National Repository of Grey Literature 117 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Utilization of Catalytic Hydrogen Evolution in Electrochemical Analysis of Nucleic Acids
Fojta, Miroslav ; Daňhel, Aleš ; Špaček, Jan ; Havran, Luděk ; Šebest, Peter ; Orság, Petr ; Pivoňková, Hana ; Vosáhlová, J. ; Schwarzová-Pecková, K.
Catalysis of hydrogen evolution (CHE) at mercury in the presence of proteins was discoverd shortly after the introduction of polarography. In contrast, unmodified nucleic acids have not been reported to produce distinct signals due to the CHE to date. Chemically modified nucleic acids bearing certain extrinsic groups produce analytically useful signals due to hydrogen evloution catalyzed by the respective modifications. These species include (a) transition metal complexes, and (b) non-metal catalytically active organic moieties. In addition, the CHE has been reported to be invoved in guanine reduction process at the mercury-based electrodes.
Speciation analysis of mercury in liquid and gaseous samples
Žídek, Radek ; Kratzer, Jan (advisor) ; Spěváčková, Věra (referee)
Generation efficiency of four mercury species, namely elemental mercury and hydrides of methyl-, ethyl- and phenylmercury from liquid samples was quantified. The species chemically generated were quantitatively trapped on a gold-coated amalgamator to be subsequently determined by AMA-254 technique. Three types of construction of volatile species generators were compared. Generation effciciency among the species was comparable, fluctuating around 60% in the conventional flow injection generator equipped with a gas liquid separator with forced outlet. Better results were reached for elemental mercury and methylmercury hydride in an automated batch generator system. Generation efficiency was higher than 90% for these two species and between 60 to 80% for ethyl- and phenylmercury hydrides, respectively. Speciation analysis of elemental mercury and sublimate in gaseous samples was optimized. These two species dominate in flue gases produced during coal combustion or waste incineration. Combination of two sorbent tubes packed with alumina and gold-coated alumina enables selective and quantitative retention of both species. Sublimate is trapped on a column packed with alumina while elemental mercury is retained on gold-coated alumina. The capacity of both sorbents was investigated as well as the effect of...
Advanced System for Reduction of Mercury Emissions in Model Gases by Modified Sorbents.
Ružovič, Tomáš
The aim of my work is to build an apparatus for study of the Hg-sorption processes from model wet gases on differently modified solid sorbents. An important part of the work is reliable, continuous\ngeneration of water vapor on desired level of gas moisture, research of the Hg-sorption process at various model gas compositions and sorbents and monitoring the mercury removal process.
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Constant Current Chronopotentiometry as a Method for Detection of Singlet Oxygen Protein Damage
Ostatná, Veronika ; Vargová, Veronika ; Černocká, Hana ; Paleček, Emil
Proteins are one of the major targets for oxidative damage in the cell.Indirect non-radical oxidation of the protein via formation and subsequent reaction with single oxygen (O-1(2))is one of the major processes.In this work we studied the single oxygen(O-1(2))-mediated oxidation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) by constant current chronopotentiometry in combination with mercury electrode.Our chronopotentiometric data show that photo-oxidized BSA was more susceptible to the electric field-induced denaturation than non-oxidized native BSA. Our method utilizing intrinsic electrochemical signal of proteins provides a sensitive detection methods for minor damages in various proteins.
Splňují ryby chované v biologickém rybníku napájeném vodou z ČOV požadavky na hygienickou kvalitu masa?
KAREŠ, Martin
This bachelor thesis focuses on impact analysis of the biological pond on the hygienic quality of the fish flesh. The main aim was to analyse toxic metals, persistent organic pollutants and organoleptic quality in the muscle of common carp (Cyprinus carpio), which was influenced by treated water from the municipal sewage treatment plant (STP). The experimental fish were exposed in biological pond Čežarka supplied by STP treated water and in control pond supplied by water from Blanice river. Toxic metals (Hg, Cd, Pb, As) and persistent organic pollutants (PCB, DDT, HCH, HCB) were analysed in muscle of 4 fish groups exposed for 0, 14, 30 and 90 days. The concentration of toxic metals and POPs were compared with valid hygienic limits for fish meat. An organoleptic evaluation was made at the end of the experiment focusing on the aroma, taste, odd-taste and consistency of fish meat. All measured parameters were in compliance with legislative regulations. Concentration of neither micropollutant exceeded valid hygienic limit. The concentration of observed pollutants in fish muscle after 90 days of exposure showed that the water from sewage disposal plant is not the significant source of analysed substances in the environment. However, the treated water from the STP is significant source of PPCPs, which are not limited for the fish meat by legislative regulations.
Speciation analysis of arsenic and mercury using postcolumn generation of their volatile compounds for needs of atomic spectroscopic methods
Linhart, Ondřej
The presented dissertation thesis deals with the use of UV-photochemical generation of volatile compounds (UV-PVG) as a derivatization technique for the combination of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) detection. Two model elements arsenic and mercury and their compounds were selected for the speciation analysis. The work was divided into several parts that follow. In the first part of the research, the apparatus for the UV-photochemical generation of the volatile mercury compounds and their detection with a new continuum source and high-resolution atomic absorption spectrometer (HR-CS AAS) with an externally heated detection tube was constructed. The analytical method was adapted for use with atomic fluorescence detection with the aim to improve sensitivity of the determination. Furthermore, apparatus for the electrochemical generation of cold mercury vapor with AAS detection was built. The construction of the apparatus was followed by optimization of the reaction conditions (concentration and flow of electrochemical reagents: sulfuric and hydrochloric acid, mobile phase, carrier medium, flow rate of the carrier gas and localization of its introduction), determination of the analytical figures of merit, and comparation of the methods. Both...
Speciation analysis of arsenic and mercury using postcolumn generation of their volatile compounds for needs of atomic spectroscopic methods
Linhart, Ondřej ; Červený, Václav (advisor) ; Spěváčková, Věra (referee) ; Šíma, Jan (referee)
The presented dissertation thesis deals with the use of UV-photochemical generation of volatile compounds (UV-PVG) as a derivatization technique for the combination of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) detection. Two model elements arsenic and mercury and their compounds were selected for the speciation analysis. The work was divided into several parts that follow. In the first part of the research, the apparatus for the UV-photochemical generation of the volatile mercury compounds and their detection with a new continuum source and high-resolution atomic absorption spectrometer (HR-CS AAS) with an externally heated detection tube was constructed. The analytical method was adapted for use with atomic fluorescence detection with the aim to improve sensitivity of the determination. Furthermore, apparatus for the electrochemical generation of cold mercury vapor with AAS detection was built. The construction of the apparatus was followed by optimization of the reaction conditions (concentration and flow of electrochemical reagents: sulfuric and hydrochloric acid, mobile phase, carrier medium, flow rate of the carrier gas and localization of its introduction), determination of the analytical figures of merit, and comparation of the methods. Both...
Speciation analysis of As and Hg in biological material
Petry-Podgórska, Inga ; Matoušek, Tomáš ; Migašová, M. ; Zemanová, Veronika ; Pavlík, Milan ; Pavlíková, D. ; Kratzer, Jan
This work was focused on an analysis of arsenic in selected plants and mercury in hair. A combination of HPLC and ICP-MS was used for analysis of biological tissues extracts. The\nspeciation analysis of low molecular arsenic and mercury species like inorganic iAs3+ and iAs5+, methylarsenic and dimethylarsenic forms was carried out with hydride generation (HG)\ntechnique, arsenic peptides and inorganic mercury (iHg2+) and its methylated form (MHg+) - with reverse phase (RP) chromatography and detected by ICP-MS.
Use of DGT technique for mercury determination in food liquid flavorings
Habartová, Aneta ; Reichstädter, Marek (referee) ; Diviš, Pavel (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with varification of the use of the diffusive gradient in thin films technique (DGT) for food analysis. It focuses on testing a new type of sorption gel containing Purolite S924 as well, commercially available for mercury determination in food liquid flavorings. Theoretical part contents of characteristics and production of fish sauces are described analytical methods for mercury determination and DGT technique. Experimental part focused on optimization of preparation of sorption gel and validation DGT techniques for mercury determination in fish sauces. After validation DGT technique was successfully used for analysis real samples of fish sauces.
Production of organic acids by fibrous microscopic fungi and utilization of their biomass for removal of risk elements
Juglová, Zuzana ; Hudečková, Helena (referee) ; Urík,, Martin (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor thesis was to determine the most advantageous method for production of organic acids by microscopic flamentous fungus Aspergillus niger and to evaluate mercury bioaccumulation efficiency on collected fungal biomass. The theoretical part focuses primarily on utilization, metabolism and production on individual organic acids. This is followed by section focused on the toxicity of mercury and the principles of bioaccumulation of heavy metals in biomass. The experimental part focuses mainly on the optimization of cultivation, determination of content of produced organic acids, depending on the type of cultivation. Second point of practicle part is evaluating of mercury bioaccumulation depending on the initial concentration of mercury in solution. In overall comparison, the best type of cultivation is dynamic. Higher biomass yeild resulted in higher production of organic acids. The higher biomass synthesis is also beneficial for bioaccumulation of mercury.

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