National Repository of Grey Literature 21 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Environmental Compartments and Ownership Rights
Tecl, Lukáš ; Franková, Martina (advisor) ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (referee)
This thesis deals with the relationship between property rights and the protection of environmental compartments. The thesis is divided into chapters corresponding to individual compartments, namely soil, minerals, energy, water, air, organisms and ecosystems. Each chapter defines given compartment and then describes its current Czech regulation. This thesis doesn't deal with all legislation in the area of environmental protection, but only with provisions related to ownership, namely whether given compartment can be an object of property rights and if possible whether its owner's treatment of this compartment can be restricted in the interest of its protection. Some chapters are further divided into sub-chapters due to quantity of laws concerning corresponding environmental compartment, e.g. the chapter about ownership of organisms differentiates animals from other organisms and further divides them into animals in captivity and free-living ones. Chapters about soil, minerals, water and organisms are ended with partial conclusions summarising my knowledge and thoughts about their respective topics, while the conclusion of the thesis as whole represents combination of synthesis of those partial conclusions and my opinions on overall legal regulation of property rights to environmetal compartments.
Institute of Right to Build in Czech and German Law
Švecová, Kateřina ; Thöndel, Alexandr (advisor) ; Frinta, Ondřej (referee)
Institute of Right to Build in Czech and German Law The thesis deals with the topic of the institute of right to build in Czech and German law. The elementary aim of the thesis is to describe the legal institute of right to build, not only in the Czech legal system, but also in the German legal system. The right to build is an absolute property right with effect erga omnes. It belongs into a group of rights, which privileges one to use a thing of someone else. The statute declares the right to build to be real property. On the ground of the right to build arises the right of the builder to have a building on the surface or under the surface of the encumbered piece of land. The right to build is always limited through a set period of time, it should not be created for longer than 99 years. The typical features of the right to build are alienability and inheritability. The content of this thesis is divided into four chapters. The nature of right to build, as a right, which privileges one to use the thing of someone else, is described in the first chapter. There are also descriptions of the basic legal terms associated with the right to build. The chapter describes the terms 'building' and 'builder' as well as the principle of superficies solo cedit. The second chapter is dedicated to the history of...
Women's Rights to Property in Late Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century England: Cultural Attitudes
Vondráková, Michala ; Nováková, Soňa (advisor) ; Clark, Colin Steele (referee)
Thesis Abstract The inequality of sexes in England has been a sore point in society for centuries. Since the seventeenth century, with the rise of the genre of the novel, writers touched upon this unevenness of rights. During the eighteenth century, there was an increase in the number of female writers and some of them made the issue of female rights their central theme. But to understand the problem, it is necessary to understand the laws concerning women in England in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This thesis follows the course of a life of a woman, from before birth until the time after marriage has ended and the rights to property she possessed over the course of her life. It is concerned consecutively with the period before, during and after a marriage, as whatever rights a woman had changed dramatically with the change of her marital status. Since rights to property differed through time, but also through the social layers of the society, there is also a division into social classes. The focus of this work is the period in between 1753 and 1857, years that mark the two important Acts of Parliament that changed the matrimonial law and with it women's rights. In 1753, it was the Act for Better Preventing of Clandestine Marriages that put an end to the widespread clandestine and contract...
Economic analysis of the hunting right
Hlaváček, Radim ; Dušek, Libor (advisor) ; Rod, Aleš (referee)
This bachelor's thesis deals with the compulsory connection of the rights to hunt with the ownership of the hunting lands. The aim of this work is to divide and describe two kinds of hunting grounds according to the types of ownership of the hunting lands. There is also an economic analysis of revenues and expenses regarding hunting rights in these hunting grounds. It further analyses the impact of diminishing of the minimum area of the hunting grounds on the economy of hunting. It also tries to find out whether the diminishing would lead to hunting rights more interwoven with the ownership of the hunting lands. The conducted research confirmed the existence of two types of hunting grounds that differ by the kind of ownership and also revenues and expenses regarding hunting rights in these hunting lands. It was further found out that the diminishing of the minimum area of the hunting grounds would increase the bindingness of the hunting rights with the ownership of the hunting lands. The economic impact of the diminishing of the minimum area of the hunting ground couldn't be unequivocally determined.
Real Estate Division - a Farmstead
Šťastný, Petr ; Simonides, Martin (referee) ; Šmahel, Milan (advisor)
The present diploma thesis ‘Practical Division of a Real Estate – Agricultural Farmstead‘ is concerned with actual division of an agricultural homestead in XXX, the district of Olomouc. Based on the local examination which has been performed and after analyzing documents acquired from the owners, conclusions were drawn as to the possibility of dividing the estate while adhering to the applicable regulations of the civil procedure, construction law, construction technology, operational technology and economy. Valid price guidelines were used to determine the price of the estate and a comparative price of the estate was also estimated. Both price levels were also determined for the individual parts established by the practical division of the estate. The thesis consists of two basic sections. The first section focuses on theory, explaining the problem of practical division of an estate and providing a description of work of a certified expert drawing up this type of expert opinion. The second section comprises a practical part, which contains the expert opinion on the actual division of the agricultural homestead in the town of XXX in the Olomouc district.
Development of cadastre of real estates of Slovak Republic after the break up of CSFR
Opálková, Tereza ; Kašpar, Karel (referee) ; Šváb, Tomáš (advisor)
The bachelor’s thesis deals with the development of the cadastre in the Slovak Republic after the separation of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic. It deals with the organizational structure of the cadastre, ownerships and other rights in rem. It addresses issues of digitization of cadastral maps, the level of availability to end-users in electronic form. It points out the differences between the Czech and Slovak cadastre and suggests the possibility of optimizing the Czech system based on the facts found.
Land management for development project
Černý, Petr ; Lukelová, Petra (referee) ; Ivanička, Koloman (advisor)
Topic of this bachelor thesis is preparation of land for a development project. The thesis consists of two parts. The theoretical part gives on overview of processes necessary for initiation, preparation and implementation of the development project. Namely these are the idea of construction, issues related to spatial planning, different phases of the development project, funding of the development project, ensuring the legal ownership of the land and setting the utilities. The practical part describes the difference between two development projects of land preparation for construction of houses, one initiated and managed by a local authority and the second of uncontrolled construction on property of a real estate owner.
Rights related to the real estate property acquisitions in international comparison
Mazáček, David ; Boháček, Martin (advisor) ; Šimečková, Táňa (referee)
Diploma thesis concerns about legal regulations of real estate by new civil codex with reflection to the previous and international legal regulation.The aim of the thesis is to assess the functionality of new civil code and its benefits in the real estate investment transactions in Czech Republic. This analysis is supported with overview of transfrontier real estate acquisitions made by foreign investors in Czech Republic and additionally also real estate investments of Czech investors abroad. This thesis therefore tries to provide answers to multiple questions ranging from analysis of new civil codex regulation, its impacts, risks and functionality then secondly its similarities in comparison to foreign law regulation (of Germany, Austria, Great Britain, Italy and France). From the perspective of transfrontier real estate acquisitions this thesis concerns about law acknowledgement for foreigner parties in real estate transactions in Czech Republic and counterbalance of the similar rights on the side of Czech residents in reciprocal acquisition process. The analysis is supported by the debate of accuracy of either liberal or protectionist attitude to foreign real estate investors' regulation with a reflection to current international political, sociological and economical course of events.
Náboženství a vlastnická práva
Minárik, Pavol ; Chalupníček, Pavel (advisor) ; Lipka, David (referee) ; Berggren, Niclas (referee)
Religion and post-communist transition are two of the many issues that have earned attention of economists and social scientist in the recent decades. This dissertation collects three papers dealing with different issues concerning religion and the transition. The first one attempts to assess the role of religion in the transition and its impact on country's success in this process; it also outlines opportunities for research in this field. The second paper tries to uncover the role of religion in formation of economic and social attitudes of the people in post-communist countries. Both papers conclude that religion matters; Western Christianity appears to be more compatible with market economy than Orthodox Christianity and Islam, although these two religions are not necessarily an obstacle. Finally, the third paper deals with religious participation in post-communist countries. It shows that religious behavior is not completely independent of economic conditions and religious revivals in the post-communist era can be interpreted in economic terms.
AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND ITS TRANSFORMATION SINCE 1948
Vašíčková, Lucie ; Zeman, Karel (advisor) ; Krebs, Vojtěch (referee)
The aim of the Bachelor thesis is the analysis of the development of agricultural societies from 1948 to the present, with special focus on the transformation of agricultural cooperatives and the incomplete settlement obligations to co-operators. It is a socially current topic because the settlement of liabilities of agricultural cooperatives with co-operators or members of cooperatives is not until now largely completed, those rightful persons are reduced to their rights. Through this work, I wanted to find an answer to the question, how is it possible that in the restitution process were rightful persons by law to be dealt with, but the members of the cooperatives are not. In the theoretical part of the work will be characterized the concepts and definitions relating to ownership, both in a centrally planned economy and market economy, the basic concepts and definitions related to the theme of collectivization and the transformation of cooperatives, etc. In the practical part will be first analyzed the legal framework governing agricultural societies in the centrally planned economy, but also from the period after 1989 until the present time. It will also examine the development of agricultural societies with special reference to the period of collectivization and transformation after 1989 to be the two most crucial periods are compared and evaluated.

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