National Repository of Grey Literature 15 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Presidential election in Austria and Czech Republic in comparison
HOREHLEĎOVÁ, Kateřina
The presented bachelor thesis focuses on the various ways of the legitimation of president's power in two selected Central European countries - Czech Republic and Republic of Austria. The fundamental attributes of the democratic elections and characteristics of the particular electoral systems on a general scale will be described. Special attention will be paid to political systems of the two selected countries and to the history of the presidency as an institution. The last presidential elections in the both countries will be used as the practical addition to the thesis' theoretical framework. The particular candidates, election campaign and the main themes of the election will be introduced. The both approaches will be compared in the last chapter.
Political Systems and its teaching in civics at elementary school.
Rund, David ; Dvořáková, Michaela (advisor) ; Stracený, Josef (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the political systems and its tuition at elementary school. In the theoretical part of the text, the historical development of the idea of democracy in ancient Greece and Rome, the development of parliamentarism in the UK and the expansion of political rights in Europe are announced to the reader. The importance of this development is considerable, as it forms the basis of democratic political institutions that are the core of this thesis. The rest of the theoretical part is dedicated to the undemocratic regimes. It deals with the development of these regimes and its theoretical definition against the democratical one. All of these undemocratic regimes are presented on examples of existing or collapsed states. The practical part of my thesis is dedicated to the tuition of political systems in Framework Educational Program which is presented in the subject Education on Citizenship and the cross-cutting theme Education of Democratic Citizen. The all theoretical knowledge is used in the draft of four tuition blocks. During these classes, students are gradually acquainted with democratic institutions on example of non-profit organisation, municipal and state level. Some of didactic activities shall be used during those four tuition blocks, too. Through these activities,...
Use of Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: Examples of Bolivia, Germany, New Zealand
Hoferek, Jan ; Höfer, Karel (advisor) ; Švec, Kamil (referee)
The aim of this Bachelor's thesis is to analyse and compare mixed-member electoral systems and their consequences in cases of Bolivia, Germany and New Zealand. The text is divided into three chapters. The first chapter introduces mixed-member electoral systems in general, existing research in this area, main variables of mixed-member electoral systems, and their key typologies by Massicote & Blaise and Shugart & Wattenberg. In the second chapter, causes of electoral reforms, their circumstances, main actors and their preferences are analysed. The description of individual cases is followed by cross-comparison. The final chapter concerns itself with the consequences of electoral reforms and their influence on party and political systems, as well as with changes in the candidate selection process or their individual characteristics. The description is also followed by comparison among researched countries. The main focus of this comparison is on selected characteristics of political systems: volatility, voter turnout, disproportionality and effective number of parliamentary parties. These are calculated with established statistical tools: Gallagher index, Pedersen index and Laakso-Taagepera index.
Annotated Czech Translation of Selected Chapters from "Comparative European Politics". Josep Maria Colomer, London: Routledge, 2008
Herold, Kryštof ; Mraček, David (advisor) ; Jettmarová, Zuzana (referee)
The present bachelor thesis comprises of the translation and the commentary on it. The source text comes from "Comparative European Politics" and deals with political parties and elections both in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The commentary begins with the profile of the target text and the source text analysis of extratextual and intratextual factors. The remaining chapters describe the translation method and discuss encountered translation problems as well as translation shifts.
Comparative Electoral Engeneering in the Post-Yugoslav Area
Höfer, Karel ; Mlejnek, Josef (advisor) ; Rosůlek, Přemysl (referee) ; Cabada, Ladislav (referee)
Bc. Karel Höfer Komparativní volební inženýrství v postjugoslávském prostoru KP IPS FSV UK Diplomová práce ABSTRACT The thesis deals with the topic of electoral engineering and electoral design in the Post- Yugoslav area. It can be classified within social sciences as a part of political science, specifically as a part of comparative political science and electoral studies. The subject of this thesis is electoral design and electoral engineering. Its cases are political and electoral systems in the Post-Yugoslav area up to 2012. The importance of this topic consists in the fact that it is not entirely explored topic. On that account it deserves attention from both empirical and theoretical perspective. The research of electoral design and electoral engineering is one of the most promising courses of contemporary political science. The Post-Yugoslav area offers an ideal environment for comparative political science in general and comparative approach due to its common historical and institutional grounds, but different political and institutional development after the disintegration. The primary objective of this work is the comparison of electoral design and electoral engineering in the Post-Yugoslav area. An important component of this work is also original and comprehensive theoretical framework for a...
Comparative Electoral Engineering in the Post-Yugoslav Area
Höfer, Karel ; Lebeda, Tomáš (advisor) ; Cabada, Ladislav (referee)
Bc. Karel Höfer Komparativní volební inženýrství v postjugoslávském prostoru KP IPS FSV UK Diplomová práce ABSTRACT The thesis deals with the topic of electoral engineering and electoral design in the Post- Yugoslav area. It can be classified within social sciences as a part of political science, specifically as a part of comparative political science and electoral studies. The subject of this thesis is electoral design and electoral engineering. Its cases are political and electoral systems in the Post-Yugoslav area up to 2012. The importance of this topic consists in the fact that it is not entirely explored topic. On that account it deserves attention from both empirical and theoretical perspective. The research of electoral design and electoral engineering is one of the most promising courses of contemporary political science. The Post-Yugoslav area offers an ideal environment for comparative political science in general and comparative approach due to its common historical and institutional grounds, but different political and institutional development after the disintegration. The primary objective of this work is the comparison of electoral design and electoral engineering in the Post-Yugoslav area. An important component of this work is also original and comprehensive theoretical framework for a...
Influence of single transferable vote on intraparty competition in the Republic of Ireland
Novák, Ladislav ; Lebeda, Tomáš (advisor) ; Mlejnek, Josef (referee)
The thesis deals with working of single transferable vote electoral system and its effects on political system. First the system is introduced and subsequently the main benefits and deficiencies are identified. The thesis especially aims at its effects on relations between political actors, specifically at Dáil elections in Ireland. Primary focus is laid on clarifying the relation among Dáil candidates from the same party. Among them a phenomenon called intra- party competition appears. The author searches if the single transferable vote is responsible, examines the nature of the conflict and describes the consequences for relations within parties. Secondary the author focuses on the nature of relations between candidates or deputies and their constituents. He examines, if the transferable vote is responsible for increased closeness of those relations, and for significant concentration of deputies on constituency work. The author uses clientelism and brokerage concepts. The last part of the thesis deals with political parties in context of the single transferable vote. The influence on cohesion, party discipline and relations of the party centers to candidates and deputies is examined. The thesis also concerns certain tensions between party centers and local structures.
Political Marketing in the Czech Republic: Possibilities, Tools, Optimalization and Budgets
Šťastný, Tomáš ; Just, Petr (advisor) ; Kubátová, Hana (referee)
This thesis is devoted to the election and political marketing topics. I analysed different types of political marketing tools and guerilla marketing tools. Guerilla marketing is a special marketing form suitable for some campaign situations. Moreover we can use it for campaign optimization. This optimization is the core of this topic. It is important to find the best tools, with the lowest expenses for our preferred voters. In addition to that, I introduced several kinds of campaign tactics useable in the Czech politics. There are also election campaign proposed budgets for different types of the Czech elections.
Democratic legitimacy of politics: competence to suffrage and logic of election
Vorlíček, Jan ; Buben, Radek (advisor) ; Znoj, Milan (referee)
The aim of this study is to analyze legitimacy of policy. Its fulfillment should emerge from detailed inquiry of the essential sense of social institutions. The work is divided into three chapters therefore. The first chapter deals with law as a basic system of order of social relations. It explains its fundamental social goal (reducing transaction costs of social action) and its influence on the development of civilization. It discusses in detail the property rights as a fundament of any real legal system - both at the legal level and economic level (i.e. how the system of property rights coordinates social activities and allocates scarce resources, how it creates the elite, and when there is a fault efficiency of this process). The second chapter deals with the social obligations which are necessary condition for preservation of law. These obligations are labeled as taxes (as opposed to tributes that basis is not in the obligation to maintain the legal system and are only ransom inherently). Particular attention is paid to the fair distribution of these obligations (tax justice) and also to the impact of taxation on the development of civilization. The last (third) chapter deals with institutional framework of society, i.e. the exercise of public power and public administration (government...

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