National Repository of Grey Literature 203 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Neurobiology of visual hallucinations.
Dodoková, Alica ; Vejmola, Čestmír (advisor) ; Hejnová, Lucie (referee)
Hallucination is a clinically significant qualitative disorder of perception that can be characterized as a sensation without a proper physical stimulus. Visual hallucinations are among the most serious symptoms in a range of psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, or Lewy body dementia, but can also occur during drug intoxication or under normal physiological conditions. Based on visual image processing principles and higher thalamocortical circuits, several recent explanations of the visual hallucinations phenomenon are summarized in this thesis. Although there may be many possible causes, the most important are neurobiological disorders of the inhibition processes in the cortical areas of visual association, lesions in the brain stem cores and thus the malfunctioning of the reticular activation system, neurochemical dysregulation on the thalamic sensory interface, or dysfunction of the recurrent top-down and bottom-up mechanism. There are several theoretical models summarizing the mentioned aberrations (Perception and Attention Deficit, Bayesian Heruism), which provide a more comprehensive overview of the issue of visual hallucinations. Further research and unification of individual models could provide new possibilities for diagnosis and treatment of visual...
Attitudes of final consumers to the selected advertising medium
DUDKOVÁ, Iveta
The aim of this diploma thesis is to find out how consumers perceive the chosen advertising tool and to create a proposal to use the obtained information. The thesis is divided in two parts. Theoretical part deals with concepts related to consumer´s attitudes and perception. For the practical part tender sheets of supermarket Terno were chosen as an advertising tool for analysis. Practical part includes the research involving final consumers from South Bohemia region, depth interviews with several consumers and interview with marketing director of the company. This three parts are processed and evaluated together. The conclusion of the thesis is focused on the analysis of results and proposals were created that the company could use.
Perception of wind power plants construction on the local level: Case studies in East Bohemia
Janová, M. ; Kunc, J. ; Frantál, Bohumil
The paper aims to evaluate selected findings of a research regarding the attitudes of the inhabitants of East Bohemian municipalities (Anenska Studanka and Vitezna) towards the construction of wind power plants and the perception thereof. A survey was carried out among the inhabitants of the two municipalities, as well as nearby municipalities and guided interviews were conducted with their mayors. The two selected sites differ in population numbers, time of power plant construction, number and size of the turbines and form of financial settlement. In the case of Vitezna, the power plant in question was community-funded, meaning that a portion of the shares was offered to the inhabitants (a unique case in the Czech Republic). The results indicated that, over time, the attitudes and opinions of the respondents from all the municipalities concerned have shifted towards a more positive perception of wind power plants. They have, however, also become more polarized. Citizens' movements against further construction have been created, even though it is currently not possible in the Czech Republic, especially given that the government has cancelled funding for the support of clean power. Respondents who were found to have the fewest issues with the wind power plants were younger than 30 years, graduates of secondary education and resided at a greater distance from the stations without having direct visual contact with them from their home.
Harmony of the visual and verbal component in childrensʼ books over the last seventy years
Dvořáková, Alžběta ; Hausenblas, Ondřej (advisor) ; Reissner, Martin (referee)
The subject of this diploma thesis is the harmony of the visual and verbal component in childrens' books. In the theoretical part, fundamental definitions of the underlying terms (visual component, ilustrator, verbal component in its written context, writer) with respect to scientific literature are given. Further, carefully selected opinions of experts on childrens' literature are delved into and supplmeneted with author's comments. The popularization of books for children is to be credited not only to experts from the specified field, but also to individuals who promote them to the general public by recognition awards. A detailed overview of authors of the past 70 years, i.e. from the turn of the first and second half of the 20th century up until today, is presented. The harmony of both, the visual and verbal component present in their works is further enquired. Selected books are introduced and classified in terms of the connection of their text and artistic components. The practical part of this thesis introduces the aggregate of conclusions drawn from teaching four lessons on the subject of literary education and an additional lesson on art education. The book used in class was Frantisek Skala's "Jak Cilek Lidu nasel". This work presents the preparation materials, descriptions of the lessons...
Neurobiology of visual hallucinations.
Dodoková, Alica ; Vejmola, Čestmír (advisor) ; Hejnová, Lucie (referee)
Hallucination is a clinically significant qualitative disorder of perception that can be characterized as a sensation without a proper physical stimulus. Visual hallucinations are among the most serious symptoms in a range of psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, or Lewy body dementia, but can also occur during drug intoxication or under normal physiological conditions. Based on visual image processing principles and higher thalamocortical circuits, several recent explanations of the visual hallucinations phenomenon are summarized in this thesis. Although there may be many possible causes, the most important are neurobiological disorders of the inhibition processes in the cortical areas of visual association, lesions in the brain stem cores and thus the malfunctioning of the reticular activation system, neurochemical dysregulation on the thalamic sensory interface, or dysfunction of the recurrent top-down and bottom-up mechanism. There are several theoretical models summarizing the mentioned aberrations (Perception and Attention Deficit, Bayesian Heruism), which provide a more comprehensive overview of the issue of visual hallucinations. Further research and unification of individual models could provide new possibilities for diagnosis and treatment of visual...
The Politics of Prague's Metal Scene
Kurki, Alex ; Tomalová, Eliška (advisor) ; Oude Nijhuis, Dennie (referee)
This thesis examines the potential links between political behavior and the Prague metal scene. Many authors have suggested theories on links between music and politics, but there are few empirical studies on the topic. This thesis focuses on one genre of music in one space and cultural context: heavy metal music in Prague, Czech Republic. The literature on metal subcultures claims that they exist to perpetuate rebellion and transgression, and that members of these subcultures reject "politics"; however, metal is seen as political in some cases. Because of this, it is hypothesized that metal subculture members will have negative opinions on the political system and political participation, and will express support for anti-system parties or ideas. These hypotheses are tested through a qualitative thematic analysis of interviews and survey responses from 22 members of Prague's metal subculture. It is found that members of the subculture vote at a similar rate to the rest of the Czech population, and that the majority of participants identify as center-right or right-wing. The participants expressed ideas that were critical of the political system and of society discourses relating to politics. Furthermore, respondents viewed metal in Prague as apolitical, but felt metal could be political in some...
Multimedia Elements of Online News and Their Impact on the Recipients
Loušová, Barbora ; Hrůzová, Andrea (advisor) ; Macková, Veronika (referee)
Diploma thesis Multimedia Elements of Online News and Their Impact on Recipients is concerned with the transformation of today's information distribution thanks to the development of the Internet. Media institutions use this tool as means of disseminating their messages. For the same reason they also include multimedia elements to the content. Websites allow to quickly pass on information to a large number of users. Multimedia elements, such as photos, photo galleries, videos or infographics, allow to pass on additional information, but also to catch the attention of the recipients. The aim of this study is to find out how much the audience appreciates the contribution of multimedia elements and how much they can use them during processing of the information. The theoretical part therefore first defines the particular cognitive processes, such as attention, perception and memory of news articles readers. These are further reflected with the different characteristics and social background of the news content recipients. Equally important is the description of theories and researches that dealt with the influence of multimedia elements on recipients of various types of media. The theoretical knowledge is followed by quantitative research in the form of an experiment and a subsequent questionnaire....
Political-Military Risks for Tourism in the Middle East
Krajňák, Tomáš
Political-Military Risks for Tourism in the Middle East Abstract The master's thesis analyses the perception of political-military risks for incoming tourism in the Middle East from the perspective of Czech potential tourists. The examined area of the Middle East bears some geographic and geopolitical ideas, that are still absent in the Czech scientific milieu. Tourism in the Middle East also operates in the environment of political-military risks. Scholarly literature suggests that these risks represent one of the main factors influencing the choice of destination. The paper deepens understanding of this relationship by focusing on the perception of political-military risks in space, in terms of their typological diversity, and analyses determinants of this perception. The main research tool, a questionnaire, served to collect data that was analysed through descriptive statistics and statistical inference, as a paired t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA) and correlation analysis. The findings are mostly in consensus with theoretical knowledge and previous studies. Individual types of political- military risks showed different impact on the perception for realization of tourism. A statistically significant difference exists between violent and non-violent political-military risks. In some cases, however,...
Perception of the Medical Assessment Service by Applicants of the Care Allowance.
KOZINOVÁ, Jaroslava
In bachelor thesis I focused on the perception of the medical assessment service, whose aim is, besides other tasks, also to assess the health condition for the purpose of the care allowance. The aim of the theoretical part is to map the process of assessing health condition of the applicants of the care allowance and in this part, I describe the classification and tasks of the medical assessment service, medical assessors, newly established position as the specialist assistant of the medical assessor, assessment criteria, principles of health assessment and principles of assessing the ability to handle basic living needs. In the third chapter I outlined perceptions, prejudices, stereotypes and mistakes in social perception. The aim of the empirical part is to find out what are the stereotypes and prejudices by applicants of the care allowance. Three hypotheses have been established, which were investigated in the quantitative research by the questioning method, through the semantic differential technique. The selection sample was chosen randomly from the records of received applications for assess the health condition for the purpose of care allowance and was made up of 400 respondents. The return rate of questionnaires was 62 %, so the research sample was composed of 212 respondents. To evaluate the data and verify the hypotheses, statistical methods were used to sort the data for first and second degree. The research confirmed only the hypothesis that applicants for care allowance are not satisfied with the length of assess the health condition. Other 2 hypotheses have been disproved and it has been found out that applicants of the care allowance perceive the medical assessment service rather neutral, as well as they perceive neutral the objectivity of the assessment. The results of the bachelor thesis can be used by the state administrative bodies as an indicator of current perception of the medical assessment service by applicants of the care allowance and can be used in the process of assessing the dependence levels in non-legislative aspects.
Perception of the Victim of Domestic Violence by the Inhabitants of Březnice
PTÁČKOVÁ, Lucie
The issue of domestic violence may be perceived as one of the most frequent forms of violence that take place in our society. It is a socially pathological phenomenon that may not affect only women but also men and children. In most cases, it happens in private, behind closed doors, among people closely related. It appears in all social classes, and may happen to anybody, in fact.To carry out the research, the quantitative method of a questionnaire survey was used, together with a semantic differential.

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