor) ; Vopršalová, Marie (referee) ; Šulcová, Alexandra (referee)
The aim of this thesis was to monitor the situation in the field of addictive substance usage among problem drug users and university students, to analyze opinions and attitudes of the participants on/towards this problems and to assess the amount of both legal and illegal substances usage by them. A questionnaire was used for this research; it was distributed to clients of contact centres in the Region of Zlín and to students of the University Hradec Králové, Thomas Bata Univesity in Zlín, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové in the Czech Republic and University of Camerino in Italy. 186 clients and 1339 students have participated in this survey. The most important conclusions of this work are following: 1. Alcohol and nicotine usage is widespread both in the population of regular drug users (47.8% of the respondents smoke regularly and 38.7% of them drink alcohol at least several times a week) and among students (39.4% of the Czech students and 46.6% of the Italian ones smoke at least rarely; 21.0% of the Czechs and 23.6% of the Italians drink alcohol at least several times a week). The first experience with alcohol respectively with nicotine was stated at average 12.4 respectively 12.5 years by the clients, at 12.4 respectively 13.8 years by the Czech and at 15.4...
Role of dopaminergic and serotonergic neurotransmission in animal models of schizophrenia
Páleníček, Tomáš ; Höschl, Cyril (advisor) ; Papežová, Hana (referee) ; Šulcová, Alexandra (referee) ; Zvolský, Petr (referee)
The dissertation presents the results of our studies on animal models of psychosis. In the pharmacological model parameters are evaluated by behavioral and electrophysiological correlates of which are subject to influence by direct modification of the serotonergic and dopaminergic neurotransmission.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 13 records found   1 - 10next  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
4 ŠULCOVÁ, Andrea
1 Šulcová, Adéla
3 Šulcová, Alena
1 Šulcová, Alice
4 Šulcová, Andrea
6 Šulcová, Anna
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