National Repository of Grey Literature 199 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Molluscs of Boulder Sites in Křivoklátsko PLA and Their Use in Education
Kebert, Tomáš
The work deals with molluscs as specific inhabitants of boulder sites in southern part of Křivoklátsko PLA. It discusses related questions and information sources connected with nature protection. The thesis describes molluscs as generally lesser known, but diverse group of animals with variety of ecological requirements. It shows the results of malacozoological site research performed using collection of leaf litter samples and compares them to previous works. It also examines how the topic could be incorporated in education. The work emphasizes the ecology of molluscs, whose knowledge can facilitate contextual thinking about various organisms and also is not confined to a narrow scope of biology. The thesis discusses various means of education and describes a general proposal of excursion to the place of interest. Keywords gastropods ecology excursion nature protection didactics
Global Climate Change - Water Springs and Landscape Memory
Švancárová, Rebeka ; Rynda, Ivan (advisor) ; Ulčák, Zbyněk (referee)
The subject of this master thesis is the tradition of creating human - made water springs and caring for them in the research area of protected landscape areas Kysuce (in Slovakia) and Beskydy (in Czech Republic). Both areas are characterized by the occurrence of numerous natural springs of water. People from both places have been enhancing surroundings of these springs for a long time. The creation and care of these objects have become over time a form of tradition, coupled with respect for water and nature as a whole. The aim of the thesis is to identify the shift in this tradition and what it signalizes to people. It is also about bringing the context of changes in traditions with global climate change and with changes in the human relationship and management of landscape. In order to analyze this problem, the methods characteristic for the qualitative type of research were used, such as interviews and observation, which were subsequently evaluated by means of a framework analysis. The work is a kind of microetnographic study that deals with a close group of people who are carying for such water springs in mentioned research areas. Key words: water springs, landscape memory, invention of tradition, global climate change, nature protection, thick description, Beskydy, Kysuce
Aesthetic value of biodiversity
Schmitzová, Daniela ; Hořák, David (advisor) ; Braun Kohlová, Markéta (referee)
The aesthetic experience of nature is a crucial part of human life. Because aesthetic experiences motivate people to engage in nature conservation, it makes sense to consider how biodiversity influences aesthetics and whether this influence can be used to promote conservation. First, this review touches on the measurement of nature's value to people and biodiversity, then discusses studies dealing with the connection of biodiversity and aesthetics. Nature offers a range of health benefits to people (e.g. stress relief, better recovery after surgery) that increase with biodiversity, but these benefits don't seem to increase the aesthetic value. At the landscape scale, heterogeneity of the environment is of particular importance, as is the presence of water bodies. For plant communities, biodiversity has a positive correlation with aesthetic value, and perceived biodiversity has a stronger effect in that regard. Preference is also influenced by the arrangement of planting. Aesthetically motivated nature conservation can potentially bolster biodiversity, as proven by the Lower Wisconsin State Riverway area, and should be considered a valuable conservation approach. Key words: biodiversity, aesthetics, species richness, functional diversity, value of the community/ecosystem, nature conservation
Balancing Public Interests in Nature Protection
Vomáčka, Vojtěch ; Franková, Martina (referee)
Balancing Public Interests in Nature Protection Abstract This thesis focuses on the broader scope and the implications of balancing of public interests in nature protection. Czech Nature and Landscape Protection Act (Act No. 114/1992 Coll.) often requires the existence of an overriding public interest in order to allow interference with protected environmental interests. Furthermore, it implements requirements of the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive, which introduced the concept of IROPI in protection of habitats and particular derogatory regimes from the protection of wild birds and endangered species. The traditional Czech nature conservation system has not been consumed or displaced by the requirements of EU rules. Both systems employ a slightly different approach to territorial protection, but the derogations in general rely on the same set of conditions including the concept of public interest, which needs to be interpreted in each individual case. The core of the thesis lies in the analysis of the case law of the Czech courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union, in particular with an emphasis on common requirements for the identification and balancing of public interests in protection of nature. The author suggests that balancing of nature protection and other public interests...
Population trends of African mammals
Homová, Viktória ; Storch, David (advisor) ; Hulva, Pavel (referee)
The African continent is known for its rich species diversity (biodiversity). We can read about the decline in African mammal populations in various sources. The main reasons of decline include loss of habitats and animal hunting. In spite of the general idea of decline mammals, in some cases the population trend is stable or growing. The aim of my thesis is to explore and summarize what is really known about the changes in the populations of all known mammalian species over the past decades. The attention of public is mainly oriented towards large flagship species, which are very well studied and various measures are put in place to protect them, especially in protected areas. The most marked decline in the number of individuals occurs in the western part of Africa, which is probably caused by a combination of lack of financial and human resources in animal protection, a large range of biotope damage and growing bushmeat trade. Species with increasing population trends are predominantly in South Africa, where there is an improvement in the management and the protection of wildlife receives more attention. Considering small mammals, there is, in most cases, no relevant data available to help determine their population trend. The population trends of species residing in the tropical rainforests are...
Legal regulation of nature protection in national parks
Zámyslická, Lucie ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Damohorský, Milan (referee)
Legal regulation of nature protection in national parks Abstract The purpose of the thesis is to provide an overview of legal instruments used to protect nature in national parks after the amendment of the Act No. 114/1992 Coll., On Nature and Landscape Protection ("NLP") and evaluate their functionality. Although Act No. 123/2017 Coll., which amended the NPL, has been in effect since June 1, 2017, changes are being reflected in practice gradually. The thesis is elaborated by a descriptive method connected with the analysis of effective legislation and it is formally divided into six chapters. The first chapter deals with sources of legal regulation, the second one deals with the term of national park itself, including a short historical excursion and the international concept of IUCN. This chapter also includes the issue of the protection zone and the process of proclaiming national parks. The third chapter is devoted to the new concept of management zoning and also contains the current information on the zoning discussion in individual national parks. The fourth chapter contains an overview of the tools that lead to the limitation of various activities in the territory of the national park, whether they are basic or closer protective conditions, restrictions and prohibition of activities according to § 66...
An overview of state and level of the nature conservation knowledge in students of selected high schools
This bachelor thesis focuses on the state and level of knowledge regards nature protection at pupils of selected high schools, in this case at schools of business, agricultural and grammar schools. The aim of this research was to investigate the level of knowledge about the topic of nature protection by means of a standardised questionnaire, which was commissioned at 8 high schools (4 grammar schools, 3 business schools and 1 agricultural school) to 188 students in total. The literature review provides information regards nature conservation, its biodiversity and nature protection issues. Furthermore, this chapter analyses the available textbooks for secondary and elementary schools, which deal with this issue and framework educational programs for pre-school, primary and secondary education. The following section presents the results of the research gathered from the questionnaire. The highest possible score of the questionnaire was 100 points, however, only a few students have reached over 40 points. The findings of the study indicated that the majority of respondents connect the protection of nature with the context of recycling or environmental pollution. The highest average score was achieved by grammar schools and agricultural schools (40 points). However, it is essential to take into consideration that only one class of agricultural school was involved in the research. The business schools received an average of 30 points.
An overview of state and level of the nature conservation knowledge in students of selected high schools
ŘÍHOVÁ, Libuše
This bachelor thesis is focused on the state and level of knowledge regards nature protection at secondary schools, business schools, and grammar schools. The aim of the study is to gather information about teaching in nature protection in the Czech Republic, to modify and participate in the creation of a standardized test and then apply the test to pupils of selected secondary schools. The research was carried out using a test completed by 436 respondents from 13 secondary schools (7 grammar schools, 3 agricultural schools, 3 business schools). The testing was undertaken in September and October 2017, March 2018 and November 2018. Majority of the respondents were in the third year, only one class was in the second year and three in the fourth year. The highest score of the test was 100 points. The overall average test result was 35 points. The best results in this research were achieved by grammar schools, with the best average grade score being approximately 45 points and on the other side, the business schools had the worst performances (with the lowest average grade score of approximately 26 points). Most pupils connect the protection of nature with concepts such as waste separation, recycling, air pollution, water pollution, or protected areas. Moreover, pupils often do not take the beneficial human activity for nature into consideranature.tion and they believe that people only destroy.

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