National Repository of Grey Literature 29 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Influence of zinc on mechanical properties of cement composites
Štarha, Tomáš ; Šilerová,, Iva (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
The theme of this bachelor thesis is to monitor the effect of zinc on mechanical properties of portland cement. Zinc was tested in the form of zinc oxide. Three acceleration additives were added, calcium oxide, formic acid and calcium formate in various proportions. Furthermore, the mechanical properties of all these mixtures were monitored by measuring flexural strength and compressive strength at 7 and 28 days after mixing and mixtures were analyzed by XRD and DTA. Also using isoperibolic calorimetry, the hydration of CEM 42.5 R cement zinc oxide was monitored.
The influence of hydration accelerators on cement doped with zinc
Beneš, Pavel ; Šilerová,, Iva (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
Zinc in cement has negative properties mainly due to a significant delay in hydration. This bachelor thesis deals with the study of hydration of cements containing zinc. The course of cement hydration was monitored by isoperibolic calorimetry. Zinc was doped to CEM I 42.5 R in the form of 1 weight percent zinc oxide. Calcium oxide, formic acid and calcium formate were used in various proportions as accelerators. The obtained results were compared with the measured strengths and finally the suitability of the given accelerators was discussed for use in construction application.
Preparation of yttrium based chemically bounded phosphate ceramics
Uher, Samuel ; Šiler, Pavel (referee) ; Švec, Jiří (advisor)
The thesis is focused first on the research of literature on the topic of phosphate ceramics and then on the search for a suitable synthesis of phosphate binder based on Y2O3-P2O5-H2O and characterization of the resulting products. Various types of syntheses were prepared with subsequent characterization of the phase and chemical composition of the final products. The samples were measured on an electron microscope to determine their surface morphology and also element maps were obtained. The samples were also analyzed by heat microscopy to determine the temperature behavior of the samples. After measurement on a heat microscope, the samples were measured again on an electron microscope, in order to detect changes caused by the action of high temperatures, in particular to assess the presence of binder or sintered phases.
The study of the refractory concrete binding system based on phosphoric acid and aluminous cement
Pavlík, Tomáš ; Švec, Jiří (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
This thesis deals with refractory concrete binding system based on aluminous cement and phosphoric acid. The prepared refractory concretes were fired at 1 000 °C. Various effects on compressive strength of refractory concrete were studied. The influence of aluminous cement content and phosphoric acid content, the influence of various admixtures, the influence of plasticizers and the influence of time and method of sample storage were studied. Simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis of the basic unfired sample were performed. Finally, selected refractory concretes were fired at 110, 200, 400, 600, 800, 900, 1 000 and 1 100 °C. The compressive strength of these samples was measured and powder X ray diffraction analysis was performed. The compressive strength of refractory concretes under intermediate temperatures (800–1 100 °C) was most increased in samples with metakaolin and gray microsilica.
The study of zinc influence on Portland cement hydration.
Ptáček, Martin ; Janča, Martin (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
The topic of this work is the monitoring of the effect of zinc on the hydration process in Portland mixed cement (specifically with the addition of finely ground granulated blast-furnace slag, high temperature fly ash and fluidized bed combustion filter ash). How much zinc and at what time it remains in the pore solution during hydration. Activation energy of a mixture of cement with zinc in the form of soluble salts (Zn(NO3)2.6H2O and ZnCl2) and insoluble oxide (ZnO) by isothermal calorimetry was also investigated. The XRF method has shown composition during hydration. The zinc retardation effect was investigated by isothermal calorimetry and activation energy was calculated using this method. The XRF and ICP-OES methods were used to measure the zinc content of the pore solution. And the amount of portlandite was monitored by the DTA and XRF method.
The influence of grinding on the limestone properties
Pavlík, Tomáš ; Bednárek, Jan (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with dry limestone grinding in the vibratory mill and ball mill. Three different limestone samples were used for milling. Samples were ground in the mills without the addition of surfactants. Several methods of grinding were performed in the vibratory mill. At first, the same weight of limestone samples was ground for different grinding time without any interruption except for one case of grinding with breaks for cooling off the grinding tablet. Another method was grinding of different weights of the same sample. The last one used the same weight of different samples. In the ball mill, sample of one type of limestone was ground for various milling time. The particle size, shape of particles, phase composition and crystallite size were studied for the ground samples. Sieve analysis, laser diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscopy, powder X-ray diffraction analysis and X-ray fluorescence analysis were used to determine these properties. For each mill, the amount of energy consumed for limestone grinding was calculated.
Changes in some physical properties of the aqueous suspension of corundum powder during ultrafine grinding
Šuleková, Nikola ; Šiler, Pavel (referee) ; Svěrák, Tomáš (advisor)
This thesis is focused on the study of changes in properties of the aqueous suspensions of corundum during ultrafine grinding without and with the addition of grinding activator. Such studies are an important step in  optimizing the grinding process properly, because by measuring physical properties of a particulate substance, it is easy to determine the actual fineness of the ground substance and its quality for further processing. For the measurement of granulometry, zeta potential, rheological behavior and turbidity, corundum suspensions in distilled water were prepared in a 1:5 ratio without the addition of grinding activator and with the addition of triethanolamine (TEA), by using a planetary mill. The suspensions showed pseudoplastic behavior and the zeta potential of all samples ranged between -30 and 30 mV, thus the suspensions were rather unstable. During the grinding, the viscosity and turbidity of the samples increased. TEA was not proved to be a suitable activator for wet milling of corundum because of higher degree of fineness achieved during milling without an activator.
The study of adhesion of glued balistic composites on the dependence of materials used.
Dobiáš, Jiří ; Másilko, Jiří (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
The aim of this work was to investigate the properties of bonded ballistic materialsBalistic composites are mainly glued to reduce weight while keeping their protective properties. On this basis, the materials used were ballistic steel, ceramics, rubber kevlar, non-gummed kevlar, Dyneema and fiberglass. For bonding used were a one-component adhesive Collano 36.104 and two-component adhesive Biresin U1305. The strength of the joint was measured in shear at tensile loads. From these results, deformation energy was further calculated.
The optimization of melting as a decomposition process for material analysis.
Ptáček, Martin ; Koplík, Jan (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
Fusion is the process in which the sample particles are dissolved in the flux. This is used for the decomposition of substances which under normal conditions do not decompose in acid. For example, silicon, which is a substantial part of cement, is not degraded under standard conditions, so it is fused. Fusion may be in solution or in a pearl. Solution fusing is used for ICP-OES rather than XRF pearls. In addition to the pearl, XRF can also be measured in powder, but it is less accurate. This bachelor thesis deals with decomposition of standards and comparison of measured values with certified values. In the course of the work, samples of the standards were decomposed using several types of fluxes, measured at ICP-OES. The same standards were measured using XRF in the form of pearls. In addition to these two methods, elemental analysis of sulfur content was also performed. These methods were finally compared. From the measured data we can say that the best results are achieved with the ICP-OES method.
The optimization of quarried limestone analysis and usage.
Sidelnicov, Vitalii ; Bednárek, Jan (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
Limestones are rocks formed predominantly from the mineral calcite. The Czech Republic is quite rich in this type of rock. Limestone may have a very diverse composition, properties and uses. For this reason, it is beneficial to study and analyze this material, to better utilize it to its full potential. This bachelor thesis deals with the possible uses of limestone from Lesní lom in Líšna in the city of Brno, which consists of two limestones - Hádsko-Ričský and Vilemovický. Limestone analyses were performed using by the following analytical methods: XRF, XRD and ICP-OES. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the preparation of samples for individual analytical methods and the differences of the results obtained by individual methods. Part of the thesis is also an overview of the possible uses of analysed limestones.

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