National Repository of Grey Literature 111 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Theory and practice of Czech bilingual specialized dictionaries
Tihelková, Alice ; Klégr, Aleš (advisor) ; Šaldová, Pavlína (referee) ; Peprník, Jaroslav (referee)
The thesis deals with the theory and practice of bilingual specialized lexicography, with special focus on the production of bilingual specialized dictionaries intended for Czech users. The main objective is to propose an original methodology for the compilation of Czech-English and EnglishCzech LSP dictionaries (with possible application to other foreign languages). The methodology aims at the introduction of the latest trends in pedagogical lexicography, as presented in the leading ESL dictionaries, into specialized lexicography. The thesis is complete with an original lexicographic project illustrating the individual points made. The initial part of the thesis discusses of the main aspects and principles of the discipline of specialized lexicography, clarifying the basic concepts and comparing the state of research in the Western countries with the situation in the Czech Republic. This critical overview is followed by an analysis of the character of Czech bilingual specialized dictionaries based on a sample of 25 recently published dictionaries of a wide variety of subject fields. The main features of these dictionaries are established and their overall quality assessed, resulting in the presentation of a typology of their major shortcomings. The analysis is accompanied by the results of a preliminary...
Syntactic, semantic and FSP aspects of ditransitive complementation: a study of give, lend, send, offer and show
Brůhová, Gabriela ; Dušková, Libuše (advisor) ; Hajičová, Eva (referee) ; Šaldová, Pavlína (referee)
The subject of the present study is an analysis of five ditransitive verbs: give, lend, send, offer and show. The study focuses on the position of the two objects and on the factors that have an impact on the object ordering. An attempt is here made to provide a systematic overview of the position of the two objects with respect to their realization (i.e. substantival or pronominal). As regards the realization of the two objects, four types are distinguished: i. both Oi /Oprep and Od realized by nouns; ii. both Oi /Oprep and Od realized by pronouns; iii. Oi /Oprep realized by a noun and Od by a pronoun; iv. Oi /Oprep realized by a pronoun and Od by a noun. The position of the objects is assumed to be associated with the distribution of communicative dynamism or in other words with the principle of end-focus, i.e. that given information tends to precede new information. The second principle that operates in the ordering the two objects is the principle of end-weight. Of the three (or four, including intonation) factors whose interplay determines the FSP function of a clause element, in the case of ditransitive complementation the most important role is played by the contextual factor. Therefore, particular attention is paid to the context-dependence / independence of the two objects. The present...
NP as noun postmodifier: a man the size of a giant
Rambousková, Tereza ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Brůhová, Gabriela (referee)
The bachelor's thesis is concerned with the postmodification of a noun by a noun phrase in English, which is an uncommon structure. The analysis is based on searching for examples of this construction in British National Corpus and Spoken British National Corpus 2014. The gathered sentences are grouped and analysed by the head noun of the postmodifying phrase. Their description deals both with syntax, such as the ratio of postmodifiers separated by a comma, as well as semantics. The results confirm that a noun phrase functioning as a noun postmodifier occurs infrequently in written language as well as in speech. They also show that the usage of this kind of postmodification is in practice limited to only a few heads of the postmodifying phrase.
Optative sentences in present-day spoken British English
Čvančarová, Eva ; Brůhová, Gabriela (advisor) ; Šaldová, Pavlína (referee)
The thesis explores the representation of various optative sentence structures in the present-day spoken British English. The theoretical part of the thesis focuses on how English optative sentences are described by different grammarians (e.g. Dušková et al., Quirk et al., Biber et al., Huddleston and Pullum). The theoretical background of the thesis concentrates primarily on optative sentence structures that are introduced by I wish and If only, on optative sentences with may, optative subjunctive and with the archaic structure Would (to God) that. Other means of expressing a wish in English like imperatives (e.g. imperatives with let) and verbless sentences (formulae) are included in the theoretical part as well. The analytical part of the thesis is divided into Section 1 and Section 2. Section 1 is dedicated to the quantitative analysis of the optatives structures described in the theoretical part (with the exception of imperatives and verbless sentences). Section 2 focuses on an in-depth analysis of optative sentences introduced by I wish and If only. From the Spoken BNC2014, 60 examples of I wish optatives and 40 examples of If only optatives were excerpted and analysed. The analysis focuses on the addressee, verbal tense and the usage of modal verbs. There is also an emphasis on the...
Advanced Learners and Native Speakers in Czech ELT Classes
Fojtík, David ; Gráf, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šaldová, Pavlína (referee)
Keywords: Advanced learners, bilingual students, vocabulary, student vocabulary size, case study, receptive vocabulary, productive vocabulary Secondary-school teachers at Czech schools are encountering an increasing number of students who are significantly ahead of their peers. These students are either bilinguals or advanced learners. Regardless of the students' proficiency, the Czech education system enforces these students to keep attending further English classes, which often positions their teacher before a burdening question of what to teach these students. Scientific research postulates that a potential weakness of the said type of students could be vocabulary. This hypothesis was verified in this thesis, with the aid of Paul Nation VLT and Laufer & Nation Productive Vocabulary tests. The second goal of this thesis was to set a typical profile of advanced-learner and bilingual student through a survey. Results from the tests confirmed a significant deficiency in all of twelve test-subjects' productive vocabulary. Receptive vocabulary tests nonetheless revealed large receptive vocabulary size with eleven of tested subjects. Based on these findings, the recommended method for students this advanced is to allow them more autonomy, particularly through extensive reading, and to assign them...
English copular be in the progressive: adjective complements, meaning and Czech counterparts
Svobodová, Aneta ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Šebestová, Denisa (referee)
Clauses, where copular be occurs in the progressive, express an occurrence or a certain situation rather than a permanent state. (Matthews, 2014: 144) Each adjective that would occur in combination with such an aspect of be can also occur with its simple form, but not vice versa. Clauses in which the adjective is used with the progressive have narrower meaning. (ibid., 146) This thesis explores the predicative constructions with be in the progressive complemented by an adjective. It examines which adjectives tend to occur in such a construction, how often and by which intensifiers or other adverbials they are modified, and what other elements in the text suggest the construction is used as describing momentary behaviour. An integral part of the thesis describes how these text elements are translated into Czech and which ways does the Czech use to translate the construction as a whole. One hundred examples of the use of the construction in English original fiction and their Czech equivalents were excerpted from the parallel corpus InterCorp. The thesis also describes how often the predicate contains more than one adjective a how it is reflected in Czech. Further it examines which other constituents in the sentence suggest that the construction describes momentary behaviour in a certain situation and...
Phrasal Combinations in English Swearing
Romanenko, Anton ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Tichý, Ondřej (referee)
The aim of this BA thesis is to describe and analyze multi-word combinations of the word fuck, including such compounds as fuck it up, fuck me off, fuck around, etc. The thesis seeks to describe its colloqations, types of complementation, and meaning with regards to semantic and syntactic restrictions. While most dictionaries describe fuck in terms of abstract semantic structures, this thesis will analyze examples from the British National Corpus of spoken English. The theoretical part will discuss briefly the recent development observed in the uses of the word as well as socio- linguistic aspects of its use, as described in secondary literature. This part will also provide a list of possible combinations of fuck and their meaning (according to the Oxford English Dictionary) and discuss the possible terminological approaches to the phraseological description of the word and its combinations. In the methodological part, the procedure of working with the data and the British National Corpus is described. The analytical part descibes the combinations discovered in the BNC from the point of view of their meaning and the degree of their grammatical variability. Key words: swearing, bad language, phrasal verbs, formulaic language, idiomaticity
Cleft-sentences in Academic Prose: Diachronic Development of their Frequency and Functions in Natural Sciences and Humanities
Beták, Kryštof ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
This diploma thesis maps the diachronic tendencies in the frequency and functions of it-cleft sentences in two sub-registers of academic prose, humanities and natural sciences, from 1800 to 2019. Biber and Gray (2016) showed changes in grammatical complexity in academic writing, namely the shift between phrasal and clausal grammatical complexity and explicitness, which motivated the hypothesis of this thesis, i.e. that the frequency of it-clefts is expected to decrease in the course of 20th century in both sub-registers with the development being faster and more salient in natural sciences. General description presents the syntactic and semantic properties of it-clefts together with discussion about FSP and the distinction between new and given information, as the objective of the thesis is also to study the development of the functional types of clefts. The empirical part analyses a corpus of 170 academic texts, covering the time period under study. It is divided into sections based on time periods displaying similar features concerning the frequency of it-clefts in natural sciences and humanities. The analysis confirms that the expected decrease in the frequency of it-clefts is clearly notable in the case of natural sciences, while in humanities the frequency of it-clefts in individual texts...
Word-order variation of some object complements
Buliekova, Anna ; Šaldová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Vašků, Kateřina (referee)
The thesis investigates the factors that may contribute to the word order alternation of the object and its complement in the SVOCo clause pattern, where the Co is realized by a short adjective. The theoretical part describes the notion of the object complement, its semantic classification and obligatoriness in the clause. It also gives the brief overview of the word order variation between the object and particle in phrasal verbs, including the influence of FSP. Excerpts for the analysis are taken from the British National Corpus. The aim of the practical part is to study each of the chosen collocations separately and analyze what influences the word order change in both SVOCo and SVCoO sequences. There are two hypotheses based on the theoretical part. First hypothesis is that the end-weight principle influences the word order, as it does with phrasal verbs. The second hypotheses is that the word order correlates with the amount of communicative dynamism carried by the object and its complement. Key words: object complement, phrasal verbs, end-weight principle, communicative dynamism
Selected copular verbs and their adjectival complements in contemporary written and spoken English
Coufalová, Adéla ; Lukešová, Lucie (advisor) ; Šaldová, Pavlína (referee)
The present thesis studies the copular verbs and their co-occurrence with adjectival complements in contemporary written and spoken English. The theoretical part of this work first describes the copular verbs in terms of their types and types of complements they take. A corpus-based approach to copular verbs follows. A part of the theory also provides an overview of the terminology that is used with copular verbs. The work consists of two parts: the theoretical part which introduces the topic and describes the features of both the principal copula be and other copular verbs and the analytical part which analyses written language data excerpted from the Araneum Anglicum corpus and spoken language data from the Spoken BNC2014 corpus. The analytical part focuses on the following seven verbs: feel, look, seem, remain, become, go and get and their adjectival complements. These adjectives are then analysed in terms of their frequency and collocability with the verbs. The collocate lists of all verbs are then compared between the two corpora. Finally, the analysis also attempts to categorize the adjectives semantically. The analysis also focuses on adverbs which occur in these constructions and which function is to modify the adjectives. The results of the analytical part are summarized in the conclusion.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 111 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.