National Repository of Grey Literature 127 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Study of BMI trajectories depending on lifestyle factors - longitudinal study of Czech adolescents
Křivánková, Anna ; Zamrazilová, Hana (advisor) ; Boženský, Jan (referee)
Obesity is a serious metabolic disease that often occurs in childhood. Up to 55 % of obese children continue to be obese until adolescence and then 80 % of these obese adolescents remain obese in adulthood. This diploma thesis follows the results of the first round of the study Childhood Obesity Prevalence and Treatment (COPAT). Analyzes the data found in 2009-2010 in relation with the results from 2018. The aim of this work was to determine the prevalence of overweight, obesity, metabolic syndrome, hidden (normal-weight) obesity and to examine the factors potentially contributing to the development of excessive body weight in the participants in the second round of COPAT study. After eight years, 12 % of the original sample, ie 246 probands (150 women and 96 men), were repeatedly examined within the diploma thesis. The examinations took place at the Institute of Endocrinology in Prague and consisted of fasting blood, clinical examination (blood pressure and pulse measurement; determination of body composition by bioimpedance analysis) and anthropometric examination. All participants also completed an on-line questionnaire consisting of three parts (personalized questionnaire; Eating inventory questionnaire; Baecke questionnaire of habitual physical activity). The obtained data were processed using...
The relationship between eating habits and nutrition-related knowledge of grade nine students of elementary schools and design of nutrition education program
Kočí, Jana ; Marádová, Eva (advisor) ; Dohnal, Karel (referee) ; Fialová, Ludmila (referee)
Obesity and the number overweight of children are currently major global issues. According to the Regional Office for Europe (2006) obesity has risen three times over the last two decades worldwide. The attention is currently focused on health promotion and disease prevention among the population through comprehensive health education starting in the early age of individuals, aimed to slow down the increasing incidence of obesity and related health issues. This thesis discusses the pedagogical aspects of health, specifically the options on how to shape nutritional habits of elementary and middle school students and how to systematically deepen the required knowledge about healthy nutrition by implementation of nutrition education programs. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between dietary habits and healthy nutrition knowledge of grade nine students in elementary schools from the South Bohemian region in Czech Republic. A validated Nutritional survey and Nutritional knowledge quiz were designed to determine the relationship between knowledge and behavior of grade nine students from South Bohemia elementary schools. The validity of the Nutritional survey and the Nutritional knowledge quiz were tested using analytical analysis of all survey and test items and examining...
Contemporary youth lifestyle and its impact on health
Hanák, Karel ; Coufalová, Klára (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title: Contemporary youth lifestyle and its impact on health Objectives: The aim of this thesis was to describe and evaluate the current lifestyle of young people with a focus on the level of physical activity, eating habits, spending leisure time and health of young people and to compare the obtained data with the results of international research conducted in the Czech Republic in 2018 as part of the HEALTH BEHAVIOUR IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN. Methods: The questioning method was used to obtain information about the current lifestyle of young people and its effect on their health. 334 respondents participated in the survey, including 142 boys and 192 girls attending the Bratří Jandusů Primary School, the Hotel and Gastronomy Secondary School, the Media Graphic Secondary School and the Secondary Vocational School for European Union Administration in Prague. Results: The aim of the thesis was to find out what the current lifestyle of young people is and how it affects their health. According to the information obtained in my research, the respondents' current lifestyle is characterized mainly by unsuitable eating habits, insufficient physical activity and excessive spending of leisure time by sedentary (inactive) behavior. Only 6.9% of respondents meet sufficient physical activity and appropriate...
Boarding of second grade elementary schools in Pilsen region
Mašková, Šárka ; Váchová, Alena (advisor) ; Hanušová, Jaroslava (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with eating habits of pupils of the 2nd grade of elementary school located in the Pilsen region. The results of the research are evaluated in terms of healthy diet of pupils. The eating habits of children in the school environment are strongly influenced by several determinantsthat are discussed in the work. The aim of the thesis was to map the eating habits of children at the second grade of elementary school and to suggest possibilities that the school could use to support healthy school meals for its pupils and thus to influence the healthy lifestyle. The theoretical part of the thesis focuses on the state's attitude to the protection and promotion of health and disease prevention through the basic document Národní strategie ochrany a podpory zdraví a prevenci nemocí Zdraví 2020. Emphasis is placed on the state's attitude to healthy school meals through laws, decrees, standards and elaborated the national strategy. The vision and strategic objectives of the above pass into the school environment through the support of programs and projects and through the education of pupils to health and healthy eating. In the practical part of the thesis, the questionnaire survey investigates school meals for pupils of the second grade of elementary school. If we want to improve the...
Nutrition of professional sportsmen
VACHOUTOVÁ, Petra
The aim of this bachelor thesis was to map the nutrition of top sportsmen. The thesis is divided in 2 parts; theoretical and practical. In the theoretical part we dealt with nutrition of top athletes in comparison with the general population. In the practial part we have chosen two groups of professional bodybuilders and footballers. For the research questions we used the qualitative method. Research questions are as follows: RQ 1: What are the eating habits of professional sportsmen? RQ 2: Which foods are indispensable for professional sportsmen? RQ 3: What supplements do professional sportsmen use? RQ 4: What do professional sportsmen think about doping? The data were collected using a semi-structured interview. The interviews were attended by seven bodybuilders from the Pilsen region and seven footballers from the Olomouc and Pilsen regions. The informants were chosen by the snowball sampling technique. Four charts in categories were created from the interview data, the individual subcategories were described and compared between two selected sports disciplines: bodybuilding and football. The results are showing us that the nutrition of top athletes is subject to certain rules, but it is important to mention the individuality we have faced in each sport discipline in all aspects. Nutrition of athletes cannot be considered as a healthy lifestyle and the food supplements are an integral part of the nutrition of professional athletes. Doping is perceived as a negative element of sports on a professional level. The output of this work is also an educational leaflet with recommendations of suitable eating habits not only for top athletes.
Children's eating habits
PLONER, Michaela
This bachelor thesis deals with children´s eating habits. My thesis is focused on eating habits of preschool children. It comprises two parts. First part deals with children who do attend nursery school and second part deals with children who do not attend nursery school. Theoretical part of this thesis is focused on how the healthy eating habits should look like and what should be the average daily amount of nutrient intake. Thesis deals with factors associated with nutrition and developing eating habits. It also deals with the way children eat in nursery school. I interviewed 60 preschool children and their parents. 45 of these children attend nursery school and 15 do not. This thesis comprises two parts. The aim of first part was to evaluate what are current children´s eating habits. The aim of second part was to analyse the amount of nutrient intake. Practical part of my bachelor thesis is based on a questionnaire. 28 questions were answered by parents. I monitored both groups and their five-day dietary intake of morning snack, lunch and afternoon snack which should contain about 60 % of daily dietary intake. Collected data were analysed using programme Nutriservis Professional. I get the average dietary intake value and the amount of nutrient. As far as my research shows, the average dietary intake value more or less correspondes with recommended preschool children´s dietary intake. Eating habits are a little bit different but could be evaluated as acceptable. The worst factor is the frequency of particular food groups consumption. Unfortunately, it does not correspond to recommended amount of daily intake. The difference between children who eat in a nursery school and children who eat at home is imperceptible.
Eating habits of addressed university students focusing on alternative nutrition
Fialová, Kateřina ; Váchová, Alena (advisor) ; Kovaříková, Miroslava (referee)
TITLE: Eating habits of addressed university students focusing on alternative nutrition AUTHOR: Kateřina Fialová DEPARTMENT: Department of Education SUPERVISOR: Ing. Bc. Alena Váchová, Ph.D. ABSTRACT: This bachelor thesis is focused on alternative nutrition. The aim of the theoretical part is to acquaint readers with general nutritional recommendations and alternative diets that may carry various risks. The practical part focuses on the eating habits of university students (energy intake, regularity of meals, drinking regime), their subjective satisfaction with eating habits and how many of them eat alternatively. The necessary data for the survey was collected using an anonymous online questionnaire. The obtained data are displayed in graphs or tables and a part of the thesis is devoted to their analysis. 100 university students participated in the survey. Most of the questions related to all students without distinction as to their diet, and some concerned only students who eat alternatively. The results of the practical part showed that 24 respondents (25 %) are completely satisfied with their daily energy intake. 41 students (42 %) pay attention to eating habits. It turned out that 51 students (51 %) daily drink 1-2 liters of beverages. The survey also showed that 22 respondents (22 %) are eating...
Eating habits of health care professionals
Bičianová, Michaela ; Meisnerová, Eva (advisor) ; Vágnerová, Tereza (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with eating habits of nutrition therapists and nurses and with influence of shift work on boarding of nurses. It also dedicates to risks of eating disorders in both groups. It consists of two parts. In the theoretical part are described principles of healthy eating, issues of shift work and characteristic of eating disorders. The practical part uses the questionnaire to find out how the dietary habits of nutrition therapists and nurses differ. The aim is to find out whether nutrition therapists eat better than nurses on the basis of their education, and how shift work affects boarding of nurses. The results are processed into graphs and tables. The results show that general nutritional recommendations follow more nutrition therapists than nurses. Furthermore the questionnaire shows that more than 50% of nurses eats irregularly and the main reason for skipping meals during the night shift is lack of time. It has also been found that a large percentage of nutrition therapists have begun to study their field to get more information about nutrition. It has been confirmed that both nutrition therapists and nurses are in risk group for eating disorders. keywords: eating habits, nutrition, dietary recommendations, nutritional therapy, nurses, eating disorders
Eating habits of obese people
HAVLÍKOVÁ, Alena
Obesity is a global problem, and number of obese people is still increasing. In the Czech Republic, 20 % of men and 18 % of women live with obesity. Because these numbers are not very low, we need to respond to this situation. This bachelor thesis deals with eating habits of obese adults, which can be very important problem in the development of obeisty. The thesis is divided into 2 parts. The theoretical part is focused on the definition of obesity, its history, kinds, and further, it focuses on eating habits. The practical part focuses on eating habits in obese people , specifically on the amount of received nutrients, on the variety and regularity of eating in obese people, as well as their happiness with their eating habits. A significant group was made up by a total of 50 people aged 30 to 60 suffering from obesity, respectively having a BMI over 30. They all completed a questionnaire about dietary habits. 10 selected people continued to write seven-day menus. The results prove that obese people receive a lower o ran optimal amount of protein than they should. The received fats make up a higher proportion of the total energetic intake than recommended. The intake of carbohydrates is lower or optimal. The intake of fiber is very low. Obese people also consume an insufficient amount of whole-grain products, legumes, and fish. They eat superfluous amounts of meat and meat products. They eat dairy every day, but only a little share consists of sour milk products. In general, they consume an insufficient amount of fruits and vegetables. Considering the regularity of their diet, they consume 3 to 5 portions of food a day. Obese people receive smaller amounts of energy in food than the energy they produce. They do not adapt their energetic intake to the output during the day.
Uplatnění regionálních, sezónních a ekologických potravin ve školních stravovacích zařízeních Jihočeského kraje
NEUMAYEROVÁ, Eliška
Information on the use of regional, seasonal and organic foods and opinions on the possible improvement of the current status were investigated in the school catering facilities of the South Bohemian Region. 35 completely filled questionnaires were obtained and evaluated from addressed respondents (heads of catering facilities, directors) of nursery and primary schools. Based on their assessment, it was found that most catering establishments have permanent food suppliers, usually 2 - 3. Kitchen managers prefer suppliers with a larger assortment (wholesalers, supermarkets). 85% of canteens said that regular suppliers give them discounts. From the region's farmers, 35-45% of the canteens take main foods, meat, milk and dairy products, less fruit and vegetables. The most frequently purchased regional food is potatoes, while fish and legumes are mainly imported. Approximately 80% of canteens do not include organic food in the menus. The main reason is their difficult availability and higher price. This is confirmed by the finding that the more the supplier is a local farmer, the fewer canteens use organic products and buy conventional foods. A frequent reason for not using regional food and organic food in the canteens is low awareness of their quality, fear of high prices and limited range. It is therefore necessary for farmers to improve the range of supply, distribution and marketing. Regular workshops for managers and demonstration courses for canteen employees on how to effectively use these foods in menus can improve the situation. Promoting these foods is also important in order to raise awareness among parents and children.

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