National Repository of Grey Literature 68 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Characterization of intermediates and waste products of some fermentation productions
Kilian, David ; Matoušková, Petra (referee) ; Márová, Ivana (advisor)
This bachcelor thesis was aimed on characterisation of intermediate and waste products of some fermentation productions. The theoretical part of this thesis is aiming on characterization of raw material and its fermentation, process of distillation, waste product and introduction of main active components of all these intermediates. In the experimental part were characterized intermediates and products regarding the contents of sugar, ethanol and polyphenol. All these extracts contain particular levels of polyphenol and sugar corresponding to individual phases of fruit distillates production. The chemical characteristics of extracts from different phases of fruit distillates production were compared. Parameters as total phenolics, flavonoids, glucose, fructose and ethanol were evaluated. Subsequently the changes between individual phases were described. In conclusion, a solution of further use of waste products formed during fruit fermentation process was suggested.
Study of antimicrobial substances of ginger
Ciburová, Alena ; Matoušková, Petra (referee) ; Veselá, Mária (advisor)
For thousands of years ginger rhizomes are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Because of his significant pungent flavour is commonly used in foods and beverages all over the world. Nowadays many of the beneficial pharmacological positive effects of ginger rhizomes are identified. Their occurrence is due to the high concentration of bioactive compounds. This thesis is focused on analysing of occurrence of bioactive compounds such as polyphenols and flavonoids and their influence on antioxidation and antimicrobial properties of samples of fresh and dried ginger. The results show that for extraction of bioactive compounds in different ginger samples is more suitable to use different types of extraction solvents. The highest antioxidation activity was measured for macerate of 100% bio ginger tea from Sonnentor company in 96% ethanol. Antimicrobial properties were showed only for 100% bio ginger tea against gram-positive bacteria Microccocus luteus.
The effects of some flavonoids on isolated rat aortic rings
Fišrová, Martina ; Vopršalová, Marie (advisor) ; Pourová, Jana (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove Department of Farmacology & Toxikology Student: Martina Fišrová Supervisor: PharmDr. Marie Vopršalová, CSc. Title of diploma thesis: The effects of some flavonoids on isolated rat aortic rings Flavonoids are secondary plant metabolites that are profusely represented in nature. They are known for their wide range of effects and many of them have beneficial effects on the human body. Above all, they have anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and effects on cardiovascular system - they cause vasodilation. The aim of this diploma thesis was to investigate vasorelaxation effects of selected flavonoids from the group of flavonolignans - 2,3-dehydrosilybin A (DHS-A), 2,3-dehydrosilybin B (DHS-B) and metabolites, which are components of the silymarin complex found in the plant Silybum marianum (Asteraceae). The vasorelaxation potential of tested substances was verified in ex vivo conditions on isolated rat aortic rings. The effect of increasing doses of individual substances in precontracted aortic rings with intact endothelium was measured. From the measured values, the DRC curves were constructed and EC50 values were determined. The analysis of the results shows, that DHS-A (EC50 = 30,1 mol/l) had the most signifiant activity. Its...
Phenolic substances in algae
Ráček, Jan ; Pichrtová, Martina (advisor) ; Pilátová, Jana (referee)
Phenolic substances are considered to be a group of secondary metabolites, known primarily from land plants (Embryophyta). Their function is to absorb harmful ultraviolet radiation, to protect plants from grazing and to attract pollinators and seed spreaders. However, these compounds have also been reported in some phylogenetically unrelated algal groups, the most important of which are brown algae (Phaeophyceae), siphonous green algae from the Dasycladaceae family and conjugating algae (Zygnematophyceae). The aim of this work is to summarize the current knowledge about phenolic compounds of these groups with an emphasis on their significance for the biology of the species. The first part describes phenolic compounds in general and also outlines the way they are biosynthesized. The next chapters then deal with the three algae groups. The most explored ones in this area are brown algae, which contain a unique type of tannins called phlorotannins in their thallus. This is followed by green siphonous algae from the family Dasycladaceae, which synthesize sulphated coumarins and then conjugating algae in which gallic acid-based phenolic compounds have been found. The common feature of these substances is, as with land plants, the ability to absorb radiation from the ultraviolet part of the spectrum and...
Voltammetry at Silica Gel-Modified Carbon Paste Electrode
Šestáková, Ivana ; Navrátil, Tomáš
Voltammetry using silica gel modified carbon paste electrode (SiO2-CPE) for oxidation of selected flavonoid showed better sensitivity and reproducibility than oxidation using glassy carbon or unmodified carbon paste electrode. Only SiO2-CPE is useful for study of cadmium complexation with cysteine containing ligand as phytochelatin or metallothionein. Voltammetry on boron doped diamond electrode showed only peak of sulfur compound oxidation, which decreased with the addition of cadmium ions.
Monitoring of biologically active substances in Asian vegetables from Brassicaceae family
SVOBODOVÁ, Martina
The Bachelor thesis is monitoring the content of polyphenolic substances in non-traditional leafy vegetables at different times of the year. Specific samples were experimentally studied, such as: green mustard (Brassica rapa var. komatsuna), red mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.), mizuna and mibuna (Brassica rapa ssp. Japonica (L.)). Although the samples are Asian leafy vegetables, they are now widely used in the Czech Republic and can be found both in the form of seeds and as leaves for consumption. Therefore, the issue of beneficial biologically active substances is topical. The phenolic group includes flavonoids that are easily available and their biological activity is also significant. Vegetables have antioxidant properties due to flavonoids, which prevent lipid peroxidation and eliminate free radicals. This property is also beneficial to humans, and therefore flavonoid substances are also used in medicine. They can prevent the emergence of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease or atherosclerosis. Flavonoids are also attributed to preventive effects against cancer and diabetes mellitus. Samples of cruciferous leafy vegetables were grown in 2017 on the experimental plot of the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice on the open area of the flowerbed in spring and autumn sowing. The high performance liquid chromatography method was used to measure the content of flavonoid substances. The following substances were studied in selected vegetables: myricetin, morin, luteolin, quercetin, apigenin and kaempferol. Unfortunately, myricetin, morin, luteolin and apigenin were not detected by HPLC. Concentrations of only quercetin and kaempferol were measured for final comparison with expert articles. The sowing time did not affect the measured contents quercetin and kaempferol in most of the samples. Only a specimen of Chinese red mustard from autumn sowing contained more biologically active substances.
The effect of quercetin metabolite on the rat isolated arteries.
Rudišarová, Simona ; Vopršalová, Marie (advisor) ; Pourová, Jana (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Simona Rudišarová Supervisor: PharmDr. Marie Vopršalová, CSc. Title of diploma thesis: The effect of quercetin metabolite on the rat isolated arteries This study is focused on the research of the effects of flavonol quercetin and its selected metabolites (3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid and 3-hydroxybenzoic acid) on blood vessels in vitro. A standardized method of an isolated rat aorta was used. The aim of this study was to find out how substances act on the isolated aorta and if the effect of the effective metabolite is dependent on the presence of the endothelium in the vessel. After precontracting with noradrenaline, individual concentrations of the test substances were added to the aortic ring bath (final concentrations in the bath ranging from 10-7 to 10-3 M). From the measured values EC50 values (quercetin = 3,63 . 10-5 M, 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid = 3,21 . 10-6 M, 3-hydroxybenzoic acid = 4,38 . 10-5 M) were obtained and the corresponding DRC curves were constructed using S.P.E.L. Advanced Kymograph Software. The experiment was performed once again with quercetin and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid on the endothelium-denuded vessel. According to the results is...
Biologically active compounds in uncommon vegetables
VOCÍLKOVÁ, Soňa
My bachelor thesis dealed with determination of content of some phenolic compounds in some rare sorts of vegetable like Amaranthus tricolor, Chrysanthemum coronarium, Brassica rapa var. komatsuna, Brassica rapa ssp. japonica var. mizuna and mibuna, Brassica juncea. These uncommon species belonged to the asian leaf vegetable. At the present time these species are restrained over the whole world. Besides vitamins, these species of leaf vegetable contain also phenolic compounds like flavonoids, which reveal significant biological activity with positive effects on human health. The above mentioned sorts of vegetable were cultivated both on the experimental field on the open air and also in glasshouse. The content of phenolic derivatives was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. In the selected plants were found these dominant compounds: Amaranthus tricolor contained derivatives of caffeic acid and rutin, in Chrysanthemum coronarium chlorogenic acid, dicaffeoyl acid and dicaffeoyl-succinylquinic acid. In the plants Brassica rapa var. komatsuna and Brassica juncea were determined derivatives of flavonols and phenolic acid, in varieties mizuna and mibuna derivatives of flavonols, phenolic acid and indols. Significant differences in the content of studied compounds was found between the plants cultivated under open air and in glasshouse. The plants cultivated under the open air have significantly higher content of studied compounds than those cultivated in glasshouse.
The study of secondary metabolites in plant tissue cultures I
Blahušová, Adriana ; Kašparová, Marie (advisor) ; Siatka, Tomáš (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacognosy Candidate: Adriana Blahušová Supervisor: PharmDr. Marie Kašparová, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: The study of secondary metabolites in plant tissue cultures I A principal precondition for successful elicitation used to increase the production of secondary metabolites is, among other, finding a suitable elicitor, its concentration and the optimal period of time of the action of the elicitor on the plant culture in vitro, which was the aim of the present diploma thesis. The effect was examined of a 6, 24, 48 and 168 hour action of the solution of chitosan (in four concentrations) on the production of flavonoids in the suspension culture Trifolium pratense L. (variety Sprint, Tempus and DO-8). The culture was cultivated in Gamborg medium to which 2 mg/l of 2,4- dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 2 mg/l of 6-benzylaminopurine were added, at the temperature of 25řC and 16 hours light/8 hours dark period. The best elicitation effect of chitosan on the production of flavonoids was the lowest concentration of 1 mg/100ml in all three studied varieties after 48 hours of application.
The effect of quercetin metabolite on the rat isolated arteries.
Rudišarová, Simona ; Vopršalová, Marie (advisor) ; Pourová, Jana (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Simona Rudišarová Supervisor: PharmDr. Marie Vopršalová, CSc. Title of diploma thesis: The effect of quercetin metabolite on the rat isolated arteries This study is focused on the research of the effects of flavonol quercetin and its selected metabolites (3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid and 3-hydroxybenzoic acid) on blood vessels in vitro. A standardized method of an isolated rat aorta was used. The aim of this study was to find out how substances act on the isolated aorta and if the effect of the effective metabolite is dependent on the presence of the endothelium in the vessel. After precontracting with noradrenaline, individual concentrations of the test substances were added to the aortic ring bath (final concentrations in the bath ranging from 10-7 to 10-3 M). From the measured values EC50 values (quercetin = 3,63 . 10-5 M, 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid = 3,21 . 10-6 M, 3-hydroxybenzoic acid = 4,38 . 10-5 M) were obtained and the corresponding DRC curves were constructed using S.P.E.L. Advanced Kymograph Software. The experiment was performed once again with quercetin and 3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid on the endothelium-denuded vessel. According to the results is...

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