National Repository of Grey Literature 125 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
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Škop, Miroslav ; Kühn, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Žák Krzyžanková, Katarzyna (referee)
This thesis deals with the subject of proving negatives, i. e. proving non-existence of an object, a status or a process. The author of the thesis provides the reader with the definition of a negative and with a list of negatives mentioned in the case law of Czech public authorities. Also, the author analyses selected case law of Czech courts and describes proving negatives in specific cases. The thesis is divided into six chapters. The first chapter provides the definition of a negative. In this chapter the author points out potential problems linked to the identification of a negative, especially to the difference between a fact, a negative statement and a legal assessment. The second one addresses the possibility of a negative becoming the subject of proving as a practical way of finding of facts. The chapter also brings a brief analysis of proving a negative abroad, specifically in Slovakia, the Great Britain and the United States of America. The third, the fourth and the fifth chapter deal with the subject of proving negatives in civil proceedings, administrative proceedings and criminal proceedings respectively. In each of these chapters the author summarises the principles of proving related to corresponding type of proceedings and demonstrates proving negatives on specific cases (regarding...
VBA Application for Invoice and Registration of Sold Products
Bárek, Tomáš ; Malý, Jakub (referee) ; Dydowicz, Petr (advisor)
Bachelor thesis is focused on present way how Medingo s.r.o. deals with invoices generation process for their sales representatives. Based on real experiences I try to design new methodology of invoice management and generation process. New design should increase level of automatization and standardization which should lead to simpler, faster and less-error occurring experience in comparison to current state.
Creating an Internal Accounting Procedure for a Company
Mahdalová, Barbora ; Zdráhalová, Blanka (referee) ; Pěta, Jan (advisor)
My bachelor thesis deals with internal guidelines of the capital company. First part is focused on theoretical starting points for internal guidelines, long-term assets, evidence, depreciations and accounting of the long-term assets. Second part deals with the company’s introduction and the assessment of the actual internal guidelines. The last part deals with the comprehensive proposal of the internal guidelines on the topic of long-term assets.
Nemo tenetur se ipsum accusare principle
Čupková, Kateřina ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
Nemo tenetur se ipsum accusare principle Abstract The thesis deals with the nemo tenetur se ipsum accusare principle, which represents one of the fundamental procedural rights in criminal proceedings. The European Court of Human Rights considers it an inseparable part of the right to a just trial. Especially considering the problems arising in connection to interpretation and application of he said principle, the thesis tries to _ the most problematic areas of the principle's application and the different opinions as to what it entails. The first chapter contains the history of the principle's application, both on the European continent in civil law and in common law in both the United Kingdom and the United States. The second chapter summarizes the evolution of rulings of the European Court for Human Rights. Attention is paid to the relation between the nemo tenetur principle and the right to a fair trial contained in the Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights and also to the relation o other right contained in the same treaty, especially focusing on freedom from torture in order to obtain an evidence of a criminal act. The third chapter summarizes the Czech legislation on the topic, both on Constitutional level - especially focusing on those articles of the Charter of Fundamental Rights and...
Criminalistic Reconstruction
Reindl, Jan ; Krupička, Jiří (advisor) ; Konrád, Zdeněk (referee)
This thesis deals with criminalistic recontruction which is understood within criminal law as evidence, whereas criminology considers it as a criminalistic - tactical method. At the beginnig, this thesis follows up on the concept of recontruction, its main importance, its historical point of view and its conception within the other criminalistic methods. A very important part of the thesis is in the second chapter, where the types of criminalistic reconstruction are described. It is explained that the reconstruction of the crime as a specific method of criminalistic practice falls into the type of reconstruction of criminalistic significant negotiations and events. The main part of the thesis contains a detailed description of the reconstruction itself, especially its preparation, stages, procedural principles, tactical principles, methodological procedures, protocol, evaluation and documentation. Also, the case law of our courts when dealing with this issue, which often has a great impact on the possible development of this act is not forgotten. Particularly the most important findings of the Constitutional Court and decisions as well as resolutions of the High court are included. Furthermore, the comparative method is used and the legislation of the reconstruction in our Criminal Code Procedure is...
Breach of evidence rules and its consequences for the effectiveness of evidence
Holubcová, Nikola ; Hořák, Jaromír (advisor) ; Pelc, Vladimír (referee)
Breach of evidence rules and its consequences for the effectiveness of evidence Abstract The aim of this diploma thesis is to provide a complex overview of the issue of the legality of evidence in the Czech criminal proceedings. The consideration of the legality of the evidence is viewed as a criterion for evaluation of the evidence. As a result of such criteria, there is a legal consequence - the effectiveness of the evidence, that can be absolute and relative. The diploma thesis consists of 8 chapters, including the introduction and conclusion. The first three chapters are general in nature, and they aim to provide an overview of the rules of evidence and point out mistakes of the lawmakers and inadequacy of the case law in these procedural aspects. I first introduce the terminology. The following chapter is devoted to basic principles that are applied in the rules of evidence. I consider them to be very important as these must be followed in order for the evidence process to be considered lawful. Chapter 4 deals with the introduction of individual phases of the criminal proceedings. Next 2 chapters (chapter 5 and 6) are the core of the thesis as they analyze the legality of the evidence and the criteria used to determine such legality. Next, the effectiveness and nullity is analyzed also in the context...
Selected issues of proving in criminal proceedings
Polanský, Ivo ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
1 Abstract This thesis deals in particular with the analysis of the process of presentation of evidence in penal proceedings, its basic principles, as well as the constitutional limitations within which the evidence-making process should be carried out. However, some other questions, especially legal and philosophical ones that are directly related to the presentation of evidence in the penal or legal proceedings cannot be ignored. The chosen topic can undoubtedly be considered to be very topical. This is because the presentation of evidence in penal proceedings is, besides the decision-making process itself, the most important procedural activity carried out by the bodies responsible for penal proceedings and participated by other entities involved in the penal proceedings. The aim of this thesis is to give a brief and comprehensive overview of some specifically selected problems of presentation of evidence in penal proceedings. Naturally, with regard to the chosen topic and its scope, it is not possible to comprehensively process all the areas that are related to the issue of presentation of evidence. Chapter 5, 6 and 7 can be considered crucial to the thesis in question, as they provide, in particular, the analysis of existing evidence-making legislation in penal proceedings. The basic principles of...
Violation of law on taking of evidence in criminal procedure and its consequences
Hula, Ondřej ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Pelc, Vladimír (referee)
Violation of Regulations on Burden of Proof in Criminal Procedures and its Consequences This dissertation deals with the issues associated with violation of regulations on burden of proof in criminal procedures and its consequences. A great number of regulations stipulate burden of proof. The core of the regulation lies in the Criminal Code. However, another range of regulations can also be found in international contracts regarding human rights and the constitutional system of the Czech Republic since burden of proof concerns basic human and fundamental rights. In the present, the issue of burden of proof gains more attention due to the endeavour of legistators to adopt a new Criminal Code and due to some criminal procedures which appeared in the media and in which improper use of burden of proof caused illegality of the criminal procedure as a whole. Another fact that contributes to the topicality of this issue is that currently, defence in criminal procedures focuses especially on the utility of evidence collected during the preliminary procedure, where fomalistically applied regulations might lead to no punishment of the perpetrator. The main objective of this dissertation is to describe efficacious regulations and regulations on burden of proof in force as well as the consequences of violation...
The admissibility of evidence in the Czech criminal proceedings
Zaoralová, Petra ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Záhora, Jozef (referee) ; Říha, Jiří (referee)
This PhD thesis focuses on the admissibility of evidence in criminal proceedings. Appropriate setting of limits of admissibility of illegally obtained evidence in the criminal proceedings is not only regarded as one of the main guaranties of fair justice system, but also represents topical and vital issue which raises number of legal dilemmas. The importance of the topic has been increasing recently as gathering of evidence in criminal proceedings often conflicts with the fundamental rights of individuals that are subject to severe limitation on constitutional and especially international level and that are broadly endangered during the process of collecting evidence. The core of the thesis lies in the in-depth analysis of current legislation, jurisprudence and case law dealing with the issue. Within the framework of that analysis, all of the important and disputed questions relating to the general aspects of admissibility of evidence are examined from the perspective of jurisprudence and case law; the knowledge is enriched with real practical impacts on domestic judicial practice. Special attention is paid to the issues related to the exclusion of illegally obtained evidence from the process of evaluating evidence and forming final decision on the case. The thesis does not overlook the problems...
The consequences of the breach of evidence rules for the effectiveness of evidence
Maříková, Marie ; Hořák, Jaromír (advisor) ; Pelc, Vladimír (referee)
This thesis deals with impacts on the applicability of evidence which results from violation of directives modifying the process of proofs of trial proceedings. The significance of proofs is crucial as by its means the reconstruction of the event of significance from the criminal law perspective is done. The condition for fulfillment of criminal trial proceedings purpose is a complete and proper determination of fact whereof there is just suspicion in the extent necessary for issue of decision. At the same time it is necessary that the set rules were followed for purveyance, locking, implementation and evaluation of evidence as these rules represents guarantee of just law trial proceedings as the one of fundamental attribute of democratic legally consistent state. This thesis is divided into four main parts and preface and conclusion. First part deals with definition of the term proofs in trial proceedings, its meaning and purpose. Moreover it deals with legal form of proofs including constitutional and international law way out. It contains also listing of fundamental terms and principles controlling process of proofs and division of evidence from different perspectives. In second part of this thesis, the issue of admissibility of evidence is processed with which acquisition and application was...

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