National Repository of Grey Literature 630 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
The role of endometriosis in the development of dyspareunia and algopareunia.
Fiala, Luděk ; Zvěřina, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Vevera, Jan (referee) ; Adamík, Zdeněk (referee)
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial cells outside the uterine cavity. The underlying symptom is pain, endometriosis is often associated with primary or secondary sterility, and it is assumed to be involved in the development of female dyspareunia and algopareunia. There are many theories regarding the cause of the disease, however, none of them affects the complex state of the disease which occurs in the population according to statistics in 10-15 % of women. In women with a diagnosis of sterility and infertility, the incidence of endometriosis is described in more than 40 %. Also, more than 50 % of women describe the most diverse forms of dyspareunia and algopareunia that affect not only women's own lives but also their relationships. The illness thus becomes important not only from a purely medical point of view but also from a psychosocial point of view. It should be noted that there is currently no known specific laboratory marker to diagnose endometriosis. Likewise, there is no unambiguous solution within the therapy, whether it is conservative, surgical, or combined. An important fact is that endometriosis is diagnosed with a considerable delay, according to statistics; it takes up to 11 years from the discovery of the first, often indefinite symptoms, to the unequivocal...
Variational Methods in Thermomechanics of Solids
Pelech, Petr ; Kružík, Martin (advisor) ; Dondl, Patrick (referee) ; Zeman, Jan (referee)
The thesis is devoted to study of continuum mechanics and thermodynamics and the related mathematical analysis. It consists of four self-contained chapters dealing with different aspects. The first chapter focuses on peridynamics, a non-local theory of continuum mechanics, and its relation to conventional local theory of Cauchy-Green elasticity. Similar compar- isons has been used for proving consistency and for determining some of the material coefficients in peridynamics, provided the material parameters in the local theory are known. In this chapter the formula for the non-local force-flux is computed in terms of the peridynamic interaction, relating the fundamental concepts of these two theories and establishing hence a new connection, not present in the previous works. The second and third chapters are both devoted to Rate-Independent Systems (RIS) and their applications to continuum mechanics. RIS represents a suitable approximation when the internal, viscous, and thermal effects can be neglected. RIS has been proven to be useful in modeling hysteresis, phase transitions in solids, elastoplasticity, damage, or fracture in both small and large strain regimes. In the second chapter the existence of solutions to an evolutionary rate-independ- ent model of Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) is proven. The model...
Test anxiety in perspective of the graduation exam
Slavík, Radovan
The subject of this thesis is test anxiety in Czech secondary school students in perspective of the graduation exam and its influence over their overall academic performance in this exam. Results of a study conducted in the academic year 2017/2018 among 439 graduating secondary school students in six secondary schools in Prague is presented The aim of the study was to verify a test anxiety model based on Lazarus's transactional model of stress, Ellis's cognitive A-B-C model and other subsequent models of different authors (e.g. Hodapp and Rost). The model used in this study thus approaches test anxiety as a form of a stress reaction that consists of three successive steps: (A) activating event in the form of a test situation, (B) cognitive appraisal, and (C) emotional and behavioral consequences part of which is the academic performance. Both steps B and C further consist of a variety of unique components and outcomes. Quantitative data collected with the utilization of an extensive test battery of eight self- evaluating tests, an anamnestic questionnaire and exam results allowed for a further statistical elaboration. Multiple linear regression, Spearman correlation and factor analysis were utilized to reduce total number of variables of the original theoretical model so that it would better and...
Mental strain of non-medical staff
Kristková, Jana ; Hovorková, Veronika (advisor) ; Štefančíková, Mariana (referee)
Autor: Jana Kristková Institution: Charles University in Prague Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Králové, Departement of Social Medicine, Division of Nurisng Title: The mental strain of non-medical staff Supervisor: Mgr. Veronika Hovorková Number of pages: 135 Number of attachments: 8 Year of defense: 2020 Keywords: nurse, practical nurse, psychological burden of nurses, stress, burnout syndrome, Meister questionnaire, prevention of burnout syndrome The bachelor's thesis deals with the psychological burden of nurses in internal and surgical departments. The theoretical part deals with the profession of general and practical nurses, mental burden, stress, burnout syndrome and the specifics of the work of nurses in internal and surgical departments. The empirical part combines quantitative with qualitative research. For the purposes of the work was used standardized Meister questionnaire. The research took place in the internal and surgery departments in the hospital in Ústí nad Orlicí and hospital in Litomyšl. The aim of the bachelor's thesis is to determine the level of psychological workload of non- medical staff in internal and surgical departments. Also, to compare the composition of patients in the above-mentioned departments according to self-sufficiency, to find out whether there are any...
Psychosocial Work Burden of Pharmacists I.
Čavajdová, Barbora ; Švarcová, Eva (advisor) ; El-Hmoudová, Dagmar (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy Candidate Barbora Čavajdová Consultant PhDr. Eva Švarcová, Ph.D. Thesis Title Psychosocial Work Burden of Pharmacists I. Introduction: Practicing a pharmacy as a pharmacist can cause stress and strain. The main task is to dispense medicines, where a lot of attention and responsibility is needed. With the induced stress and the action of stressors, there are feelings of fatigue, which disappear after rest. Working conditions are an important factor that affect the overall mental and physical condition of the pharmacist. Objective: The aim of the work was to evaluate the degree of fatigue of pharmacists by analyzing working conditions and based on the results to recommend proposals for improving health and working conditions. Methods: The method was based on a questionnaire survey, where pharmacists responded to the degree of fatigue in the area of subjective feelings of fatigue, vision problems and problems associated with the musculoskeletal system. Questionnaires were filled in by pharmacists from chain and independent pharmacies, and the results were then compared. Out of 200 questionnaires, 160 fully completed questions were returned to me and the results were evaluated in Microsoft...
Test anxiety in perspective of the graduation exam
Slavík, Radovan ; Valentová, Lidmila (advisor) ; Pavelková, Isabella (referee) ; Grambal, Aleš (referee)
The subject of this thesis is test anxiety in Czech secondary school students in perspective of the graduation exam and its influence over their overall academic performance in this exam. Results of a study conducted in the academic year 2017/2018 among 439 graduating secondary school students in six secondary schools in Prague is presented The aim of the study was to verify a test anxiety model based on Lazarus's transactional model of stress, Ellis's cognitive A-B-C model and other subsequent models of different authors (e.g. Hodapp and Rost). The model used in this study thus approaches test anxiety as a form of a stress reaction that consists of three successive steps: (A) activating event in the form of a test situation, (B) cognitive appraisal, and (C) emotional and behavioral consequences part of which is the academic performance. Both steps B and C further consist of a variety of unique components and outcomes. Quantitative data collected with the utilization of an extensive test battery of eight self- evaluating tests, an anamnestic questionnaire and exam results allowed for a further statistical elaboration. Multiple linear regression, Spearman correlation and factor analysis were utilized to reduce total number of variables of the original theoretical model so that it would better and...
The impact of psychosocial and emotional stress on child growth and development
Benešovská, Stáňa ; Sedlak, Petr (advisor) ; Kalvachová, Božena (referee)
Chronic exposure to stress in humans causes a stress response in the body. Its task is to maintain homeostasis and protect the body from damage. Stress has been shown to adversely affect nervous and endocrine regulatory mechanisms. Closer attention is paid to the effect on the reproductive, thyroid and somatotropic axis. The aim of this work is to summarize the basic knowledge about the impact of psychosocial and emotional stress on the postnatal growth and development of the child and describe the related pathophysiological processes.
Neural mechanisms in the pathogenesis of spontaneous hypertension in the rat
Vavřínová, Anna ; Zicha, Josef (advisor) ; Haluzík, Martin (referee) ; Neckář, Jan (referee)
Both sympathoneural and sympathoadrenal systems are involved in the regulation of arterial blood pressure and in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), the mostly used animal model of genetic hypertension, is characterized by multiple molecular, morphological and functional alterations at different levels of sympathoneural and sympathoadrenal systems. The study of young prehypertensive SHR allows to reveal the abnormalities preceding hypertension development, whereas adult SHR with established hypertension offers a better model for the treatment of human essential hypertension. The aim of my PhD Thesis was to describe abnormalities in sympathoneural and sympathoadrenal systems in SHR under different conditions. Firstly, ontogenetic differences which might contribute to hypertension development were determined. Secondly, the effect of chemical sympathectomy induced by guanethidine in adulthood on cardiovascular parameters and on the compensatory mechanisms counteracting the reduction of blood pressure were studied. Thirdly, stress-induced cardiovascular response and stress-induced changes of sympathoneural and sympathoadrenal systems were described in adult SHR. My Thesis brought several important results. The increased adrenal catecholamine content and the...
Proactive coping with life needs of students of nursing
Demeterová, Naděžda ; Jirkovský, Daniel (advisor) ; Dorková, Zlatica (referee)
Introduction: In connection with the changes in nursing practice in recent years, the ability to cope with the higher demands of life is becoming increasingly important. This bachelor's thesis is devoted to this ability: "Proactive coping with life needs of Students of Nursing." Objectives: The aim of the research is to map the proactive coping strategies with life needs of students of nursing. Sample and Methods: The research sample consisted of 79 students of the Bachelor's Degree in Nursing and Pediatric care of the Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University. The mean age of respondents was 26 years. For our research survey we used the Czech version of the standardized questionnaire Proactive Coping Inventory (PCI) that is well adapted to the Czech environment. Results: There were no statistically significant differences found in most of the responses, although there have been some exceptions: Items 17, 46, 50 and 55 were essential, with significantly different responses between younger and older participants in the survey. Conclusions: For the further research detailed analysis of each strategy of proactive coping skills would be needed. The focus and the scope of the bachelor thesis does not allow deeper analysis of this subject. Keywords proactivity; stress; student of nursing; coping...
Psychological stress of selected group of nurses at work
Bayarmagnai, Uyanga ; Jirkovský, Daniel (advisor) ; Dorková, Zlatica (referee)
This bachelor thesis is focusing on perception psychic difficulties of nurses working at two surgical clinics which are Motol University Hospital and Královské Vinohrady University Hospital. The theoretical part of this thesis shall describe theoretical knowledge connected with solving problems and working difficulties of nurses. The emphasis is on psychic work difficulties and their subjective perceptions. In the empirical part there are introducing results from my own research, which has been done by Meister's survey format in January 2019. For compelling this survey participated 96 respondents. Purpose of this thesis is to get overview rate of subjective perception working difficulties of nurses. By the survey i found out that respondents responded that they have negative feelings about work difficulties connected with time press. From the results of factor analysis it turned out that respondents have not crossed line in relations of population norms for women's. That is the reason why it does not effect monotony and non specifically factors. During individual diagnosis been found that most of the respondents, which are 69,79 % (n=67), have ever experienced proportional psychic pressure. 30,21 % (n=29) respondents have experienced favorable pressure and none of them experienced unfavourable...

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