National Repository of Grey Literature 67 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Pressure pain threshold evaluation in relation to the knee joint position - pilot study
Čechová, Tereza ; Čech, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Jevič, Filip (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the relationship between the level of stress of soft tissues and their pressure pain sensitivity. It aims to find out whether the level of tension in soft tissues, given by the position of neighbouring joints, affects the pressure pain threshold. The thesis assumptions were verified on a model situation with the sensitivity of the tissues of the ventral and dorsal sides of the thigh depending on the angular adjustment of the knee joint flexion. The theoretical part deals with the findings about biomechanical properties of soft tissues in relation to mechanical load and in the sense of tensile and compressive forces. It describes the mechanisms of tissue nociceptor activation and afferent signal transmission for processing by neurvous system. It distinguishes between the concepts of nociception and pain and deals with methods of their quantification, especially pressure algometry. A group of 30 (15 men and 15 women) healthy probands of younger adult age participated in the research. The values of the pressure pain threshold were measured for each person with an algometer from the ventral and dorsal side of the thigh with angular settings of 0ř, 45ř and 90ř flexion of the knee joint, with a constant position of the hip joint. The data set's statistical analysis did not show...
Joint configuration changes pressure pain threshold-centered and decentered position
Jevič, Filip ; Čech, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Vaculín, Šimon (referee)
The term "joint centration" is recently perceived primarily in its biomechanical context. This paper suggests a possible neurophysiological point of view and examines the effect of centered or decentered position on pressure pain treshold (PPT) of three muscles (m. temporalis, m. tibialis anterior, m. interosseus dorsalis I) in sitting and lying position, researched on healthy volunteers. PPT was measured in four randomly ordered positions with 49 people (21 women, 28 men). Significantly higher PPT was detected in all three muscles (p=0,001; 0,0016; 0,00009). In percent the PPT change resembles some of studies working with therapeutical techniques (mobilization, joint manipulation, exercise). Influence of higher postural position (sitting compared to lying down) on PPT was not proved. Cenetered joint position increases the PPT of healthy young adults compared to decentered position. This newly proved fact opens further possibilities of conceiving the key physiotherapeutical notion of "joint centration".
Effect of deep foot massage on postural stability in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia
Hlaváčková, Tereza ; Pospíšilová, Mariana (advisor) ; Čech, Zdeněk (referee)
Introduction: Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is currently defined as a group of diseases with progressive cerebellar syndrome, which manifests distinctively by ataxic stance and gait. In patients with SCA, deterioration of postural control occurs due to changes of pathophysiological degenerative nervous system. Control of postural stability is significantly influenced by somatosensory afferentation of soft tissue of foot. The work objective is to determine the effect of deep foot massage on postural stability in the group of patients and to compare obtained results with experiments without deep foot massage. Methods: Seven patients of the Clinic Rehabilitation at the Faculty Hospital, Prague Motol (average age 51.9 ± 13.9 years, 5 men, and 2 women) with SCA and clinical signs of cerebellar ataxia were participated in this study. All patients were examined using posturography before and after application of deep foot massage. Measurements were conducted on a firm surface, foam pad with open and closed eyes. Length of COP trajectory, COP area and COP velocity were measured. Results: Significantly lower values of the length and COP velocity were found on the foam pad with closed eyes, when the deep foot massage was applied. Experiments without applications of the deep foot massage did not show any...
The Influence of Kinesiotaping on postural stability in patients after total hip arthroplasty
Tani, Klejda ; Havlíčková, Michaela (advisor) ; Čech, Zdeněk (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to evaluate and objectify the effects of Kinesiotaping on postural stability in pacients after total hip arthroplasty. The theoretical section of the thesis concentrates on providing information about the total hip arthroplasty, the stability of the motion systems and Kinesiotaping. Based on these information was assembled a report plan and hypotheses. The second part analyses the impact of Kinesiotaping on the activation of the trunk and femoral muscles during selected dynamic activities by using surface electromyography.
Strengthening in patients with nonspecific low back pain
Novák, Dalibor ; Tlapák, Petr (advisor) ; Čech, Zdeněk (referee)
In the present work we compare the effectiveness of therapy in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (CNLBP) using classical analytical strengthening and strengthening program based on principles of physiotherapy techniques that focus on the stabilization of the spine and are used in the treatment CNLBP. The experiment included a total of 14 patients diagnosed with CNLBP who were divided into two groups (n = 7), each of who underwent a 12-week training either classical or physiotherapy conceived strengthening. As for the evaluated parameters, we chose the size and quality of pain (visual analogue scale and Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire), restrictions in daily life in relation to LBP (Oswestry Disability Index); we tried to capture a change in the stabilizing muscle function by using a collection of tests according to Kolar (2006). The evaluation took place at the beginning and after the program and then at intervals of six months. The results showed that there was a statistically significant improvement in both groups in the monitored parameters. The difference in results in pain intensity and functional limitations in life when comparing the two groups showed statistically insignificant. Both the groups of patients improved their score in the evaluation of the stabilizing functions of...
Comparison of physical therapy of trigger points in the upper portion of the trapezius muscle using ultrasonotherapy and laser phototherapy
Krulík, Jan ; Bitnar, Petr (advisor) ; Čech, Zdeněk (referee)
The thesis is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part contains information about anatomy of the trapezius muscle and its myofascial pathology. Author further discusses trigger points, their histopathology and diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities. A significant section of the theoretical part explains the physical principle of ultrasound therapy and laser phototherapy, including clinical aspects and their use in the treatment of trigger points. The practical part is focused on comparing the efficacy and relative effectiveness of two methods of physical therapy - ultrasound therapy and laser phototherapy, where myofascial trigger points treatment effect can be expected. Research group is made up of 47 patients divided into two groups. These patients have a doctor confirmed trigger point in the upper portion of trapezius muscle. The first group of patients is treated by exactly parametrically defined ultrasound therapy. The second group of patients is treated by specifically defined laser phototherapy. The aim of this thesis is to compare the above mentioned physical procedures in terms of subjective and objective efficacy in the treatment of trigger points and also to compare their relative effectiveness.
Activation of abdominal wall and back muscles during exercise with traction and compression loads
Jordáková, Adela ; Čech, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Machač, Stanislav (referee)
We used RUSI (rehabilitative ultrasound imaging) for measurement of abdominal and back muscle in different loading modes. Methods: We used diagnostic ultrasonography imaging for taking linear measurement of trunk muscles. We measured anterioposterior (AP) dimensions of lateral abdominal wall muscles- m. OE, m.OI, m.TrA and cross-section area (CSA) of lumbar m. multifidus. We compared two groups of sports-floorball players and sportsman using climbing and hanging (climbers, aerialists). We measured positions with compressive force (kneeling on all four with lifted knees) and with traction load (hang with upper limbs with flexion of lower limbs-with leg support and without). Study is made on 50 volunteers. Results: The pattern of thickness of abdominal muscles is same in all positions in both groups. The lowest is always AP thickness of m. TrA, wider is m. OE and the widest always m. OI. The resting thickness are in both groups almost in all cases the lowest. AP thickness in m. TrA in floorball players is only exception, there is lowest in hang without legs support. In all other case sis resting position always lowest. For m. OE are results same for both climbers and floorball players-the lowest thickness is in hang with legs support (floorball players 0,84 cm, climbers 0,87), greater activationis...
The sale of an enterprise and its part
Čech, Zdeněk ; Čech, Petr (advisor) ; Štenglová, Ivanka (referee)
1 SUMMARY SALE OF ENTERPRISE AND PART OF ENTERPRISE GRADUATION THESES Legal regulation of the contract for the sale of enterprise as a separate contractual type under the Commercial Code initially seemed to be an ambitious and courageous step of the legislator. In my opinion, the selected model has proved successful in practice especially thanks to its concept of a complex passage of all rights and obligations associated with the enterprise. The coherent regulation within one contractual type has proved successful both thanks to its transparency and mandatory nature of selected provisions. At the same time it is necessary to point out that the contract for the sale of enterprise represents lex specialis for provisions of special acts. Therefore it is not necessary to make all the special acts which would be otherwise required for transfer of individual rights and obligations. With respect to the quantity and diversification of individual components constituting the enterprise, the use of individual legal regulations would be much more difficult and less transparent. However, I would like to emphasize that the relationship between the Commercial Code and other legal regulation is not always that of general/special regulation, but this relationship may vary under different circumstances. The sale of...

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