National Repository of Grey Literature 71 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The construction of collective identity and collective Memory in biographical narratives of Czech Germans
Kreisslová, Sandra ; Pargač, Jan (advisor) ; Nosková, Jana (referee) ; Šatava, Leoš (referee)
The aim of the dissertation is to find answers to questions that are connected to the problems of the construction of ethnic/national identity and related identification signs. This discourse creation of collective identity is analyzed on the basis of biographic texts of the citizens of the Czech Republic who identify with Germans, and remained, after the forced extradition of the German-speaking population, for various reasons in the country of their origin. The research project is, from the territorial point of view, situated in the border region of Chomutov which has been for centuries formed mainly by the German population. Using the biographic method there has been recorded, in the course of the terrain investigation itself, a total of 50 biographic narratives of the representatives of three successive generations of this community. By means of analysis and interpretation of the content of these biographic materials there are primarily captured the collectively shared pictures of the past and important identification attributes by which protagonists of the oldest generation of this community form their ethnic/national identity. In this way it is clarified how the narrators themselves re-construct and re-interpret their subjectively experienced "we", at the same time defining themselves against...
Ethnicity in China - Who are the Hui and who are the Dungan?
Horálek, Adam ; Šatava, Leoš (advisor) ; Uher, David (referee)
Ethnicity in China - Who are the Hui and Who are the Dungan? The thesis has three main objectives: (1) to develop a concept appropriate for the comparison of different ethnicities, (2) to use this concept to identify differences of ethnicity in China, and (3) to analyse these differences in the cases of the Huis and the Dungans. The second section postulates the concept of ethnicity as a secondary identity, and this becomes the main theoretical and methodological frame of the work. Six primary identities and dimensions, that together form the components of ethnicity, are discussed. Policy, which is interpreted as a context of ethnicity, and (ethno)culture, understood as an expression of ethnicity, are not seen as components. The concept enables the comparison of distinct perceptions (emic) and qualitative atributes (etic) of ethnicity from six main perspectives. The third chapter is focused on ethnicity and the ethnic policies of China. The central objective is to define a Chinese official category minzu, its position in the context of European concepts of ethnicity and nation, and its comparison with the concept of nation in the Soviet tradition, which represents minzu's template. Minzu is interpreted, unlike most other concepts, as an ethnic group rather than a nation, and is seen as a political...
The Czech-German border area: the image of the other
Kotrbatá, Ivana ; Šatava, Leoš (advisor) ; Brouček, Stanislav (referee) ; Moravcová, Mirjam (referee)
The aim of this doctoral thesis is to verify the basic hypothesis, which claims that the Czechs have stereotypical and biased attitudes towards the Germans. A part of the hypothesis is also a claim that opinions or behavior of the Czechs in relation to the Germans is then affected by these stereotypes and prejudices. In case of the verification of the hypothesis, the thesis attempts to analyze the most common stereotypes. At the same it also tries to determine where and what is their origin, whether it is possible to trace their development and formation and reveal factors involved in the formation of these stereotypes. In addition to this analysis, the thesis also focuses on whether and how these prejudices manifest themselves in everyday life in the Czech border region. A part of the thesis also concentrates on contemporary Czech-German relations, or how they are perceived and judged by the people living in the Czech border region. The thesis is based on the field research during which narrative priorities, narrations and attitudes of eighteen interviewed Czechs of different age, education, occupation and social background were identified and analyzed. The main methods of data collection were semi-structured interviews, biographical method and oral history. The research was conducted in the...
The building at 18, rue Bonaparte: The place of memory and its meaning for the Czechs living in Paris
Okénková, Věra ; Šatava, Leoš (advisor) ; Šalanda, Bohuslav (referee)
Filozofická fakulta Univerzity Karlovy nám. Jana Palacha 2, 116 38 Praha 1 IČ: 00216208 DIČ: CZ00216208 Tel.: (+420)221 619 111 http://www.ff.cuni.cz Jedná se o rigorózní práci, která je uznanou diplomovou či disertační prací. Děkujeme za pochopení.
Ways of identity representation of Tajik Pamirs in relation to Religious and Language Affiliation
Retka, Tomáš ; Nešpor, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Šatava, Leoš (referee) ; Kokaisl, Petr (referee)
The thesis focuses on the subject of group identities of Tajik Pamirs. The ethnonym "Pamir" describes inhabitants of the mountainous region of Pamir, who differ by their religious confession, language affiliation, together with some other aspects of material culture from other groups living in the area of contemporary Tajik Republic. The official policy of the Tajik republic does not recognise Pamirs as an ethnic minority, legally they are all considered as being part of Tajik majority. However, neither Tajiks, nor Pamirs themselves identify with this version of ascribed nationality as interpreted by the State. Members of both groups highlight mutual cultural differences (mainly drawing on religious confession), through which they delimit from each other. The aim of this thesis is to analyze factors that influence forms and ways the identities of the mountain Pamirs manifest themselves. The text reflects the issue mainly on three basic levels: language affiliation, religious confession and kinship. Language affiliation and religious confession prese nt basic aspects of Pamirs' group identities. Through these aspects Pamirs define themselves against members of other (non-Pamirs) groups, specifically against majority Tajiks. The thesis also asks questions about the role of such concepts of Pamirs'...
Education in the communist paradigm (focused to Vietnamese students in Czechoslovakia before 1989)
Khúc, Huyen Tran ; Šatava, Leoš (advisor) ; Šima, Karel (referee)
The thesis informs about the procedures of Vietnamese government when selecting applicants for study and work stays in communist countries. Concretely I focused on Czechoslovakia, where I want to point out the clash of two cultures and finding of common communication. Describe the stories of people, what made them leave their families and friends. They went to foreign country of which they knew only is situated in Europe. The aim of this study of this study is to map the history and analyse the conditions for students and labourers admission from VSR. The methodolgical solutions will be made through field research and from gathered data, especially through interviews with participants who have been living during the communist era.
The Sokol Identity: Past and NOw
Libichová, Lenka ; Štěpánová, Irena (advisor) ; Šatava, Leoš (referee) ; Secká, Milena (referee)
This disertation thesis deals with the Sokol identity changes during its whole existence as Sokol was founded in 1862. In 2012 Sokol celebrated 150th anniversary by XV Sokol gymnastic festival 'Slet'. There were different opinions about that festival. That is the reason why the question about motivation of being a Sokol member in the past and now is so important. Are the same traditional Sokol values in the present? The thesis is divided into two parts - historical and contemporary - each chapter deals with a logical part of Sokol identity development. The historical part is based on a well- known historical studies that are confronted with both Sokol writers and archival resources. Besides of the general facts about the Czech Sokol Organization, the contemporary part also includes a field research focused on topics of both 'ethic' and 'emic' Sokol values. The research was prepared by using a quantitative method of questionnary survey of both Sokol members and non-Sokol public. The second part of research was prepared by using a qualitative method of directed interview with Sokol leaders. In the research participating observation at the Prague Sokol ball 'Šibřinky' was also used. The question is whether they are still popular or not. It was necessary to find new goals in a new political and social...
Vietnam close by and far away. Children of Vietnamese descent in Czech Republic form the perspective of transnationalism.
Svobodová, Andrea ; Janská, Eva (advisor) ; Baar, Vladimír (referee) ; Šatava, Leoš (referee)
This dissertation is based on a narrative analysis of eighteen life biographies of children of Vietnamese descent in Czech Republic. It shows that these young people lives are embedded in a "transnational social space", which spans between two geographical regions of Vietnam and Czech Republic, and which leaves them exposed to a set of social expectations, cultural values and patterns of human interaction, that are shaped by more than one political, economic and social system. It also describes how these people, through multiple connected social networks and social relationships, transform cultural practices, interpretations, experiences and identities, which deconstructs the idea of integrity between place, identity and culture. Although the primary aim of the work is to analyse how children of Vietnamese operate in transnationalized social and cultural contexts, transnational practices, such as homeland visits, kinship ties and sending remittances are also being explored. In doing so the children of Vietnamese migrants are neither perceived as "existing in vacuum" nor are their identities described as "deterritorialized". The work pays also attention to the question how their lives and identities are shaped on the backdrop of discursive fields and power relationships in particular localities. Key...
2015 - 2017 European Migration Crisis through an Ethnological Perspective: Radicalization of the Society and Emergence of Militias in the Czech Republic
Vlk, Jonáš ; Jakoubek, Marek (advisor) ; Šatava, Leoš (referee)
This bachelor thesis concerns with the topic of the European migration crisis, the security aspects connected with this phenomenon and the radicalization of the Czech society. The paper introduces the possible security threats posed by illegal immigration to the countries of the European Union with the emphasis mainly on the radicalization of the European society. Subsequently, the thesis focuses on the topic of militias formed in the Czech Republic and using the method of the terrain research attempts to provide an insight into the attitudes and opinions of those citizens of the Czech Republic who are former or active members of the so called National Militia, a civic initiative which establishment was mainly a result of the migration crisis and which main task is to defend the homes, lives, health and property of Czech citizens and to preserve peace and stability of the Czech society. In the end, the thesis compares the supposed causes of the radicalization of the society with the real motives of the militiamen to join the National Militia identified during field research.
Czech Emigration in Western Europe, USA and Canada; National Consciousness and Relationship to Homeland in Comparation with Attitudes of Czechs Living in National State
Feitl, David ; Šatava, Leoš (advisor) ; Lupták Burzová, Petra (referee)
The subject of this thesis is a diversified conception of Czechishness. The main proposition is a comparison of types and aspects of relation to the country in the case of (political) emigrants after 1948 in contrast with the "home-based" non-emigrant Czech population. The thesis will briefly mention also the preceding periods of Czech emigration, the socio-economic situation at the turn of the 19th and the 20th centuries, the 1950s etc. All this will be put into the context of the historical turning of the Czech lands away from the West, despite the latter being the destination of the post-February emigrants. In this respect the description of social-political events as perceived by the citizens at the time, by the official propaganda and by emigrants is crucial. The image of the West or emigrants as perceived then together with other conclusions will be compared with the basic theories of migration and migration policy. In the section on political emigration legislation of the period incl. its wording will be quoted. The thesis focuses exclusively on emigrants to the West, especially to Western Europe, the USA and Canada, but also to Australia and Israel. It reflects the direction and the main centres of emigration, checks the relevance of information on the numbers of exiled Czechs, their...

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