National Repository of Grey Literature 208 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Fake news genres
Prokypčák, Matej ; Řehořová, Irena (advisor) ; Švantner, Martin (referee)
The diploma thesis consists of two main parts. In the theoretical part, we deal with the basic terminological framework of fake news, the development of misinformation, fake news, hoaxes, propaganda and their form and the form they acquired. We will also look at misinformation, hoax and propaganda as a specific genre of false news. Furthermore, we analyze the spread of hoaxes and disinformation and the criteria by which hoaxes are recognized and labeled. An important part of the theoretical part of the thesis is also the manipulation with the content and the determination of the criteria on the basis of which false information can be recognized. We will focus primarily on the electronic and new media domains, which are mainly represented by social networks. In the research and analytical part of the thesis we look at the ways in which different sites classify misinformation and hoaxes, by what criteria they approach their classification, and whether these methods are unambiguous and consistent. The second important part of the research will analyze the attitudes of traditional and alternative media to work with false news and hoaxes. We will try to bring a glimpse of both stakeholders, that is to say, representatives of traditional media and alternative media.
Reflection of the creators and works of the 1958 World Exhibition in Brussels in the Czechoslovak professional, cultural and specialised press
Švamberk, Erik ; Bednařík, Petr (advisor) ; Köpplová, Barbara (referee)
The subject of this diploma thesis is the analysis of statements about the authors and works of the Brussels World Exhibition in 1958 in the Czechoslovak specialized, cultural and professional press. As the first world exhibition after World War II, EXPO 58 was also the first cultural confrontation of the newly organized world. But in the turbulent year of 1958, standing at the very top of the "atomic age", it wasn't a superpower, but Czechoslovakia who was unexpectedly awarded the highest competition award and recognition. This success was one of the greatest breakthroughs of domestic cultural history, and fundamentally influenced the lifestyle and aesthetics of the following decades. The thesis focuses on magazines whose specialized focus informed the professional public about the events of the exhibition, while the selection of fields of these magazines copies the award-winning parts of the pavilion and program. The thesis also includes a historical excursion focusing on cultural and political events between the years 1948-1958 and setting the analyzed event in the context of world exhibitions with an emphasis on the 20th century. The detailed research of the articles follows the method of qualitative content analysis in the texts firstly reflecting on the success of Czechoslovak participation. It also...
Russian military deception during the annexation of Crimea
Lutsenko, Oleksandr ; Šír, Jan (advisor) ; Svoboda, Karel (referee)
The work aims to identify the use of specific maskirovka methods during the Russian military operation in the Crimea and subsequently to evaluate their impact on the overall operation. In the analysis, special emphasis will be positioned on disinformation and deceptive campaigns, which formed the bulk of the military operation. The work is conceived as a case study of Russian military operation on the annexation of Crimea in 2014. The author chose the concept of military deception (theory), which will be used to analyze the progress of units on the peninsula (a specific case). In the context of the impact of tactics and maskirovka methods on the overall military operation, the thesis after analysis concluded that such methods have become fundamentally crucial in the invasion of Russian military units in Crimea. The maskirovka aims to influence the enemy's decision-making process, which was fully achieved during the Crimean operation.
Visual Propaganda of Kim Jong-un
Zangová, Clara ; Láb, Filip (advisor) ; Turek, Pavel (referee)
This bachelor's thesis focuses on the content analysis of photographs of the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. The aims of the thesis are to designate the means of visual propaganda used by Kim Jong-un, to describe how the DPRK is presented through photographs, and to try to compare these tools with the propaganda and the political communication of the great dictators of the 20th century - Lenin, Hitler, Stalin, and Mao Zedong. The content of the thesis is a brief overview of the modern North Korean history and a description of the country's actual situation, including the specifics of local propaganda. Further follows the determination of propaganda itself according to several theories, and a description of propaganda tools of the aforementioned leaders. The crucial part of the thesis is the content analysis of the photographs of Kim Jong-un published from June 2018 to February 2019, during the interval between two summits hosting Kim Jong-un and Donald Trump. The analytical part is amended with the exposition of the personality profile of the leader.
Comparison of coverage of the war conflicts in Yemen and Syria by Czech media
Jurečková, Anna ; Vodička, Milan (advisor) ; Miessler, Jan (referee)
The diploma thesis Comparation of the coverage of war conflicts in Yemen and Syria by the Czech media examines to what extent and in what way two wars, which have been going on for several years and are among the biggest humanitarian crises of the present, are reflected in selected media. The conflicts under investigation are the war in Syria and the war in Yemen. The aim of the thesis was to prove that although the two wars are comparable in many aspects, there is a considerable difference between their media coverage. The theoretical part summarizes and defines important concepts accompanying news and news selection and their impact, the role of the media in war and other concepts such as ideology or propaganda. The research part examines the individual reports of three selected news sites, which are Aktuálně.cz, and Based on four theoretical bases, the variables in media content of selected media were investigated. Based on the analysis it was found that the Syrian conflict in the media space gets much more attention than the Yemeni conflict. Furthermore, it was found that while the war in Syria is most often put into the context of the actions of state actors, the most common theme of the reports on the war in Yemen is the development of the conflict. The third hypothesis...
Media image of May Day celebrations in selected years of the period 1948-1989 in the Czechoslovakian press
Pružinová, Kristýna ; Bednařík, Petr (advisor) ; Štoll, Martin (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on the media image of the May Day celebrations in four decades of the communist era in Czechoslovakia. Using qualitative analysis this thesis describes the media image two weeks before and one week after the celebrations in the last two years of each decade - i. e. 1948, 1949, 1958, 1959, 1968, 1969, 1978, 1979, 1988 and 1989. In particular, it focuses on three Czechoslovakian daily newspapers - Rudé právo, Svobodné slovo and Lidová demokracie - in these selected periods. The qualitative analysis is accompanied by a quantitative part which counts the total number of mentions regarding the May Day celebrations in all three newspapers in the selected years. Furthermore, the analysis focuses on how the newspapers used photographs and graphics regarding the May Day celebrations and how they informed about celebrations abroad. The objective of this thesis is to describe the transformation of the media image of the May Day celebrations in the course of historic events in Czechoslovakia and to ascertain how the particular newspapers differed in their covering of the celebrations.
Russian news websites in the Czech Republic and its reporting about the European Union
Podzimková, Pavlína ; Osvaldová, Barbora (advisor) ; Moravec, Václav (referee)
In recent years, many sources have referred to the Russian hybrid or information warfare against the West. Disinformation media is considered an important part of the Russian strategy. A large number of allegedly Russian disinformation websites have appeared in the Czech Republic after 2014, when tensions in Ukraine were escalated. In this bachelor thesis we will analyse three of them: Sputnik Czech Republic, Aeronet and AC24. This content analysis will focus especially on news about the European Union. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to confirm or disprove the hypothesis about the Russian propaganda effort to weaken the status of Western institutions. The thesis will also deal with methods of manipulation in the content of disinformation websites.
The Reflection of Edvard Beneš in The Czechoslovakian Press in the Selected Periods of 1948-1988
Svatoš, Jiří ; Bednařík, Petr (advisor) ; Groman, Martin (referee)
In my diploma thesis I came to the conclusion that the frequency of mentions about Edvard Beneš fluctuated in the monitored media. From the examined periods, Rudé právo, Lidová demokracie and Svobodné slovo most often wrote about him in 1968 (a total of 37 mentions), in 1958 there were 32 mentions and in 1978 and 1988 there were 25 mentions. On the contrary, in sum of all the examined periods, there were only a few mentions in some years - for example, in 1983 there were 4 mentions, in 1948 there were 8 mentions and in 1973 there were 10 mentions. Rudé právo most often wrote about Edvard Beneš (96 references in all), in Svobodné slovo 47 and in Lidová demokracie 37. This can be explained by the fact that during the Communist regime Rudé právo had more pages than the other two newspapers and it also paid more attention to politics. In the researched media, Edvard Beneš was most often mentioned in connection with the February coup d'état anniversaries. In the qualitative analysis, I came to the conclusion that the studied newspapers mostly wrote about Edvard Beneš neutrally (57 percent of all mentions), negative references were 35 percent, and 8 percent were positive. During the 1950s, the analysed media was mostly critical to Edvard Beneš. However, in 1963 I noticed 50 percent of neutral references....
Media coverage of Korean war by the journal Rudé právo
Chrenčík, Roman ; Köpplová, Barbara (advisor) ; Končelík, Jakub (referee)
This Diploma thesis deals with the media coverage of the Korean war in the Rudé právo daily, in that period the official newspaper of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia. Its main goal is to ascertain the rate of influence of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, of rigorous censorship of the regime and Soviet Union dictatorship upon informing about events of the Korean war, which was the first conflict ever where the United Nations army, consisting of several states, was fighting together. For this purpose, by studying secondary resources I am first of all describing conditions leading to the war and determining the most important events of the war, including for instance landing of the United Nations forces in Incheon, China involvement or distinct phases of armistice negotiations. The crucial part of this thesis is the portrayal of these events in the newspaper, including monitoring of tens of issues between late May 1950 and early October 1950. Regarding the facts ascertained by that time I am switching to five days cycles of newspaper monitoring, which has by the end proven to be absolutely sufficient for creating a comprehensive image.

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