National Repository of Grey Literature 382 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Zpráva o životním prostředí v Jihomoravském kraji 2018
CENIA, česká informační agentura životního prostředí
Zprávy o životním prostředí v krajích ČR jsou počínaje rokem 2015 (tedy počínaje zprávami o životním prostředí v krajích ČR za rok 2014) každoročně zpracovávány na základě zákona č. 123/1998 Sb., o právu na informace o životním prostředí, ve znění pozdějších předpisů. Zprávy o životním prostředí v krajích ČR se zabývají charakteristikou stavu a vývoje životního prostředí v jednotlivých krajích ČR, jejich aktuálními problémy a aktivitami. Představují významný podklad informací pro politické činitele, odborné pracovníky státní a veřejné správy, i pro širokou veřejnost na národní a regionální úrovni. Zpracováním těchto zpráv je pověřena CENIA, česká informační agentura životního prostředí. Zprávy jsou zveřejněny v elektronické podobě (http://www.cenia.cz, http://www.mzp.cz) a jsou distribuovány spolu se Zprávou o životním prostředí ČR 2018 a Statistickou ročenkou životního prostředí ČR 2018.
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Zpráva o životním prostředí v Jihočeském kraji 2018
CENIA, česká informační agentura životního prostředí
Zprávy o životním prostředí v krajích ČR jsou počínaje rokem 2015 (tedy počínaje zprávami o životním prostředí v krajích ČR za rok 2014) každoročně zpracovávány na základě zákona č. 123/1998 Sb., o právu na informace o životním prostředí, ve znění pozdějších předpisů. Zprávy o životním prostředí v krajích ČR se zabývají charakteristikou stavu a vývoje životního prostředí v jednotlivých krajích ČR, jejich aktuálními problémy a aktivitami. Představují významný podklad informací pro politické činitele, odborné pracovníky státní a veřejné správy, i pro širokou veřejnost na národní a regionální úrovni. Zpracováním těchto zpráv je pověřena CENIA, česká informační agentura životního prostředí. Zprávy jsou zveřejněny v elektronické podobě (http://www.cenia.cz, http://www.mzp.cz) a jsou distribuovány spolu se Zprávou o životním prostředí ČR 2018 a Statistickou ročenkou životního prostředí ČR 2018.
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Zpráva o životním prostředí v kraji Hl. m. Praha 2018
CENIA, česká informační agentura životního prostředí
Zprávy o životním prostředí v krajích ČR jsou počínaje rokem 2015 (tedy počínaje zprávami o životním prostředí v krajích ČR za rok 2014) každoročně zpracovávány na základě zákona č. 123/1998 Sb., o právu na informace o životním prostředí, ve znění pozdějších předpisů. Zprávy o životním prostředí v krajích ČR se zabývají charakteristikou stavu a vývoje životního prostředí v jednotlivých krajích ČR, jejich aktuálními problémy a aktivitami. Představují významný podklad informací pro politické činitele, odborné pracovníky státní a veřejné správy, i pro širokou veřejnost na národní a regionální úrovni. Zpracováním těchto zpráv je pověřena CENIA, česká informační agentura životního prostředí. Zprávy jsou zveřejněny v elektronické podobě (http://www.cenia.cz, http://www.mzp.cz) a jsou distribuovány spolu se Zprávou o životním prostředí ČR 2018 a Statistickou ročenkou životního prostředí ČR 2018.
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Report on the Environment of the Czech Republic 2018
CENIA, česká informační agentura životního prostředí
The Report on the Environment of the Czech Republic (hereinafter the “Report”) is drawn up every year on the basis of Act No. 123/1998 Coll., on the right to information on the environment, as amended, and Government Resolution No. 446 of 17 August 1994 and Government Resolution No. 934 of 12 November 2014, and submitted for approval to the Government of the Czech Republic and subsequently submitted to the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic for discussion. It is a comprehensive document, which assesses the state of the environment in the Czech Republic, including the entire context, on the basis of the data available for the given year of assessment. CENIA, Czech Environmental Information Agency, has been responsible for drawing up the Report on the Environment of the Czech Republic since the 2005 Report. The 2018 Report was discussed and approved by the Government on December 9, 2019 and then submitted for consideration by both chambers of the Czech Parliament. The 2018 Report is published in electronic form (http://www.cenia.cz and http://www.mzp.cz) and it is also distributed along with the Statistical Yearbook of the Environment of the Czech Republic 2018 and Reports on the Environment in the Regions of the Czech Republic 2018.
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Disposition of land in Czech law and the law of Israel
Falteisková, Sabina ; Damohorský, Milan (advisor) ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (referee) ; Müllerová, Hana (referee)
Disposition of land in Czech law and the law of Israel Abstract The main goal of the thesis is to analyse and compare the legal regulation of disposition of land and its protection in the Czech Republic and the State of Israel and answer the question whether the Czech legislation and the State of Israel can benefit from such regulations. Protection of land from degradation is absolutely crucial task that in the light of climate change, accompanied by extreme drought along with social and economic development becomes very actual. The thesis deals with the land and its peculiarities in the legal sense, which together with other factors significantly affect the relationship to land. The introduction to the issue is given by a part of the work devoted to the history and geography of both countries, focusing on the current state and major environmental problems. Emphasis is placed on the legal development over the last hundred years in relation to land-legal relations. Furthermore, the thesis focuses on defining current ownership relations and on the context of land disposition in both countries. Both the private-law structure and the public-law organization of these relations, which are significantly different in both countries, are described in detail. In this respect, much of the attention is focused on the...
Importance of ecological stoichiometry in soil development.
Veselá, Hana ; Frouz, Jan (advisor) ; Hruška, Jakub (referee) ; Bonkowski, Michael (referee)
Ecological stoichiometry is a useful tool for understanding of ecological dynamics and related processes. There are only rare informations about nutrient cycling and nutrient dynamics in plant- soil system in restoration areas after coal mining. Different plant species have developed own strategies and treat differently with nutrients which can influence nutrient cycling and consequent nutrient return to the soil. In thesis, I investigated ecological stoichiometry as one of key factors which controls soil development in post mining sites. In general introduction, known facts are summarized about e.g. plant traits, decomposition process, nutrient cycling and consequences for soil development and restoration practices. But still, relationship between leaves, plant litter, and soil is poorly understood in restoration areas. The results of a doctoral thesis are presented in five papers, out of which three have been published, one has been already submitted and one manuscript is prepared for publication in an international journal with impact factor. In the first presented publication, the influence of soil fauna was studied (especially earthworms) on soil development. Soil development differed significantly between sites afforested with different tree species and it is strongly influenced by the...
Possibility of utilization of solid waste from spent coffee grounds rafination for agricultural purposes
Slavíková, Zuzana ; Vespalcová, Milena (referee) ; Pořízka, Jaromír (advisor)
The main focus of this diploma thesis is the utilization of spent coffee ground (SCG) and its biorefinery products in agriculture primarly as a prospective organic fertilizer. The study verifies an influence of the addition of native SCG as well as its acid hydrolysed, defatted and oxidized forms to experimental clay soil on chemical and physical properties (ph, conductivity and mineral content). Growing experiments were realized by using Lactuca sativa to detect positive or negative effects on growth. Samples of basic soil and soil with the addition of commercial NPK fertilizer served as a reference to measuring data. Measurements showed that addition of SCG and products of its biorefinery to the soil caused a decrease of pH and an increase of conductivity of soil samples. Significant increase of extractable calcium, magnesium, manganese and moderate increase of potassium content was detected. 2 % addition of SCG to soil had no impact on plants growth. The number and visual appearance of lettuces were comparable with plants in basic soil. No seed on acid hydrolysed samples germinated, which was caused by an increase of conductivity and sulphate content in these samples. In defatted and oxidized samples the early germination and the highest number of lettuces was observed. The low content of phosphorus in all soil samples had a great impact on growth rate and visual appearance of cultivated lettuces. In comparison with soil with NPK addition, lettuces in samples with SCG and its form had a pink-grey colour and lower growth.
Influence of the Application of Lignite on the Distribution of Organic Carbon in Soil
Širůček, David ; Záhora, Jaroslav (referee) ; Kalina, Michal (advisor)
This diploma thesis is focused on optimization of sequential chemical fractionation method to humeomics in order to be useful for determination of organic matter content and distribution and also organic elements in soil. Subsequently, the optimized method is used to assess the efect of lignite application as soil support on these soil characteristics. For these purposes, there were three source matrices of organic matter (lignite, soil and annual soil extraction after lignite application) fractionated by sequential chemical analysis. In parallel, these samples were also fractionated by classic alkaline extraction to obtain the so-called extractable fraction of organic matter (NOM). Individual fractions from sequential chemical fractionation as well as NOM samples were characterized by methods of elemental analysis (determination of organic elements), thermogravimetry (contents of ash, organic matter and moisture) and FTIR spektrometry (structural analysis). The results obtained from a large range of data from all humeomics fractions and NOM fractions showed that the method of sequential chemical fractionation gives higher yields of organic matter compared to classic alkaline extraction. Another indisputable advantage is the fact that the obtained fractions divided according to solubility and strenght of binding to soil inorganics can be better characterized by physical-chemical methods, which provides more detailed information about soil organic matter. The results of the work also show that in order for lignite as a support substance to significantly affect soil properties, a longer time, multiple sampling and repetition of individual fractionations would be needed.
Cs-137 content monitoring by spectrometric measurement in soil
LEPIČ, Daniel
The aim of the thesis is to compare the results from in situ spectrometry and laboratory determination of the area activity of Cs-137 in samples taken from uncultivated soils. To fulfil the goal, the research question has been determined: Are the results from in situ measurement of the area activity of Cs-137 in uncultivated soil comparable with the results from laboratory measurement of collected soil samples? The theoretical part of the work has been written based on research of book publications, foreign scientific articles and electronic sources, which deal with the issue of radioactivity and its impact on the environment and the principle of semiconductor gamma spectrometry. The practical part of the work deals with the spectrometric measurement using in situ method and the laboratory determination of the area activity of Cs-137 in the soil samples using a semiconductor gamma spectrometer. The measurement and the soil sampling took place in the territory of the Šumava National Park and its adjacent areas in Pilsen Region. There were selected five locations (Nová Hůrka, Prášily, Srní, Nový Brunst and Hadí vrh). By in situ spectrometric measurement the highest values were determined of the area activity of Cs-137 in the location Nová Hůrka (19526 Bq / m2) and the lowest in the location Hadí vrh (5398 Bq / m2). The spectrometric measurements of the soil samples in the laboratory revealed the highest values of the area activity of Cs-137 in the sample from the location Nová Hůrka (10000 Bq / m2) and the lowest values of Cs-137 in the location Hadí vrh (2060 Bq / m2). The contribution of this work is the comparison of in situ spectrometric measurement with the measurement of taken soil samples using the gamma semiconductor spectrometer. The results of this monitoring can provide data on the radiation situation in individual locations in Šumava. By the comparison of the results of the area activity of Cs-137, there has been found a correlation between in situ spectrometric measurements and the laboratory measurements of the soil samples. The results of the area activity of Cs-137 are in an order of magnitude comparable. The differences between the results are probably caused by the measurement conditions.
Možnosti klasifikace půd pro potřeby pozemkových úprav v České republice a ve světě
BRŮHA, Karel
This thesis describes evolution of soil classifies and its distributions since beginnings to present. After that describes The Czech taxonomic soil classification system and compares it with the classification systems used in the world.

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