National Repository of Grey Literature 56 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Criminal liability of legal entities
Filipovičová, Gabriela ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Tejnská, Katarína (referee)
Criminal lability of legal entities Abstract The diploma thesis is focused on criminal lability of legal entities, which was incorporated into Czech law by Act No. 418/2011 Coll, on Criminal Liability of Legal Entities and Proceeding Againts Them (hereinafter "the Act"), which came into effect on 1 January 2012. The phenomenon of criminal liability of legal entities is a controversial topic, because it conflicts with many traditional principles of criminal law in the continental legal culture, which also includes the Czech Republic. Even after eight years since the introduction of criminal liability of legal entities into the Czech legal order, this topic is given constant attention in the field of doctrine and practice. The aim of the diploma thesis is to present a complex issue of the rise and expiry of criminal liability of legal entities in the Czech Republic and to evaluate the practical and theoretical problems that this law institute brings. The diploma thesis is divided into five chapters. The first chapter presents the reasons that led the legislature to introduce criminal liability of legal entities and presents also counter-arguments of opponents that the legislature had to deal with. The circumstances of the legislative process of the adoption of the Act and its subsequent amendments are also...
Criminal Liability of Legal Persons
Keltnerová, Lucie ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Vanduchová, Marie (referee)
Criminal liability of legal entities In the presented thesis the author deals with the topic of criminal liability of legal entities. Considering the complexity and extensiveness of this topic this thesis is only focused on the substantive law regulating this area and so it does not deal with the criminal sanctioning of legal entities or the criminal proceedings against them. The author aims to explore the criminal liability of legal entities starting from the basic questions of possible ways to even sanction legal entities for unlawful conduct to the questions of the current law in force, its problems and the possible solutions of these problems. The first part of this thesis addresses the ways in which it is possible to sanction a legal entity for unlawful behaviour, it compares these ways and considers which of these ways is the most suitable for the situation in the Czech Republic. The second part of the thesis provides in its first chapter a closer look at the historical development of law regulating the criminal liability of legal entities in the Czech Republic starting from the year 2000 until today, or rather until 2016, when the Act No. 183/2016 coll. was passed. This act brought some significant changes to the law that was in force at that time. The second and third chapter of this part...
Criminal liability of legal entities - comparison of legal regulations in the Czech Republic and Poland
Sýkora, Petr ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Heranová, Simona (referee)
Criminal liability of legal entities - comparison of legal regulations in the Czech Republic and Poland Abstract The criminal liability of legal entities still raises emotions and is still the subject of both expert discussions and lay comments. Moreover, the application of the Law on the criminal liability of legal entities in practice is still problematic and law enforcement bodies are not only unsure how to apply individual institutes and when to consider bringing charges against a legal entity but often still do not initiate proceedings against legal persons because they consider such course of action a complication in proceedings against an individual. Thus, the greatest application problems relate firstly to assessing whether the legal conditions for initiating criminal proceedings against a legal entity are met, and then the question of the so-called exculpation and the problem of the possible transfer of the evidence obligation to a legal entity. Last but not least, from the point of view of the application practice, the limitation of the legal entity's right to choose a legal representative. Despite the fact, how critically it is possible to look at the regulation of criminal liability of legal entities, it cannot be overlooked, that one of the closest neighbors, Poland, has even greater problems...
Criminal Liability of Legal Entities
Šťastný, Petr ; Musil, Jan (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee) ; Kuchta, Josef (referee)
CRIMINAL LIABILITY OF LEGAL ENTITIES Abstract Although it has been more than seven years since the adoption of Act No. 418/2011 Coll., on the criminal liability of legal entities and proceedings against them, by criminal liability of legal entities which the Czech legislators introduced, it remains a controversial issue. Thus the aim of this thesis is not only to analyse this legislation and provide a comprehensive and clear interpretation, including a critical evaluation of selected institutes, but also to introduce the process leading to its adoption, including a comparison of the arguments in favour of adopting such a decision with the arguments presented by the opponents of the criminal liability of legal entities. An equally important aim of the thesis is an analytical evaluation of application knowledge and the presentation of potential de lege ferenda proposals. However, such considerations require a sufficient command of terminology, as well as of the basic principles of criminal law, which is the content of Chapter One of the thesis. Chapter Two is dedicated to the fundamental change in the concept of legal entities brought about by the new Civil Code, which leans towards the theory of fiction, thereby causing considerable tension. On a global scale, the institute of the liability of legal entities...
Criminal Liability of Legal Entities in Healthcare
Janatová, Pavla ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
The aim of the diploma thesis is to define presumptions of the criminal liability of healthcare providers and answer the question in which circumstances and under what conditions can healthcare providers can be criminal liable. The diploma thesis is divided into nine chapters. The first chapter deals with legal entities, particularly their history and definition in Czech legal order. In second chapter I envisage with the basic medical law terms importing in relation with the subject of the diploma thesis, especially I mentioned health related services, healthcare, services to promote and maintain health, healthcare provider and patient. In the third chapter I define in general the fundamental types of legal liability in the health care sector and in the subchapter I analyse the institute of the informed consent, which is in my opinion an important aspect in defining legal liability in healthcare. Further in the fourth chapter I focus specifically on criminal liability, which I first define as such, including the individual circumstances that exclude unlawfulness, then I deal with the criminal liability of legal entity and its possible criminal conduct in relation with the provision of healthcare. I also analyze the terms of lege artis and vitium artis procedure, which are usually the necessary...
Liability of legal entity for an administrative delict
Kukla, Lukáš ; Prášková, Helena (advisor) ; Millerová, Ivana (referee)
The topic of this Master's thesis is the liability of legal entities for administrative delicts. With the adoption of the act number 250/2016, on the liability for administrative delicts and the proceedings on them, a legal regulation regulating administrative delicts and misdemeanours was unified under a single category of administrative delicts. This act newly regulates the administrative liability of legal entities. The aim of this thesis is to analyse individual factors of liability of legal entities for administrative delicts. The first chapter outlines the historical development of the administrative liability of legal entities from antiquity to the current legal regulation with a focus on the development of this legislation in our country after the year 1918. The chapter concludes with the reform of administrative punishment. The second chapter offers a brief discussion of the sources of legal regulation of liability for administrative delicts. The third chapter focuses solely on the concept of a legal person from the point of view of the Civil Code and of the term administrative delict, its material and formal aspect. The fourth chapter deals with the basics of liability of a legal entity for a delict. It focuses on the conditions under which a legal entity is the perpetrator of a delict....
Taxation of Legal Entities in the Czech Republic and Slovakia
Žiak, Ján ; Svirák, Pavel (referee) ; Brychta, Karel (advisor)
This bachelor thesis is focused on the taxation of legal entity’s income in the Czech and Slovak Republic and on the possibilities of tax optimization. The theoretical part contains definitions and clarifies technical terms while further explaining the analysis of tools for tax optimization and the analysis of methodology of tax liability determination. The proposal part contains general recommendations for tax optimization and model economic operations with computation of tax liability, on which the common and different features of the Czech and Slovak Republic are demonstrated.
Criminal proceedings against law entities
Jonák, Martin ; Pelc, Vladimír (advisor) ; Tejnská, Katarína (referee)
Criminal proceedings against law entities Summary The Act no. 418/2011 Coll., Act on Criminal Liability of Legal Entities and Proceedings Against Them came into force on 1st January 2012. Up until that point the legal entities could not have been prosecuted for crimes, because we had only personal liability in our country. The purpose of this diploma thesis is to research the procedural part of Act no. 418/2011 Coll., the criminal liability of legal entities and proceedings against them in more detailed way, especially discuss the specific differences in criminal procedure against legal entities, which differ from the general provisions in criminal procedure against natural persons. These specific differences contain provisions of provisional and protective measures, acts of legal entities, defense of legal entities and specific executions of punishments, which can be inflicted only to legal entities. This thesis mentions legal acts of international law, legal acts of European Union law and legal acts of national law. Moreover, the thesis contains references to articles and publications by notorious Czech criminal law experts, who research the problematics of the criminal responsibility of legal entities. This thesis includes some important judicial decisions, which were issued and are related to criminal...
Criminal Proceedings against Legal Entities
Findejsová, Adéla ; Pelc, Vladimír (advisor) ; Tejnská, Katarína (referee)
This diploma thesis is focused on a comprehensive analysis of criminal proceedings against legal entities using Act No. 141/1961 Coll., On Criminal Procedure (Criminal Procedure Code) in combination with Act No. 418/2011 Coll., On Criminal Liability of Legal Entities and Proceedings against them. The adoption of Act No. 418/2011 Coll., On Criminal Liability of Legal Entities and Proceedings against them, introduced criminal liability of legal entities into the legal order of the Czech Republic since 1st January 2012 but the institute of criminal liability of legal entities is constantly evolving to respond to the needs of society. The diploma thesis is conceived from a procedural point of view with the current use of the substantive bases of the issue of criminal liability of legal entities. The thesis further explains important terms and outlines the development of criminal liability of legal entities in the Czech Republic. The aim of the thesis is to provide a comprehensive view of phases of criminal proceedings against legal entities and to evaluate selected problematic aspects of the legal regulation which are accordance with the interpretation of the professional public and with the developing jurisprudence of the domestic courts. The thesis is divided into five chapters. The first three are...
Privilege against self-incrimination of legal entity in administrative proceedings
Švásta, Pavel ; Prášková, Helena (advisor) ; Průcha, Petr (referee) ; Staša, Josef (referee)
This thesis deals with the topic of privilege against self-incrimination of legal entity in administrative proceedings and in offence proceedings. The following reasons led me to the choice of this topic. First of all, it is a multidisciplinary topic involving criminal law, criminal administrative law, constitutional law, and private law, especially the regulation of legal entities. Furthermore, with the exemption of decision-making praxis of courts, and a few academic essays, attention hasn't been paid to this topic in its complexity. For this reason, this topic has offered novelty and the possibility of observing the progressive development of judicature, especially the decision-making praxis of the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic, the Supreme Administrative Court of the Czech Republic as well as the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic and the European Court of Human Rights. The first part deals with the historical origins of privilege against self-incrimination and development of the criminal proceedings over the centuries. Special attention is paid to the fact, that privilege against self-incrimination was originally part of criminal proceedings until the 12th century, when this privilege was removed from the canon law and replaced with the inquisitional process which was linked with the...

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