National Repository of Grey Literature 267 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Construction and Linguistic Portrayal of Climate Change Phenomenon in Right-Wing Populist Parties' Political Discourse
Zindović, Milica ; Arregui Moreno, Francisco Javier (advisor) ; Mejstřík, Martin (referee)
The main goal of this paper is to examine the construction and linguistic portrayal of the climate change phenomenon in the right-wing populist parties' discourse. The literature has so far mainly assumed automatic relationship between right- wing ideology and climate-refusal and did not go beyond analysis of specific climate-skeptical parties. We aim to fill this gap in the literature by analyzing both climate-supportive and disengaged RWP parties, as well their communication strategies on the matter. In order to disentangle inconsistencies, paradoxes and contradictions in text and discourse-internal structures, as well as to demystify the possible persuasive or manipulative tendencies of RWP parties, this paper employs a Discourse- Historical Approach in order to examine how these actors transform, translate and modify the meaning and role of a climate change in their texts. Moreover, the focus of our paper is on the three strategies within DHA - nomination, predication and argumentation. The analysis included three RWP parties - Alternative for Germany; Hungarian Fidesz and French National Rally, We found that the three examined parties with different climate policy preferences tend to deploy markedly different manipulative or persuasive strategies, and utilize different rhetorical and...
Waterworlds of Nové Mlýny: Ethnography of winemakers and climate change
Šimková, Kateřina ; Zandlová, Markéta (advisor) ; Halbich, Marek (referee)
This master thesis addresses issues reflecting the socio-natural aspects of draught, one of the devastating consequences of climate change which increasingly affects the Czech Republic. This work uses a field research facility located around reservoirs Nové Mlýny and views it within the waterworlds concept, a term established by authors Kristen Hastrup and Fridy Hastrup. Ethnographic research shows the impact of water and its scarcity on the landscape, local inhabitants and their relationships and practices. A particular focus is given to wine growers and their understanding of draught, climate change and ways for adopting good practices in an area which is gradually drying out. Furthermore, it captures the transformation of practices related to the maintenance of a vineyard and maps individuals affected by the problems of draught in that area. Key words: Ethnography, draught, climate change, waterworlds, water, reservoirs Nové Mlýny, viniculture
Calm and wild river; An etnography study around the Otava river
Mottlová, Tereza ; Kuřík, Bohuslav (advisor) ; Sosna, Daniel (referee)
In this diploma thesis I wanted to find out how people who live in a close relationship with the river deal with the extremes like are floods and drought. I wondered if local settlers and the city administration identified the threat of flood differently from people who did not live in contact with the river, and if their relationship with the river could be useful for others. I tried to find out if and how the locals reflect climate change through their lived experiences with floods and droughts. During my six-month research, based on ethnographic methods I spent time with gardeners who have been critically affected by drought in recent years, with settlers who regularly experience floods and with representatives of the city administration. Thanks to ethnography, I was able to understand the context of the relationships I studied. I found out that living in contact with floods is not as dramatic as it may seem to an observer. Thanks to many years od experience with floods and the river have the locals developed local knowledge, that can be very useful for whole city; If the city administration can combine expert and local knowledge, solving potential problems with high water can become much more effective and proportionate to reality. People living under the threat of floods do not need to be seen...
Sources and causes of spread of newly introduced plant species
Schmiedlová, Barbora ; Münzbergová, Zuzana (advisor) ; Čuda, Jan (referee)
The bachelor's thesis is written in the form of a literature review and deals with factors that affect the current global spread of plants into new areas, and their possible invasiveness in the new areas. The aim is to verify the hypothesis that one of the main causes of the spread of new plant species (the last 50 years aprox.) to new areas could be climate change. The introductory part of the thesis explains the basic concepts (native versus non-native species, invasive species, temporarily introduced species, etc.) and lists the main factors that affect the global distribution of non-native plant species. The following is a description of the issue of current global change, focusing primarily on climate change and what impact it may have on the spread of plant species. The last part of the work focuses on newly introduced non-native plant species and on the factors that influence their global distribution the most, in comparison with plant species introduced a long time ago (more than 50 years ago). It was found that climate change does have a significant impact on the shift of the area of distribution of newly introduced plant species, especially to extreme areas (higher altitude etc.). Several selected non-native plant species, in which a shift in the range of distribution due to climate...
The image of reality - young artist's attitude to environmental problems in their creative activity and personal lives
Shiriaeva, Inessa ; Mašek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Figura, Roman (referee)
This qualitative diploma thesis deals with a specific view of art from the perspective of social science disciplines and in connection with the environmental problems of today. The theoretical part of the work is devoted to selected social and cultural concepts of the contemporary world, especially consumer society, waste and art, which puts in the context of the climate crisis. It describes the attributes of consumer society, the consequences of overproduction and consumption in the form of waste, which I further look through with the artistic eye. It addresses the social functions of art, its anchoring in social consciousness and the relationship with science. The empirical part of the work offers a view of the artistic environment, especially young artists on the climate crisis in both personal life and creation. It describes their motivations and limits leading to the sustainable implementation of the concept or activist approach to the audience in order to contribute to a better society. The work thus deals with the important role of artistic creation in our society. Keywords mass production, consumer society, climate change, recycling, waste material, art, activism
Arctic sea ice variations from the point of view of the global climate change
Škopan, Viktor ; Huth, Radan (advisor) ; Šobr, Miroslav (referee)
The Arctic is one of the regions of the Earth most vulnerable to climate change. Temperatures in the Arctic have risen by more than twice the global average over the past few decades and are roughly 4 řC above the temperature at the start of the Industrial Revolution, which occurred in the late 18th century. It is highly likely that anthropogenic activity is responsible for such a dramatic change. The Arctic sea ice responds to these changes by decreasing in area, thickness, age and other parameters. The most significant decline has been recorded in the summer months, when the area of the sea ice is shrinking at an average rate of 12.8 % per decade. There has also been a significant decline in the age of sea ice. Forty years ago, sea ice older than four years accounted for 30 % of the total area covered by sea ice, whereas today such old ice accounts for only 2 %. Positive climate feedbacks are contributing significantly to the rapid warming of the Arctic and increased sea ice melt. An example is the decreasing albedo (reflectivity) of the Arctic Ocean, which reflects much less solar radiation due to the shrinking sea ice, contributing to the faster warming of the region and higher sea ice melt. Models show that the warming of the Arctic will continue in the future, and temperatures in the Arctic...
Assessment of climate change impacts on selected ecosystem services in the Czech Republic: application of land use scenarios
Lorencová, Eliška ; Vačkářová, Davina Elena (advisor) ; Müller, Karel (referee) ; Cudlín, Pavel (referee)
Doctoral thesis abstract Assessment of climate change impacts on selected ecosystem services in the Czech Republic: Application of land use scenarios MSc Eliška Lorencová Climate and land use change are recognized as the greatest global environmental problems. Both considerably impact delivery of crucial ecosystem services, such as carbon sequestration, water flow regulation, erosion control, and food and fibre production. By combining future projections of ALARM scenarios (for years 2020, 2050 and 2080) with modelling of ecosystem services, the study aims to evaluate climate change impact on selected ecosystem services (carbon storage and sequestration, erosion control and sediment retention) in the Czech Republic. This study provides quantitative as well as spatially explicit analysis of the impacts on selected ecosystem services in the Czech Republic. Performed ecosystem service assessment indicates that spatial distribution of provision of ecosystem services, such as carbon storage and sequestration, sediment retention reflects the projected future land use changes. In case of carbon sequestration, SEDG scenario shows the lowest carbon sequestration rates accounting for 37,029.6 Gg C within the period 2000-2080. Stable vegetation cover is one of the factors that play important role in amount of sediment...
Cooperation on Climate Change as a Pillar of the Relationship Between the United States and China
Jandus, Lukáš ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Bečka, Jan (referee)
Cooperation on climate change in the second term of president Obama showed to have potential for improvement of the relationship between the United States and China. This paper analyses how the climate change cooperation developed and concludes that under right circumstances it has positive influence on the bilateral relationship. In order to make the improvement more lasting, the climate change cooperation should take into account national security considerations, specifically the parties should collaborate and jointly exercise on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations.
Food Security and Machine Learning: Opportunities and Challenges
Hruška, Adam ; Špelda, Petr (advisor) ; Plattner, Simon Antonin (referee)
The emergence of the effects of global warming, as well as the ongoing depletion of fossil fuels and fertile soil pose a serious threat for the future of the agricultural industry. Alternatively, the continuous population growth mainly in the less developed regions highlights the future need of approximately 70-110 percent increase in the overall output of contemporary food production. While the current conventional agriculture deploys a multitude of technologies including the precision agriculture framework, the future needs of the population exceed the projected capabilities of the industry. Machine learning as the current fastest growing technology represents the potential remedy for the emerging issues, yet the extent of successful implementation remains uncertain. The thesis aims to uncover the potential future implications of implementation of machine learning based technology in agriculture through the use of the new scenario building methodology. The analysis builds on a varying set of empirical data, current state of art projects in machine learning and multiple future trend projections. Albeit the scenario building technique allows for a potentially endless number of constructed scenarios, the thesis concentrates on three main plot lines. First scenario tackles the more probable...

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