National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Linkages between financial sector and real output - empirical evidence from the Czech Republic
Tomis, Martin ; Geršl, Adam (advisor) ; Jakubík, Petr (referee)
This thesis studies various ways in which the financial sector may affect the real economy. Particular attention is devoted to the bank lending channel of monetary transmission which amplifies monetary policy through changes in the supply of bank loans. We analyze the theoretical foundations of this channel, review international empirical literature and identify characteristic features of Czech financial system. Due to the important role of bank loans in the Czech Republic and the limited availability of alternative sources of finance, we hypothesize that the channel should be operative in the Czech Republic. Using a VEC model we analyze aggregate data for 2001-2011. Impulse response functions are then used to identify responses of the lending rate and the amount of loans to a monetary shock. Based on these responses we conclude the bank lending channel was operative.
Search of the most suitable method of estimation of output gap for the czech economy
Kloudová, Dana ; Brožová, Dagmar (advisor) ; Mirvald, Michal (referee) ; Lukáš, Ladislav (referee)
By monetary policy decisions, central banks use output gap to keep macroeconomic variables at their natural levels. A substantial disadvantage of this variable is the fact that it is an unobservable variable which is very problematic to measure, although it is possible to estimate it with various methods of estimation. This thesis aims to find the most suitable method of estimation for Czech economy. Thirteen methods have been chosen for this aim: linear trend, quadratic trend, HP filter, band-pass filters, robust trend, univariate unobserved component model, two types of production function, two SVAR models, multivariate HP filter and multivariate unobserved component model. Own estimations have shown that estimated trajectories of unobservable states were not identical. For own selection of the most suitable method of estimation, quantitative (ability to forecast inflation ,a growth of product and data revisions by selected national and international organisations) and qualitative criterions (qualities of methods of estimation, transparency and easy application) have been selected, where emphasis was put on quantitative criterions. Results of this thesis will show that the most suitable method of estimation output gap for Czech economy is multivariate unobserved component model.

Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.