National Repository of Grey Literature 286 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Komparácia stratégií EÚ a USA v boji proti terorizmu
Mikulová, Kristína
The main purpose of this diploma thesis is comparison of the EU and the U.S. counterterrorism policies. The first part deals with theoretical framework of thesis. The practical part focuses on development of counterterrorism policies and its key documents in the aftermath of 11 September, 2001. The end of the practical part brings on interpretation of strategies with using qualitative analysis. For better understanding of differences between two actors and their counterterrorism policies, the comparison method is used.
The OSS in Vietnam during the Second World War
Do, Phuong Thuy ; Bečka, Jan (advisor) ; Pondělíček, Jiří (referee)
The United States engagement in Vietnam began during the Second World War. With military bases established in China, the U.S. took part in fighting the Japanese troops in the Pacific theatre. When France surrendered to Nazi Germany in 1940, Japan would take over the French Indochina and the war would spread to Vietnam as well. In order to collect intelligence on Japanese targets, the Americans needed to operate secret services on the ground. After the Japanese coup de main in 1945, they would eventually partner with Ho Chi Minh and his organization Viet Minh. The Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the wartime predecessor of the CIA, provided intelligence training and equipment, while the Viet Minh would assist with valuable information on Japanese troops. To some extent, the OSS helped Ho Chi Minh and Viet Minh accede to power in Vietnam after the war.
Can China rise peacefully? The South China Sea Issue
Petreková, Patrícia ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Kučerová, Irah (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the rise of China in the context of its behavior in the South China Sea over the past decade. The significant economic growth of the People's Republic of China over the last few decades is expected to affect not only the regional balance of powers, but also its position within the international system. There is a wide-ranging debate in academia about how China will grow and how it will affect the international community. As a reaction, in order to explain its growth, China has introduced the concept of "peaceful development", according to which its growth should be seen as an opportunity rather than a threat to the international community. An offensive realism approach was chosen for this work and the ideas of its main advocate John Mearsheimer will be applied to the specific behavior of China in the region. The role of the United States, which influences China's behavior, will also be discussed. The diploma thesis will further deal with the increased Chinese assertiveness in the area of South China Sea and the means it uses in it to enforce its claims. The basic aim of this work is to underscore the contrast between the declared official policy of China and its actual behavior.
Food Waste in the United States as an Issue of Federal Public Policy Making
Hlaváčková, Anna ; Sehnálková, Jana (advisor) ; Kozák, Kryštof (referee)
The Master's thesis "Food Waste in the United States as an Issue of Federal Public Policy Making" analyzes the role of the federal government in dealing with food waste. It mainly focuses on federal legislation, but it also examines actions on the state level to illustrate the contrast between the two. In the thesis, the author examines the causes and sources of food waste, federal jurisdiction for intervention, and the history of passed legislation, as well as proposed legislation, and solutions. The main goal of the thesis is to demonstrate that federal involvement is fundamental in achieving any significant change, but so far has failed to do so. Primary literature consisting largely of bills, materials published by federal agencies, and reports by non-profit organizations were used to uncover the character of passed legislation. Academic secondary literature in the form of articles, reports, and factsheets offered context to understand the scope and impacts of the legislation. Analysis of those sources revealed federal authority to deal with the issue, as well as possible obstacles standing in the way of an extensive federal intervention. Research also showed that in the absence of federal action, some states have stepped up to introduce legislation to reduce food waste, but this legislation is...
Literary reportage of Miroslav Holub and Jiří Mucha inspired by the travelling in the USA in 60's of 20th century
Kubová, Linda ; Čeňková, Jana (advisor) ; Cebe, Jan (referee)
This thesis focuses on the literary reportages of Miroslav Holub and Jiří Mucha, who were inspired in their literary works by their travels in the United States during the sixties of the 20th century. The two main analysed texts are Černý a bílý New York by Jiří Mucha and Anděl na kolečkách by Miroslav Holub. The first chapter puts into context the historical and cultural characteristics of the first half of the sixties, when both reportages were published. The next chapter explains the origin and development of the literary genre of literary reportages. The next one is a biographical chapter about the authors with short examinations of their literary style. The last chapter analyses the reportages and compares the cultural and social atmosphere of the US with the situation in Czechoslovakia, which are talked about in the texts. It also compares the stylistical characteristics of the two authors. This thesis comes to the conclusion that Mucha focuses on communities, arts and the cultural scene, while Holub's focus has a wider scope incorporating also modern civilization, science and technology and also warns against the future. The author' literary styles are influenced by their life experiences and careers.
A Contribution to the Diplomacy of the United States of America and selected European Powers during the Wars of Independence (1776-1783)
Petr, Vojtěch ; Soukup, Jaromír (advisor) ; Tesař, Jakub (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with diplomatic relations between United states of America and European powers in the time period of war of Independence (1776-1783). In 1776 the continental congress declares independence on Great Britain. United states need support, therefore they turn to the most likely option, France. That is when the first negotiations of the United States of America begin. Negotiations go well and in time France joins United states in war against Britain. At this moment the focus of Brittish shifts to European shores and France. Situation gets worse for Britain when Spain decides to join the war against them. Spain's main focus is in Europe, Gibraltar. After succesful siege of Yorktown, Britain surrenders the war. Peace negotiations start and delegates from United States are forced to go behind their allies backs and negotiate with England. Thanks to Shelburne, Britain succeeds in gaining as much as possible, and settles on 3rd of November 1776 by signing the Paris treaty. Goal of this paper is to analyze and evaluate brittish position after the peace settlement and try to find the motives for Spanish behaviour and their actual role and importance in the war.
Contemporary forms of negative political campaigning in the United States of America: The Case of Donald Trump's presidential campaign of 2016
Kolská, Martina ; Šafařík, Petr (advisor) ; Szobi, Pavel (referee)
In the last few decades, political marketing experienced a major shift in professionalization. In the past, the communication and marketing strategy was an advantage for political subjects. Today, however, it is an inseparable part of a political process. The thesis deals with the problematics of negative campaigning. It covers its historical development and contemporary form in the United States of America. Negative campaigning is an integral part of every more significant political struggle for power. Besides the historical and political contexts the author of the thesis pursuing professionalization of campaign strategies, technology development, and its influence on the campaigning and the overall changes that are shifting the political marketing field in past years. The last presidential campaign of the year 2016 resulted in the election of Donald Trump a president. The author was examining the negative statements from Twitter, presidential debates, and campaign rallies. By conducting semiotic and discourse analysis of selected statements of Donald Trump from the year 2016. The author focused mainly on the linguistic and content side of the statements. Afterward, she put it in the contexts with the whole campaign.
US lobbyists in the EU: significance of home country regulation for lobbying behaviour in a less regulated environment
Vilimovská, Lucia ; Knutelská, Viera (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
Diploma thesis "US lobbyists in the EU: significance of home country regulation for lobbying behaviour in a less regulated environment" tackles the topic of lobbying in terms of comparing two differently regulated environments and the behaviour of lobbyists in these environments. In the introduction, the thesis analyses the current definitions and theoretical anchoring of the expert debate on lobbying, attempts to define this concept and to determine the basic research characteristics. The thesis attempts to describe why lobbying should be regulated and how is affected by lobbying transparency enhancement debate. Subsequently, the thesis describes and compares the regulation of lobbying in the United States and the European Union, while also taking into account international standards. The empirical part of the thesis is based on data provided by the American research center "Center for Responsive Politics". From this basic dataset, the companies and associations that lobby in the United States and the European Union, in particular, their basic documents and websites, are then researched based on established criteria. The aim of the thesis is to analyse whether companies and associations lobbying in a more regulated environment of the United States of America are transferring their 'taught'...
The Causes of the Deterioration of Trade Relations Between the US and China During the Donald J. Trump Administration
Broda, David ; Hornát, Jan (advisor) ; Sehnálková, Jana (referee)
1 Abstract The thesis' main focus is Donald J. Trump's administration's trade policy towards People's Republic of China. Since taking office, Trump has been striving to turn the trade policy towards PRC into a more protectionist one. His argument is that China's economic prosperity is acquired through unfair trade practices, which damages the economy of USA. Since the beginning of 2018 up until the end of 2019, Trump imposed high tariffs on numerous Chinese goods and PRC does the same in return. The resulting tit-for-tat policies cause the deterioriation of the two countries' trade relations. The thesis searches for the main causes of Trump's trade policy towards PRC, which is in comparison with the two preceding presidential administratives more aggressive. The thesis' primary hypothesis assumes that the cause lies in the risk that the strengthening China poses on the US hegemonic role in the international order. The thesis confirms this hypothesis on the basis of the theory of relative gains, hegemonic stability and comparative advantage. The hypothesis is supported with examples concerning US economy, security, institutional power and legitimacy. 2 Title: The Causes of the Deterioration of Trade Relations Between the US and China During the Donald J. Trump Administration Author: David Broda

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