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Portfolio diversification
This master thesis is focused on portfolio diversification. In the Czech Republic, the majority of the population still deposits their free funds to current accounts, but the yield is not sufficient to cover the devaluation caused by inflation. In addition, investments in securities enable these funds to be better valued (naturally with a higher risk). The aggregate of all investments is called the investment portfolio. Harry Markowitz is the founder of modern portfolio theory. The aim of the thesis is to compile an optimal portfolio from chosen financial assets. The theoretical part of the thesis describes the terms such as the financial market, its nature and function and the basic elements of the investment strategy - profitability, risk and liquidity. On top of that, this part describes problems of portfolio theory with a focus on the Markowitz model of optimization. In total 15 stocks-issuing companies are selected from various industries. These companies are traded both on the Czech and American stock markets. The practical part is focused on creating optimal portfolio of selected financial assets. For different attitudes of the investor to risk and its selected strategy the optimal portfolio according to Markowitz is compiled. The weights of individual securities are determined as well as the yield and risk of the portfolios created and an effective boundary is demarcated.

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