National Repository of Grey Literature 129 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
"Power-to-Gas" Energy Storage Technology
Gálíček, Radomír ; Špiláček, Michal (referee) ; Poláčik, Ján (advisor)
Climate change is becoming a severe global issue which demands innovative technical solutions. If, in the context of reduction of gaseous carbon emissions, the share of renewable energy resources continued to rise, the need for energy storage would emerge. That could mean a shift towards hydrogen focused technologies. This bachelor’s thesis focuses on Power to gas processes and summarizes means of hydrogen production, storage and transportation. All the mentioned aspects are reviewed from technological and economical point of view. Conventional methods of hydrogen production from fossil fuels are the most common, but usage of electrolysis or biological methods may prove as competitive options in near future. Furthermore, the usage of fuel cells in the field of small-scale cogeneration units is recently going through a phase of dynamic development. The practical part of this thesis focuses on designing a seasonal Power to gas unit for a semi-detached house which is powered exclusively by renewable resources. From numerous variants the best one was chosen and compared to a conventional energy storage using lithium batteries. It is shown that even thou the electrochemical cells are more flexible variant they couldn’t match Power to gas technology in the term of seasonal energy storage.
Cogeneration units for family houses
Pekárek, Michal ; Toman, Filip (referee) ; Kracík, Petr (advisor)
The scope of this bachelor’s thesis is basic design cogeneration unit in family house. The work is divided into three parts. The first part includes a summary of suitable cogeneration units. For each technology is mentioned short description with advantages and disadvantages. Based on this information was made a conclusion, that the most suitable microcogeneration units are with combustion engine, Stirling engine and fuel cells. This section focuses on legal requirements, which are connected with the application in family houses. The last section deals with the application in a specific family house. Heat loss of family house is 12,4 kW, amount of heat we have to provide for heating and warm water is 41,7 MWh and during the year was used 3,15 MWh of electricity. We have decided to design three different variations, all traffic-related cost and revenues are calculated for each design. In conclusion, they are compared with original state of energy supply to the family house.
Experimental verification of a gas micro-turbine cogeneration system
Buřil, Lukáš ; Konečná, Eva (referee) ; Máša, Vítězslav (advisor)
This master’s thesis deals with problematics of natural gas microturbine integration into industrial laundry operation. This integration means utilization of waste heat for direct drying and water heating in a heat exchanger. This heated water can be used in further laundry processes, for example laundering. All the experiments were carried out on the cogeneration system that is installed in Laboratory of Energy Intensive Processes in NETME Centre at the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of Brno University of Technology. This system consists of a natural gas microturbine Capstone C30 with nominal electric power of 30 kW, an industrial dryer Primus DX55 with a nominal capacity of 55 kg for laundry and a heat exchanger Vakading type Vakavlas with nominal power of 53 kW. All necessary theoretical and technical preparation was done in order to carry out experiments as follows: • Standard drying program • Water accumulation test • Test of performance of heat exchanger • Direct drying with the use of microturbine’s flue gases These experiments were analyzed and discussed within this thesis. The main contribution of this work is as follows: • Summary of all the knowledge in the area of direct drying • Creation of methodology of utilization of flue gases for direct drying not only in laundry industry but in related fields • Summary of requirements and ways of heat exchanger testing and determination of heat exchanger parameters • Determination of optimal working settings of installed cogeneration system • Description of weak spots in the system and suggested improvements • Basic economic analysis of operating costs During the experiments, it was found that in case of direct drying better results could be achieved in comparison with standard drying. The functionality of the whole system together with the heat exchanger was verified and thus also the possibility of integrating the turbine into the washing process was confirmed. The integration of a natural gas microturbine is both technically and economically feasible for many industrial applications.
Energy use of biomass
Ošťádal, Michal ; Elbl, Patrik (referee) ; Baláš, Marek (advisor)
The main aim of this bachelor thesis is to search for technologies for biomass conversion with subsequent energy utilization. At the beginning of the work is analyzed the nature of biomass as an energy source. The next part deals with individual technologies. The following section deals with combustion and biogas chains. The penultimate chapter deals with chosen energy sources. The last chapter is statistical processing of emissions, mining, electricity and heat production from renewable sources and biomass.
Thermoelectric Generators for Micro-CHP Units
Brázdil, Marian ; Navrátil, Jiří (referee) ; Masaryk, Michal (referee) ; Pospíšil, Jiří (advisor)
Small domestic hot water boilers burning solid fuels represent a significant source of air pollu-tion. It is therefore an effort to increase their combustion efficiency and to reduce the produc-tion of harmful emissions. For this reason, the operation of older and currently unsatisfactory types of household boilers has been legally restricted. Preferred types of boilers are low-emission boilers, especially automatic or gasification boilers. Most of them, however, in compar-ison with previous types of boilers, also require connection to the electricity grid. If there is a long-term failure in electricity grid, the operation of newer boiler types is limited. Wood and coal gasification boilers are currently available on the market and can be operated even in the event of a power failure, but only in heating systems with natural water circulation. In heating systems with forced water circulation, these boilers, fireplaces or fireplace inserts with hot-water heat exchangers cannot be operated without external battery supply in the event of a power failure. The dissertation thesis therefore deals with the question of whether it would be possible by thermoelectric conversion of waste heat of flue gases of small-scale low-emission combustion hot water domestic boilers to obtain sufficient electricity, to power supply their circulation pumps and to ensure operation in systems with forced water circulation independently of elec-tricity supply from the grid. In order to answer this question, a simulation tool predicting the power parameters of ther-moelectric generators was created. Compared to previously published works, the calculations and simulations include the influence of the generator on the boiler flue gas functionality. To verify the simulation tool, an experimental thermoelectric generator was built using the waste heat of the flue gas of an automatic hot water boiler for wood pellets. In addition to this genera-tor, there was also created an experimental thermoelectric fireplace insert and other equipment related to these experiments.
Technical and economic evaluation of the gas microturbine with the waste heat recovery system
Slovák, Rostislav ; Kilkovský, Bohuslav (referee) ; Máša, Vítězslav (advisor)
The use of gas microturbines as a primary unit in CHP is still weak in the industrial process. It gives the driving force to the main aim of this master thesis, which is the technical and economic evaluation of the gas microturbines waste heat recovery system, which is the key factor for their economic sustainability. Assignment contains description of CHP system that was gradually built in LENP laboratory, part of NETME Centre. The author has joined the final work before start-up of the CHP system. He presents and describes results of the first experiments on this unit. The flue gas of a microturbine was used for heating water by heat exchanger flue gas–water and for direct linen drying. The case study of laundry with capacity 10 tons per shift was developed in cooperation with companies in laundry care. Results of those tests were used to process integration and utilization of this professional industrial laundry All obstacles found and opportunities of the use of microturbines are comprehensively described and tested in case studies, which are simulated in Chemstation Chemcad Software. Results of the thesis are expected to be useful these fields: the use of gas microturbines in industry & energy savings in industrial laundries.
Combi -cycle with Diesel Engine and Steam Turbine
Bouše, Richard ; Kubiš, Richard (referee) ; Fiedler, Jan (advisor)
This master’s thesis deals with the possibility of increasing efficiency of energy blocks with combustion engines by the combination of the Sabat and Clausius-Rankine cycle into the combined cycle. In the thesis is briefly described the principle of the function of the auxiliary device, which can increase the efficiency of the combustion engine. This device, which consists of a waste heat boiler and two turbine modules, is designed using calculations. Both turbine modules are prepared with drawing documentation and there are described important structural elements. Each key part of the thesis is given by a brief theory, so the basic theory of combustion engines, waste heat boilers and steam turbine are described.
Analysis of the steam engine for combined heat and power
Uryč, Jan ; Fiedler, Jan (referee) ; Škorpík, Jiří (advisor)
In some applications, the piston steam engine may be more suitable than the technology currently used. The thesis deals with the analysis of its advantages, weaknesses and possibilities of use, which are offered. Introduces the principles and functions of piston steam engines. It also contains a thermodynamic design based on a specific assignment and a feasibility assessment.
Utilization of Waste Heat from Heating Plant Spitalka
Hromádka, Martin ; Morávek, Jan (referee) ; Mastný, Petr (advisor)
This master’s thesis deals with utilization of waste heat from heating plant Spitalka. The aim of the thesis is to explain the general principle of the operation of the heating plants, respectively the heating circuit, then to describe the operation of heating plant Spitalka and to try to identify possible sources of waste heat. Other goals are to make the calculation of waste heat and to make the proposal for its utilization. The final aim of the thesis was to design technological device for utilization of waste heat and to carry out economic evaluation. The master’s thesis describes the principle of functioning of the heating circuit. It explains the issue of combined heat and power production, the principle of functioning of the main technological elements, but also the ecology of operation or distribution of heat through the district heating. Then there is a description of the heating plant Spitalka. The thesis also deals with the water treatment and the description of the technological circuit from the beginning to the distribution to the customer. Next, the waste heat source is identified as water in a closed cooling circuit. The amount of this heat energy is calculated and suggestions for its possible utilization are made. As an application, there are selected two systems, heating and domestic hot water heating. The heating is made by heat pump. Based on the calculations, a heating system using two heat pumps in a bivalent way of connection was designed. In conclusion, the results of the design of the heating system are summarized and an economic evaluation is carried out.
Kogenerační jednotka mikro výkonu v RD
Pusztai, Radek ; Skalka, Miroslav (referee) ; Ondrůšek, Čestmír (advisor)
Bachelor paper on "Cogenerational unit of micro energy in a single-family house" occupies with analysis of usage and economical effectiveness of cogenerational installation in the single-family house. Results and used material are based on longtime knowledge of leading Czech and world companies and institutions. Paper is structed into two parts.

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