National Repository of Grey Literature 11 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
CFD simulation of fluid-induced vibration
Kubíček, Radek ; Vondál, Jiří (referee) ; Buzík, Jiří (advisor)
The presented diploma thesis focuses on flow-induced vibrations of a tube. The main aim and benefit is the analysis of tube stiffness in contact with the other one and the following use of obtained values and characteristics in CFD simulations. The work can be divided into three parts. The first part is about the current state of knowledge of flow-induced vibrations. It introduces the basic mechanisms of vibration and methods for their suppression. The second part deals with the determination of stiffness of defined geometry tube including the collision with the other tube. The final part demonstrates and evaluates the application of obtained characteristics in CFD simulations.
Wind tunnel tests for lifetime estimation of bridge and mast cables exposed to vortex induced vibrations
Trush, Arsenii ; Pospíšil, Stanislav ; Kuznetsov, Sergeii
A significant number of TV and radio broadcasting masts in the Czech Republic was built in the 70-80s of the last century. At the moment is an actual issue is the reconstruction and determination of residual life of these structures. Guyed masts and particularly guy ropes have significant dimensions and comparatively low mass and damping with high flexibility. Therefore, aerodynamic and aeroelastic loads, such as vortex induced vibrations, galloping, wind gusts, etc., are key for them. As a tensile construction elements (guy ropes) for guyed masts the traditional open wire spiral strand cables are used. This type of cable has a characteristic helical surface roughness pattern that can act as vortex suppressor, high fatigue endurance, although somewhat lower corrosion resistance comparing to modern locked coil cables with non-circular shaped wires of outer layer and cables with protective polymer coatings. At the same time, on numerous bridges with the above-mentioned modern cable types the fatigue damage to wires in anchorage zones and destruction of protective coatings was detected. Present paper provides results of wind tunnel testing of three models of helical strake cable in order to evaluate separately impact of lay angle and surface roughness factors and reference smooth cylinder model in flow with grid generated turbulence of different intensities. The reduction of the lock-in range of helical strand cables comparing to reference smooth model was observed whereby the greatest impact was an increase of lay angle.
Checking of heat exchanger to flow-induced vibration
Mazura, František ; Pernica, Marek (referee) ; Buzík, Jiří (advisor)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the thermal-hydraulic design of the heat exchanger and flow induced vibrations checking. The introductory part describes the basic distribution and function of heat exchangers. The next part introduces the thermal-hydraulic design in the Python programming language using the Kern‘s method for an U-tube heat exchanger. Thermal-hydraulic design outputs are compared with values from HTRI software. Subsequently, the issue of the flow induced vibrations is characterized and the checking of these vibrations according to the normalized TEMA standard is performed. Finally, the heat exchanger is checked using the Poddar & Polley graphical method.
Flow Induced Vibration Fatigue Analysis of Tube Bundle
Buzík, Jiří ; Vincour, Dušan (referee) ; Lukavský, Jiří (referee) ; Vejvoda, Stanislav (advisor)
The aim of the dissertation thesis is the control of the tube bundle on the cyclic fatigue caused by the flow past tube bundle. Fatigue due to flow is caused by flow-induced vibrations. Examined vibrations are caused by the mutual interaction of two phases (solid and liquid). The present work is focused mainly on the interaction of tube bundles with fluid. The current level of knowledge in this field allows to predict mainly static respectively quazi-static loading. These predictions are based on methods of comparing key vibration variables such as frequencies, amplitudes or speeds (see TEMA [1]). In this way, it is possible to determine quickly and relatively precisely the occurrence of a vibrational phenomenon, but it is not possible to quantitatively assess the effect of these vibrations on the damage of to the tube beam and to predict its lifespan, which would require the determination of the temperature field and the distribution of forces from the fluid on the beam. The aim of the work is to evaluate the-state-of-the-art, to perform a numerical simulation of the flow of fluids in the area of shell side under the inlet nozzle. Current methods of numerical analyses very well solve this problem, but at the expense of computing time, devices and expensive licences. The benefit of this work is the use of user-defined function (UDF) as a method for simulating interaction with fluid and structure in ANSYS Fluent software. This work places great emphasis on using the current state of knowledge for verifying and validation. Verifying and validation of results include, for example, experimentally measured Reynolds and Strouhal numbers, the drag coefficients and for example magnitude of pressure coefficient around the tube. At the same time, it uses the finite element method as a tool for the stress-strain calculation of a key part on tube such as a pipe-tube joint. Another benefit of this work is the extension of the graphical design of heat exchanger according to Poddar and Polley by vibration damages control according to the method described in TEMA [1]. In this section, the author points out the enormous influence of flow velocity on both the tube side and the shell side for design of the heat exchanger to ensure faultless operation. As an etalon of damage, the author chose a heat exchanger designated 104 from the Heat Exchanger Tube Vibration Data Bank [3]. With this heat exchanger, vibrational damage has been proven to be due to cutting of the tubes over the baffles. The last part outlines the possibilities and limits of further work.
An assessment of a bridge construction on a dynamic load
Součková, Markéta ; Kala, Jiří (referee) ; Salajka, Vlastislav (advisor)
Diploma thesis deas with static and dynamic analysis of a steel arch footbridge. The footbridge structure 3D model was created in program ANSYS 12.1 and afterwards were made static and modal analysis on this computational model. Based on the results of~modal analysis was applied to design of dynamic wind loading on the model according to norms ČSN EN. The effects of this burden has been calculated steady response at resonance from harmonic analysis according to ČSN P EN 1991-2-4. To report according to ČSN EN 1991-1-4 was designed substitute quasistatic forces corresponding loads of wind on the construction and for evaluation was used static analysis.
An assessment of a wooden bridge construction on a dynamic load
Skorunka, Ondřej ; Kala, Jiří (referee) ; Salajka, Vlastislav (advisor)
Diploma thesis deals with static and dynamic analysis of a wooden arch footbridge. The computational model of the structure was created in ANSYS 15. Dynamic forces from wind and horses were applied to the model based on the modal analysis. The effects of these forces at resonance were evaluated by harmonic analysis.
Static and dynamic assessment of an outlook tower construction
Valíček, Jan ; Kala, Jiří (referee) ; Salajka, Vlastislav (advisor)
This thesis deals with static and dynamic analysis of an lookout tower construction. For dynamic analysis a computational model in ANSYS software is created. Static analysis is performed by Scia Engineer software. Both of this software use finite element method. It is also focused on wind load determination by Eurocode 1, structural factor calculation, modal analysis and vortex shedding. Verification of selected parts according to Eurocodes is included.
Dynamic analysis of an in-line arranged cylindrical chimney
Harazim, Petr ; Kanický, Viktor (referee) ; Salajka, Vlastislav (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the response of a steel smokestack structure to wind loads. A detailed computational model implementing the finite element method was created in accordance with the available drawing documentation. The new smokestack was placed next to an existing one, thus it can be assumed that these two structures will affect each other. The thesis also elaborates on the problems of aerodynamic and aeroelastic stability of the earlier smokestack; in particular, the occurrence of vortex shedding in resonance with eigenfrequency of the structure, with the use of the program ANSYS CFX. The evaluation of the structure includes survey of the strength and deflections of the structure. The calculations are in accordance with valid ČSN EN norms.
Wind loads of building structures
Štěrba, Martin ; Kala, Jiří (referee) ; Hradil, Petr (advisor)
The bachelor thesis deals with the analysis of the effects of wind load on building structures. In the context of the work is solved the numerical modeling of flow around the solid cylindrical bodies at high Reynolds numbers. To the simulations has been used computational software ANSYS CFX. The outputs of the work are the values of Strouhal numbers and the values of drag and lift coefficient depending on the Reynolds number.
Wind load on truss high-rise structures
Komárková, Petra ; Vlk, Zbyněk (referee) ; Nevařil, Aleš (advisor)
This Bachelor´s thesis concerns wind load effects on truss high-rise structure. The aim is to describe response of lattice tower on effects of mean wind load, fluctuations and vortex shedding action. Further problem includes an influence of rime on aerodynamic characteristics of profiles. The structure is performed by means of computing software ANSYS. In the theoretical part there are procedures describing how to determine load on structure and basic theory of calculation. Then the applied part follows the theoretical one and describes operations in ANSYS.

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