Rigorous theses

Rigorous theses 15,500 records found  previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Chosen aspects of the Compliance management system in a business company
Jendrejovská, Lucie ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (advisor) ; Richter, Martin (referee)
The subject of this rigorous thesis is the introductory analysis of selected issues related to the criminal liability of legal entities, which is a necessary prerequisite for fulfilling the main goal of this work - compliance programs in terms of their significance for potential exoneration of a legal entity from criminal liability under § 8 para. 2 letter b) of the Act on Criminal Liability of Legal Entities (ZTOPO), or § 8 para. 5 of the ZTOPO, and at the same time as a tool to prevent criminal activity. The thesis is also focused on practical recommendations for setting up a functional compliance program in a company, including reporting systems (whistleblowing) and briefly deals with the specifics of competition compliance. The rigorous thesis is divided into four interrelated chapters. In the first chapter I dealt with the fundamental concepts of the law, such as the scope of the ZTOPO, the extent of criminalization, the structure and conditions of attributability of criminal liability to a legal entity, and other selected institutes of criminal liability of legal entities, including their sanctioning and circumstances causing the extinction of criminal liability. The essence of the thesis is captured in the second chapter, where the attention is paid to the compliance program and compliance...
Payment of health services otherwise not covered by health insurance
Slezáková, Alžběta ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Šolc, Martin (referee)
Payment of health services otherwise not covered by health insurance The rigorous work focuses on the institution of extraordinary reimbursement for health services not typically covered by health insurance, as outlined in § 16 of the Public Health Insurance Act. This study not only situates this institution within the broader public health insurance system but also provides a detailed analysis of the substantive and procedural conditions for reimbursing such health services. Additionally, it examines relevant jurisprudence and the historical evolution leading to the current legal framework. The first chapter introduces the public health insurance system in the Czech Republic, outlining its foundational principles and legal framework. It also addresses the scope of the insured's right to reimbursement for health services under public health insurance, and discusses issues related to such reimbursements, thereby situating the institution of extraordinary reimbursement within the broader domestic health care reimbursement system. The second chapter provides a detailed analysis of the substantive legal conditions for reimbursing health services that are otherwise not covered by health insurance. It examines the concept of non-reimbursed health services, the necessity of these services based on the...
The crime of fraud pursuant to section 209 of the criminal code
Medová, Lucie ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Mulák, Jiří (referee)
The crime of fraud pursuant to section 209 of the criminal code Abstract The thesis focuses on the definition of the crime of fraud pursuant to the provisions of Section 209 of Act No. 40/2009 Coll., the Criminal Code, and provides a comprehensive analysis of the current legislation. The first part of the thesis is devoted to the historical development of fraudulent conduct and its legislative development. Furthermore, the qualified facts of the criminal offence of fraud (object, objective aspect, subject, subjective aspect) are discussed in detail, including selected case law. Special attention is given to the issues of property and property of others, mistake, damage, causal relation between damage and mistake and enrichment of the perpetrator. All the qualified facts of the crime of fraud and the circumstances precluding its illegality are discussed. The theses contains an analysis of participation in the criminal offence and also includes a section on the preparation and attempt of the criminal offence. A significant part of the thesis deals with the offences in relation to the specialty of the offence of fraud, where the author provides a legal analysis of the criminal offence of insurance fraud under the provisions of Section 210 of Act No. 40/2009 Coll., the Criminal Code, credit fraud under the...
Legal aspects of Play-to-Earn (P2E) as a revenue-generating activity
Vyskočil, Jakub ; Vybíral, Roman (referee)
PRÁVNÍ ASPEKTY PLAY-TO-EARN (P2E) JAKO VÝDĚLEČNÉ ČINNOSTI 5 Abstract This thesis focuses on the legal qualification of a new business model of video games, which, in contrast to the traditional conception of video game entertainment as a recreational activity, promises players the possibility of achieving a stable income. This model has come to be known in the industry as "play-to-earn" (P2E), where the earning mechanism is implemented di- rectly in the source code of the video game. Unlike professional video game play for financial reward, known as e-sports, the P2E model is based on re- warding through the automatic generation of crypto-assets (cryptocurren- cies or non-fungible tokens known as NFTs). The player is then able to trans- act with the assets thus acquired, including the resulting exchange into legal tender. The mechanism of the game runs automatically through smart con- tracts built on a blockchain. This thesis examines this phenomenon from sev- eral legal aspects, in particular the issue of gambling, the upcoming Euro- pean regulation on Markets in Crypto-assets (MiCA) and related Czech tax issues. In order to identify gambling, selected P2E games are subjected to a thorough analysis in the second part of the thesis, with the following chapter dedicated to a discussion of the legislation de...
Proportionality of the electoral system for the Chamber of Deputies
Kohlová, Barbora ; Hřebejk, Jiří (referee)
Proportionality of the electoral system for the Chamber of Deputies Abstract Proportional system allocates to a party a percentage of seats equal to the percentage of the votes received in the election. Because of the indivisibility of seats and in the interest of the functionality of the elected body, full proportionality can never be achieved. However, its level can be significantly influenced by manipulating the variables of the electoral system. Because of the contradiction with the principles of proportional representation and the principle of equality required by the Constitution the Constitutional Court in its decision Pl. ÚS 44/2017 just eight months before the elections, it repealed important provisions of the Act on Elections to the Parliament of the Czech Republic, in particular the electoral formula and the additive closing clause for coalitions. Due to the upcoming elections to the Chamber of Deputies, Parliament was forced to quickly adopt a compromising amendment. The main goal of this thesis is to determine whether this amendment, adopted as Act No. 189/2021 Coll., which replaced the existing D'Hondt method with a non-traditional Imperiali quota and introduced a second, nationwide, scrutiny to redistribute the remaining votes, fulfilled the requirements of the Constitutional Court and...
Selected issues of inheritance law according to Act No. 141/1950 Coll., Civil Code, in comparasion with recent legislation
Mužík, Vít ; Šouša, Jiří (advisor) ; Blažek, Lukáš (referee)
Selected issues of inheritance law according to Act No. 141/1950 Coll., Civil Code, in comparasion with recent legislation Abstract The thesis deals with selected issues of inheritance law according to Act No. 141/1950 Coll., Civil Code (hereinafter referred to as "CC 1950"), and compares them with the current legislation. The Civil Code 1950, which came into force on 1 January 1951, significantly reformed the form of the existing (then) inheritance law, excluding a number of legal institutes from the legal system in order to simplify the legal regulation. For example, the legal institutes of the contract of inheritance, fideicommissary substitution, donation mortis causa, codicil, etc. were abandoned. The current legal regulation, i.e. Act No. 89/2012 Coll., the Civil Code (hereinafter referred to as the "CC 2012"), which is partly inspired by the General Civil Code promulgated by Imperial Patent No. 946/1811 Coll., restores some of the previously abandoned legal institutes. It must be admitted, however, that in some essential matters of inheritance law the recent legislation also follows the tradition established by the CC 1950, in particular as regards the issue of the moment of transfer of rights and obligations from the testator to the heirs. Attention is paid to the nature of the rights and...
Theory and applications of DoE (design of experiments) in pharmaceutical technology
Maruška, Julie ; Duintjer Tebbens, Erik Jurjen (advisor) ; Svozil, Daniel (referee) ; Muselík, Jan (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department: Department of Pharmaceutical Technology Department of Biophysics and Physical Chemistry Candidate: Mgr. Julie Maruška Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Dipl.-Math. Erik Jurjen Duintjer Tebbens, Ph.D. Consultant: Assoc. Prof. PharmDr. Zdeňka Šklubalová, Ph.D. Title of dissertation: Theory and applications of DoE (design of experiments) in pharmaceutical technology The conventional process for developing new medicines involves selecting combinations of various types of factors that impact numerous properties of the final dosage form. This scenario is well-suited for using methods from the statistical field of design of experiments (DoE). Currently, the latest publications on pharmaceutical technology related to the development of new dosage forms are increasingly beginning to incorporate experimental design techniques, which are the subject of study in this work. This interdisciplinary dissertation thesis is an annotated summary of the publication and research activities of the author and aims to explore the DoE approaches focusing on their practical applications within the realm of pharmaceutical technology; to apply the selected techniques in actual processes of pharmaceutical technology; and to present a review of the most useful...
Optimal function spaces in weighted Sobolev embeddings with monomial weight
Drážný, Ladislav ; Mihula, Zdeněk (advisor)
In this thesis we study a weighted Sobolev-type inequality for functions from a certain Sobolev-type space that is built upon a rearrangement-invariant space. Considered rear- rangement-invariant spaces are defined on the space Rn endowed with the measure that is given by a monomial weight. We prove a so-called reduction principle for the Sobolev- type inequality. The reduction principle represents a method of how to characterize the rearrangement-invariant spaces that satisfy the Sobolev-type inequality by means of one- dimensional inequalities. Next, for a fixed domain rearrangement-invariant space, we describe the optimal, i.e. the smallest target rearrangement-invariant space such that the Sobolev-type inequality holds. Finally, we describe some concrete examples. We describe the optimal spaces for Lorentz-Karamata spaces. 1
Monitoring of sublingual allergen immunotherapy using serum levels of allergen specific IgG antibodies
Bouzková, Nikol ; Jankovičová, Karolína (advisor) ; Souček, Ondřej (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biological and Medical Sciences Author: Bc. Nikol Bouzková Supervisor: Mgr. Karolína Jankovičová, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Monitoring of sublingual allergen immunotherapy using serum levels of allergen specific IgG antibodies The first aim of the thesis was to evaluate the clinical course of sublingual allergen immunotherapy (SLIT). Another aim was to assess the changes in antibody response over time and to compare the results of the Oralair treated group with the control group. Last but not least, the aim of the thesis was to evaluate the changes in the levels of specific IgG antibodies in relation to the clinical course of SLIT. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used for the clinical assessment of allergic symptoms. A commercially available ELISA method was used to determine sIgG4 against grass pollen allergens. sIgG1, sIgG2 and sIgG3 were determined by an in-house developed and validated ELISA. Based on the results, statistical analysis was performed. It was found that Oralair therapy was clinically effective from the first season of the treatment. The VAS results showed that there was a statistically significant difference in the manifestation of allergic symptoms between the treatment and the control group. A...
The crime of murder according to § 140 of the Criminal Code
Murínová, Jana ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Mulák, Jiří (referee)
169 ABSTRACT The Criminal Offence of Murder under Section 140 of the Criminal Code The topic of the criminal offence of murder and its criminal aspects is very broad, and therefore the author of the thesis set out several main hypotheses, the fulfillment of which brought a comprehensive view of the topic. The main hypothesis of the thesis is to provide a comprehensive theoretical study on the topic of the criminal offence of murder in the legal system of the Czech Republic, which cannot be conceived separately from the constitutional principles of protection of the right to life. Therefore, the first partial hypothesis is an analysis of the anchoring of the right to life in the legal system of the Czech Republic, which is the subject of the first chapter. This chapter also explains key concepts such as the right to life, the moment of creation and termination of life. The current legal treatment of the criminal offence of murder in Act no. 40/2009 Sb., the Criminal Code, cannot be understood without the use of the historical and comparative method, which is why fundamental information on the historical development of our territory is the content of the second chapter. The third chapter uses the comparative method to elaborate the next main hypothesis, which is the current legal regulation of the criminal...

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