National Repository of Grey Literature 10 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
National Phonotegue of the Czech Republic
Horová, Iva
The paper introduces the history of sound and efforts to create a Czech National Phonotegue. It describes the current situation in the area of care for this kind of cultural heritage, which is in the Czech Republic backward and insufficient. It presents the VNF portal and its functions.
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Situation and intentions in the area of care of sound documents in memory institutions of the Czech Republic
Horová, Iva ; Šír, Filip
The paper highlights the plight of the Czech Republic in the area of care for sound cultural heritage. Although this topic has recently appeared in the official state documents, there have been no changes in practice. Some steps were taken by the Moravian Land Library, but we still lack systematic support and, above all, the creation of a methodological center. We are increasingly wasting our time, physically degrading our bearers and threatening to permanently lose their content. The presented model explores the whole range of problems to be addressed and the actors that need to be involved.
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The Virtual National Phonoteque as a eCulture Sound agregator
Horová, Iva ; Šír, Filip ; Žabička, Petr
The VNF Portal is a new electronic resource with unique content. Gather information about sound heritage - about the existence, location and form of sound documents in the Czech Republic. MZK on its implementation cooperates with individual institutions that keep this type of documents in their funds and take over VNF their metadata records. But it is not just about aggregating metadata records, but also about joining links to already digitized documents in the institutions involved. Thus, VNF serves as a comprehensive tool for professionals and the general public. He has the ambition to become an audio recorder aggregator can also serve to coordinate the acquisition activities of the involved institutions or to serve for shared cataloging.
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the Sound Document Landscape in the Czech Republic
Horová, Iva ; Šír, Filip
This paper focuses on an area of audio preservation at the national level that has until recently been completely neglected. Our biggest challenge lies in the fact that we still do not have a Czech National Sound Archive, primarily because we lack systematic preservation policies for audio at a national level. Over the last two years much has been accomplished, but the direction has not been firmly established, and it does not yet have strong institutional support. While our goals have recently been captured in the State Cultural Policy, 2015-2020, the question of funding has not been resolved. In this presentation, we will discuss some of our recent, important activities. Our platform, which aims to fill a gap in understanding the national sound cultural heritage, is called the Virtual National Phonotheque (www.narodnifonoteka.cz). It informs users about the existence, location and content of all audio documents published or housed in the Czech Republic. It is very important that we also cover the history of the Czech sound industry, record labels and publishing. In addition, we are moving forward in many other directions related to the preservation of audio recordings. We want to highlight the gains we have made in our work so far, all without big projects or money from the Czech Republic.
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New Databases not only for Music Fans
Horová, Iva ; Šír, Filip
The paper describes the present and plans in the field of creating sound documents databases. These e-sources brings important informations not for musicologist and musicians only, but it is study and research support for history, theatre, film music, oral history, voice recording, sound industry etc. As a first we will speak about the Virtual national phonotheque, which is at the stage of significant change. After period of longer stagnation new renaissance is coming. The second very interesting source is an international database Bibliography of Discographies. This amazing project started in 2016 and arises after patronage of Discography Committee of IASA thanks to Filip Šír (the chair of the DC) and Peter Laurence from Harvard University - Library Eda Kuhna. Further information will bring about two planned outputs to be come up in the frame of NAKI II project New Phonograph in National Museum in Prague. The first one is the National discographic database, the second one a specialised sound portal.
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Houston, we have a problem: how to teach young generation to preserve sound cultural heritage
Horová, Iva ; Novotná, Helena ; Šír, Filip
Media preservation and archiving needs unique skillsets. We live in a time of technology that enables us to utilize it in favor of the world sound cultural heritage, especially in terms of its protection for the next generations. We would like to ask and discuss some crucial questions related to our power, to the IASA aims, objectives and possibilities in the matter of design, promotion and dissemination of training in this area. But it's not just about special education and training in the usual concept. It must go on activities in the broadest sense and widest conception. Great emphasis must be placed on the motivation of getting support from the Decisions makers. We should start with a basic broad awareness. We need advocacy strategies and changing leadership skills. It is necessary to seek new ways of cooperation and ways of thinking. We need reshaping of our own minds, our abilities and skills. Without the young generation we are lost – we need to involve it, to wake up their interest, pass on to them our knowledge and know-how. On several cases from our practice in the CR we will show how successful we were and where we were not.
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Recording and Processing of 3D Sound for Sound Design
Šilar, Prokop ; Rund, František (referee) ; Schimmel, Jiří (advisor)
Objective of this thesis is research of available tools for sound production of 3D and 360° video, ambisonic theory elaboration, selection and description of plug-in moduls to be used for teaching ambisonics. These ambisonic-related formats are described: A-format, B-format (FuMa), B-format (AmbiX), C-format and D-format. Loudspeaker configurations for ambisonic recordings playback are also described (loudspeaker configuration according to the ITU-R BS 775-3 recommendation and quadrophonic loudspeaker configuration). Also, these plug-in moduls are described: Sennheiser AMBEO Orbit, SoundField by Rde, Soundfield SurroundZone2, Ambisonic Toolkit for Reaper and Facebook Audio 360 Spatial Workstation. Moreover, there is described ambisonics-related work in Reaper, Cubase and Nuendo DAWs and there are demonstrational projects for work with ambisonics demonstrating basic signal operations and spatial panning of close-miked sound sources in the DAWs and plug-in modules in question. These plug-in modules and their use in DAWs in question are described in purpose of basic foundation of ambisonic-related teaching at this school with the use of instruments just available. Even theory described here can be used as teaching foundation compiling the basics of the problematics in question. Demonstrational projects made for this thesis can be used directly in the laboratory exercises.
Virtual National Phonoteque
Horová, Iva ; Malinová, Iva ; Allen, Anthony
This year, the National Library of Technology of the Czech Republic became the new administrator of the Virtual National Phonoteque (VNP). This unique database is the aggregator of audio documents stored in Czech institutions. The portal collects metadata across different types of institutions: libraries, archives, museums, commercial publishers, Czech Radio, Czech Television and even private collectors, making them all accessible in one location. Visitors to the portal can use it to locate metadata records for the item of interest, thereafter finding themselves with several options: to visit the owner of the audio to listen to it there or borrow it, to buy it in the publisher’s e-shop, or to view and listen digitised version directly. The portal currently contains about one and a half million metadata records and pools data from 24 suppliers. Thanks to our established collaborations we are now undertaking more projects and working towards taking the next steps. In cooperation with Supraphon we are working on a new service for NLT visitors, who will have exclusive direct access to the Supraphon Digital Archive, allowing them to listen music via headphones and on mobile devices from within our library. Our immediate targets for next two years are to involve and cooperate with more suppliers to enrich the VNP´s content, and to develop a new version of the portal to meet all the criteria of a modern, secure database.
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The Fetish of the Oldest Sound. Science, politics, and the fascination with the beginnings of sound recordings
Kratochvíl, Matěj
The invention of the phonograph in the late 19th century started an obsession with the recorded sound as a document of history. As such it became an important part of the human need to create stories from archival materials and to see them as parts of objective truth, a direct connection with the past. With the growing accessibility of historical audio documents, we need to look critically at these sources and at the possibility to take them as a trace leading to the beginning of a particular part of music history. The present paper shows in which ways we can see the phenomenon of sound recording truly as the beginning of something new and in which cases such an impression can be misleading. Unconsciously or with a political or other intent, recordings can present music in a very different, sometimes distorted form. With special focus on traditional music, the author attempts to formulate some general ideas that should be kept in mind when dealing with historical recordings so that we do not become too fascinated with the “past speaking directly to us”.
Music from an Objective Machine: Folk Music and the Phonograph
Kratochvíl, Matěj
Sound recording began to play a more important role in many areas of human life from the end of the 19th century. The influence of this technology was manifested the most significantly in the area of music industry, where a new form of music consumption was born with the invention and spreading of Edison’s phonograph. In addition, however, this invention influenced the sphere of science as well. The field called ethnomusicology now started to form in approximately the same time that the phonograph appeared, and it may be said that without this device ethnomusicology would have never been what it is today. The possibility of capturing the elusive musical expression, play and study it over and over again, opened a path for scientists to grasp the music cultures of the whole world without being limited by the system of European music notation. At the same time, however, sound recording brought various limitations as well as the danger of a distorted perception of sound sources, and directed the speculations of music towards certain stereotypes, with which ethnomusicology was then coping for a large part of the 20th century. In the Bohemian Lands, the awareness of the technical novelty spread relatively soon among the lay public as well as in the academic circles, but its practical application in the area of the documentation of traditional music culture in the period before World War I was relatively rare. The sound documents that have been preserved were not published until the last decades.

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