National Repository of Grey Literature 157 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Speech intervention for adults with dementia
Pavlíková, Markéta ; Klenková, Jiřina (referee)
Univerzita Karlova Pedagogická fakulta Katedra speciální pedagogiky RIGORÓZNÍ PRÁCE Logopedická intervence u dospělých osob s demencí Speech therapy for adults with dementia Mgr. Markéta Pavlíková Konzultant práce: doc. PaedDr. Jiřina Klenková, PhD. Studijní program: Integrované studium speciální pedagogiky Studijní obor: Speciální pedagogika 1 ABSTRACT The thesis describes speech intervention for adults with dementia. The aim of the work and the research is to analyze speech intervention for adults with dementia and family cooperation in clinical speech therapy. The research is conducted through evaluation of questionnaires filled in by family members of patients studied and the subsequent evaluation of the benefits of speech therapy intervention provided both clinical speech therapist and trained family members. When processing techniques were used document analysis, analysis of results of operations, interviews with family members and observation. The aim of the thesis is to demonstrate, how much they may be useful interested, informed and cooperating family and how they can be routed speech therapy. KEYWORDS speech therapy, communication, intervention, neurodegenerative diseases, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, family
Planning care for clients with Alzheimer's disease in the Hradec Králové region
Hájková, Hana ; Vrzáček, Petr (advisor) ; Hradcová, Dana (referee)
The theme of the thesis is the issue of planning social services for people affected by Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia in the territory of the Hradec Králové region. Alzheimer's disease is among the most common causes of dementia, and the number of patients with the disease continues to grow. It is the increase in the number of clients with the disease that creates a new challenge to ensure the availability of social services, so that an individual approach is maintained in view of the patients' specific needs. The thesis contains a theoretical and an empirical part. The theoretical part briefly describes the clinical picture of Alzheimer's disease. Furthermore, this section focuses on the incidence of dementia both globally and in the territory of Europe. Some organisations and strategic documents dedicated to supporting and caring for those with dementia in the territories of France, Sweden and Switzerland are listed in this section. There is also a chapter that gives an idea of individual types and forms of care for clients with dementia manifestations in the Czech Republic. It includes an explanation of basic concepts such as: social services, social services network, community planning. As the work deals with care planning in the Hradec Králové region, the Mid-Term Plan for...
Influence of sensory activation in retirement homes from the perspective of nurses
A population aging and extending life is more and more current topic in medicine and other spheres. This topic is associated with dementia, which concerns a significant part of seniors and in retirement house we meet people with dementia more often. Becuase of this, we should try some new ways to care about seniors with dementia like sensory activation. This bachelor thesis deals with two aims - What nurses think about this method and if this method is suitable for elders. We determined two research questions based on these aims: 'What nurses think about using sensory activation method?' and 'How sensory activation helps to seniors?' We chose quality research with the form semi-structured interview to get results. According to results, we can say the sensory activation is very useful. It helps with physical and mental health and it slows down progression of dementia disease. All of these is beneficial not only for the senior but also for the nursing staff. Nurses in retirement house really like this method. They were satisfied not only at workshop of sensory activation where they got much more information about this method, but they learned also how to use it in practice. Now they can observe the results in clients in retirements house too. The results of this bachelor thesis can be used for the better know-how of sensory activation for nurses and other non-medical workers in retirement house. It can be use like educational material for students of nursing school or other medical schools.
Specifics of Residential Care for Elderly People with Dementia
Currently, there are more and more people who become ill with some form of dementia. Clinical course of the disease is so destructive that patients gradually become dependent on the care of someone else, and therefore it is necessary to find for them a residential care home, where their safety, continuous supervision and day care is provided. This bachelor thesis deals with various types of dementia and possibilities of the care for elderly people with dementia according to the Act No. 108/2006 Coll. Its aim was to find out specifics of the care for elderly people with dementia as seen by social services workers from one of the special regime homes and to indentify which ones they consider to be the most important. The research focuses on the communication with clients, their nutrition, everyday activities, activation and security of clients. As very interesting aspect was revealed the effort to find a balance between maintaining client´s dignity and the necessary reduction of their wishes in order to ensure the necessary safety. The findings of this research could help residential care home managers to select an appropriate further education for caregivers to deepen their communication skills and self-reflection.
Speech therapy for seniors at residental care in the Hradec Kralove region
Sedláčková, Michaela ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Durdilová, Lucie (referee)
This diploma thesis is focused on providing speech therapy intervention for seniors in residential facilities. The aim of this special pedagogical work is to show the problems in the communication of seniors and a possible support in the home for the elderly. The thesis has two parts. The theoretical part is divided into three chapters. In this part, secondary communication disorders observed among adults, selected diseases related to old age, the definition of old age and residential services for seniors are described. In the empirical part, the research, case studies and the results are obtained. The research is qualitative. The main goal was to analyze providing speech therapy intervention in the home for the elderly. Partial goals were to find out whether there would be a progress in the senior communication based on speech therapy intervention and to find out whether the support of home workers in cooperation with an expert can help in this regard as well. Another goal was to elaborate case studies. KEYWORDS Speech therapy intervention, senior, secondary communication disorder, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, retirement home
Use of non-pharmacological approaches in the care for elderly with dementia
Čížková, Anna ; Marádová, Eva (advisor) ; Bartoňová, Miroslava (referee)
Use of non-pharmacological approaches in the care for elderly with dementia Anna Čížková ABSTRACT Subject of the present work is use of non-pharmacological methods in care about seniors with dementia in residential care homes for the elderly. The theoretical part of the work describes the problem of dementia and issues of professional and non-professional care. Five selected non-pharmacological methods, namely reminiscence, validation, pre-therapy, basal stimulation and Montessori approach, are described as well. The aim of the present work is to examine the awareness of nursing staff about the five non- pharmacological methods and to evaluate to what extend are these approaches used in residential care homes for the elderly. The level of personnel training in these approaches was investigated as well. A questionnaire survey method was selected for obtaining data about the investigated problem. A dedicated questionnaire was sent out to all residential care homes for the elderly in the Czech Republic. Filled questionnaires were received from 134 respondents. Statistical analysis of responses revealed that non-pharmacological approaches are known and used by the majority of personnel. The data showed that basal stimulation and reminiscence are best known theoretically by the staff, while the Montessori...
The issue of falls in special-purpose homes
This bachelor thesis is focused on the falls and their problems in special-purpose homes. The aim was to map out the interventions and measures that are applied to prevent falls of patients/clients in special-purpose homes. Another aim was to find out the most frequent causes and circumstances of patients/clients falls and the opinion of nursing staff on the issue of falls and their solution in special-purpose homes. The work was divided into two parts. The first, theoretical part, describes the basic concepts of gerontology, geriatrics and the comprehensive geriatric assessment. Furthermore, there is a detailed description of falls, which includes the instability syndrome with falls, the phenomenology and etiology of the fall, the fall prevention, the fall complications and the nursing care after the fall. The next chapter describes special-purpose homes, their specifics and the principles of nursing care for people with dementia. The second part of this work is the empirical part. The research was carried out by qualitative research, by questioning and observation. In view of the objectives, 13 questions were created for the semi-structured interview. Ten nurses and four carers from five special-purpose homes attended the interviews. The obtained data were then processed using open coding, by the metod pencil and paper. Seven categorization groups from interviews and four categorization groups from observation were created. The results of the research show that the most common preventive measures in all facilities are compensatory aids, monitoring health status and the modified environment in special-purpose homes. The most frequent cause of falls of patients/clients in special-purpose homes is the state of health of the elderly, poor estimation of physical possibilities, confusion and restlessness. The opinion of nursing staff on the issue of falls in special-purpose homes is that dementia has a great impact on the falls and the individuality of each patient/client is important. Overall, research has shown that falls occur despite all the measures and may be related to the frequent cognitive disease that the pacients/clients often suffer from. It would also be appropriate to raise the awareness of all staff about the problematics.

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