National Repository of Grey Literature 47 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The influence of socially disadvantaged backgrounds on lexical-semantic speech plane at the pre-school children
Majerová, Markéta ; Ortová, Marie (advisor) ; Adámková, Ivana (referee)
The thesis studies the impact of a socially disadvantaged environment on lexical-semantic level of speech of pre-school children living in children's home. Social environment is one of the key factors influencing speech development. Neglect or absence of parents may lead to impaired communication ability of a child. The theoretical part is structured into three main chapters, which define basic concepts of communication, development of children's speech and legislative framework for education of children with impaired communication ability. It describes the socially disadvantaged environment and its impact on a communication ability of a child. Lastly, it describes the environment of children's homes. The centre of the thesis is an analysis of lexical-semantic level of speech of five children from the children's home in Pyšely. A qualitative method is applied, which utilizes analysis of children's activities, their personal and family history, participant observation and a questionnaire. The results are presented in a form of case studies and recommendations for further development of language abilities of pre-school children in the frame of lexical-semantic level of speech.
The level of selected motor skills and adiposity of preschool children.
Galář, Jakub ; Vokounová, Šárka (advisor) ; Musálek, Martin (referee)
The bachelor thesis is focused on proving the close relationship between worsening physical condition among preschool children and the growth of their body fat. These two changes are considered to be the result of the modern way of life with the lack of physical activity. The fact that the situation has worsened can be seen in the increasing prevalence of obesity among children. The survey for the bachelor thesis took place in 2017 April until July among 176 4- to 6-year-old children (87 boys and 89 girls) who were attending kindergarten. The first technique used was to gauge subcutaneous fat by measuring skinfold thickness. In the case of children, the skinfold at the triceps (above m. triceps brachii) and the subscapular skinfold (above the shoulder blade). The second technique involved motoric testing. 20-meter run characterizes the speed skills of children. The long jump defines the explosive strength of lower limbs, coordination, and nimbleness. Ball throw helps to test the level of explosive strength of upper limb connected with nimbleness and coordination. In the end, we used the Slaughter skinfold-thickness method to gauge the percentage of subcutaneous fat. We compared the long-term changes with the two surveys (Pařízková, 1977) and (Dvořáková, Baboučková, Justián, 2010). Our findings show...
Ortoepic rules and development of pre-school phonemic awareness in comparison with professional singers
Šírová, Michaela ; Kmentová, Milena (advisor) ; Tichá, Alena (referee)
This work is focused on the problems of ortoepic rules and on awareness and voice differentiation of preschool children compared to professional singers. It is divided into two main parts, the first is based on the theories of older and contemporary authors, and the second part is practical research. The theoretical part deals with the development of phonemic hearing and orthoepic rules of preschool children and professionals, and there are also described the basics of singing techniques and stage articulation used by professional singers. The practical part describes action research, which will allow teachers to better understand the given issues. It focuses on preschool children and also adults who are professionally engaged in opera singing. The aim of this work is to create and practice a set of exercises to help to cultivate articulation in both monitored groups. At preschool children the exercises shall also significantly contribute to stimulation of phonemic awareness at the turn of the pre-school and school age. KEYWORDS phonemic awareness, ortoepic rules, preschool children, professional singers
Use of artetherapy in pre-school children
This bachelor thesis deals with usage the art therapy at preschool children. Thesis is divided to theoretical and practical part. Theoretical part contains three main chapters introducing field realized in practical part. Practical part refers about art therapy with preschool children with special educational needs. In the beginning of practical part are defined thesis´s goals. Further, environment where the group took place was introduced. Information about meeting frequency, group division and structure of meeting and ethic´s aspects is defined. Attending children of art therapy group and individual meetings are briefly introduced. At the end of the theses it contains outcomes of used art therapy of preschool children, comparison of improvement in children´s art skills and description of difficulty the author has encountered.
Molčíková, Kateřina ; BEČKA, Marek (advisor) ; LJUBKOVÁ, Marta (referee)
This thesis focuses on the youngest children aged 3 to 7 years for its ability to receive and reflect the theater's work in the kindergarten environment and in the company of their peers. Based on annual project Phenomenon theatrical audience of preschool age, which took place in five nursery schools of the Central Region. This project registers, analyses and reflects. On the basis of experience investigating whether there are any barriers theatrical production for children of preschool age and presented in non-theatrical environment of their own kindergarten. Based on the dramatic principles used in the six selected productions and the conclusions drawn from the responses of children's audience is examining whether and how the artists in the creation of limited maturity performances of viewers in this age group and pre-school environment. The work has demonstrated that playing theater in kindergartens has meaning and that the preparation of performance is neither appropriate nor desirable to compromise on demands that we ourselves as the creators intended performance or mixed adult audience.
Influence scenic reading on preschool children
The theme of the thesis is the influence of stage reading on preschool children. The theoretical part presents the project "Listování", the beginning and the activities of the project, and its importance for pre-reading and reading. Qualitative research methods are used in the practical part. The author of the thesis conducts interviews with children in preschools. The aim of the thesis is to find out what effect does "Listování" have on young children and how it influences their relationship to books and reading.
The graphomotory and drawing of preschool age children with Developmental Language Disorder
This bachelor thesis is focused on the area of graphomotorics and drawing with pre-school children diagnosed with developmental dysphasia. The thesis aims to the level of these areas at several children with this diagnose. The author inquires whether the drawing and graphomotoric skills at the research sample are impacted by the developmental dysphasia. Next, the thesis deals with possible changes of these levels during the inquiry.

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