National Repository of Grey Literature 65 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Typological classification and categorization og grasslands in selected area and recommendation of sutable grassland management
KADLECOVÁ, Jana
The aim of this thesis was to create the botanic snap of the chosen locations, which were meadows, grasslands, pastures and also fallow grass areas, to determine the area coverage of three main agrobotanic species i.e. grass, herbs and clover, to process it with the statistcal software and determine the method and intensity of use and fertilization of individual locations and suggest the suitable prato-technical methods. The cenological structure of the locations has been observed and described using botanic snaps. The prato-technic method used were documented for each of the locations and evaluated the influence on the cenological structure. The research was performed in locations Vřeskovice, Čeletice, Městiště in the region Pilsen, former district of Klatovy. In each location the botanic snaps were taken from 3 areas of about 5 x 6 meters each. There were determined the area coverage of grass, herbs and clovers and calculated the mean indication value of humidity. Mean indication value of humidity is the parameter usable for determination of permanent grassland management and utilization. The data from the research was elaborated in software MS Excel. I recommend to manage the analyzed permanent grasslands as follows: 1. The meadow Vřeskovice behind the sewage cleaning station - additional sow of perennial rye grass, meadow clover and white clover. 2. The meadow Mstice - total recovery alternatively conservative prato-technic measures - manure fertilization for about 20t/ha and additional sow of meadow and white clover and grass - red fescue, blue grass and perennial ryegrass. 3. The meadow above the transformer station Vřeskovice - keep on current management od additional clovers sow. 4. The pasture Čeletice grazed by horses - keep on current management or additional sow of red fescue, tall fescue and timothy grass. 5. The meadow Městiště with combined utilization by cattle pasture and mowing - keep on current way of use. 6. The pasture Vřeskovice grazed by cattle - keep on current utilization or additional sow meadow and white clover. 7. The pasture Vřeskovice grazed by sheep - keep on the current utilization, in future after the reduction of dangerous knapweed to decrease the amount of pastured animals. 8. The fallow meadow Vřeskovice behind Petrovický neither mowed nor pastured - proposed mulching twice a year for about 1 or 2 years, then pasture or pasture of extensive cattle breed (Galloway) or sheep or periodical mowing once or twice a year. 9. The fallow meadow Vřeskovice trench at the farmhouse - leave as a fallow meadow improves the biodivesity, optionally to mow once or twice a year from estetical reasons.
Analysis of dairy milk yields related to changes in livestock breeding environment in ZD Rodvínov
TLACHNOVÁ, Nikola
The aim of this diploma thesis was to analyze milk performance in two centers of Cooperative farm Rodvínov (in Zdešov and in Bednárec) and to find out the level of milk performance in different breeding conditions. The analysis was divided into two parts. Analysis No. 1 was comparing two centers of the farm with different breeding environment in 2012-2015. In Zdešov, the cows were reared in cubicle sheds (capacity 500 cows) and were milked twice a day in 2 x 12 herringbone milking parlor. In Bednárec, dairy cows were reared in an older cubicle shed K96 and K64 (capacity 160 cows), on straw bedding., and grazing during the grazing season and milking twice a day in 2 x 6 tandem parlor. In Bednárec, dairy cows achieved better results in the milk performance, in the fatness of milk, production of fat and protein. A statistically significant difference was confirmed in content ( = 0.001; p 0.001) and fat production ( = 0.05; p < 0.05) in a favor of dairy cows in Bednárec. A statistically significant difference was also confirmed in the milk performance of the same breeding groups reared in the different environment. Analysis No. 2 was monitoring the milk performance of dairy cows in Bednárec between years 2015 to 2018, divided in two periods. Period A - without change of breeding environment and period B - with changes in breeding environment and animal welfare. The first change was the movement of the dairy cows to the year-round pasture run. The second change was the commissioning of the new 2 x 12 side by side milking parlor and final movement to a new modern large-capacity stable (capacity 312 cows). There was no significant difference in the average milk performance of dairy cows depending on the change of breeding environment. During the changes, there was a statistically significant extension of the between calving period and the extension of the 1st calving age. Effect of stress caused by the environment and wellfare changes wasn't statistically significant for the level of milk performance of dairy cows. For the level of milk performance was more important the quality level of breeding management, finding cows in heat and insemination during the period of changes.
The importance of dung beetles for the renovation of the cattle pasture sward
JANOVSKÝ, Jindřich
This theses focuses on the importance of coprophagous beetles for dung decomposition and restoration of grass in the cattle pastures. Diversity of coprophagous beetles was measured using special traps in four cattle pastures at the family farm in western Bohemia. The measurement was provided 3 times in May 2014, August 2014 and September 2013 during one-week sampling periods. In total, 444 specimens of 22 species was collected. Caught species belonged to the family Scarabaeidae and Hydrophilidae. The beetles belonged to the functional group, " dwellers ". The greatest influence on the grass restoration have tunneling species. However, these were not caught on pastures. The highest abundance was detected in May with 379 species. In this period, there was significantly higher abundance of small and large non-tunneling kinds and of Hydrophilidae compared to September (P<0.05). Abundance of Scarabaeidae did not differ significantly (P>0.05) between August and September. The greatest significance for the functional decomposition of dung in a pasture can be expected due to a large Aphodius rufipes species which may be present in the feces in a large number at the end of summer.
The influence of pratotechnical way of use on species composition and characteristics of selected permanent grasslands
HAŠKOVCOVÁ, Petra
The aim of this work is to assess the influence of mowing and grazing with different frequency and fertilization on species composition, fodder value and bimas production. The experiment was carried out at the village of Hrazany, district of Písek in 2017. The ecological conditions of grasslands, terms and intensity of use, biomass production, botanical composition and species diversity were monitored on these parcels. The data obtained was used to calculate the Hill's Diversity Index, calculate the pasture load, and calculate the yield in dry matter. Non-fertilized plots reach the lowest yields. Most grasses are located on the soil fertilized with urine. The smallest disturbance and shortcomings appear on the pasture with the finch pasture. The values were statistically processed.
Pasture and its importance in La Téne and Roman Period
Belavá, Barbora ; Frank Danielisová, Alžběta (advisor) ; Pokorný, Petr (referee)
This Master thesis is dedicated to pasture and the overall image of animal husbandry in Central Europe in La Téne Period and Roman Age. An important part is evaluation of osteological assemblages grazed animals, the question of the spectrum of species and creating models applied in the territory of today's Czech republic. A meaningful component of this study is comparison farmed animals at the time of La Téne and Roman period. Keywords: pasture - animal husbandry - agriculture - La Téne period - Roman period - archaeozoology
The influence of way and intensity of grassland exploitation on fodder value and biomass production
BĚLÍK, Michal
The main aim of this thesis was to evaluate the methods and intensity of use of grasslands that have an impact on the value of the forage and biomass production. The analysis of the selected four sites with different types of management. They chose two meadows and pastures two, of which one pasture is used in a combined manner.
Emergency housing catlee in the emergency planning zone of the Temelín Nuclear Power Plant.
VACÍK, Slavomír Ladislav
This bachelor thesis deals with the issue of emergency housing of cattle in the emergency planning zone of Temelín Nuclear Power Plant. 20 farmers, each keeping at least 50 bovine animals, were selected in the area of interest. The cattle were chosen as the reference species of livestock because it was the largest category of livestock kept in the stable and pasture. The research was carried out in the form of a structured questionnaire, which was sent to the individual respondents after this was agreed by phone. It should answer the question whether the emergency housing of cattle in the emergency planning zone of Temelín Nuclear Power Station is sufficiently secured. The results show that emergency housing is not the priority of farmers, because only 55% of the respondents sent back completed questionnaires. Most of them, i.e. 64%, bred cattle in stable and grazing, 27% in stable only and 9% were exclusively grazing. In addition to grazing, preserved fodder (silage, haylage, hay) are mainly used for feeding and water from underground sources and from a water supply network for watering where all these sources can be protected against radioactive fallout. It was also found that electricity was used for watering. Upon its failure, except for two cases, no emergency power supply were available. Electric fences around the pastures were not equipped with emergency power supply, except for two respondents. Alarm Plan of Veterinary Measures (within the frame of Temelín Nuclear Power Plant's external emergency plan) requires feeding and watering for 3 days during the absence of the cattlemen. This requirement cannot be fulfilled due to the limited capacity of mangers in the stables. The results of the research show that it is not possible to carry out the hermetization of buildings according to the requirement of the above mentioned plan because they cannot be sealed with respect to their open construction. These results can be used to modify the alarm plan of veterinary measures, which should further be provided to the agricultural public.
Vliv pastvy velkých herbivorů na společenstva brouků stepních trávníků
AMBROŽOVÁ, Lucie
This thesis is focused on the importance of large herbivore pasture for arthropod communities in temperate steppe. The study site was located in former military training area Milovice, regional biodiversity hotspot, where wild horses and aurochs were introduced as an active measure aimed at biodiversity conservation. Main goals of proposed study were to assess the role of vegetation structure and presence of grazing on beetle species composition in two trap heights, to examine suitability of flight intercept traps for monitoring arthropods of open habitats, to set the continuous arthropod monitoring program on the site and to propose a suitable model groups to assess habitat changes.
The megafauna herbivores in the Czech landscape - educational project
ČEJKOVÁ, Zuzana
The thesis based on the topic of 'Large Herbivores in the Czech landscape' is an educational project for pupils at secondary schools or for free-time educational organisations. The first part of the thesis is dedicated to certain types of large herbivores like horses, aurochs and bison, their basic characteristics, history and also current status in the Czech Republic. The other part focuses on the influence of the pastures on the countryside and certain types of organisms and the effect this has on their diversity, which can be significant. This thesis also includes suggestions for educational programs, detailed instructions on activities, texts and work sheets for lecturers. The aim of this thesis is to explain the importance of large herbivores in the countryside and their massive influence on biodiversity and landscape formation.
Horses and vegetation
Třeštíková, Tereza ; Herben, Tomáš (advisor) ; Mládek, Jan (referee)
Many studies show that large herbivores can have an important impact on the composition of vegetation. With the establishment of a year round, low density grazing regime, plant ecologists and nature managers expect that through selective grazing, herbivores will create a mosaic of different vegetation communities varying in structure and plant species composition. It is believed that such a mosaic in the end will guarantee a high degree of biodiversity. Grazing will, therefore, seem to be a suitable means to maintain grass. Also important is the ability of herbivores affect vegetation through endozoochory. In this thesis I have tried to find out what species of diet horses prefer regarding to plant species and what plant species they can spread through out endozoochory. I have compared this knowledge with the composition of pasture and meadow vegetation at the researched locality in Malenice and Hoslovice. With the purpose of finding out the preferences I established spots where I registered data on vegetation before pasture and the time intervals during the pasture. Afterwards, I researched the amount of sprouts and the composition of seedlings in excrements that I let germinate. I had to create phytocenologic shots from the pastures and meadows to compare the species of composition of grazed and...

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