National Repository of Grey Literature 117 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Socio-economic motivated migration; Impacts of "voting with your feet" in the U.S.
Schneider, Matthew ; Kozák, Kryštof (advisor) ; Mysíková, Martina (referee)
This paper explores the implications of tax policy on the migration habits of the wealthiest of tax paying groups in certain U.S. states, and quantifies those implications for readers so they have a better understanding of how human behavior and tax systems interact. This is done so by examining the general phenomena of tax related migration as it manifests itself in specific real- world examples. As such, this paper projects the number of high-income taxpayers lost based on increases to the rates of personal income tax, and the associated tax dollar gains/losses (i.e. to what extent are top-tax bracket filers "voting with their feet"?). The paper provides calculations for three different rates of population sensitivity, and the corresponding numbers of lost tax payers in relation to a tax increase. The paper then goes on to show the diminishing returns of tax rate increases on top-tax bracket payers by calculating the amount of time needed for migration to completely offset the original gains from the high rate of taxation. The findings of this paper, which examine the states of New York, California, and Connecticut, conclude that these states will exhaust tax gains from a 5% income tax increases on top-tax bracket payers in the long term (46 - 142 years), and further concentrate their top-tax...
U.S. Public Diplomacy in Iraq After 9/11
Komrsová, Anna ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Fiřtová, Magdalena (referee)
This Diploma Thesis is a case study that, on the example of Iraq, examines the development and importance of American public diplomacy in the Middle East. The thesis deals with the revitalization of public diplomacy projects and its budget increase, which started to occur as a result of changes in American foreign policy after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Efforts to renew public diplomacy began to appear during the administration of President George Bush. However, it was his successor, Barack Obama, who became a strong supporter of "soft power" in US foreign policy and who stressed the need to restore credibility of the US in the world and cooperation with the Arab world. This thesis also deals with the development of public diplomacy in Iraq in the context of the war in Iraq, the subsequent American occupation and the increase of sectarian violence and violent extremism. Although Iraq has been the largest recipient of financial support for public diplomacy for several years, the biggest limit of public diplomacy in the country is its inadequate security situation. Based on the analysis of exchange programs between the US and Iraq, the thesis aims to prove that public diplomacy is an important tool for establishing a dialogue with foreign publics.
Frenemies: Analysis of Sino-American Military Relationships During the Bush and Obama Administrations
Kryl, Šimon ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Raška, Francis (referee)
This diploma thesis is an analysis of Bush and Obama administrations' approach towards Sino-American military relations. The topic of this thesis is the military cooperation between the People's Republic China (PRC) and the United States. The paper analyzes the trends and topics of the military-to-military contacts through the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) theory. The bilateral relationship between the two countries is the most important relationship in the 21st century and its development has worldwide implications. Historically, there have been multiple points of tension where interests of both countries collided, many of which persisted to be sources of the new unease. The American support to Taiwan through numerous arms-sales, increased Chinese militarization of space, cyberspace and the South China Sea are the main causes of reluctant military-to-military cooperation between the PRC and the U.S. It is vital for the rest of the global community that both superpowers keep an acceptable amount of tensions between their armies and ideally pursue more cooperation than competition. The paper concludes that the Sino-American military relations have gone through an on-and-off pattern during both Bush administrations, mainly due to aforementioned American support for Taiwan, and due to the types...
War on Terrorism Through the Prism of the US: The Case Study of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Heleta, Nataša ; Žíla, Ondřej (advisor) ; Hornát, Jan (referee)
The main goal of this paper is to examine the perceptions related to Bosnia and Herzegovina as a country that fosters terrorism. The concepts of radicalization, extremism and terrorism are examined as separate entities in the context of Bosnia and Herzegovina, where the confusion of these contexts is particularly harmful, prompting negative attitudes and conclusions. It includes a review of the origins of Jihad in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the 1992-1995 war and transformation into the Salafi Movement after it. Some theoretical concepts consider the popular perspective on the Salafi community, relations between the Salafi Community and the Islamic Community the responses of media who propagate both the valid and stereotypical information, the motivations that drive the Salafist community, but also the motives of Bosnia and Herzegovina's society for the exploitation of this community. Other focuses are the changes that take place after the September 11th terrorist attacks, and their effect on Bosnia and Herzegovina are discussed in the context of the fight against terrorism and the re-examination of the intentions of the Salafi communities. Finally, conclusions are drawn about the perception of Bosnia and Herzegovina as a terrorist threat. In addition, the relationship between the Salafi...
Women Strike for Peace against Nuclear Arms and the Vietnam War
Kunovská, Kristýna ; Pondělíček, Jiří (advisor) ; Tůma, Oldřich (referee)
This bachelor's thesis deals with a women's peace activist group Women Strike for Peace (WSP) and its opposition to nuclear arms and the war in Vietnam. It covers the period from 1961 when the group was founded to the early 1970s. WSP held an important position in the Cold War peace movement. Already at the beginning of its activities, WSP had support from many American women and media because of its decent, respectable behavior and emphasis on motherhood. WSP used gender stereotypes to legitimize its activities, claiming, for example, that women as mothers have the right to decide on nuclear arms testing, as there are plenty of harmful substances entering the atmosphere that affect children's health. Women used the same tactics also when their sons were taken to war due to conscription. However, in the second half of the 1960s, WSP protests and actions became more radical, resulting in increasing criticism from society. In my thesis I deal with WSP membership characteristics, tactics the group used to achieve its goals, important protests or other important activities that WSP conducted in connection with its dissenting opinion on nuclear arms and the war in Vietnam and on that basis. I describe the difference in approach to the movement, especially through archive news articles from various...
Eisenhower Doctrine and the Middle East in years 1957 and 1958
Myslík, Martin ; Pondělíček, Jiří (advisor) ; Raška, Francis (referee)
With the Suez crises, according to American administration, was created a vacuum of power in the Middle East. This vacuum was in the eyes of the American government needed to be fill sooner, than Soviet Union and to isolate pro-soviet state, like Egypt and Syria. To this purpose, the Eisenhower doctrine was created, which should fought against international communism. Used method is the diplomatic history, bachelor's thesis provides outlook to shaping American foreign politics in 1957 and 1958 in the region of the Middle East and its application is comparing with the wording of the doctrine and also from the American view on decolonization. The author of the thesis, in conclusion, summarizes that doctrine was successful in intimidating Soviet union from larger engaging in region, but on the analysis of the use of the doctrine shows, that mostly the doctrine was used in the fight against Arab nationalism not against communism. Which was in contradiction with doctrine, which was supposed to fight only against communism. Keywords Eisenhower doctrine, United States, Middle East, international communism, Crisis of Suez. Cold war, dekolonization
Combatting Disinformation Campaigns: A Reappraisal of Strategic Communications
Wilson, Alyssa Joy ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Beneš, Jan (referee)
In the context of increasing technologicalization and the growing interconnectedness of our world through social media, this thesis aims to answer the question, why is disinformation not being sufficiently handled in the United States in the wake of the foreign meddling in the 2016 Presidential Elections, and what can and should be done about the threat? This master thesis therefore aims to delve into the inherent vulnerabilities in the U.S. societal fabric, and thus conduct an in-depth explanatory case study model analysis of what should be done to further combat and counteract disinformation and election meddling within the country. The author argues that disinformation and election meddling are not only a serious security threat, but are also not being properly handled as they are only being addressed technologically, and not through the realm of information, and societal resilience. This thesis therefore argues that strategic communication, which should be redefined and expanded in definition, should be used to combat disinformation campaigns to prevent further election meddling. The author posits that a two-level approach is best, one which aims to negate the negative disinformation campaigns through a single governmental body, while also addressing the root causes through education.
The percetion of equality in the US
Černochová, Johana ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Klvaňa, Tomáš (referee)
This thesis analyses the perception of equality in the United States in the context of today's high economic inequality. The main characteristic feature of this perception is the emphasis on the equality of opportunity. According to this ideal, America is the land of equal opportunity to achieve success, which depends on hard work and talent, not on family wealth. This concept is often considered as the opposite of the so-called equality of outcomes, which demands more even distribution of wealth, and which is usually perceived as foreign to American values. However, the large economic inequality, which is even much higher in America than in other advanced countries, has provably negative impacts on the general possibility of fair equal opportunity. Hence, the aim of this thesis is to verify the assumption that in the context of today's high and rising economic inequality, these negative impacts on the real state of equal opportunity must also find expression in the actual American perception of equality. Based on the analysis of an extensive set of public opinion surveys, it concludes that a certain change in the perception takes place. The emphasis on the equality of opportunity is still crucial, but the findings of the thesis do not support the notion that larger equality of outcomes is...
South Korean Nuclear Program and the American Support of the Authoritarian Regime
Stoláriková, Lenka ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Raška, Francis (referee)
The issue of nuclear proliferation on the Korean Peninsula and the question of legitimacy and support of the nondemocratic leaders are some of the current political challenges. The roots of the Korean nuclear pursuit reach all the way back to the 1970s when the authoritarian South Korean president Park Chung-hee ordered the launch of the so-called Project 890. The United States, Soul's protector and sponsor of many years, had to find a way of how to deal with that situation and to consider their alliance with South Korea. This thesis is mostly an analysis of the American support of the South Korean authoritarian regime at the end of the 1970s. The main aim is to evaluate whether it was possible for the US to reduce its economic and military assistance at the end of Park's rule and to promote the democratization of the country. It tries to explore the factors, which influenced the US decision. Subsequently, it verifies Owen and Poznansky's theory on the existence of two conditions needed for the US to be willing to stop supporting the pro-American authoritarian regime and to allow the democratic elections to take place. This work builds on their theory and adds some other aspects, relevant to this case. It argues that the Korean nuclear pursuit could have been one of the significant factors for the American...
The Loving v. Virginia Case and its Impact on the Current Debate about Sexual Minority Rights
Sechovcová, Anežka ; Mertová, Viktorie (advisor) ; Klvaňa, Tomáš (referee)
The bachelor thesis addresses the impact of the Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia on the U.S. public debate concerning the rights of sexual minorities, concentrating on the right to marry. In the 21st century, the LGBTQ rights supporters have focused primarily on the same- sex marriage legalization. In that effort, they considered the 1967 Loving v. Virginia case analogical and they have employed the arguments used in this case to support legalization of same-sex marriage. The Supreme Court decision in the Loving v. Virginia case banned anti- miscegenation laws all over the United States and declared the right to marry to be a fundamental right of all American citizens. This became a key argument in the efforts to legalize same-sex marriage and especially in the 2015 Supreme Court decision in the case Obergefell v. Hodges which has made same-sex marriage legal in the whole U.S. The thesis first gives a historical overview of gay rights in the U.S. which is important for understanding the key court decisions and for making the parallel between interracial marriage and same-sex marriage. Then a content analysis of selected articles from the Washington Post and New York Times journals is provided, reflecting the presence of the interracial marriage (or the Loving v. Virginia case) and same-sex...

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