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Development and structure of crime in the Czech Republic
Trnková, Michaela ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
Development and structure of crime in the Czech Republic Abstract This thesis analyses the development and structure of criminality in the Czech Republic in the period 2009 - 2018. The main source of information for this thesis are the statistics of Police of the Czech Republic. The aim of the thesis is to analyse current distribution of criminality, its development and to find out its driving forces. The thesis consists of four chapters. In the first chapter, the basic terminology is defined; especially the terms defining main properties of criminality, information sources on criminality and the issues of credibility of statistical data. In the second chapter, the structure of criminality in the Czech Republic in 2018 is analysed. A general overview is presented here, followed by analysis of various types of criminality. Information on criminality are analysed from the perspective of the criminality extent, its clear-up rate, geographical distribution, person of the perpetrator and extent of damage. In the third chapter, the development of criminality in the Czech Republic in the period 2009 - 2018 is examined. The data are analysed in a similar way (as the data in the chapter two). Last but not least there are mentioned some selected specific values, which have been commented separately. The thesis...
Crime of women in Czechoslovakia
Kuželíková, Lenka ; Štemberk, Jan (advisor) ; Německý, Marek (referee)
The thesis deals with the crime of women in Czechoslovakia. The aim of the theoretical and empirical work is to map the crime of women in Czechoslovakia, namely its occurrence, and to use selected case studies to find out the motives of women perpetrators, who were victims, and apply selected theories of crime to specific cases. In the theoretical part will be introduced basic theories and concepts related to crime , from the sociological, psychological and biological point of view. Given that the work focuses primarily on female crime, the next section will specifically focus on the specificities of female crime and define the types of female criminals with the motives behind the crime, especially with a focus on murder. The last part of the theoretical part is focused on how crime was measured not only in the period of Czechoslovakia, but also how it is measured today, and where it is possible to get information about this social phenomenon. The empirical part of the thesis is devoted to the research itself, in which both qualitative and quantitative data were used. It also includes research on historical archival research, as it was worked from sources from archives. In the empirical part of the thesis, we are already working with specific data, namely data that map women's crime in...
European migration crisis and its implications for the security of the Czech Republic
Maňák, Jiří ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the topic of the European migration crisis in the period of 2013- 2018. The main goal is to determine, to what degree does the securitisation discourse in Germany meets the objective reality. The central part of the thesis is represented by the analysis of data about crime in German states. It is focused just on the data regarding the violent crime, that is because of the higher clearance rate a more significant impact of these crimes on the general mood in the society. The data are separated according to the borders of former eastern and western Germany. The result is a comparison of ongoing trends concerning the overall amount of crimes commited and the share of foreigners among the suspects. In the second part, the thesis focuses on comparing the data from the previous part with the development in the Germanys political landscape. Most notably in the case of developments of AfD, as this party is often referred to as an anti-system party. Again, the focus is on the regional differences between the former eastern and western Germany. In the last chapter, the thesis is trying to use the experience learned from eastern Germany and apply them to the Czech Republic. Eastern Germany was chosen for its relative similarities to Czechia given its history in the eastern bloc, similar...
Spatial statistics of point data: possibilities on example of crime research
Havej, Petr ; Netrdová, Pavlína (advisor) ; Jíchová, Jana (referee)
Localized point data are literally everywhere in the world around us. Whether it is about the location of different objects or a place where an incident happened, such as crime, or a place where a more rare disease occurred. One of the researcher's important goals is to analyze their spatial distribution. There is a number of methods to achieve such a goal, which have begun to develop in particular along the development of the field of computing and information technology. The aim of this work is to find out what are the current methods of approach to spatial analysis of point data. To test and apply the spatial analysis methods studied on actual data for crime and evaluate their benefits and results. Problems that may arise in applying methods and actual research using such methods will be discussed. Keywords: spatial analysis, point data, crime research
Socially Pathological Phenomena Occuring in Exkluded Localities
This bachelor thesis discusses socially pathological phenomena that occur in excluded localities in the town of Slaný and its environs. There are serious social problems in socially excluded localities. For these localities, a higher occurrence of socially pathological phenomena is typical. The theoretical part of this bachelor thesis discusses socially excluded localities in Slaný and its environs, at present, there are six such localities. This thesis also describes the bad living conditions of people who live in these places. My opinion is that other citizens of the town of Slaný have no idea how people in these localities live. This thesis aims to raise awareness not only among the citizens of Slaný. The thesis further focuses on the difference between social pathology and deviation, it explains the terminology of social exclusion and a socially excluded locality. It also discusses drug abuse, criminality, aggression, and gambling. These are serious social problems that occur in today's society. The thesis also talks about the cause of the above mentioned pathological phenomena. The aim of this thesis is to chart the socially pathological phenomena that are located in excluded localities. Two research questions were chosen: Vo1: How does the unemployment of the socially excluded locality citizens influence the occurrence of socially pathologically phenomena? Vo2: What is the influence of the education of the socially excluded locality citizens on the occurrence of socially pathologically phenomena? For the practical part of this thesis, a quantitative method was used. A questionnaire was used as a research instrument with inhabitants of the above socially excluded locality as respondents. The data which were obtained were processed using descriptive statistics in MS Excel and hypothesis testing took place in the program SPSS, using t-test and chí-kvadrát test. The questions in the questionnaire survey were elected the way that they could tell which socially pathologically phenomena occur in the excluded locality of Slaný and its environs. In my research, fourteen hypotheses were dealt with. Some hypotheses assumed that the occurrence of socially pathologically phenomena is influenced by the unemployment of socially excluded locality inhabitants. The next hypotheses assumed that the education of the inhabitants of socially excluded localities influences the occurrence of socially pathological phenomena. Research results showed that the unemployment in this area is influenced by alcohol and drug abuse as well as smoking and the occurrence of execution in these localities. It also proved that education is also influenced by alcohol and drug abuse together with smoking and the occurrence of execution. According to this research unemployment and education have no influence on gambling and criminal record.
Consequences of low unemployment for social work in the Rychnov nad Kneznou region
Žid, Marek ; Krahulcová, Beáta (advisor) ; Nová, Monika (referee)
1 Abstrakt Diploma thesis "Consequences of low unemployment for social work in the Rychnov nad Kneznou region" concerns about negative consequences of low unemployment on the citizens of the Rychnov nad Kneznou region, especially about impact on traffic and social infrastructure and criminality. The first chapter is given to unemployment overall and to statistics of unemployment in the Czech Republic. The second one brings statistic view of demography and regional unemployment in Rychnov nad Kneznou. The third chapter is focused on foreigners and their statistics in terms of the Czech Republic and the Rychnov nad Kneznou region. In the fourth chapter are described particular negative results caused by low unemployment in this region. The last final chapter contains the practical part where is done examination of citizens' opinions in three chosen microregions about this matters. This examination was done by survey and its result is statement that citizens in the center of happening does not think the situation is as bad as the citizens in other two microregions (which are quite isolated from the core of issues by distance) think it is.
Criminality in the Czech Repulic
Doležalová, Barbora ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Palanská, Tereza (referee)
This thesis aims to analyze factors influencing crime rate in the Czech Republic. From time immemorial, crime rate has been a part of our society and its impacts do not influence only its victims but the whole economy as well. The main contribution of this thesis is an econometric analysis of the most recent panel data of Czech counties from 2010 to 2017. Thanks to this dataset we identified factors and their significances. For more accurate results we also examined factors influencing particular crimes - robbery, burglary, rape and murder. By analysis we found out that unemployment rate is significant factor, however, this factor has negative relationship with crime rate. This relationship can be described that by increasing unemployment rate people more care about their belongings, hence, it is harder for criminals to commit a crime. Positive and significant relationship was found between unemployment and robbery. Furthermore, results show that the percentage of foreigners is positively significant to burglary and rape. Therefore, it is important to focus on integration of foreigners into our society. Moreover, income inequality is positively significant in a rape model and the deterrence is positively significant as well in a crime rate model.
Structure and development of criminality in the Czech Republic
Přibylová, Karolína ; Marešová, Alena (advisor) ; Zoubková, Ivana (referee)
Structure and development of criminality in the Czech Republic In my thesis I dealt with the analysis of the development and structure of crime in the Czech Republic in the years 2007 - 2017. Most of the data I used comes from static surveys of a crime of the Police of the Czech Republic. In the period under review, information about the decline in registered crimes occurred every year. Verifying these claims was one of the main goals of my work. The thesis is divided into five chapters, the first one explains the basic terms that the reader will encounter in the text. The following is a brief historical excursion to post- revolutionary years, which briefly describes the development and structure of registered crime after 1989. The third chapter analyzes the data for 2017 concerning both the structure and intensity of selected types of crime according to the tactical- statistical classification of the Police of the Czech Republic. A similar procedure is used in the fourth chapter, where the method of compression of the structure and intensity of registered crime in 2007 - 2017 is also used. There is a description of the development of the crime detection rate and the thesis also contains a subchapter devoted to offenders in the period under review. The result is the final chapter, which outlines...
The crime of robbery in comparison with selected crimes against personal freedom
Wachtlová, Nikola ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Pelc, Vladimír (referee)
The crime of robbery in comparison with selected crimes agains personal freedom This rigorous work focuses on the crime of robbery comparison with selected crimes against personal freedom. It deals primarily with the crime of robbery in terms of the criminal law. This thesis is systematically classified so that it contains the historical context of legal regulation of robbery in the territory of today's Czech Republic. In addition, the basic concepts, which are in the main a crime as such and freedom, like freedom, not only as the freedom of an individual, but also the protection of property, including the very innocuousness of the dwelling, which, of course, is part of the concept of freedom. After a historical excursion and general interpretation, a more detailed analysis of the crime of robbery de lege lata follws, i.e. in accordance with the applicable law, namely robbery and robbery qualified. The next chapter of this work deals with criminal liability and the associated fault and the same time in this chapter we find a brief description of the circumstances excluding illegality, which are related to criminal law. In the following chapter, the thesis deals with the descripsion of the obligatory features of the facts of each crime, which are the object, the objective page, the subject, the...
Violent criminality focused on bullying
The theme of this bachelor thesis is Violent Criminality with a Focus on Bullying. It is focused on characterizing legal, social and criminogenic aspects of bullying, to analyzing the frequency of occurrence of aggressive behavior of pupils and students of selected schools in them municipality with extended powers Soběslav. The theoretical part defines basic terms such as aggression, bullying, aggressor, perpetrator and victim, brings knowledge about the history and legal regulation of bullying. It also describes factors that influence the emergence of aggressive behaviour. Within phenomenology the thesis deals with the current state, structure and dynamics of criminal acts related to bullying based on data obtained from the statistics of the Police of the Czech Republic. The application part is based on primary data obtained from an anonymous questionnaire survey conducted at selected primary and secondary schools in the municipality Soběslav. In this section, three hypotheses have been set about the frequency of aggression within different age categories, form of aggressive behaviour and bullying latency. It has been found that aggression between pupils and students increases at a certain age. The prevailing form of aggression is verbal as expected. However, the latency of aggressive behaviour is lower than expected. The results of the survey were compared with the results of police analyzes, which indirectly confirm the findings. The results of own survey were compared with the results of police analyzes, which indirectly confirm the findings. The benefit of the bachelor thesis is the evaluation of the given issue in the given territory. Furthermore, it can serve as an auxiliary study material in the study of social and legal areas. The thesis can also serve as information source for the staff of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic and other subjects dealing with the pathological behaviour of young people.

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