National Repository of Grey Literature 90 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The latent form of obesity in preschool children, secular changes in body composition
Samešová, Daniela ; Sedlak, Petr (advisor) ; Kunešová, Marie (referee)
The aim of the diploma thesis is to describe and evaluate the relation of mass proportionality and adiposity in the context of secular changes in body composition of Czech preschool children over the last 25 years. The study was conducted in the form of transversal research between years 2016-2018 at seven kindergartens from Prague and its surroundings and one from Ústí nad Labem. 551 children (271 boys, 280 girls), in age of four to six years, were examined. The data was supplemented by a set of 208 children (101 boys and 107 girls), which were part of a pilot study from 2013-2014. In total, the group comprised 759 children. The actual set of individuals was compared with a representative database of Czech preschool children from the 1990s. There was no significant difference in the parameters describing weight proportionality in current preschool children, however the proportion of the individual components of the body composition has changed. The fat component increased significantly in six-year-old boys, five- year-old and six-year-old girls. At the same time, we observed insufficient development of active body mass in relation to the reference group. These trends are also evidenced by the increase in the percentage of latent forms of obesity over the past 25 years. The lack of active movement...
The results of three months reduction programs with on-line monitoring physical activity and diet
Kurtzová, Drahomíra ; Matoulek, Martin (advisor) ; Mikeš, Ondřej (referee)
The obesity is a main factor in expansions of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes type 2, musculoskeletal diseases and some of the tumour illnesses. Study is dealing with the effect of movement activities during 3-months individual program on body mass reduction and changes of composition in human body. The program was held in VSTJ Medicina Praha, z.s. from April 2018 to January 2019. Included the group of 37 participants. Only 19 of them completed the program. This group undertook the body analysis, using bioimpedant machine "Tantia MC-780 MA". Components of evaluation were body mass, BMI and body fat in kg and %. In application "Time for Health" nutritional Intervention diet was monitored and evaluated during consultations. Physical activity using Pedometer "Garmin Vivofit" was recorded as a number of steps. Aim of this study was to obtain a collection data of changes in the body mass and body composition of the participants, based on input and output analysis as well as other biological parameters. Comparison of the compliance and program was based on recorded number of diet days. Statistically important differences between input and output data were compared and average decrease in body mass was 3.5 kg (SD ± 3.22), body fat 2.3 kg (SD ± 2.63) and BMI 1.17 kg (SD ±1.11). On average participants...
Structural and functional asymmetry in golfers aged 12-18
Benešová, Amálie ; Gryc, Tomáš (advisor) ; Prokešová, Eva (referee)
Title: Structural and functional asymmetry in golfers aged 12 - 18 Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the level of body composition parametres, postural stability, muscle shortening and joint mobility of junior golfers and identify and analyze structural and functional asymmetry. Methods: The 14 golfers participated in this study (n=14, age 15,8 ± 1 year, body height 174,5 ± 10 cm, body weight 67,6 ± 13 kg and HCP 5,4 ± 5,9). Body composition including segmental muscle's weight distribution was tested on a bioimpedance instrument Tanita (Japan). Furthermore, the postural stability was examined on the Footscan (Balance 7.6 software) in 4 positions (USOO, USZO, FL_L and FL_P). The kinesiological analysis made by physiotherapist mainly tested muscle shortening and asymmetry using Janda's muscle function tests (1996). The dependence between the measured data was determined by the Pearson coefficient. Results: The average muscle's weight distribution was 2 % higher in the lower right leg, 3,1 % higher in the upper right arm compared with the left limbs. Asymmetry was also found in postural stability (average difference between stability on the right and left lower extremities was 25.9 %). Muscle shortening was found in more than 70 % of probands in hamstrings and quadriceps femoris,....
Regulatory measures for influencing aerobic fitness of middle-aged women
Králová, Kateřina ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Čechovská, Irena (referee)
Title Regime intervention to influence aerobic fitness level of middle age women Objective The aim of the work is to evaluate the effect of two-month physical intervention on the aerobic fitness level of middle-aged women and the influence of this intervention on the change of the body composition of individual study participants. Methods The tested group consisted of 5 middle-aged women with a sedentary occupation and no regular physical activity. The evaluation of their aerobic fitness and body composition was performed before the start of the intervention. These values were compared to the results of the same tests after the intervention. The values of VO2max measured before and after the intervention were used for the evaluation of aerobic fitness. The regression equation, based on the results of 2 km walking test (part of the UNIFITTEST 6-60), was used for the calculation of VO2max. The methods of bioimpedance (using the portable device Body stat 1500) and anthropometric measurement (body high, weight, circuits) were used for determination of body composition - mainly % FFM and% BF. The physical intervention itself was focused on walking for two months period. The form was used for monitoring of intervention individual exercise units. The group of middle-aged women performed the prescribed...
Body composition in selected groups of children of younger school age in Prague
Hadžega, Tomáš ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Havel, Zdeněk (referee) ; Kutáč, Petr (referee)
Subject The current lifestyle of most children and adults is characterized by sedentary lifestyle. Research shows that physical activity among children is decreasing while aging, (Bunc, 2004) which causes gaining the body fat, loosing physical fitness and overall resulting in overweight and obesity (eg Brettschneider, Naul, 2007; Malina, Bouchard, 1991; Roche et al., 1996). This lack of physical activity leads to a decrease in physical fitness as global phenomena (Malina 2004; Reed et al., 2006; Tomkinson, 2007), urges the increase in overweight and obesity, or causes certain health problems. One way to examine the level of lifestyle and the quality of life of children and adults is the body composition. This knowledge can contribute to determine the health of the individual and its physical ability. Objective To describe changes in somatic indicators and selected body composition parameters that are related to age and gender among younger school age children. To find out the correlation among somatic indicators, age and parameters of the body composition of children of both genders and to discover dominant factors affecting the body composition in both genders. Methods A cross-sectional statistical survey was carried out at three primary schools in Prague, where during the first testing, 220...
Assessment physical fitness and game skills in soccer players
Čech, Marek ; Kokštejn, Jakub (advisor) ; Kočíb, Tomáš (referee)
Title: Assessment physical fitness and game skills in soccer players Objectives: To find out the relationships and differences between actual levels of body composition, physical fitness and specific football skills of football players at ABC Braník aged 7 and 8 years. Methods: The main research method chosen was observation - measurement and testing. The research group included a total of 31 football players - 15 players from the ABC Braník U8 team (average age 8.3 ± 0.3 years and 16 players from ABC Braník U7 team (mean age 6.9 ± 0.4 years). tested with the Unifittest 6-60 standardized test battery, specific football skills have been tested according to the manual. Results: In physical fitness, older players (U8) achieved above average scores and younger players (U7) achieved average scores. A total of 9 out of 15 of the U8 team, ie 60 % of individuals, recorded at least above average results in fitness tests. In the U7 team, only 7 out of 16, ie 44 % of individuals, are above average in their performance according to standards. The degree of association between game skills and physical fitness was low. Upon closer examination, we found a moderate correlation between the fitness prowess indicator and the juggling and ball management indicators (r = 0.52 - 0.58). Significant...
Analysis of changes in the composition of body in the group of men between ages 25 and 35 during the conditioning program
The theme of this thesis is the Analysis of changes in the composition of the body in the group of men between ages 25 and 35 during the conditioning program. In this thesis I measured the physical proportions (like the amount of water and fat in the human body) of people following a fitness programme, focusing on the development of phasic fibers of sceletal muscles. The fitness programme was visited by a group of 15 clients, women and men. The clients were beginners but also advanced excersisers, this is why the excersise choises were an important atribute of the training unit. I chose excersises that were fun and demanding for all the clients. I chose excersises for muscle strenghtenining, stretching and relaxing and for ideal muscle function and development. The next goal of this thesis was to lower the percentage of fat tissue in the body and improve the psychological condition of the excersisers. I collected the data via Inbody 230, before and after the conditioning fitness programme. The theoretical part of this thesis is focused on the body analysis, lifestyle and its forms, obesity and its risks, forms and treatment options, training and forms of training and also developmental psychology. In the practical part of the thesis I focus on my research and the results of 10 clients that took part in the fitness programme.
Analysis of three several-month training sessions of the endurance runner at higher altitudes
The aim of this diploma thesis is to analyze three several-month concentration of a long-distance runner at higher altitude. Specifically, we compared the results of the measured values before staying in zones of high altitude and after arrival from high altitude. The tested individual was housed in Kenya in the town of Iten, located at 2,400 meters above sea level. To elaborate this thesis, we used the method of content analysis and the comparative method. To obtain the results, we used laboratory tests spiroergometry, spirometry, body composition and Wingate test. Then, the data was processed using material significance. The material significance was defined using Cohen's d. Our results showed an increase in red blood cells, an increase in VO2max, a reduction in heart rate, a reduction in morning heart rate. From these results, it is clear that alpine training has a positive effect on the performance of the athlete.
The relationship of BMI and body composition parameters in students FTVS UK
Baťová, Michaela ; Kinkorová, Ivana (advisor) ; Šteffl, Michal (referee)
Title: The relationship of BMI and body composition parametres in UK FTVS students Objectives: The main goal of this diploma thesis is to evaluate the relationship between BMI and some selected parameters of body composition assessed using a bioelectric impedance device (BIA - Tanita MC - 980). Methods: The diploma thesis has the character of an empirical research (observation method). The bioelectric impedance method (BIA - Tanita - MC - 980) was used to analyze the body composition. The relationships between BMI values and individual body composition parameters were evaluated using the Spearman's correlation coefficient. The statistical significance level was set at α = 0,05. In total, 170 students were studied (85 physiotherapy students, 85 physical education students). The group was further subdivided into several specific subgroup by gender, field of study and physical activity. Results: The results revealed a series of finding within the sample group including the following: an insignificant correlation (rs = 0,062) between BMI and body fat (%), a significant correlation (rs = 0,386) between BMI and fat mass (kg), a significant correlation (rs = 0,603) between BMI and visceral fat, a significant correlation (rs = 0,624) between BMI and fat-free mass (kg), a significant correlation (rs =...
Analysis of changes in body composition in the group of women between 20-30 years old through the intervention program using InBody 230
This thesis deals with the topic of "Analysis of changes in body composition in the group of women between 20-30 years old through the intervention program using InBody 230". The work deals with the changes in the composition of the body in a group of exercising women. The theoretical part is focused on components from which consists our body, especially adipose tissue, skeletal muscle and water. Additionally, there is a characteristic of the group, and that is a group of women aged between 20-30 years. In the practical part are processed data from the input and output measurements and their evaluation, used methods and organization of the research investigation.

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