National Repository of Grey Literature 63 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Constructivism and Reality between Foerster, Maturana and Kuhn
Duda, Marek ; Marek, Jakub (advisor) ; Murgaš, Jaromír (referee)
This work deals with the introduction of the constructivist school of thought and its comparison with the theory of scientific revolutions and the concept of the paradigm of Thomas Kuhn. In this work, constructivism is represented by radical interpretations of Foerster, Maturana and Varela. These are then confronted with Kuhn's interpretation of scientific revolutions. At the end of the thesis I argue that Kuhn's concept of the paradigm can be interpreted as typically constructivist. In the context of the main line of interpretation of this work, I also critically evaluate motives such as reality, the possibility of true knowledge and related ethical consequences. Key words: constructivism, knowledge, truth, philosophy of science, paradigm
Scripture in the Works and Life of Gregory S. Skovoroda
Holomková, Teťana ; Bartoň, Josef (advisor) ; Větrovec, Pavel (referee)
The thesis is focused on the personality of Ukranian thinker Hryhorij S. Skovoroda, renowned philosopher, poet, pedagogue and composer of liturgical music. His life journey and important influences which formed his way of thinking (for exmple historical background, culture, education, travelling and crucial moments of his life). Above all, however, thinker's point of view on Holy scripture is investigated. How relationship he had with Holy scripture, how he treated it and how he wrote about it. The thesis presents contents of four Skovoroda's writings in which he deals with the Bible. Subsequently, statements directly related to Scripture or Scripture commentary are excluded from these writings. These represent the original scale of thinker's perception and interpretation of Scripture. Afrerwards, the found statements are compiled into a system that corresponds to Skovoroda's philosophy. The thesis attempts to outline the viewpoint on the Bible through the eyes of Hryhorij S. Skovoroda.
"You will know the truth, and the truth will set you free" Freedom in the gospel of John
Černá, Zdeňka Klára ; Roskovec, Jan (advisor) ; Mrázek, Jiří (referee)
This thesis deals with the question of the concept of freedom in the Gospel of John and the relationship between freedom and truth. The first part of this thesis is focused on the research of concepts of freedom and truth from the Old Testament to the New Testament, it is a description of historical background in which both terms were formed and transformed. This thesis also includes a detailed exegesis of the text of J 8.31-36, which served as the starting point. Due the fact that notion of freedom is most often found in the New Testament in the Gospel of John and Paul's Epistles, I insert a chapter charting the occurrence and use of the concept of freedom in Paul's epistles. In the main part of the thesis I compare the use of the concept of freedom in the Gospel of John and in Paul's letters.
Cartesian's Body
Rychta, Michal ; Hogenová, Anna (advisor) ; Zicha, Zbyněk (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to make a resume for a view of body and corporality in relationship with the existence and cognition aspect to res cogitans and res extensa. The issue provides analysis of Cartesian's world extension and its reach over to present time through symbols, medicines and religion. Simultaneously the essence of authentic life in the truth as the most important essence and sense of life's existence is given as well. Keywords: Body, corporality, body scheme, truth, authenticity
C. S. Lewis and the Language of Modern Apologetics
Šmejdová, Barbora ; Novotný, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Červenková, Denisa (referee) ; Štěch, František (referee)
ThLic. Bc. Barbora Šmejdová Title of the thesis: C. S. Lewis and the Language of Modern Apologetics Abstract The dissertation thesis is devoted to the question of what kind of language we should use in contemporary apologetics to make Christian message communicable to unbelievers. This question is approached through the work of C. S. Lewis. After the introduction and biography of the author, the thesis provides the analysis of Lewis' gnoseological starting points. In this chapter, we are trying to show that Lewis is able to pay attention to the present accent on subjective perspective without getting trapped in relativism. The next chapter focuses on Lewis' theory of language. For his view, the theme of myth and metaphor is central. Together with Lewis, we come to the conclusion that human language is metaphorical, but we can still touch truth. This journey is not easy, though. To be able to make readers approach truth, the author has to live in truth. That is why the next chapter is devoted to the theological interpretation of imagination and shows that authentic Christian imagination is an integral part of each good apologetic text. The last chapter is focused on the genres of apologetics and, based on Lewis' work, presents their benefits and restrictions. Keywords C. S. Lewis; language of apologetics;...
Selected issues of proving in criminal proceedings
Polanský, Ivo ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
1 Abstract This thesis deals in particular with the analysis of the process of presentation of evidence in penal proceedings, its basic principles, as well as the constitutional limitations within which the evidence-making process should be carried out. However, some other questions, especially legal and philosophical ones that are directly related to the presentation of evidence in the penal or legal proceedings cannot be ignored. The chosen topic can undoubtedly be considered to be very topical. This is because the presentation of evidence in penal proceedings is, besides the decision-making process itself, the most important procedural activity carried out by the bodies responsible for penal proceedings and participated by other entities involved in the penal proceedings. The aim of this thesis is to give a brief and comprehensive overview of some specifically selected problems of presentation of evidence in penal proceedings. Naturally, with regard to the chosen topic and its scope, it is not possible to comprehensively process all the areas that are related to the issue of presentation of evidence. Chapter 5, 6 and 7 can be considered crucial to the thesis in question, as they provide, in particular, the analysis of existing evidence-making legislation in penal proceedings. The basic principles of...
Legally Philosophical Aspects of Searching for Truth in Civil Procedure
Gazda, Viktor ; Ondřejek, Pavel (advisor) ; Tryzna, Jan (referee)
Legally Philosophical Aspects of Searching for Truth in Civil Procedure DIPLOMA THESIS Viktor Gazda Abstract The aim of this thesis is to discuss certain legally philosophical aspects of fact- findings in civil procedure. In a simplified way, this work is focused on exploring the possibility of determining the value of truthfulness of quaestio facti when applying law. The six chapters of the work include three basic themes. The first one examines the reflection of the philosophical concepts of truth in the process of determining the facts of a case, the second one clarifies the nature of the ideological aims of fact-findings in the form of principles of formal and substantive legal truth and the third topic deals with the nature of a judge's beliefs in the truthfulness of factual claims and the role of probability in the judge's belief At first I briefly present the phenomenon of truth in a wider philosophical context so that I can then proceed to outline the selected theories of truth. After explaining the basic essence of the legal procedural principles which have the greatest impact on the process of finding the facts, I pass, in another part of the thesis, to the very analysis of these principles through the prism of selected theories of truth. The reflection of the philosophical concepts of...

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