National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Measurements of New Particle Formation in the Atmosphere
Špalová, Anna
In this work, the formation of particles and their transformation to larger sizes will be studied by measuring the concentration of molecular clusters. The measurement will take place at a rural background site National Atmospheric Observatory Košetice. At the ground level, a Neutral and Air Ion Spectrometer (NAIS) able to measure both neutral and charged clusters or particles ranging from 0.8 to 40 nm in diameter will be used together with a Particle Size Magnifier (PSM) able to measure neutral clusters as small as 1 nm in diameter up to 12 nm. Larger particles will be measured by a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS). At a height of 230 m above ground level, there will be another SMPS and also a nanoSMPS able to detect particles as small as 1 nm in diameter.
Kovářík, Jiří ; Špalová, Anna ; Roztočil, Petr ; Zíková, Naděžda ; Schwarz, Jaroslav ; Ždímal, Vladimír
New particle formation (NPF) is increasingly gaining attention since it emerged roughly twenty years ago as a field of interest within the aerosol science. It studies the transition process between gas phase molecules, forming clusters and eventually becoming aerosol particles. Thus, this field is a multidisciplinary one, ranging from meteorology, atmospheric chemistry and physics, all the way through physical chemistry towards chemistry and physics of aerosols. \nRecent development of instrumentation techniques allows measuring of sub-5 nm particles and molecule clusters, neutral and also charged ones. Therefore, modern analytical methods based on these measurements are often used for NPF studies.
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Removing of organic dyes from water using polyacrylamide hydrogel nanocomposites
Špalová, Anna ; Klusoň, Petr (advisor) ; Krystyník, Pavel (referee)
The unavailability and pollution of water resources have become significant global challenges. Hydrogels composed of cross-linked polymers have emerged as advanced adsorbents for wastewater treatment, owing to their convenient handling and high efficiency. By incorporating appropriate components into the hydrogel structure, the affinity of a specific pollutant to the hydrogel can be modified. Consequently, the resulting hydrogel nanocomposite can display enhanced adsorption capacity, specific selectivity, and other desirable properties. In this thesis, the efficiency of polyacrylamide hydrogel nanocomposites in the removal of organic dyes from water was investigated. Various composites were synthesized, incorporating graphene, kaolin, and laponite. The composition of these composites varied, employing different ratios of monomer to water and monomer to additive. The physicochemical properties of the synthesized hydrogels and their nanocomposites were examined. It was observed that the nanocomposites displayed reduced water-holding capacity compared to pure polyacrylamide hydrogels. The inclusion of additives led to a decrease in nanocomposite rigidity for graphene, minimal alteration in the case of kaolin, and an increase in rigidity for laponite. The compressibility modulus of the samples ranged...

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