National Repository of Grey Literature 63 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Electoral volatility in European Parliament Elections in V4 Countries: 2004-2019
Mertlík, Arnošt ; Linek, Lukáš (advisor) ; Dvořák, Tomáš (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on changes in voting behaviour among voters in the Visegrad Group states (V4), specifically electoral volatility between the European Parliament elections and the national elections in the particular state. The approach to examining electoral volatility in this work is based on the second-order national elections theory, which divides elections into less and more important ones. The aim of the work is first to describe the overall electoral volatility in the V4 states in a cross-section of all European elections based on individual data from post-election questionnaire surveys. Subsequently, I find out what are the specific causes and motivations for changes in electoral behaviour. The analysis shows that there are several different patterns of volatile behaviour in the V4 countries, but the consistent and general pattern is a high degree of electoral demobilisation in the European elections. This may be due to political attitudes or the level of trust in the European institutions. I then analyze voters' demobilization among government and opposition voters, who differ mainly in their views of the national political situation. Keywords Electoral volatility, vote switching, electoral behaviour, second-order national election theory, European Parliament elections,...
The Importance of two German-Czech European Battlegroups with regard to German-Czech Relations
Žemla, Daniel ; Handl, Vladimír (advisor) ; Lizcová, Zuzana (referee)
The goal of this Bachelor thesis was to examine the importance of two German- Czech European Battlegroups with regard to German-Czech security relations. This thesis is concerned with the mutual security cooperation of both countries since 1990. It reveals a dynamic development in the bilateral relationships, especially a conciliation with the past, which has been a precondition for later successful cooperation. Differing historical experience projected into an attitude of both states towards their armed forces, which is noticeable until the present day. The thesis further analyzes the German role during the NATO enlargement in 1999 and discusses the military cooperation of the Czech Republic with the Federal Republic of Germany both in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the European Union. The main emphasis is placed on the concept of European Battlegroups and its practical realisation in four particular examples: Czech-Slovak (2-2009), the first German-Czech (2-2012), the first Visegrad (1-2016) and the second German-Czech (2-2016) European Battlegroups. The thesis does not marginalize current developments and therefore in its conclusion focuses on the planned creation of the second Visegrad (2-2019) and the third German-Czech Battlegroups (2-2020). The data mainly comes from numerous...
Visegrad Countries Positions Towards European Policy on Ilegal Immigration and Asylum
Karaca, Bilal Bahadır ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Jeřábek, Martin (referee)
Illegal immigration is one of the current problems that occupy the European agenda. With the beginning of the revolutionary movements called 'the Arab Spring' in the Middle East and North Africa, Europe has faced massive uncontrolled migration waves. In this period, the asylum applications in European countries have broken a record in the history of the EU. This situation has impelled the European Union and its member states to take certain measures. However, political disagreements were observed over some of the measures taken by the EU. In light of these developments, this thesis will focus on illegal immigration movements from the Middle East and North Africa region to Europe right after the beginning of the Arab Spring (in other words from at the end of 2010 to now). In this context, this master's thesis aims to give the immigration and asylum policies of the European Union aiming to prevent these illegal immigration waves and to evaluate the political positions of the Visegrad countries during this period.
Regional differentiation of fertility in the Visegrád Four countries at NUTS 2 level in the period 1993-2016
Vachuška, Jakub ; Šídlo, Luděk (advisor) ; Hašek, Oldřich (referee)
Regional differentiation of fertility in the Visegrád Four countries at NUTS 2 level in the period 1993-2016 Abstract Bachelor's thesis deals with the regional differentiation of selected fertility characteristics in the Visegrad Four countries between 1993 and 2016. Part of the thesis is dedicated to discussing reproductive behaviour changes in former socialist countries which started in the 1990s. The thresis puts an emphasis on the clarification of the causes of these changes, with the second demographic transition and economic changes mainly discussed. The section analysing regional differentiation of fertility is conducted at NUTS 0 level for single years and at NUTS 2 level using eight three-year periods. Regional differentiation of the rate, timing and age structure of fertility is analysed. During most of the period examined, convergence of the rate and timing of fertility occurred. Some regions as regions of capital cities were distinguished by different fertility characteristics. During the analysed period there is a noticeable significant shift in fertility age structure towards higher ages in all regions, and this gradually affected fertility rate in all of them. Keywords: regional differentiation, fertility, Visegrad Group, rate, timing
The motivation of the countries of the Visegrad group for energy cooperation
Kohoutová, Petra ; Kučerová, Irah (advisor) ; Odintsov, Nikita (referee)
Practically every single state sees energy security as one of the main security and political topics nowadays. Its significance is on the rise. Although there is a continuous progress regarding renewable sources of energy, the world remains largely dependent on non- renewable resources. They are unevenly distributed across the world, especially in case of oil and natural gas. This results in dividing the countries between importers and exporters. This diploma thesis focuses on energy cooperation or more precisely on motivations for energy cooperation between member states of the Visegrad group. These four Central European countries share some similarities. In energy area they all are the importers of both oil and gas and they rely on the Russian Federation as their main supplier. Energy cooperation within the Visegrad group is usually explained by two theoretical approaches - realism or neoliberal institutionalism. This thesis introduces these approaches and works with a hypothesis that energy cooperation between the member states of the Visegrad group is best explained by neoliberal institutionalism. The thesis represents a qualitative study and uses the method of a comparative case study. The analytic part of the thesis is divided into four case studies regarding each member state of the V4....
A Tale of Two Europes. How the refugee crisis reopened the dichotomies of "East" vs. "West".
Wielander, Anna ; Vykoukal, Jiří (advisor) ; Klípa, Ondřej (referee)
The conflict over the right way to tackle the so-called refugee crisis in Europe has proved that relations between the EU and the Visegrád Group have changed. The political dispute surfaced most clearly regarding the different proposals for a quota-based refugee relocation system - a decision which was refused by the V4. The bloc consisting of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia first articulated its common position on migration in September 2015 and several times afterwards. On the basis of these statements, one can summarise their approach as follows: (1) Protecting the external borders of the EU and underlining the importance of fulfilling the obligations for the EU acquis; (2) Effective management of the root causes of migration flows, which could help reduce the number of migrants; (3) Refusing Germany's open-door migration policy. Although an increasing number of EU member states share a similar approach, the V4 as the whole started to be perceived as a coalition known for obstructing practices. The split on the issue gave life to a new wave of speculation about the increasing split between "old" and "new" Europe and the possible shift of the later eastwards. Furious politicians and public opinion in Western Europe continued to remind the Visegrád countries of their lack of...
The competitiveness of automotive industry of the V4 countries
Frišaufová, Tereza ; Bič, Josef (advisor) ; Šaroch, Stanislav (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the competitiveness of automotive industry of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Hungary, therefore countries of the V4. The main aim of the thesis is to evaluate the mutual position and to identify differences amongst individual countries of the V4. Thus the theoretical part of the thesis deals with defining concept of competitiveness, its possibilities of measurement, competitive advantages, the role of state, industries and companies, last not least it defines concept of clusters. Furthermore, the practical part of the thesis defines individual automotive markets of the V4 countries throughout dislocation of main producers, structural composition of production and its gross value added. Subsequently, the comparative analyses of the V4 countries is lead with chosen indicators such as FDI, export and import, domestic and foreign value added, labour costs and wages, employment, productivity, production and its value and turnover, etc.
The Role of Visegrad Group in the Energy policy of the EU
Ostříž, Matyáš ; Němcová, Ingeborg (advisor) ; Straková, Eliška (referee)
This thesis focuses on energy self-sufficiency of Visegrad countries in the Energy policy of the EU and their dependance on the main suppliers of energy sources, mainly Russian Federation, further more on the role and importance of the Visegrad Group in the energy policy of EU and their energy security.
Common interests enforcement within EU - Visegrad Group model
Bartová, Hana ; Antal, Jarolím (advisor) ; Bič, Josef (referee)
The Visegrad Group celebrated its 25th anniversary in February 2016. Established as an initiative of three post-soviet countries from the Central and Eastern Europe region, this cooperation has gone over the years through a number of challenges. Not only by the accession to the European Union has proved its relevance. This diploma thesis deals with the scope and the strength of this regional cooperation. The objective of the thesis is to evaluate to what extent the Visegrad Group countries utilize this platform to promote common interests within the European Union. To achieve the objective the method of classification analysis is used, which, based on the three examined areas,energy security, cohesion policy, migration, will study specific common interests.

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