National Repository of Grey Literature 80 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Motivating patients to change their lifestyle after hospitalization at intensive care unit for pancreatitis attack
Sukovičová, Markéta ; Srpová, Daniela (advisor) ; Hocková, Jana (referee)
MOTIVATING PATIENTS TO CHANGE THEIR LIFESTYLE AFTER HOSPITALIZATION AT INTENSIVE CARE UNIT FOR PANCREATITIS ATTACK Introduction: This diploma thesis focuses on the motivation of patiens to change their lifestyle choices and habits after they suffered an acute pancreatitis. The aim: The aim of this thesis was to analyse the barriers and motivators to change their lifestyle patiens after they suffer an acute pancreatitis. Methods: The research group of this qualitative study consisted of twenty probands (seven male and thirteen female) aged 45,15 - 12,41. The analysis of aspects motivating them to change their lifestyle after an acute pancreatitis was conducted right before they were released from intensive care in a faculty hospital in Prague into aftercare at their homes. The analysis was conducted trough semi-structured interviews. The interviews were recorded with the patient's permission in order to be transcribed and analyzed later on. Results: The main barriers to lifestyle change after pancreatitis attack are fear of the future, feeling guilty, seducing guilt on others, feeling sick, loneliness and separation, emotional interia towards love dones; feel overworked, constant rush, lack of time for yourself and for other family members, fear of reintegration into society; bad eating habits lack...
The Labour Market for Disabled Persons and its Importance
FÜLLOVÁ, Adéla
This bachelor's thesis deals with issues related to the employment of disabled persons and with their motivation to seek employment. The thesis aims to identify and describe the individual obstacles and difficulties when integrating in the working process, as well as to analyse the importance of employment for persons with mental disabilities and their motivation to seek and keep jobs. The theoretical part of the thesis has been divided into five main chapters. Chapter I defines the concept of a person with disability and describes the individual types of disabilities. Chapter II explains the term mental disability and describes the diagnostics and classification of the individual levels of disability, including their characteristics. Chapter III addresses the importance of work activities for persons with mental disabilities and their possible motivation to work. Chapter IV focuses on the work preparation process, the support needed and the possibilities to succeed on the labour market. The final chapter describes the possible barriers persons with mental disabilities have to tackle on the labour market. The research part of the thesis deals with the actual experience of mentally disabled persons on the labour markets in Přerov and České Budějovice Districts. Following the qualitative research strategy, the data was collected using the survey method and the semi-structured interview technique. The thesis might become a resource providing a comprehensive perspective of issues related to the employment of mentally disabled persons. The resource can be of use for students, employers and the general public.
Dealing of palliative care in home environment from perspective of patients and family members
BRODCOVÁ, Petra
Bachelor thesis is dealing with topic of home palliative care. The aim of the thesis is to find out how the patients and their accompanying family members are coping with providing care in the home environment. Because majority of incurable ill persons are willing to die at home with their close family members then the topic of palliative care is becoming a hot discussed topic. In general, there is being settled new centres where the patients in terminal stage of life can receive palliative care. In contrary to Czech Republic in foreign countries are the hospice services and palliative care more spread and anchored in the medical system. Nevertheless, there is aim of our Czech doctors, palliative care associations and many other organizations to contribute and set up the conditions for palliative care development. The care which should be available for all sick persons and which should offer the good quality and dignified dying to all patients. In the Bachelor thesis were set up three research questions with the focus to answer the aim of the thesis. The first research question is dealing to describe the scope of barriers which are common in the home palliative care. The second research question consists of the analysis of the needs of ill person and their accompanying family members. The third research question is targeting to describe the process of home palliative care. The research was done by method of qualified survey with the help of semi-structured interview and method of observation. The research itself was performed among eleven persons. There were five nurses employed in the home palliative care. Further on there were three patients in terminal stage of life and their three accompanying family members. The answers from interviewees were processed with the method of "pencil-paper. "The method of observation was used at the sick interviewees in the terminal stage of life where was detected what are the relations in the family, what is the patient's status and which household conditions can allow the home palliative care. Those results were continuously recorded into the Observation sheet. Based on the obtained results it is possible to mention that home palliative care can be provided in the stable and cooperating family who lives in the flat or house suitable for providing all necessary supporting equipment to the ill person and which lives in the accessible distance for the employees of home palliative care. During the interviews with the ill persons in the terminal stage of life and their accompanying person were not detected any barriers which would not allow to provide palliative care in the home environment. From the point of view of nurses are the major barriers not cooperating families, difficult communication with families and the lack of physical strength on the side of accompanying persons. Holistic view on the ill and the accompanying person allow to nurses satisfy respondent needs in all aspects, that means they care about biological-psychological-social and spiritual areas. By the listed respondents' nurses provide mainly psychological support, in the biological area they cure about the pain of ill persons. Considering the results from research survey the home palliative care has enormous success and the increasing palliative care is becoming a standard in the treatment about the patient. The results from Bachelor thesis can serve in the future in the education of next nurses.
Women drug users, their needs and barriers acces to treatment: Study of public opinion
Ježková, Lenka ; Doležalová, Pavla (advisor) ; Šťastná, Lenka (referee)
The main topic of this bachelor thesis are women - users of addictive substances. The theoretical part explains why women are a specific focus groups. The starting point is the theoretical knowledge about this specific group and this thesis summarises it. It describes their needs and barriers to treatment and during treatment. It is based, amongst other things, on foreign resources, annual report of United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and the annual report of the drug situation in the Czech Republic. The practical part examines views of the general public on this issue. The questionnaire answers research questions concerning general opinion, the needs of drug users and possible barriers to entry the treatment, as well as stigmatisation. The purpose of the work is to summarise the situation of women users as far as their needs, barriers and stigmatisation and also to determine public opinion. According to different studies, more men than women enter into a treatment program, that is the problem defined. The partial target of this work is to highlight any potential barriers that can hinder access to treatment. By publishing the work, the subject will be extended to the consciousness of the Czech society, both general and professional. It is believed that as far as the subject will be discussed...
Occupational therapy evaluation of home environment of people with acquired brain injury. Case study focoused on facilitators and barriers according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
Podzemná, Dorota ; Krulová, Anna (advisor) ; Uhlířová, Jaromíra (referee)
Home environment should be accesible, barrier free and safe for people with disabilities. There is one possibility how to achieve these conditions the possibility is to let an occupational therapist to assess your home environment. The main parts of occupational therapy are: evaluation of home environment, suggesting of reconstrucitons needed and recommendations about helping aids. Environment is according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health one of the factors which are very important. The main goal of this diploma thesis was to design new evaluation of home environment of people with acquired brain injury made according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Partial goals were: to identify barriers of home environment, to determine facilitators which are already existing and to suggest helping aids and reconstructions if it is necessary. All for achieving the best quality of self-sufficiency of client. Theoretical part is about acquired brain injury, International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, issues of evaluation of home environment and assessments which are already existing. Practical part describes the proces of creation of evaluation and intervetions in home environment. Both described by case...
Critical factors affecting pathogen development in sand flies
Jančářová, Magdaléna
This thesis deals with barriers and factors critical for development of viruses, leishmania and gregarines in sand flies. First, we focused on life cycle of sand fly-borne phleboviruses, especially possible routes of sand fly infection. As a laboratory model we chose Massilia virus (MASV), species closely related to Toscana virus, which is main causative agent of summer meningitis in Mediterranean area. We tested different ways of infection by MASV in various developmental stages of Phlebotomus perniciosus; infection of (i) first (L1) and fourth (L4) instar larvae through larval food, (ii) females by blood meal, (iii) both sexes by sugar meal. Infection of L1 and L4 by larval food and subsequent transstadial MASV transmission to adults were not efficient; from 875 adults only three were MASV-positive. Infection through bloodmeal led to high infection rate before defecation, nevertheless, post defecation the infection rate declined and only 5 out of 27 females were MASV-positive. The most efficient infection way was through the sugar meal: 72% of females (88 out of 122) and 51% of males (58 out of 113) were detected as MASV-positive. Moreover, both males and females infected by this way released MASV particles into the drop of sugar which stayed infectious for next 24 hours for other naïve sand...
Social Services for Homeless People from Employees' Perspective
PĚKNICOVÁ, Barbora
This thesis deals with social services for homeless people from the perspective of their employees. The aim of this paper is to chart the barriers which influence providing social services to homeless people. The main question is asked about what barriers are perceived by social workers whilst working with the homeless. This is followed by four subquestions concerning the ways in which the employees perceive the barriers from their personal, the users' and the society's perspective as well as regarding the employees' work environment. In the theoretical part, the following terms are defined: homelessness, social work with homeless people, social services for the homeless. Furthermore, selected organizations helping the homeless are mentioned. The research is described in the empirical part of the thesis, including the hypotheses, research questions, methodology and results. The research utilizes qualitative methods, survey methodology and the semi-structured interview method. The basic data sample has been comprised of social workers employed in registered social services for the homeless in the town of České Budějovice. The final results show that there is a large number of barriers in all the aforementioned areas. Some of them are e.g. the clients' psychical difficulties, their addiction to alcohol and drugs. According to the social workers, a significant barrier are some prejudices of the society. The homeless are often perceived as the main instigators of their current situation, who do not want to find a solution to the problem, and they are judged by their appearance. Furthermore, the research has shown that, from the social worker's experience, the society's perception of the social services for the homeless and the profession of social workers is rather negative. Other barriers are observed by the social workers in their working environment, primarily in equipment and working space. The workers do not feel as unsafe while working as it may seem, however they sometimes feel helpless and disappointed when their clients do not do what they should. Other barriers found include system barriers connected to deficiencies in providing medical care and deficiencies in social services for homeless people. The results of this thesis can serve as a complementary study material, as feedback for social workers, or as a basis of improving a specific service to a provider of social services.
Phylogeography and population structure of two loach species (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) in Southeast Asia
Dvořák, Tomáš ; Bohlen, Jörg (advisor) ; Říčan, Oldřich (referee)
The freshwater fish species Schistura robertsi and Paracanthocobitis zonalternans belong to the family Nemacheilidae, which is distributed across whole Eurasia and with one species in northeast Africa. P. zonalternans occurs in lowland habitats through western Southeast Asia from Central Myanmar until northern Malaysia. The distribution area is of biogeographic interest, because it crosses several known biogeographic barriers, namely the border between Indian and Indochinese freshwater fauna along the Salween River, the Isthmus of Kra, the Krabi - Surat Thani line and the Kangar - Pattani line. In the present study, around 250 specimens of P. zonalternans from 62 localities across the whole distribution area were investigated using genetic (nuclear and mitochondrial sequences), morphologic and geologic data. The genetic data reveal the existence of seven major clades within the analysed material, each of them with a distinct geographic distribution area and only few cases of overlap, but with occurrence of some cases of secondary contact. Divergence time estimations suggested that P. zonalternans is about 18 my old, and a biogeographic analysis located the region of origin in the Tenasserim region (nowadays southern Myanmar). The global sea level fluctuations seem to have had a strong impact on the...
Critical factors affecting pathogen development in sand flies
Jančářová, Magdaléna ; Volf, Petr (advisor) ; Ratinier, Maxime (referee) ; Bilej, Martin (referee)
This thesis deals with barriers and factors critical for development of viruses, leishmania and gregarines in sand flies. First, we focused on life cycle of sand fly-borne phleboviruses, especially possible routes of sand fly infection. As a laboratory model we chose Massilia virus (MASV), species closely related to Toscana virus, which is main causative agent of summer meningitis in Mediterranean area. We tested different ways of infection by MASV in various developmental stages of Phlebotomus perniciosus; infection of (i) first (L1) and fourth (L4) instar larvae through larval food, (ii) females by blood meal, (iii) both sexes by sugar meal. Infection of L1 and L4 by larval food and subsequent transstadial MASV transmission to adults were not efficient; from 875 adults only three were MASV-positive. Infection through bloodmeal led to high infection rate before defecation, nevertheless, post defecation the infection rate declined and only 5 out of 27 females were MASV-positive. The most efficient infection way was through the sugar meal: 72% of females (88 out of 122) and 51% of males (58 out of 113) were detected as MASV-positive. Moreover, both males and females infected by this way released MASV particles into the drop of sugar which stayed infectious for next 24 hours for other naïve sand...

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