National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Study of alkali metals ions diffusion in hardened cement
Doležal, Martin ; Janča, Martin (referee) ; Šoukal, František (advisor)
This master thesis is aim to study alkali diffusion (sodium, potassium) in hardened cement paste body. It´s deal with impact of various sorroudings (hydroxide, nitrate and carbonate) in various concentrations and temperature effect. This work is also deal with changes in cement paste and medium. Teoretic part is talking about cement production and cement chemistry, alkali-silica reaction, plasticizer, diffusion an cement testing metods. This work is aimed to white (Aalborg CEM I 52,5 R – SR 5) and road (Mokrá CEM I 42,5 R – sc) cement. Experimental part describes constitution of tested cement pastes, conservation of them and sampling. Diffusion is study by ICP-AES which affected the loss of alkali from the solution and SEM which affected alkali migration (diffusion) in cement paste. In several cases, the formation of a saturated alkali edge was observed, followed by steady diffusion. In the case of potassium there was very slow diffusion through the body mass. The influence of medium and temperature was evaluated as the most significant. The effect of medium concentration wasn´t significant. Also changes in the porosity on the body were observed. The diffusion itself was affected by secondary products gorwing on the surface of body and in the medium. The work deals with them in the last part.
The development of the solidification material from hybrid cement based on slag
Valach, Jakub ; Janča, Martin (referee) ; Koplík, Jan (advisor)
The bachelor thesis is focused on the research and development of hybrid cements based on slag. The base is granulated blast furnace slag, which serves as a substitute for cement, cement is used as an admixture. Various additions of cement and activator are monitored. The mixture is activated by Caustifying limestone. Firstly, the strengths of the mortars are mixed and measured without the addition of cement in order to find a suitable ratio of activator and slag. Subsequently, I focused on mixing and measuring the strength of mortars with the addition of Portland cement and I looked for suitable samples, which I analyzed by XRD, EDS, SEM. I also determined their stiffening time, lavish and volume stability.
The study of zinc influence on Portland cement hydration.
Ptáček, Martin ; Janča, Martin (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
The topic of this work is the monitoring of the effect of zinc on the hydration process in Portland mixed cement (specifically with the addition of finely ground granulated blast-furnace slag, high temperature fly ash and fluidized bed combustion filter ash). How much zinc and at what time it remains in the pore solution during hydration. Activation energy of a mixture of cement with zinc in the form of soluble salts (Zn(NO3)2.6H2O and ZnCl2) and insoluble oxide (ZnO) by isothermal calorimetry was also investigated. The XRF method has shown composition during hydration. The zinc retardation effect was investigated by isothermal calorimetry and activation energy was calculated using this method. The XRF and ICP-OES methods were used to measure the zinc content of the pore solution. And the amount of portlandite was monitored by the DTA and XRF method.
Improving of dispersion of silica fume in high performance concrete
Janča, Martin ; Koutný, Ondřej (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
The goal of this work was to create a method for improving the dispersion of silica fumes for use in high performance concrete. Traditional methods used to design and manufacture high performance concrete emphasize the removal of coarse aggregates. Use of specially sorted fine aggregates at relatively low doses, the use of super-plasticizers and siliceous excrement. The low water content was achieved by using superplasticizer on a polycarboxylate basis. The standard ultrasound technology found in each laboratory was selected for the dispersion of silica fume. For experiments were we used dry silica fume powder and aqueous stabilized suspension. For comparison, were prepared different mixtures which showed the effects of the treatment prior to the use of silica fume.
The determination of the composition of refractory material by X-ray fluorescence.
Janča, Martin ; Šilerová, Iva (referee) ; Šiler, Pavel (advisor)
The goal of this Bachelor thesis is to find the right way for the analysis of the refractory materials that would be accurate and could be repeated. The ideal method that would help us achieve our goal seems to be the fluorescent spectrometric analysis. This method is used very often in case of instant control of the quality of production in the cement and other heavy industry enterprises. Using the fluorescent spectrometric analysis comes with one issue, which is the presence of many distorting interferences. From this particular reason it is necessary to identify these interferences and then find the ideal solution of their elimination. Because of the possibility to have the sample in any shape or form at the x-ray florescent spectrometer it was necessary to choose the right method of preparing the sample for the analysis as well as choose the right parameter for the measuring itself and for the elimination of undesirable interferences.

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