National Repository of Grey Literature 196 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Balancing Public Interests in Nature Protection
Vomáčka, Vojtěch ; Franková, Martina (referee)
Balancing Public Interests in Nature Protection Abstract This thesis focuses on the broader scope and the implications of balancing of public interests in nature protection. Czech Nature and Landscape Protection Act (Act No. 114/1992 Coll.) often requires the existence of an overriding public interest in order to allow interference with protected environmental interests. Furthermore, it implements requirements of the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive, which introduced the concept of IROPI in protection of habitats and particular derogatory regimes from the protection of wild birds and endangered species. The traditional Czech nature conservation system has not been consumed or displaced by the requirements of EU rules. Both systems employ a slightly different approach to territorial protection, but the derogations in general rely on the same set of conditions including the concept of public interest, which needs to be interpreted in each individual case. The core of the thesis lies in the analysis of the case law of the Czech courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union, in particular with an emphasis on common requirements for the identification and balancing of public interests in protection of nature. The author suggests that balancing of nature protection and other public interests...
Population trends of African mammals
Homová, Viktória ; Storch, David (advisor) ; Hulva, Pavel (referee)
The African continent is known for its rich species diversity (biodiversity). We can read about the decline in African mammal populations in various sources. The main reasons of decline include loss of habitats and animal hunting. In spite of the general idea of decline mammals, in some cases the population trend is stable or growing. The aim of my thesis is to explore and summarize what is really known about the changes in the populations of all known mammalian species over the past decades. The attention of public is mainly oriented towards large flagship species, which are very well studied and various measures are put in place to protect them, especially in protected areas. The most marked decline in the number of individuals occurs in the western part of Africa, which is probably caused by a combination of lack of financial and human resources in animal protection, a large range of biotope damage and growing bushmeat trade. Species with increasing population trends are predominantly in South Africa, where there is an improvement in the management and the protection of wildlife receives more attention. Considering small mammals, there is, in most cases, no relevant data available to help determine their population trend. The population trends of species residing in the tropical rainforests are...
Legal regulation of nature protection in national parks
Zámyslická, Lucie ; Stejskal, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Damohorský, Milan (referee)
Legal regulation of nature protection in national parks Abstract The purpose of the thesis is to provide an overview of legal instruments used to protect nature in national parks after the amendment of the Act No. 114/1992 Coll., On Nature and Landscape Protection ("NLP") and evaluate their functionality. Although Act No. 123/2017 Coll., which amended the NPL, has been in effect since June 1, 2017, changes are being reflected in practice gradually. The thesis is elaborated by a descriptive method connected with the analysis of effective legislation and it is formally divided into six chapters. The first chapter deals with sources of legal regulation, the second one deals with the term of national park itself, including a short historical excursion and the international concept of IUCN. This chapter also includes the issue of the protection zone and the process of proclaiming national parks. The third chapter is devoted to the new concept of management zoning and also contains the current information on the zoning discussion in individual national parks. The fourth chapter contains an overview of the tools that lead to the limitation of various activities in the territory of the national park, whether they are basic or closer protective conditions, restrictions and prohibition of activities according to § 66...
An overview of state and level of the nature conservation knowledge in students of selected high schools
VODEHNALOVÁ, Barbora
This bachelor thesis focuses on the state and level of knowledge regards nature protection at pupils of selected high schools, in this case at schools of business, agricultural and grammar schools. The aim of this research was to investigate the level of knowledge about the topic of nature protection by means of a standardised questionnaire, which was commissioned at 8 high schools (4 grammar schools, 3 business schools and 1 agricultural school) to 188 students in total. The literature review provides information regards nature conservation, its biodiversity and nature protection issues. Furthermore, this chapter analyses the available textbooks for secondary and elementary schools, which deal with this issue and framework educational programs for pre-school, primary and secondary education. The following section presents the results of the research gathered from the questionnaire. The highest possible score of the questionnaire was 100 points, however, only a few students have reached over 40 points. The findings of the study indicated that the majority of respondents connect the protection of nature with the context of recycling or environmental pollution. The highest average score was achieved by grammar schools and agricultural schools (40 points). However, it is essential to take into consideration that only one class of agricultural school was involved in the research. The business schools received an average of 30 points.
An overview of state and level of the nature conservation knowledge in students of selected high schools
ŘÍHOVÁ, Libuše
This bachelor thesis is focused on the state and level of knowledge regards nature protection at secondary schools, business schools, and grammar schools. The aim of the study is to gather information about teaching in nature protection in the Czech Republic, to modify and participate in the creation of a standardized test and then apply the test to pupils of selected secondary schools. The research was carried out using a test completed by 436 respondents from 13 secondary schools (7 grammar schools, 3 agricultural schools, 3 business schools). The testing was undertaken in September and October 2017, March 2018 and November 2018. Majority of the respondents were in the third year, only one class was in the second year and three in the fourth year. The highest score of the test was 100 points. The overall average test result was 35 points. The best results in this research were achieved by grammar schools, with the best average grade score being approximately 45 points and on the other side, the business schools had the worst performances (with the lowest average grade score of approximately 26 points). Most pupils connect the protection of nature with concepts such as waste separation, recycling, air pollution, water pollution, or protected areas. Moreover, pupils often do not take the beneficial human activity for nature into consideranature.tion and they believe that people only destroy.
An educational program aimed at value of postindustrial sites from the view of conservation biology
PŘIBYL, Karel
The aim of this bachelor thesis is to design and test an educational program that focuses on the importance of natural communities in post-industrial habitats. Post-industrial habitats due to a disturbance of the original landscape represent a specific environment with the potential for occurrence of often valuable and endangered communities. In the theoretical part there are summarized findings on mining disturbed zones with the occurrence of valuable species in terms of nature conservation. The practical part contains a draft of the educational program for sixth and seventh-grade pupils of the second level of primary schools. The thesis includes teaching materials and instructions for lecturers needed to implement the educational program. By completing the program, the participants gained fundamental information about the importance of post-industrial habitats in today's landscape as an area with often valuable nature.
A Proposal to Build a Nature Trail in the Village of Chlumín with Use in the Teaching of Botany at Elementary School
Uherová, Klára ; Skýbová, Jana (advisor) ; Říhová, Dagmar (referee)
In the theoretical part of this thesis, I have reviewed the available literature focused on the problems around creating nature trails. I have evaluated the area around the municipality in terms of geomorphological structure, climate, soil and greenery. I have performed field research in order to find the most suitable route. The thesis describes a nature trail leading through the village of Chlumín. I have created graphical proposals as to what the information tables should look like. Another material piece of output is a promotional flyer. The proposed trail is a short round-trip educational trail focused especially on the topic of nature. Eight stops with have been drafted with a total trail length of 2.8 kilometres (1.74 miles) and all stops of the nature trail have been placed on a map. Afterwards, a questionnaire-style survey has been performed and its results analysed in the practical part of this thesis. The materials created during the creation of the thesis have been prepared for realisation by the Chlumín municipality. One chapter concerns itself with the usage methods for this nature trail and in it, I have pointed out the specific needs of this generation. Key words: nature trail, information table, conservation of nature, environmental education
The story of the European beaver on the territory of the Czech Republic
Kletečková, Aneta ; Kostkan, Vlastimil (advisor) ; Bartoš, Michael (referee)
This thesis deals with the controversial species of the animal, the European beaver, which is perceived very differently in the human society. In the history, this especially protected animal was extincted on the territory of the Czech Republic and actually his activites frequently come into conflicts of human interests so the comeback of beavers is not always welcome. The thesis describes the process of changing situation of the population of beavers in the Czech Republic and important aspect of their existence. The practical part of the thesis is pursued on the research, which is focused on the perception of the problematic issues of the european beaver by the experts in the Czech Republic. This research is based on seven expert interviews and also on the survey. The goal of my research was to gain comprehensive informations about the perception of experts and about their recommendations how to moderate the situation and harmonize the human - beaver relationship. The main contribution of this thesis is the cooperation all key goups of experts and primary the most important is that results from the research can be used as a material for the future expert debates. Key words: European beaver, species protection, experts, nature preservation, Czech Republic

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