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Concessive connectives pourtant, cependant, toutefois, néanmoins, quand même, tout de même in French
Štěpánová, Veronika ; Nádvorníková, Olga (advisor) ; Mudrochová, Radka (referee)
Key words: connective, concession, concessive adverb, concessive connective, compétition Abstract: The diploma thesis "Les connecteurs concessifs pourtant, cependant, toutefois, néanmoins, quand même, tout de même" consists of three parts. The goal of the first part was to explain the notion of "concessive connective" (connecteur concessif) in a synchronic perspective. This first part consists on one hand in an attempt to explain the concessive relation (concession), on the other in a definition of the category of concessive connectives used in temporary French. The second part of this diploma thesis is dedicated to a diachronic and quantity-based study of the examined quasi-synonyms for the purpose of clarification of their frequency and competition regarding their usage down to the present day. In addition to these two parts, we reflect in the third part on the current use of concessive connectives, i.e. their use in contemporary written, spoken and pseudo-spoken language (on the Internet).
Lesson "zero" in textbooks of the French as a foreign language
Kodrasová, Kristýna ; Klinka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Nováková, Sylva (referee)
This thesis deals with the issue of first lessons of teaching French as a foreign language which are important to stimulate children's interest in learning a new language, they are often called "lessons zero". The aim of this thesis is to describe and to compare lessons zero in different French textbooks and then assess them and show the possibilities for the teaching of first lessons. In the first part, the thesis deals with the psychological terms associated with lessons zero: preconception and motivation and their use in the first lessons of language teaching, then the thesis focuses on the lesson zero itself (its characteristics, goals, preparation, problematic points). The practical part is an analysis of ten chosen French textbooks, which are divided according to applied methods, audience age and the country of origin. During the analysis, the thesis works at first with lessons zero in concrete textbook and then it deals in more details with several specific criteria: name, number of pages, content, position of writing, use or non-use of mother language, activities on preconceptions, games, civilizations and visual aspect of lesson zero in chosen textbooks, which then compares. Based on the textbooks analysis of lesson zero in various textbooks that proved that they are heterogeneous in many...
Trinominal compounds in French
ČERNÁ, Renata
The subject of the diploma thesis is a characteristic of the French N+N+N compounds of the type "relations parents-enfants" with the use of existing typology for other languages, mainly for Italian. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first part defines the concepts of composition and composite, their distribution based on different criteria. They described graphic, morphological, syntactic, and semantic properties of compounds. The second part of the thesis is dedicated to the practical research in the corpus and subsequent analysis of the acquired data. The last part contains a draft classification of French relational compounds.
Language mistakes in formal e-mail communication in French and their impact on the achievement of the communication goal
Baštová, Tereza ; Nádvorníková, Olga (advisor) ; Mudrochová, Radka (referee)
v anglickém jazyce The aim of this thesis is to analyze language problems in the uncorrected written speech of French native speakers. Examined snippets come from electronic communication between clients and the service provider. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first, theoretical part is focused on defining the term "error", classifying language problems by levels and pragmatic aspects of e-mail communication. The second part of the thesis is divided into two chapters. The first chapter is devoted to the analysis of language problems in the context of individual texts and the assessment of their importance for achieving the communication goal. This analysis is carried out on the basis of the criteria from the theoretical part. The second chapter will be devoted to a questionnaire on this issue between native speakers and their reactions. At the end of the paper, we summarize the results. KEY WORDS: French, mistake, spelling, email communication, pragmatics
A Comparative Analysis of French Expressions in English
This B.A. thesis entitled "A Comparative Analysis of French Expressions in English" is concerned with the phenomenon of French expressions in Modern English and their meaning. The theoretical part focuses on the field of meaning, its types and different approaches to its description. In the following chapter, the history of foreign influences on English is briefly outlined. Subsequently, the concrete influence of French on English and its traces in the vocabulary of Modern English are discussed. The practical part consists of a comparative analysis of sixty-two French loanwords in Modern English which are perceived to be semantically different from their French counterparts. The aim of this thesis is to conduct a survey of their usage in English and in French and, consequently, to determine to what extent their meanings differ.
French Language Textbooks Used at Czech Secondary Schools in 1948 - 1989
This diploma thesis deals with French textbooks used at Czech secondary schools in the era of the years 1948-1989. The diploma thesis is composed of two parts the theoretical and the practical part. The theoretical part consists in a description of the Czech educational environment, mainly the development of the Czech education system with regard to the most significant education reforms which shaped the system. The description is centred on Gymnázium, which is a specific type of secondary school where the French language was taught. The theoretical part also deals with the question of general theory of textbooks and the chosen foreign language teaching methods. The practical part concerns the analysis of 5 chosen French textbooks intended for the first class of secondary schools. The selection was made with regard to the education reforms mentioned in the theoretical part.
Analysis of English and French True Friends (Vrais Amis) in a Corpus of Authentic Text Samples
Pípalová, Mariana ; Lancová, Klára (advisor) ; Červinková Poesová, Kristýna (referee)
This PhDr. dissertation provides a parole analysis of vrais amis (true counterparts) in current French and current English. To this end a specialized English-French translation corpus was assembled, composed of three subcorpora equal in length, namely Religious, Political and Fiction discourse, amounting altogether to approximately 60,000 words. With the help of the AntConc computer tool, true friends employed in the corpus were generated, here conceived of as a register-specific phenomenon exclusively. Using the frequency criteria, a "central setˮ of 64 most frequent counterparts was delineated. These central counterparts, marked by (almost) identical frequencies, identical contexts and the same registers, were subjected to a multiaspectual analysis, scrutinizing the pronunciation, spelling, word classes, share of derivation, and frequency of both, the types and the tokens. Since English proved to be the borrowing language in all instances, the research also indirectly addressed the degree of their integration in the English lexicon by reference to frequency bands. For most of the researched aspects, three zones of counterparts were identified, namely those exhibiting identity, close similarity and relative difference. As a result, employing the Theory of Centre and Periphery (Daneš 1966), we may...
Expletive "ne" in Contemporary French
Raisová, Kateřina ; Nádvorníková, Olga (advisor) ; Nováková, Sylva (referee)
This bachelor's thesis is dealing with the expletive ne in Contemporary French. The theoretical part describes the particular use of the morpheme ne (that has no influence on the designation of a sentence) listing the possible contexts in which it can be used. Two main presumptions shape the analysis. First, this phenomenon is an attribute to a higher literary style. Secondly, the expletive ne has the ability to change the meaning of a sentence. The two hypotheses are examined on the corpus material of The Czech National Corpus. In the first phase a comparison of the frequency of the expletive ne is done on four types of texts - novels, journalism, texts from the internet and the film subtitles. It follows that the type of text influences the frequency of expletive ne in the text. However, the novels did not prove to be using it systematically the most. The second phase of the empirical part analyses in details the concrete examples from the french novels both with and without the expletive ne.
Important personalities of the didactics of French as a foreign language since 1950
Stammová, Markéta ; Klinka, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bořek - Dohalská, Marie (referee)
This work presents the chronological development of foreign languages teaching methods, with a focus on French especially. With these methods, we provide an overview of the learning materials development. The aim of this work is to introduce the didacticians of French language from the 1950s who worked on teaching methodologies. The first part briefly presents the French language extension history and, then, the traditional, direct and audio-lingual teaching language methods details that we encounter before the 1950s. The second part deals with the second half of the last century. On the background of the audiovisual structurally global approach, we encounter the main persons linked to this method. Consequently, we continue with the communication approach and the Speech acts of J. L. Austin and J. Searl, followed by Daniel Coste and his"Niveau Seuil". The last part deals with the Common European Framework of Reference, followed by 21st century most representative didacticians. Keywords Didactics, French language, teaching methods, CEFR, history of teaching methods

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