National Repository of Grey Literature 19 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
On a possible use of neutron three axis diffractometer for studies of elastic and plastic deformation of polycrystalline materials
Mikula, Pavol ; Ryukhtin, Vasyl ; Rogante, M.
Feasibility of using a high-resolution three axis neutron diffractometer performance for elastic and plastic deformation studies of metallic polycrystalline samples is presented. The method consists of unconventional set up employing bent perfect crystal (BPC) monochromator and analyzer with a polycrystalline sample in between. After the realization of focusing conditions in real and momentum space at the neutron wavelength of 0.162 nm, a high angular resolution up to FWHM(d/d)=2x10-3 was achieved on the standard Fe(110) sample (2 mm diameter) which then opened the possibility for the measurements of small lattice parameter changes of samples. The feasibility of the instrument for macro-and microstrain as well as grain size studies is demonstrated on the polycrystalline samples of low carbon shear deformed steel wires and the NiTi plates subjected to heat treatment.
Ground state investigations of Ce and U intermetallic compounds
Bartha, Attila ; Prokleška, Jan (advisor) ; Detlefs, Blanka (referee) ; Michor, Herwig (referee)
Title: Ground state investigations of Ce and U intermetallic compounds Author: Attila Bartha Department: Department of Condensed Matter Physics Supervisor: RNDr. Jan Prokleška, Ph.D., Department of Condensed Matter Physics Abstract: Rare earth and actinide intermetallic compounds offer a plethora of interesting physical properties due to the varied behavior of f -electrons together with numerous interactions these electrons are exposed to. In this thesis we address a broad spectrum of ground state investigations on CePd2X3 (X=Zn, Ga) and (Ce,U)nTIn3n+2 (T=Rh, Ir) compounds. Single crystals of CePd2Zn3 and CePd2Ga3 compounds were synthesized for the first time using Bridgman method. CePd2Ga3 revealed a ferromagnetic transition with TC = 6.7 K with a strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy. CePd2Zn3 orders antiferromagnetically below TN = 1.9 K. Results of magnetization measurements on Ce2IrIn8 revealed effective magnetic moment µeff = 2.45µB/Ce3+ and a paramagnetic Curie temperature θP = −31 K. Decomposition of Hall resistivity ρxy(B) into NHE and AHE revealed a predom- inance of AHE in the temperature range from 60 K up to 100 K. Ce2RhIn8 was studied by means of magnetic field and angle dependent magnetization and heat capacity measurements. The resulting phase diagram reveals a complete unfold- ing and...
Neutron Diffraction and Acoustic Emission Measurement During Loading and Unloading of Magnesium Aluminium Binary Alloys
Čapek, Jan ; Máthis, K.
The neutron diffraction and acoustic emission were measured during compression loading-unloading tests in randomly textured cast magnesium and magnesium 2 and 9 wt% aluminium binary alloys. The anelastic behavior and the change of twinned volume related to the detwinning phenomena can be observed during the unloading. The decrease of twinned volume fraction during unloading is most pronounced for Mg 9 wt% Al.
Residual stress determination by neutron diffraction in low-carbon steel wires with accumulated shear deformation
Rogante, M. ; Mikula, Pavol ; Strunz, Pavel ; Zavdoveev, A.
Modern methods of severe plastic deformation (SPD) currently allow obtaining the ultrafine-grained (UFG) structure nearly in any material. In the manufacturing process of wire with UFG structure, a main restriction is the continuous drawing scheme in which this process occurs, thus it is important to consider the factors affecting the drawing efficiency. Despite the data on SPD steels such as strength, plasticity and conductivity, obtained by classical methodologies, further investigations are needed: a key information is the residual stresses (RS) status, and RS determination is an essential issue to improve knowledge of SPD effects. In this work, 15 wires samples made of low-alloyed quality structural steel Grade 08G2S GOST 1050 with accumulated shear deformation - as result of rolling with shear of the metal ingot and conventional wire drawing - have been investigated by neutron diffraction (ND). Results provide substantial data helping to evaluate the effect of shear deformation on RS of the considered steel, as well as additional support to complement the information already achieved by using the other characterization methodologies. Knowledge of the RS status can help developing a lowcarbon wire drawing technology with needed manufacturability and efficiency, playing a decisive role in the debugging of material selection and engineering design requirements.
Influence of Plastic Deformation on the Residual Stress Distribution and Fatigue Behaviour of High Strength Steels Welds
Mráz, Ľ. ; Karlsson, L. ; Hamak, I. ; Mikula, Pavol ; Vrána, Miroslav
The effects of plastic deformation and cyclic loading on residual stress distribution have been studied at welds in high strength 800 MPa steel. Effects of residual stress levels on fatigue life are also presented. Tensile loading was used to induce precisely controlled plastic deformation at weld toes. Residual stress distributions were measured by neutron diffraction. The influence of fatigue loading on the residual stress level was much smaller than that of plastic deformation. A large drop of residual stresses in the vicinity of the welds was recognised after local straining at the level of 2%. Stresses decreased with up to 550 MPa in the region around the weld toe. The effect of local plastic deformation on fatigue properties was also found to be significant. Fatigue strength more than doubled compared to the non-strained as-welded condition.
Neutron diffraction analysis of residual strain/stress distribution in the vicinity of high strength welds
Mráz, Ľ. ; Karlsson, L. ; Hamak, I. ; Vrána, Miroslav ; Mikula, Pavol
Residual stresses resulting from non homogeneous heat distribution during welding process belong to most significant factor influencing behavior of welded structures. These stresses are responsible for defect occurrence during welding and they are also responsible for crack initiation and propagation at the either static or dynamic load. The significant effect of weld metal chemical composition as well as the effect of fatigue load and local plastic deformation on residual stress distribution and fatigue life have been recognized for high strength steels welds. The changes in residual stress distribution have then positive effect on cold cracking behavior and also on fatigue properties of the welds [1-3]. Several experimental methods, both destructive and non-destructive, such as hole drilling method, X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction and others, have been used to examine residual stress distribution in all three significant orientations in the vicinity of the welds. The present contribution summarizes the results of neutron diffraction measurements of residual stress distribution in the vicinity of single-pass high-strength-steel welds having different chemical composition as well as the influence of fatigue load and local plastic deformation. It has been observed that the chemical composition of the weld metal has a significant influence on the stress distribution around the weld. Similarly, by aplying both cyclic load or pre-stress load on the specimens, stress relaxation was observed even in the region of approximately 40 mm far from the weld toe.
Investigation of basic deformation mechanisms of magnesium alloys by means of advanced in-situ methods and theoretical modeling
Čapek, Jan ; Mathis, Kristián (advisor) ; Landa, Michal (referee) ; Šiška, Filip (referee)
The work is focused on developing testing methods for investigating of the deformation mechanisms of magnesium alloys. The work involves the measurement of in-situ acoustic emission and neutron diffraction and comparison to the theoretical models. Mg + 1wt.% Zr alloy was selected for investigation of the compression - tension asymmetry. Advanced analysis of acoustic emission and neutron diffraction data revealed activation of different slip systems during deformation. Moreover, the different evolution of twinning was explained. The same methods were used to investigate the aluminum influence on deformation mechanisms. The hardening of basal slip and twinning and increasing importance of prismatic slip was observed.
Investigation of residual stresses and deformation mechanisms of magnesium-based composites by means of neutron diffraction and acoustic emission methods
Farkas, Gergely ; Mathis, Kristián (advisor) ; Dobeš, Ferdinand (referee) ; Nguyen, Quang Chinh (referee)
The objective of this thesis is to study the mechanical properties of magnesium-based composite (AX41) reinforced by short Saffil fibers. Two type of samples have been investigated: fiber plane parallel respective perpendicular to the loading axis. In both case compression tests were performed in temperature range from 23řC to 200řC. Deformation test were completed by acoustic emission and neutron diffraction measurement. Both methods provide information about the ongoing deformation mechanisms. Microstructure of deformed sample was investigated by SEM and EBSD methods in order to confirm the ND and AE results. The internal strain field in the material was predicted with numerical FEM and compared with the observed experimental values.
Magnetic properties of R2TIn8 and related tetragonal compounds
Čermák, Petr ; Javorský, Pavel (advisor) ; Isnard, Olivier (referee) ; Honda, Fuminori (referee)
Title: Magnetic properties of R2TIn8 and related tetragonal compounds Author: Petr Čermák Department / Institute: Department of Condensed Matter Physics Supervisor of the doctoral thesis: doc. Mgr. Pavel Javorský, Dr., Department of Condensed Matter Physics Abstract: Intermetallic compounds R2TIn8 (R = rare earth, T = transition metal), commonly called "218" because of stoichiometry, are structurally related to a class of well- known Ce-based heavy-fermions like CeCoIn5 or CeRhIn5. They are located between fully 3D cubic compound (e.g. CeIn3) and quasi-2D "115" superconductors, which makes them ideal candidates to study structural dimensionality effects on various properties. Recent developments in this field showed that it is possible to grow compounds with T = Pd or Pt with "218" stoichiometry. Therefore further study of "218" compounds is desired since much less is known about them compared to "115" compounds. We have focused mainly on the determination of magnetic structures and crystal field effects along the series of Rh based "218" compounds for various rare-earth elements. The single crystals of compounds with R = Nd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, La, Lu, Y were successfully grown. Results of bulk measurements (specific heat, susceptibility) together with magnetic structures determined from several neutron...
Study of deformation processes in hexagonal materials
Čapek, Jan
The deformation mechanisms of commercially pure magnesium using advanced in-situ methods were investigated in the present work. Compression and tensile test were done at room temperature. Simultaneously, the neutron diffraction was measured and the acoustic emission was recorded. The microstructure of the deformed material was also studied by means of optical microscopy and electron back-scattered diffraction. These measurements provided information about twin nucleation and growth, microstructure changes and the influence of the orientation of grains on the number of twins and their shape. The values obtained were compared to the Elasto-Plastic Self-Consistent model, which provides information about the activity of deformation mechanisms. We focused on clarifying the influence of twinning activity on asymmetry between tensile and compression deformation. Powered by TCPDF (

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