National Repository of Grey Literature 38 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Energetic use of wastewater sludge and microwave pyrolysis products
Šimek, Radim ; Ševčík, Jan (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
The diploma thesis is focused on the energy utilization of sewage sludge before and after microwave pyrolysis process. The first part of the thesis deals with sludge management, treatment of sludge and its subsequent use or disposal. In the second part of the thesis prepared and modified samples of sludge from WWTP 1 and WWTP 2 are subjected to microwave pyrolysis process. Subsequently, samples are taken for analyzes to determine the total organic carbon, the specific surface area, the heavy metal content and the calorific values. The resulting data was processed in Microsoft Office Excel and presented at work. At the end of the thesis two case studies are then proposed for a specific design of the conceptual location of microwave pyrolysis for the sludge drying process and the drying process of the sewage sludge in the direct combustion boiler room.
Technical economical valuation of WWTP´s sludge treatment
Petřík, Jiří ; Raček,, Jakub (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
This diploma thesis is focused on sludge management of wastewater treatment plant. The research work contains an overview of the related legislation, outlines the problems of sludge treatment in the Czech Republic and also deals with technologies and technical solutions that are related to the processing and treatment of sewage sludge for various size categories of wastewater treatment plants. The second part is devoted to the technical and economic assessment of wastewater treatment plants in the category from 500 EO to 2 000 EO. The assessment is based on real data provided by WWTP operators and focuses on electricity consumption, investment costs and operating costs. Part of the diploma thesis is also determining the rentability of drainage equipment, and studying the convenience of using mobile or stationary drainage equipment.
Optimizing the use of sludge water on the water treatment plant
Hanušová, Veronika ; Hanousek, Jiří (referee) ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor)
The first part of this diploma thesis deals with knowledge of chosen technological devices in water treatment plants gathered from Czech and foreign literature. The thesis continues by linking the information gathered to the water treatment plant in Švařec for which a plan to increase the sludge water volume reuse was researched and formed. Furthermore, financial assessment of this plan was completed.
Recovery of celulose from wastewater
Kobzová, Kamila ; Úterský, Michal (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
The goal of this bachelor’s thesis is to point to amount of cellulose in water-waste, which manly came from people homes. Other goal is to show possibilities how to obtain this cellulose from sewage in other countries and how to use it afterward. Practical part of this thesis focuses on project which filter cellulose in sewage treatment plant in Brno-Modřice.
The possibilities to combine biogas production and biowaste hydrothermal carbonization
Usťak, Sergej ; Honzík, Roman ; Muňoz, jakub
The objective of the methodology is to provide to farmers, agricultural consultants, owners and operators of biogas plants, to biowaste producers and processors, to experts in the field of soil reclamation and melioration, to investors and other interested parties on the concerned issues, the basic information about the potential at the combination of biogas production and biowaste hydrothermal carbonization. These options are evaluated on the basis of processing at accumulated energy intensity for the above combined processes and its comparison with conservative biogas production using the example biogas plant with installed electrical capacity of 800 kW. Part of the methodology is guided to evaluate the potential use of thermo- pressure hydrolysis unit as a device for digestate hydrothermal carbonization and other wastes in order to improve their performance, particularly in terms of employment in agriculture as highquality substrates for soil fertilization and for the purpose of soil carbon sequestration.
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The possibilities to use hydrothermally treated biowaste for air and water cleaning
Usťak, Sergej ; Muňoz, Jakub ; Usťaková, Marie
The aim of the methodology is to provide to farmers, agricultural consultants, biogas plants owners and operators, originators and processors of biowaste, experts in the field of reclamation and recultivation, investors and other interested parties on issues concerned with the basic information on the use of hydrothermally treated biowaste, especially hydrothermally treated residues from anaerobic fermentation for water and air cleaning. In the introduction, the methodology provides a basic overview on literature regarding to coal similar materials, methods for their preparation, especially the way of hydrothermal carbonization, its basic characteristics and its possibilities and perspectives of application in practice. Furthermore, the methodology describes the actual results obtained during the research project usable in practice and provides their agrochemical, environmental and economic evaluation in the case of application at soils. At the end summarizes the main potential applications and uses of new products based on hydrothermally modified residues as essential components of the filter medium for water and air cleaning.
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Sink disposers and theirs importance in biological degradable waste removal.
Amemori, Anna ; Benešová, Libuše (advisor) ; Doležalová, Markéta (referee)
Some 30 - 50 % of municipal solid waste (MSW) is biodegradable waste. Most of this waste is sent to landfills or incinerated and is not recovered. According to Waste Management Plan of Czech Republic based on the Landfill Directive of EU, Czech Republic should to reduce weight of biodegradable waste sent to lanndfills to 75 % in 2010 and 35 % in 2020 compared with the amount that had been landfilled in 1995. In rural areas biodegradable waste is fed to animals or treated by home composting. However in urban areas the collection of separated biowaste is problem for a long time. Food waste disposers (FWDs) presents interesting alternative for the biowaste disposal. They enable the separation of food waste at source by shreding it in a kitchen sink. FWDs utilize existing infrastructure of sewer system to transport shreded wastes to wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). Wastes can be disposed in WWTPs by anaerobic digestion - the best method for disposal of food waste of animal origin. This work concentrates on literature research of studies about feasibility of FWD as a instrument for biodegradable waste removal and compares arguments for and against using of FWDs in households. Majority of studies shows no complications in sewer system and on WWTP after instalation of FWDs. Energetic and hydraulic consumption...
Technical-economic evaluation of selected technologies WWTP´s up to 2000 PE
Kříž, Miloslav ; Raček,, Jakub (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
The thesis deals with the technical and economic comparison of technologies for wastewater treatment plants 50-2000 PE based on the processing of selected data ownership and operational records (VÚME, VÚPE) for the years 2013-2015 provided by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic. The first section presents an overview of the most important laws and standards of the Czech Republic for water management, describes the characteristics of municipalities to 2,000 inhabitants and operation of wastewater treatment plants up to 2000 PE.The second part evaluates the influence of different types of drainage systems on the quality of wastewater and the efficiency of wastewater treatment. Furthermore, this section deals with the influence of technical and economic comparison of the influence of sludge management concept.In the last part I work with studies and generators for calculating the cost of sludge treatment in larger WWTP, possibly for sludge dewatering and storage.
Cogeneration unit at the wastewater treatment plant
Hoferková, Lenka ; Hlavínek, Petr (referee) ; Hluštík, Petr (advisor)
Energy management is topical issue and we have to solve this global problem. There is also an option to exploit the renewable energy. The source might be biogas produced during anaerobic sludge stabilization. This bachelor thesis deals with using biogas in cogeneration units at sewage water plant. First section covers the main Czech and EU legislation and regulations in the field of water treatment, sewage sludge treatment and cogeneration. The next section is devoted to production of biogas and possibility of utilization in cogeneration. The thesis divides cogeneration systems and mentions the main parameters such as energy efficient and wattage. Local and European companies are chosen from the fields of manufacturer. The practical part deals with designing of cogeneration unit at sewage water plant Zdar nad Sazavou. According to calculated and measured parameter adequate unit from local manufacturer Tedom is chosen. Moreover, there are other solutions for replacing the engine in the current unit (by Tedom) or general repair (by Motorgas). All options are evaluated from the view of profitable investment. The conclusion is that It would be preferable to replace the engine.
Energetic utilisation of sewage sludge
Tlašek, Miroslav ; Stříteský, Luboš (referee) ; Hlavínek, Petr (advisor)
Diploma thesis deals with issues related to final treatment sludge. Sewage sludge is an inevitable product of wastewater treatment. Also, most of them concentrated pollution. Most of pollution are concentrated in to them. And because it contains a large percentage of combustibles. Before thermal utilization, it is necessary to appropriately adjust the sludge. Thermal sludge utilization offers the most effective method of energy recovery. It is an energy conversion in the sludge, to heat and electricity. In the vast majority, if not the co-firing, it is necessary to modify the sludge and so it is dried. This is the optimal use of modern technology. There are several variations possible use. Unfortunately it is not in general able to propose the most appropriate technology or methodology, how to make best use of sewage sludge. Specific assignment usually have their own characteristics. In my work I will therefore first try to outline possible technology and in the second part to suggest sludge terminal for WWTP Hodonín.

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